The Hindu Review 16 February 2019 | (Current + English Article + Vocab)| Download PDF

The Hindu Review 16 February 2019

♠The Hindu Review♠

The hindu review provide you daily current affairs and English for all Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.. Check daily The hindu review from The Hindu paper.

news 1

PM flags off Vande Bharat Express, dedicates to Pulwama attack martyrs

  • The Vande Bharat Express train will run between New Delhi and Varanasi via Kanpur and Allahabad. It will cover the distance between New Delhi and Varanasi in eight hours and will run on all days except Mondays and Thursdays.
  • Prime Minister also inspected the facilities in the train. Vande Bharat Express will run up to a maximum speed of 160 kilometers per hour and will provide a totally new travel experience to passengers. Speed, Safety and Service are the hallmarks of this train.
  • The train has 16 air-conditioned coaches of which two are executive class coaches. The total seating capacity is one thousand and 128 passengers. From Delhi to Varanasi, an air-conditioned chair car ticket will cost Rs. 1,000 and Rs. 760 and the executive class fare will be Rs. 3,000 and Rs. 310.

news 2

PM Modi inaugurates and lays foundation stone of various projects in Jhansi

  • PM Modi laid the foundation stone of Defence Corridor in Jhansi. Jhansi is one of the six nodal points of the Uttar Pradesh defence corridor.
  • He also laid the foundation stone of doubling of 425-kilometre long Jhansi-Manikpur and Bhimsen-Khairar railway lines.
  • The Prime Minister inaugurated the electrification of 297-kilometre long section of Jhansi – Khairar section. He also inaugurated Pahari Dam Modernization Project.

India signs Legal Agreements with the World Bank for First Programmatic Water Supply and Sewerage Service Delivery Reform Development Policy Loan for Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

India signs Legal Agreements with the World Bank for First Programmatic Water Supply and Sewerage Service Delivery Reform Development Policy Loan for Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

  • The Government of India, Government of Himachal Pradesh (GoHP) and the World Bank signed here today a $40 Million Loan Agreement to help bring clean and reliable drinking water to the citizens of the Greater Shimla area, who have been facing severe water shortages and water-borne epidemics over the last few years.
  • The Shimla Water Supply and Sewerage Service Delivery Reform Programmatic Development Policy Loan 1 is expected to improve water supply and sanitation (WSS) services in and around the iconic hill city of Shimla.
  • Speaking on the occasion, Shri Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance said that Growing urbanization and heavy tourist load in summer months places huge demands on the water supply infrastructure and sanitation facilities in the city of Shimla. He said that the Government of Himachal Pradesh has developed this comprehensive policy and institutional reform program to put in place systems to improve water supply and sewerage services in an efficient and sustainable manner.
  • The Loan Agreement was signed by Mr.Sameer Kumar Khare, Additional Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, on behalf of the Government of India and Mr. Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country Director, World Bank India, on behalf of the World Bank. Project Agreement was signed by Mr. Prabodh Saxena, Principal Secretary, Urban Development Department, on behalf of the GoHP and Mr. Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country Director, World Bank India, on behalf of the World Bank.

Bengaluru, Delhi likely to be 3rd & 4th fastest-growing in office rentals globally

Bengaluru, Delhi likely to be 3rd & 4th fastest-growing in office rentals globally

  • Bengaluru and New Delhi are likely to be the third and fourth fastest-growing office markets globally in terms of prime rentals on the back of upbeat demand and inadequate availability of quality properties. Office rental values in Bengaluru are expected to increase 6.6% over 2018, while in New Delhi they may rise 6.5%, this year, according to a report by Knight Frank India.
  • Rentals are getting a boost as demand remains buoyant from IT/ITeS companies and startups amid lack of quality space in key markets.
  • Bengaluru saw prime rental values of Rs 125 per square foot per month in 2018, mainly on account of low Grade A supply, according to the report titled, ‘Global Outlook 2019,’ which evaluates 33 global cities.

Amrut Cities--Municipal Corporations of Raigarh, Ambikapur, and Kumbakonam Bag Top Swachhata Excellence Awards

Amrut Cities–Municipal Corporations of Raigarh, Ambikapur, and Kumbakonam Bag Top Swachhata Excellence Awards

  • AMRUT cities and Municipal Corporationsof Raigarh, Ambikapur and Kumbakonamhavebagged the first, second and third prizes respectively of Swachhata Excellence awards 2019. Nagar PalikaParishadJashpur Nagar, Malappuram Municipality, and Nagar PalikaParishadSurajpurhave claimed the prizesin the category of Statutory Towns. For Million Plus Cities, Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation has been awarded with first prize.
  • For Aspirational Districts, Chas Municipal Corporation has been awarded with a consolation prize.   Giving away the awards here today, Shri DurgaShanker Mishra, Secretary, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), said that “each and every family needs to contribute towards making a New India including making Swachchata as a matter of habit. Once success stories on swachchata come from the common families, it will attain the shape of a Jan Aandolon”. 
  • He also chaired a national workshop where Shri Sanjay Kumar, Joint Secretary and Mission Director (DAY-NULM), and Shri Vinod Kr. Jindal, Joint Secretary (SBM-U) were also present.

news 6

108th Anniversary Celebrations: Corps of Signals

  • Raised in 1911, the Corps of Signals celebrated its 108th Anniversary on 15 February 2019. On this occasion, Lt Gen Rajeev Sabherwal, Signal Officer-in-Chief alongwith senior serving officers laid wreaths and paid homage to the braves in a solemn ceremony at Amar Jawan Jyoti.
  • The Corps of Signals has kept pace with rapid modernisation and contemporary communication challenges for robust, secure Pan-Indian Army communication reaching out into the tactical battle area and hinterland. Impetus has been provided for immaculate execution of next generation strategic networks and enhancing electronic warfare capabilities.
  • Addressing the Signalers posted at Delhi, Lt Gen Rajeev Sabherwal reminded all ranks that “The Corps has stood the test of time and has been a beacon of excellence in the field of information and communication technology, cyber and electronic warfare.
  •  As part of an Army wide initiative, the Corps also reached out to renew associations with disabled soldiers, widows, veer naris and aged, needy veterans.

