The Hindu Review 29 January 2019 | (Current + English Article + Vocab)| Download PDF

The Hindu Review 29 January 2019

♠The Hindu Review♠

The hindu review provide you daily current affairs and English for all Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.. Check daily The hindu review from The Hindu paper.

THMNITATAMOTORS5

♦  Tata among 100 most valuable global brands

  • ‘Tata’ has entered the list of top 100 most valuable brands, according to the Brand Finance Global 500 2019 report released at the World Economic Forum in Davos.
  • “Climbing [up] from the 104th position to 86 this year, the Tata brand is the only Indian brand in the top 100,” said Tata Sons in a statement, adding that the total value of brand ‘Tata’ increased 37% to $19.5 billion in 2019 from $14.2 billion a year ago.
  • According to Brand Finance, a leading brand valuation and strategy consultancy, the increase in the valuation of the Tata brand is the result of improved performance of key Tata companies that include Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Motors and Tata Steel.
  • Tata’s brand value of $19.5 billion represents 17.6% of Tata Group’s total revenues of $110.7 billion.
  • Chandrasekaran, chairman, Tata Sons, said: “Tata has always been synonymous with trust and leadership and these brand attributes are even more important to all our stakeholders today. This recognition of the strength of our brand will encourage us to drive our businesses in a socially responsible manner globally while continuing to strive for excellence through innovation and entrepreneurship.”
  • Inclusion of a wider number of Tata entities for a more segmented and complete view of the Tata Group Brand Value and increase in the Tata group’s overall brand strength had aided the improved rankings.

Cisco_reuters

♦  India ranks sixth in GDPR readiness index: Cisco

  • Around 65 per cent of Indian businesses and organisations are better prepared for the European Union’s (EU) General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), making India the sixth best prepared nation to deal with the new data privacy regulation which all organisations operating within the EU and European Economic Area are mandated to comply with.  The GDPR became enforceable in May 2018.
  • The rankings were part of the ‘Data Privacy Benchmark Study’ for 2019 put out by technology giant Cisco on Friday. According to the report, organisations that invested in maturing their data privacy practices are realizing the benefits that these investments are resulting in. The study showed that 59 per cent of organisations across the world reported meeting all or most of the requirements, 29 per cent expect to do so within a year and 9 per cent estimate compliance will take more than a year.
  • “India has greatly improved upon its GDPR readiness with its fast evolving data privacy ecosystem, which is primarily because of a collaborative approach by the government and private organisations. However, there remains a huge scope for Indian organisations to increase investments in people, and technology controls to meet customer privacy requirements faster,” Vishak Raman, Director, Security, Cisco said. 
  • The study also showed organisations that invested to meet GDPR norms experienced shorter delays in selling to existing customers at 3.4 weeks as compared to 5.4 weeks for the least GDPR ready organisations.

NPIC-20191289142

♦  Southern Railway adjudged number one for cleanliness

  • The Southern Railway has bagged the number one position for cleanliness in the country. The Divisional Railway Manager Shirish Kumar Sinha said, this achievement was under the category of other than Premium Category trains in the recent Trains Cleanliness Survey conducted by IRCTC on all India level.
  • During the year 2018, Southern Railway’s gross earnings also stood at more than six thousand crores rupees which is almost 10 per cent higher than the last year earnings. To cater to the growing demands of passengers, Southern Railway has also introduced 54 trains over past four years.

gi store

♦  India’s 1st Geographical Indication Store opened in Goa

  • Union Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu inaugurates India’s 1st Geographical Indication (GI) Store at Goa International Airport in Dabolim,  says GI store to be a boon for the global tourists.           
  • Union Civil Aviation minister Suresh Prabhu on Monday inaugurated India’s 1st Geographical Indication store at Goa International Airport in Dabolim.
  • The store is located on the first floor on Departure Terminal, and jointly set up by Airports Authority of India and The Cashew Export Promotional Council of India.
  • Speaking on the occasion, the Union Minister informed that currently there are 270 GI registered products in the country and the store will be a boon for the global tourists.
  • The Minister also told that products from the self-help groups, artisans and farmers’ produce will be also displayed on the airport at a concessional rate.
  • FIR Full Form

