♠The Hindu Review♠
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♦ Industrial production grows at 2.4% in December 2018
- Industrial output growth remained subdued at 2.4% in December 2018 on account of contraction in the mining segment and poor show by the manufacturing sector.
- Factory output as measured in terms of the Index of Industrial Production (IIP) had grown by 7.3% in December 2017, according to the data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO) on February 12.
- The industrial growth for November 2018 was revised downwards to 0.3% from the provisional estimate of 0.5% released in January 2019.
- During April-December 2018, industrial output grew at 4.6% against 3.7% in the same period of the previous fiscal.
- The manufacturing sector, which constitutes 77.63% of the index, recorded a low growth of 2.7% in December as against 8.7% expansion in the year-ago month.
- Mining sector production contracted by 1% in December as against 1.2% growth in December 2017.
♦ UAE introduces Hindi as third official language
- While praising the decision of the UAE court, External Affairs Minister of India, Sushma Swaraj in a tweet said, “We thank Abu Dhabi for declaring Hindi as one of the official languages in their judicial system. This will make the justice delivery system simpler and more accessible to our people.”
- Indians, reportedly form the largest immigrant community in the UAE, with more than three million living in Dubai. The landmark decision undertaken by the judicial department will benefit a major chunk of workers, who mostly come from Hindi speaking regions of central and north India, Gulf News reported.
- On a positive note, the Indian workforce in UAE can now file their complaints to the labour counts in the country in their own mother-tongue. The complaints can be over issues related to delayed wages, end of service entitlements, bonuses, compensations for arbitrary layoffs, notice periods and annual leaves, as well as claims for air tickets and the return of their passports.
- While filling the complaint, the Indians emigrants will have to fill the name of the complainant and details regarding his job and salary in Hindi. The complainant is also required to upload the supporting documents. Hindi language forms can now be downloaded and additional details over the litigation procedures are available on the ADJD website.
♦ PM to address CREDAI YouthCon-19 Today
- The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, will address the CREDAI YouthCon -19, on 13 February 2019, at Talkatora Stadium, New Delhi. The event is organized by the Confederation of Real Estate Developers’ Association of India (CREDAI).
- The Prime Minister will also visit the exhibition organized by CREDAI.
- YouthCon is the annual Youth Conclave of CREDAI, held to bring together the future of the real estate Industry in India.
- Established in 1999, CREDAI is the apex body representing real-estate developers from over 200 cities in India.
♦ Kusum Scheme to Promote Use of Solar Energy Among Farmers Under Considration
- The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy has formulated a Scheme ‘Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan (KUSUM)’. The Scheme is currently under the process of seeking approval.
- The proposal on KUSUM Scheme provides for :-
(i) installation of grid-connected solar power plants each of Capacity up to 2 MW in the rural areas;
(ii) installation of standalone off-grid solar water pumps to fulfil irrigation needs of farmers not connected to grid; and
(iii) solarisation of existing grid-connected agriculture pumps to make farmers independent of grid supply and also enable them to sell surplus solar power generated to DISCOM and get extra income.
♦ NITI Aayog signs SOI with MSDF to document Systemic Transformation in Education
- The NITI Aayog and the Michael & Susan Dell Foundation (MSDF) today signed a Statement of Intent (SOI) to codify, document and share best practices to improve learning outcomes in public school education through systemic reforms, based on their collective experiences of working with various state governments in India.
- The SOI was signed in the presence of Mr. Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, by Mr. Alok Kumar, Adviser (HRD), NITI Aayog and Mr. BarunMohanty, Managing Director (International), MSDF.
- The NITI Aayog was established with the core mandate of promoting cooperative and competitive federalism through evidence-based policy reform and knowledge inputs. Since its inception, NITI Aayog has placed learning outcomes as a key focus area for establishing sustainable education systems.
- As a part of this push, the School Education Quality Index (SEQI) is being developed to rank states/UTs on educational outcomes, with a high weightage to learning outcomes. Further, NITI is implementing the Sustainable Action for Transforming Human Capital in Education (SATH-E) initiative to induce systemic transformation in Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Odisha.
- Education also forms a crucial component of the Aspirational Districts Programme, which seeks to improve status of education in the most underserved districts of India. Pursuing its mandate of disseminating best practices and knowledge sharing, partnerships with stakeholders in the development sphere are a continuing endeavour of the NITI Aayog.
♦ Fifth International Dam Safety Conference to be Held on 13-14 February at Bhubaneswar
- The 5th International Dam Safety Conference–2019 is being held during 13 and 14 February 2019 in Bhubaneswar as a joint initiative of the Government of India, Government of Odisha and the World Bank under aegis of the ongoing World Bank assisted Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) as a part of institutional strengthening.
- Dam Safety Conferences are being organized as an annual event in different DRIP States in collaboration with the Implementing Agencies and leading academic institutes to provide a common platform for all stakeholders including non-DRIP States. Dam professionals, academicians, scientists, as well as industries both from within the country and from around the world to deliberate on all aspects related to dam safety and the solutions that worked best in addressing dam safety concerns.
- Globally India ranks third after China and the USA in terms of the number of large dams with 5264 large dams in operation and 437 large dams under construction. The total storage capacity of the impounded water by these dams is about 283 billion cubic meters (BCM).