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠

  1. RUMMAGE (VERB):ransack:(खोजना)

Synonyms: forage, scour

Antonyms: organize, systematize

Example:  Let Sagar rummage around inside it and find all those treasures himself.

2. ENTENTE (NOUN): agreement:(सन्धि)

Synonyms: accord, deal

Antonyms: misunderstanding, disagreement

Example: They favoured an Anglo-French entente.

3. EDACIOUS (ADJECTIVE): voracious:(पेटू)

Synonyms: devouring, esurient

Antonyms: quenched, satisfied

Example:  Since I am a edacious reader, I often read two or three books a day.

 

  1. DASTARDLY (ADJECTIVE): contemptible:(नीच)

Synonyms: despicable, underhanded

Antonyms: honourable, respectable

Example:  I describe the killing as a dastardly act.

 

  1. QUASH (VERB): (समाप्त करना):cancel

Synonyms: revoke, abrogate 

Antonyms: permit, authorize

Example:  For no reasons her job offer letter was quashed.

  1. TYRO (NOUN): (नवशिक्षित):beginner

Synonyms: novice, learner 

Antonyms: expert, veteran

Example: You may be a tyro at golf now, but with time and practice, you will master the sport.

  1. PUTATIVE (ADJECTIVE): (कल्पित):presumed

Synonyms: presumptive, supposed

Antonyms: proven, real

Example: Many people see garlic juice as a putative cure of runny noses.

 

  1. PIQUE (NOUN): (नाराज़ी):anger

Synonyms: annoyance, displeasure

Antonyms: delight, happiness

Example:  Anu walked out of the house in a fit of pique.

Filler Based on The Hindu editorial

Death traps: on Meghalaya’s illegal mines

The tardy response of the Centre and the State of Meghalaya to the plight of at least 15 workers trapped in a rat-hole coal mine (1) mid-December has exposed the extraordinary indifference in government to labour welfare and the law. Two workers have been found dead in a second mine in the East Jaintia Hills district. The (2) responsibility for the operation of illegal mines lies with the State government, and it should be called to account for ignoring the directions of the National Green Tribunal to close them and levy punitive royalties on those that extracted the coal. Several appeals are before the Supreme Court in connection with a ban (3) by the Tribunal on rat-hole mining and the transport of already mined coal. It should be possible at least now to put an end to it. The Meghalaya government (4) evasive on the issue of the continued operation of the illegal mines, in spite of the adverse findings of the Justice B.P. Katoki committee appointed by the NGT. It avoided taking action even after a similar mine-flooding accident that claimed 15 lives in 2012 in South Garo Hills, and the subsequent ban. Although the NGT has ordered the State to deposit ₹100 crore with the Central Pollution Control Board for environmental restoration in the wake of the recent disaster at Ksan in East Jaintia Hills, the first-order priority is to close the rat-hole mines. It is the responsibility of the Centre and the State to rehabilitate the workers from impoverished communities, reportedly including some child labourers, who are ready to undertake the risky labour because of the higher-than-average wages paid. This should not be difficult, considering that the value of extracted coal stored in Meghalaya was officially estimated at over ₹3,078 crore four years ago, and mineral resources should be treated as state property.

The scale is high: as interpreted from satellite images and reported by the Katoki panel, it could be of the order of 24,000 mines, many of them illegal. If illegal mines continue to operate in flagrant violation of rules (5) the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, the responsibility lies with the State government. Chief Minister Conrad Sangma has said a ban on coal mining is not the solution, given the economic conditions in the region. Yet, the State government has done little to implement reforms and diversify employment away from dirty mining under primitive conditions over the years, in spite of judicial orders. In fact, authorities in Shillong continue to (6) such directions, as the accident at the Lumthari mine in East Jaintia Hills shows. As recently as in December, Parliament was informed that 22 States had constituted a task force to review illegal mining and act on it, but Meghalaya does not figure in that list. A clean-up is overdue.

Question 1:

A)Since

B) For

C) At

D) Night

E) None of these

Question 2:

A)First

B) Primary

C) Argent

D) Fast

E) None of these

Question 3:

A)Tell

B) Say

C) Ordered

D) Requested

E) Allow

Question 4:

A)Have been

B) Had

C) Was

D) Has been

E) Did

Question 5:

A)Under

B) At least

C) Behind

D) Cover

E) None of these

Question 6:

A)Focus

B) Ignore

C) Against

D) Allow

E) Permitted

Question 7: Select the word which is most nearly the SAME MEANING as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

Rehabilitate

A)warp

B) Demean

C) Demoralize

D) Canker

E) Regenerate

Answer

1-A

2-B

3-C

4-D

5-A

6-B

7-E

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