US Senator Kamala Harris1

♦  Kamala Harris launches 2020 White House bid

  • Indian origin US Senator Kamala Harris launches her 2020 White House bid; the democratic ticket aspirant attacks incumbent Donald Trump’s policies; says democracy under threat in America like never before.
  • Indian origin U.S. Senator Kamala Harris launched her 2020 White House campaign on Sunday with attacks on President Donald Trump’s policies at a rally in her hometown of Oakland, California.
  • It was her sharp questioning of Trump administration appointees and officials during Senate hearings that made her popular with liberal activists and she attacked the Trump administration’s separation of thousands of immigrant children from their parents at the southern border last year as her opening salvo.
  • But the other US Presidential aspirant with an India connect because of her Hindu faith, Tulsi Gabbard is under attack, so much so that she’s alleged that she’s become a victim of ‘religious bigotry’ and some media outlets are targeting her and her Hindu named supporters of being Hindu nationalists.
  • Gabbard wrote a news service op-ed on Sunday describing the campaign against her and her supporters as ‘profiling and targeting of Hindu Americans and ascribing them motives without any basis’.

DJOKOVIC

♦  ATP rankings: Djokovic tightens grip on top of rankings; Federer slides

  • Novak Djokovic strengthened his grip at the top of the men’s ATP tennis ranking Monday following his destruction of Rafael Nadal in the Australian Open final.
  • An outclassed Nadal, beaten in straight sets in just over two hours, held on to second spot in the rankings while Roger Federer slipped from third to six place.
  • Federer, the defending champion, was eliminated in the round of 16 by Greek giant-killer Stefanos Tsitsipas.
  • Alexander Zverev replaces Federer in third position ahead of Juan Martin Del Potro, fourth, who missed the Australian Open.
  • Despite his early elimination in Melbourne, South African Kevin Anderson, a Wimbledon finalist last year, moved up a spot into fifth.
  • Japan’s Kei Nishikori, meanwhile, rises two places to seventh after reaching the quarter-finals in Melbourne.
  • Tsitsipas, eliminated by Nadal in the semi-finals, jumped three places and is
  • NAOMIOSAKAknocking on the door of the top 10 in 12th place.

♦  Australian Open winner Naomi Osaka leaps to No.1

  • Naomi Osaka, winner of the Australian Open, has jumped to the top of women’s tennis with her beaten opponent Petra Kvitova rising to second in Monday’s WTA rankings.
  • Osaka climbed three places after beating the Czech in Melbourne on Saturday. Kvitova moved up four places.
  • The 21-year-old Japanese player has only won three career titles, but those include the last two majors, after she won the US Open in September.
  • Romanian former number one Simona Halep, knocked out by Serena Williams in the round of 16 in Melbourne, fell two spots to third. Dane Caroline Wozniacki, whose defence of her Australian Open title ended in the third round, fell six places to ninth.
  • The biggest rise of the week was by the 25-year-old American Danielle Collins who leaped 12 places to 23rd after her run to the semifinals.
  • The other semi-finalist, Czech Karolina Pliskova, who saved four match points against Williams in their quarterfinal, also advanced, gaining three places to fifth in the world. RIP Full Form
  • Williams, who fell to 491 after her maternity break last year, continued her rise, gaining five places to 11th.

rayudu-bowling

♦  Ambati Rayudu suspended from bowling in international cricket

  • Rayudu was reported for a suspect action during the first ODI against Australia earlier this year and had 14 days to get his action tested.
  • However, Rayudu decided against getting his action tested and thereby has copped a suspension that will not allow him to bowl until he is tested and proved to have a legal bowling action.
  • This ruling, however, will not prevent him from bowling in domestic competitions played in India.CAA Full Form

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠

  1. VENT (VERB): (जाने देना):release

Synonyms: emit, let out 

Antonyms: hold, retain 

Example : I vented a shriek when the dog suddenly jumped on me.

  1. DIMINUTIVE (ADJECTIVE): (छोटा):tiny

Synonyms: petite, pint-sized 

Antonyms: big, enormous 

Example:  Sagar is feeling diminutive hunger right now.

