The Hindu Review 20 February 2019 | (Current + English Article + Vocab)| Download PDF

The Hindu Review 20 February 2019

♠The Hindu Review♠

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NEWS 1

Asia’s biggest defence expo at Yelahanka, Bengaluru

  • India is hosting the 12th edition of “Aero India 2019” Asia’s biggest defence exhibition show at Air Force Station, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, from 20 to 24 February, 2019. Over 350 companies from across the world wil participate in the event
  • All eyes will be on  Raffale aircrafts which  will make their flying display . A full dress rehearsal was held at the Yelahanka Air base in Bangalore on Monday.
  • This five-day event will combine a major trade exhibition of the aerospace and defence industries with public air shows.
  • Aero India will provide an unique opportunity for exchange of information, ideas and new developments in the aviation industry. Besides giving a fillip to the domestic aviation industry it would further the cause of Make in India.
  • Among the 43 French companies that have so far registered to participate in the airshow are Dassault Aviation, Dassault Systemes, Airbus, French Air Force and Thales. Dassault Aviation is the manufacturer of the Rafale aircraft for which India has inked a deal with France for supply of 36 aircraft .

NEWS 2

Rajeev Kumar transferred to CID; Anuj Sharma is the new top cop in Kolkata

  • Rajeev Kumar, who recently was at the centre of a faceoff between the West Bengal police and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), which is probing the Rs 2,500 crore Saradha chit fund scam, was transferred from his previous post as the commissioner of police, Kolkata in the rank of an additional director general (ADG) to the state’s Criminal Investigation Department (CID) as ADG and inspector general of police (IGP).
  • Anuj Sharma, a 1999-batch IPS officer, who has been credited for playing a crucial role in controlling law and order during last year’s Gorkhaland separatist movement, was promoted from his previous post of ADG and IGP of law and order in West Bengal police to replace Kumar.
  • The shuffling follows directions from the Election Commission in wake of the forthcoming general elections. A notification announcing the new appointments mentioned the cause of these transfers to have been “made in the interest of public service”.

NEWS 3

Commerce Minister launches ‘SWAYATT’ on GeM

  • Union Minister of Commerce & Industry and Civil Aviation, Suresh Prabhu, launched SWAYATT in New Delhi today.  SWAYATT is an initiative to promote Start-ups, Women and Youth Advantage Through eTransactions on Government e Marketplace (GeM). This will bring together the key stakeholders within the Indian entrepreneurial ecosystem to Government e-Marketplace the national procurement portal.
  • On this occasion, Commerce Minister also dedicated GeM Start-up Runway-an initiative of GeM in association with Start -up India to facilitate Start-ups registered with Start -up India to access the public procurement market and sell innovative products and services to government buyers.
  • Suresh Prabhu also felicitated a few successful entrepreneurs from Women Self Help Groups, Start-ups and MSMEs in GeM.
  • Speaking on the occasion Commerce Minister said, Suresh Prabhu appreciated the achievements of GeM reaching out and empowering these diverse groups and reiterated the need to support and strengthen such initiatives and enterprises which constitute the backbone of the Indian economy. He also appreciated the event for impressively showcasing many such successful efforts of SHGs, Start-ups, Women enterprises, MSMEs partnering GeM.

NEWS 4

Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal invests Rs 650 crore in Ola

  • Flipkart co-founder Sachin Bansal has invested about Rs 650 crore in Ola, giving the Indian ride-hailing company more ammunition to compete with rival Uber.
  • The investment is in Sachin’s personal capacity and is also the largest financing by an individual in Ola till date, Ola said in a statement.
  • In January, Ola had issued shares worth Rs 150 crore to Sachin as part of series J round of funding.
  • Sachin, who founded Flipkart over a decade ago with Binny Bansal, had quit after US retail behemoth Walmart picked up 77 per cent stake in the Indian e-commerce company for USD 16 billion.
  • “Ola is one of India’s most promising consumer businesses, that is creating deep impact and lasting value for the ecosystem,” Sachin said.

NEWS 5

PM flags off 1st ever diesel to electric converted locomotive twin engine at Varanasi

  • He also inspected an exhibition on locomotives at DLW campus. Such locomotives will be more economical and will increase the speed of goods trains.
  • Laying the foundation stone of Ravidas Janmasthali area development project in Varanasi, the Prime Minister said all should get benefits of government schemes irrespective of caste, creed and other factors.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi invoked Sant Ravidas on his birth anniversary to urge people to end caste discrimination and identify those who promote it for self-interest.
  • PM Modi said caste discrimination is an impediment in achieving social harmony.
  • He said Guru Ravidas envisioned an India where there is no discrimination and that everyone is taken care of. PM Modi said his government has worked on this principle in the last four-and-a-half years for the betterment of the people and the country’s development. He hoped that the teachings of great saints inspire the young generation.