- Dams play a vital role in water security and foster rapid and sustained growth in agricultural, rural, urban and industrial development, which have been key priorities for the Govt. of India since independence. Over the last seventy years, India has invested substantially in this critical infrastructure which is essentially required to store and manage limited surface water resources in reservoirs to ensure food, energy, and water security as well as to mitigate droughts and floods.
♦ Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi Dedicated ESIC Medical College and Hospital, Faridabad (Haryana) to the Nation
- Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi said that the Central Government is working to provide good quality medical care to every citizen of the country. While dedicating ESIC Medical College and 510 bedded Hospital, Faridabad to the Nation, the Prime Minister said that this Medical College will provide medical facilities to the workers and their family members of the region.
- The ESIC Medical College and 510 bedded Hospital, Faridabad has been constructed with a project cost of Rs.595 Crore (approx.) in a sprawling area of 30 Acres. The associated hospital is equipped with state of art equipment and provides medical services in all specialities as envisaged under ESI Act. Services/Facilities such as casualty/emergency, OPDs, wards, modular OTs, ICUs, dialysis, blood bank, radio diagnostics, etc. are available in the hospital. The college also has in campus hostel for Boys & Girls and residence for Doctors/Nurses/Staffs. Besides, the college also provides indoors & outdoors sports facilities for extracurricular activities.
- The Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) is a pioneer Social Security organization providing comprehensive social security benefits like reasonable Medical Care and a range of Cash Benefits in times of need such as employment injury, sickness, death etc.
♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠
- TRECHAREOUS (ADJECTIVE): (विश्वासघाती) disloyal
Synonyms: faithless, unreliable
Antonyms: faithful, reliable
Example: He is a treacherous junk-dealer.
- SANGUINE (ADJECTIVE): (आशावादी)confident
Synonyms: hopeful, optimistic
Antonyms: pessimistic, depressed
Example: He is a sanguine person in every adverse situation.
- ORDAIN (VERB): (हुक्म देना)impose
Synonyms: order, proclaim
Antonyms: violate, revoke
Example: Antariksh knows the ministry will never ordain him as a priest.
- INSIPID (ADJECTIVE): (स्वादहीन)tasteless
Synonyms: vapid, unflavoured
Antonyms: delicious, pungent
Example: Tomato soup tastes insipid.
- MEEK (ADJECTIVE): (विनयपूर्ण):shy
Synonyms: compliant, docile
Antonyms: immodest, intractable
Example: She is a meek girl and has always been like that.
- PREEMINENT (ADJECTIVE): (पूर्वप्रतिष्ठित):distinguished
Synonyms: peerless, renowned
Antonyms: unimportant, insignificant
Example: He is a preeminent scientist.
- ARBITRARINESS (NOUN): (ऐच्छिकता):bigotry
Synonyms: extremism, contumacy
Antonyms: calmness, peacefulness
Example: Education freed us from the orders and arbitrariness of individuals.
- DEBILITATE (VERB): (दुर्बल करना):incapacitate
Synonyms: attenuate, eviscerate
Antonyms: strengthen, invigorate
Example: Taking hot drinks, habitually, tends to debilitate our organs.
Close Test Based on The Hindu
Checks and balance: On EVMs
In a significant and welcome change from their earlier demand for a return to paper ballots, representatives of a large section of the mainstream Opposition parties met the Election Commission (ECI) to demand changes to the Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail counting process during the general elections. Returning to paper ballots will be …..(1)…... The Electronic Voting Machine process, despite the plethora of grievances about its functioning from the Opposition parties, is a major improvement over paper-based voting. There has been no evidence of EVM-tampering as …….(2)…….. by some parties, and administrative and technical safeguards instituted by the ECI and EVM manufacturers have held steady since the introduction of the EVM. Despite this, the ECI had fast-tracked the implementation of the VVPAT, an adjunct to the EVM that allows for a paper trail for voting and later verification of the electronically registered mandate in the ballot unit of the EVM. VVPATs are now deployed in all Assembly and parliamentary elections with EVMs. This implementation has not been without some misgivings. The Opposition’s demand for a count of 50% of the VVPAT slips, as opposed to the current system of counting VVPAT slips in one randomly selected booth of each constituency, is aimed at ensuring that EVMs have not been tampered with. ECI safeguards are ………(3)………. enough to prevent this, but VVPAT recounts could eliminate any remaining doubt about possible “insider fraud” by errant officials or manufacturers.
While the demand to count half of all the slips is an over-reaction, as a scientifically and randomly chosen sample of booths is a reasonable enough verification for the process, there remains the question whether counting one booth per constituency is a statistically significant sample to rule out errors. A more robust sampling technique that factors in the average size of the electorate in any constituency for each State and voter ……..(4)…….., involving the counting of more than a single booth in some States, may be a better method. The ECI’s response that it is waiting for a report on this from the Indian Statistical Institute should be encouraging. The other issue with the VVPAT is more significant: machine glitches. During the parliamentary by-elections in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar, and Assembly elections in Karnataka in 2018, VVPAT glitches resulted in machine replacement rates rising to 20% and 4%, respectively. Glitches in the VVPAT machines were largely due to …….(5)…… issues in the print unit, which was sensitive to extreme weather. Some hardware-related changes were introduced, which improved its functioning in the recent elections in five States. Machine replacement rates due to VVPAT failures came down to 1.89% for Chhattisgarh. Deployment of improved machines should help curb glitches in the Lok Sabha elections.
Question 6: Select the word which is most nearly the SAME MEANING as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.
6-D Glitches (गड़बड़)
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