  1. SINISTER (ADJECTIVE): (अशुभ):evil

Synonyms: dire, devilish 

Antonyms: angelic, divine

Example:  He is a sinister person.

  1. KINDLE (VERB): (आग लगानाstart a fire

Synonyms: inflame, ignite 

Antonyms: extinguish, put out 

Example: The dacoit kindled the village.

  1. AROMA (NOUN): (सुगंध)scent

Synonyms: fragrance, incense 

Antonyms: stench, odour 

Example: I am experiencing the nice aroma of doughnuts.

  1. BANTER (NOUN): (छेड़ना): teasing

Synonyms: jeering, ridicule

Antonyms: flattery, praise

Example: His t-shirt had some banter line written over it.

  1. EXTENSIVELY (ADVERB): (बड़े पैमाने पर):widely

Synonyms: broadly, greatly

Antonyms: minutely, marginally

Example: The demonetisation scheme benefitted the masses extensively.

  1. COINCIDE (VERB): (मेल खाना):go along with

Synonyms: concur, harmonize 

Antonyms: deviate, dissent

Example: I can coincide with his idea.

 Close Test Based on The Hindu Editorial

Season’s worst: on the influenza outbreak

Seasonal influenza poses a significant public health challenge for India every year. The spurt in infections during the first two weeks of 2019 cries out for an effective plan to contain it. Rajasthan, which had a big case load last year, is the …..(1)….-affected State in the current season, with 768 cases and 31 deaths as of January 13. There have been peaks in the country over the past six years, with the number of cases …..(2)…… by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme soaring to 42,592 and the death toll touching 2,990 in 2015. With better understanding of the nature of active viruses and the availability of a quadrivalent vaccine, State governments have no ….(3)…. for failing to sharply reduce the spread. Last year, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare deputed teams to assist Rajasthan in containing the outbreak. It is pertinent to ask what preventive measures were put in place based on the experience. Large-scale vaccination covering high- risk groups such as health workers, people with lung, kidney, liver and heart disease, diabetics and the elderly could reduce the …..(4)….. of the viruses in States such as Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana and the National Capital Region, all of which had a large number of cases three years ago. A universal preventive programme should be considered at least for the future. NRC Full Form

Last year, the Union Health Ministry put out an advisory on the right vaccine to protect against a known set of viruses, such as Influenza A H1N1, H3N2 and Influenza B. Yet, most public health programmes are not prepared for a mass adoption of the vaccine. Non-availability of sufficient doses of quadrivalent vaccine as well as profiteering on the demand have not been addressed. If a vaccine has proven efficacy in reducing the burden of seasonal influenza, it must be made part of the public health system. An umbrella scheme such as Ayushman Bharat can easily provide it to everyone using public and private institutions. Campaigns to educate the public through mass media ahead of the season, especially on respiratory etiquette and risk reduction, can help cut transmission. At the same time, upgrading existing vaccines ……(5)……. a consistent effort to track viral mutations that take place periodically, and communicate the information to researchers through open access databases. There are 41 Virus Research Diagnostic Laboratories in India and they can study the nature of infections to provide genetic insights to peer scientists. This can help develop vaccines and remedies. When it comes to treatment, the availability of anti-viral drugs such as Oseltamivir in the public health system should be ensured. Seasonal influenza will, according to the WHO, continue to resurface. India must prepare for it with a comprehensive programme that covers all the States. PUBG Full Form

Question 1:

A)Worst

B) Most

C) Very

D) Low

E) None

Question 2:

A)Counted

B) Recorded

C) Produced

D) About

E) None

Question 3:

A)Reason

B) Data

C) Excuse

D) Condition

E) None

Question 4:

A)Affected

B) Reason

C) Disaster

D) Impact

E) None

Question 5:

A)Requires

B) Available

C) Access

D) Allow

E) None

Question 6: Select the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE MEANING as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.

Sharply

A)Apical

B) Briery

C) Spiky

D) Thorny

E) Benevolent

Answer

1-A

2-B

3-C

4-D

5-A

6-E Sharply (तेजी से)

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