The Hindu Review 14 February 2019 | (Current + English Article + Vocab)| Download PDF

The Hindu Review 14 February 2019

♠The Hindu Review♠

The hindu review provide you daily current affairs and English for all Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.. Check daily The hindu review from The Hindu paper.

news 1

Ashwani Lohani appointed Air India CMD for second time

  • Former Railway Board chairman Ashwani Lohani was on Wednesday appointed chairman and managing director (CMD) of Air India, according to a government order.
  • This will be Mr. Lohani’s second tenure as Air India chief.
  • His appointment was approved by the Appointments Committee of the Cabinet on Wednesday, sources said.
  • Mr. Lohani’s first tenure in Air India was from August 2015 to August 2017, during which he helped pilot the organisation to a financial operating profit.
  • Mr. Lohani, 60, who is an officer of the Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME), was appointed Railway Board chairman in August 2017 and retired in December 2018.
  • One of his first decisions as Railway Board chairman was to ban gifts and ceremonial welcomes and farewells. He is also the man behind Train 18, India’s fastest train that will have its inaugural run from Delhi to Varanasi and will be launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on February 15.

news 2

Siddhartha Lal gets EY award

  • Siddhartha Lal, MD and CEO, Eicher Motors, is named as the EY Entrepreneur of the Year 2018. He will now represent India at the EY World Entrepreneur of the Year Award (WEOY) in Monte Carlo from June 6-8.
  • Azim Premji, chairman, Wipro, gets the Lifetime Achievement Award.
  • Titan Company Limited MD Bhaskar Bhat gets the Entrepreneurial CEO award. A eight-member jury led by Uday Kotak selected the winners. The winners comprising unicorns and market disruptors have a revenue of more than ₹1,28,000 crore and employ over 2,50,000 people worldwide.

news 3

Retail inflation dips further to 2.05% in January; lowest in 19 months

  • Good News on the Economy front; retail inflation softens to 2.05 percent in January, compared to 2.11 percent in December last year; Industrial production also rose to 2.4 percent from 0.5 percent in November.
  • Retail inflation fell to a 19-month low of 2.05 per cent in January due to fall in prices of food articles, mainly fruit and vegetables, coupled with easing of fuel cost, government data showed Tuesday.
  • The Consumer Price Index (CPI)-based retail inflation was revised downwards for the preceding month December to 2.11 per cent from the earlier estimate of 2.19 per cent, showed data from the Central Statistics Office (CSO).
  • In the year-ago month, January 2018, the retail inflation was at 5.07 per cent.

news 4

AYUSH Minister launches e-AUSHADHI portal for Online Licensing System of AYUSH Medicine

  • Minister of State (IC) for AYUSH, Shri Shripad Yesso Naik launched the e-AUSHADHI portal, for online licensing of Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and Homoeopathy drugs and related matters today at New Delhi. Addressing the gathering Shri Naik said that this e-AUSHADHI portal is intended for increased transparency, improved information management facility, improved data usability and increased accountability. The Minister informed that timelines will be fixed for processing of application through this portal with SMS and e-mail status updates at each step of the process. He said that such an initiative of the Ministry of AYUSH is a reflection of our Government’s commitment towards e-governance, ease of doing business and Make in India.
  • Speaking on the occasion Vaidya Rajesh Kotecha  Secretary, Ministry of AYUSH said that Ministry endeavours to come out with new initiatives and solutions to address the problems faced by practitioners, manufactures and consumers of AYUSH medicines.  In this direction, this new e-portal is an acronym for Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy Automated Drug Help Initiative. He further added that this portal will not only aid the licensing authority , manufactures and consumers, as it will provide real time information of the licensed manufactures and their products, cancelled and spurious drugs, contact details of the concerned authority for specific grievances.

new 5

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Finland on Cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of outer space

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given its approval for Memorandum of Understanding between India and Finland on cooperation in the field of peaceful uses of outer space.  The MoU has already been signed in 10th January, 2019 at New Delhi.
  • The signed MoU will provide impetus to explore newer research activities and application possibilities in the field of remote sensing of the earth; satellite communication; satellite navigation; space science and exploration of outer space.
  • Cooperation with the Government of Finland would lead to develop a joint activity in the field of application of space technologies for the benefit of humanity.

cabinet-approves-agreement-with-morocco-on-counter-terrorism

Cabinet approves MoU between India and Morocco for setting up of a Joint Working Group on Counter-Terrorism

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved the MoU between India and Moroccofor setting up of a Joint Working Group (JWG) on Counter-Terrorism.
  • Setting up of the JWG on Counter Terrorism by India and Morocco would help cases relating to terrorist attacks. The MoU would, thus be the basis for obtaining / exchanging information on terrorist activities.

Cabinet approves signing of Memorandum of Understanding between India and Argentine in tourism

Cabinet approves signing of Memorandum of Understanding between India and Argentine in tourism

  • The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, has approved the signing of Memorandum of Understanding between India and Argentinein the field of Tourism.
  • The signing of MoU between India and Argentine in the field of tourism will help the two parties in creating an institutional mechanism for enhancing cooperation in the tourism sector

Cabinet approves signing of Memorandum of Understanding between India and Saudi Arabia on establishing a mechanism for Investment Infrastructure in India

Cabinet approves signing of Memorandum of Understanding between India and Saudi Arabia on establishing a mechanism for Investment Infrastructure in India

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the signing Memorandum of Understanding between India and Saudi Arabia on establishing a mechanism for investment Infrastructurein Indian.
  • The MoU will be a step forward in engaging with the institutions of Saudi Arabia to attract a potential investment into the infrastructure sector in the country.  It will lead to boosting infrastructure development in the country, creation of more jobs, growth of ancillary industries/sectors which will lead to growth in GDP and over all economic prosperity.