NEWS 6

Cabinet approves launch Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Hon’ble Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved launch of Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthaan Mahabhiyan with the objective of providing financial and water security to farmers.
  • The proposed scheme consists of three components:
  • Component-A: 10,000 MW of Decentralized Ground Mounted Grid Connected Renewable Power Plants.
  • Component-B: Installation of 17.50 lakh standalone Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps.
  • Component-C: Solarisation of 10 Lakh Grid-connected Solar Powered Agriculture Pumps.
  • All three components combined, the scheme aims to add a solar capacity of 25,750 MW by 2022. The total central financial support provided under the scheme would be Rs. 34,422 crore.
  • The Component-A and Component-C will be implemented on pilot mode for 1000 MW capacity and one lakh grid connected agriculture pumps respectively and thereafter, will be scale-up on success of pilot run. Component-B will be implemented in full-fledged manner.

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠

  1. DELINEATE (VERB):describe precisely:(वर्णन करना)

Synonyms: define, limn

Antonyms: confuse, distort   

Example: The judge delineated the composition of the bench to hear the case.

  1. RETROGRADE (ADJECTIVE): Declining:(पश्चगामी)

Synonyms: reverting, deteriorating

Antonyms: forward, positive

Example: The company is consistently facing the retrograde growth parameter this year. 

  1. QUEASY (ADJECTIVE): not feeling well:(व्याकुल)

Synonyms: sick, ill

Antonyms: comfortable, healthy    

Example: He didn’t want to do any work because he felt queasy.

  1. MOMOTH (ADJECTIVE): huge:(विशालकाय)

Synonyms: enormous, gargantuan

Antonyms: little, miniature    

Example: A mammoth project will be completed very soon.

 

  1. RECKON (VERB):to anticipate a specific thing will occur:(गिनना)

Synonyms: surmise,

Antonyms: disbelieve, doubt

Example: Weather analysts reckon the monsoon is moving south because southern cities are enjoying rains.

  1. MANUMISSION (NOUN):release from slavery:(दासत्वमुक्ति)

Synonyms: freedom, emancipation

Antonym: slavery, restraint

Example: Manumission allowed former slaves to become landowners.

  1. FRENZY (NOUN):out of control behavior:(पागलपन)

Synonyms: hysteria, outburst

Antonyms: calm, composed

Example: James is such a spoilt kid that he would often go into a frenzy when he didn’t get his way. 


  1. CASTIGATE (ADJECTIVE):
    to criticize severely:(फटकारना)

Synonyms: berate, revile

Antonyms: appreciate, flatter

Example: One cannot castigate students and blame them for their failure if they are not provided with the resources they need.

 Filler Based on The Hindu

Delhi dilemma: Centre vs State

The Supreme Court’s split decision on the question of whether the government of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCTD) has executive control over those in its service points to the inherent complexity of the relations between the Delhi government and the Centre. The disadvantages of not having full statehood status has been felt by many elected regimes in Delhi. But under Arvind Kejriwal’s Aam Aadmi Party government, and with the Narendra Modi government at the Centre, the extent of acrimony has been severe. Battles have been fought in the political and judicial spheres over whether some subject or the other falls under the Delhi government or is the exclusive preserve of the Centre. A Constitution Bench ruling last year provided a framework to resolve such issues. It held that the Lt. Governor has to act either on the aid and advice of the Council of Ministers, or abide by the decision of the President on a reference made by him. The power to refer “any matter” to the President did not mean “every matter” should go that way. Specific issues were left to a Bench of Justices A.K. Sikri and Ashok Bhushan, which has resolved most issues. It has upheld the Delhi government’s power to appoint prosecutors, levy and revise stamp duty on property transactions and issue notifications under the Delhi Electricity Reform Act.

Both judges agree that there is no ‘service’ in the Delhi government, as all its employees come under the ‘Central services’. Its civil servants are drawn from the DANICS cadre, a service common to various Union Territories. Justice Sikri believes that going by a Constitution Bench decision last year, the NCTD would indeed have the power to deploy officials within its own departments. However, the absence of a public service in Delhi means Entry 41 in the State List (services; service commissions) would imply that it is a matter inapplicable to ‘Union Territories’, and therefore, the LG need not act on the Delhi government’s aid and advice. Therefore, he favours a solution under which transfers and postings of officers in the rank of Joint Secretary and above could be directly submitted to the LG, and those of others be processed by the Council of Ministers and sent to the LG. In case of any dispute, the LG’s view will prevail. Justice Bhushan, on the other hand, has ruled that once it is accepted that there is no ‘service’ under the NCTD, there is no scope for its government to exercise any executive power in this regard. A larger Bench will now decide on the question relating to control over the services. The more significant challenge is to find a way out of the complexities and problems thrown up by the multiple forms of federalism and power-sharing arrangements through which relations between the Centre and its constituent units are regulated.

Question 1: The disadvantages of not having full statehood status has been felt by many elected …………… in Delhi.

A)Regimes

B) Area

C) location

D) Colony

E) None

Question 2: Justice Sikri believes that going by a Constitution Bench decision last year, the NCTD would …………… have the power to deploy officials within its own departments.

A)Real

B)Indeed

C) True

D) imposed

E) None

Question 3: A larger Bench will now …………. on the question relating to control over the services.

A)Final

B) Decide

C) Result

D) Asked

E) None

Question 4: Battles have been fought in the political and judicial ……….. over whether some subject or the other falls under the Delhi government or is the exclusive preserve of the Centre.

A)Decision

B) React

C) Spheres

D) Withdraw

E) None

Answer

1-A

2-B

C-B

D-C

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