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠

  1. REMISSIBLE (ADJECTIVE): Reasonable, well-founded (असावधान)

Synonyms: logical, admissible         

Antonyms: unlikely, improbable

Example: The team took a remissible decision.

  1. PROSAIC (ADJECTIVE): Unimaginative (सामान्य)

Synonyms: banal, humdrum           

Antonyms: creative, interesting

Example: Prosaic people normally do not achieve much in life.

  1. TIRADE (NOUN): Abuse, outburst (निंदाभाषण)

Synonyms:  invective, ranting   

 Antonyms: compliment, praise

Example: The drunk driver did not realize his tirade was being captured by a camera in the police officer’s car.

 

  1. COALESCE (VERB): Blend, come together (संगठित होना)

Synonyms: consolidate, integrate      

 Antonyms:  divide, separate

Example: Local high school principals have agreed to coalesce around new approaches for college preparation.

  1. CONTRIVANCE (NOUN): Plan for collusion, plot (युक्ति)

Synonyms: conspiracy, gambit      

Antonyms:  loyalty, faithfulness

Example: The thief’s contrivance for robbing the jewelry store did not take into account the presence of the guard dogs.

 

  1. DOLEFUL (ADJECTIVE): Mournful (उदास)

Synonyms: woeful, sorrowful 

Antonyms: elated, cheerful

Example: It must be a doleful morning for her and her family.

  1. CEREBRATION (NOUN): Thought (दिमाग़ी कार्य)

Synonyms: cogitation, contemplation            

Antonyms: avoidance, ignorance

Example: It is a nice cerebration.


  1. RANTING (ADJECTIVE): Raving (डींग मारना)

Synonyms: angry, raging              

Antonyms: serene, placid

Example: Ram is a ranting man.

 Filler based on The Hindu Editorial

Still partisan: On Trump’s State of the Union address

In his second State of the Union address, President Donald Trump demonstrated the capacity to step back from his polemical debating style on social media without yielding ground to his detractors on matters of domestic policy at the top of his agenda. These include immigration, jobs for Americans, and conservative values including the pro-life movement. First, Mr. Trump used the opportunity to speak before a joint session of Congress to reiterate his desire to build a wall along the Mexican border, even as he clarified this could include the use of steel slats. The worrisome thought on the minds of at least 800,000 government workers, who were furloughed without pay for 35 days during the longest federal government shutdown in U.S. history, must have been whether Mr. Trump will again insist that Congress allocate $5.7 billion to build the wall, and precipitate another shutdown. Second, he underscored that his core agenda on job creation for Americans was proceeding apace, noting that his administration had “created 5.3 million new jobs and importantly added 600,000 new manufacturing jobs” — a claim subsequently noted to be an exaggeration. Third, the anti-abortion movement got a boost from the two whole paragraphs in the speech calling on Congress to pass legislation to prohibit late-term abortion.

On foreign policy too, Mr. Trump appeared to hold firm to the ideas and strategies his administration has espoused through his term in office, including attacking the regime of Nicolás Maduro in Venezuela, for “socialist policies have turned that nation… into a state of abject poverty and despair”; and the government of Iran as a “radical regime” that does “bad, bad things”, justifying the U.S. withdrawal from the nuclear agreement with Tehran. It may have come as a pleasant surprise, or relief, to some that Mr. Trump’s address did not take on the darkly foreboding undertones of his inaugural speech. But his plea for both major parties to “embrace the boundless potential of cooperation, compromise, and the common good” sounded hollow, given the ground realities of his administration’s policy effects. In her response to the address, Democrat and former Georgia gubernatorial candidate Stacey Abrams decried the harsh economic pinch of the government shutdown, countering Mr. Trump’s claims of working for the interest of the middle-class American. She highlighted the omission of the gun control debate in the speech, the silence over voter suppression, rising higher education fees, and so on. Unless Mr. Trump genuinely reaches across the political divide to connect meaningfully with over 65 million voters who opposed him in the 2016 election, partisan rancour will remain in the political system and threaten its foundations.

Question 1: These include immigration, jobs for Americans, and …………. values including the pro-life movement.

A)Conservative

B) Useless

C) Tough

D) Important

E) None

Question 2: On foreign policy too, Mr. Trump appeared to hold firm to the ideas and strategies his administration has …………… through his term in office.

A)Support

B) Against

C) Espoused

D) With in

E) None

Question 3: She highlighted the ……………. of the gun control debate in the speech, the silence over voter suppression, rising higher education fees, and so on.

A)Result

B) Omission

C) Speech

D) Article

E) None

Question 4: Unless Mr. Trump genuinely reaches across the political divide to connect meaningfully with over 65 million voters who opposed him in the 2016 election.

A)Genuinely

B) Fake

C) Real

D) Famous

E) None

Question 5: Select the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE MEANING as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

Abjured

A)Repudiate,

B) Retract,

C) Take back,

D) Unsay

E) Adhere

Answer

1-A

2-C

3-B

4-A

5-E Abjured (कदम से कदम मिलाए हुए)

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