The Hindu Review 2nd March 2019 | (Current + English Article + Vocab)| Download PDF

The Hindu Review 2nd March 2019

♠The Hindu Review♠

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IAF pilot Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, The Indian Air Force pilot leaves Lahore in a convoy comprising vehicles of government officials.

  • Pakistan on Friday released Wing Commander Abhinandan Varthaman, who was captured on February 27 after the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) violated the Indian airspace and downed his MiG 21 ‘Bison’ aircraft in an engagement on the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir. He bailed out and landed in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).
  • Reports said he shot down a Pakistan F-16 before being hit.
  • On February 26, India bombed terrorist group Jaish-e-Mohammed’s (JeM) biggest training camp at Balakot in Pakistan. This was preceded by the JeM’s car bombing of a CRPF convoy on February 14 that killed 40 personnel of the para-military force in Pulwama.
  • Major developments on February 28 as they happened: announcement of Wing Commander Abhinandan’s release and a joint armed forces press briefing
  • At the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) meet in Abu Dhabi, External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj says, “The fight against terrorism is not a confrontation against any religion. It cannot be. Just as Islam literally means peace,none of the 99 names of Allah mean violence. Similarly, every religion in the world stands for peace, compassion & brotherhood.


Narendra Modi to lay foundation stone of ₹1,000 crore temple complex

  • The temple will be dedicated to Maa Umiya, the reigning deity of ‘Kadva Patels’, a sub-group of the Patidar community.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi is scheduled to lay the foundation stone for a mega temple complex, coming up on the city’s outskirts at a cost of ₹1,000 crore, on March 4, organisers said on Friday.
  • Over five lakh people are expected to attend the grand foundation stone laying ceremony of the complex – Vishv Umiya Dham – they said. The temple will be dedicated to Maa Umiya, the reigning deity of ‘Kadva Patels’, a sub-group of the Patidar community.
  • The entire project would be completed in the next 10 years. “The estimated cost of the entire project is around Rs 1,000 crore. Till now, we have received donations of ₹360 crore. The temple and skill university building will be ready in the next 4 to 5 years. It will take another five years to construct the remaining structures.


Oscar-winning composer Andre Previn dies at 89

  • German-American musician also received 10 Grammys
  • Andre Previn — the multifaceted musician whose work ranged from composing Oscar-winning film scores to playing jazz piano to conducting the world’s elite orchestras — died on Thursday. He was 89.
  • The prolific German-American musician — who won four Oscars, 10 Grammys and a coveted Kennedy Center Lifetime Achievement honour during his storied career — also had his moments in the glare of the paparazzi’s flash bulbs.
  • One of his five wives was actor Mia Farrow, who had been married to Frank Sinatra when she met the musician.
  • During his illustrious career in Hollywood, Previn won Academy Awards for film composing, including for Porgy and Bess (1960) and My Fair Lady (1964).
  • But he left the MGM studio in the 1960s to focus on classical music.


U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un shake hands before their one-on-one chat during the second U.S.-North Korea summit

  • A second summit between U.S. President Donald Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, in Vietnam, was cut short after they failed to reach a deal on the extent of sanctions relief North Korea would get in exchange for steps to give up its nuclear programme.
  • South Korea’s President Moon Jae-in has been an active supporter of efforts to end confrontation on the Korean peninsula, meeting Mr. Kim three times last year and trying to facilitate his nuclear negotiations with the U.S.
  • Moon also said South Korea would consult the U.S. on ways to resume joint projects with the North, including tourism development at Mount Kumgang and the Kaesong industrial complex, both in North Korea.
  • “This is the biggest denuclearisation step we can take based on the current level of trust between the two countries,
  • The U.S. has demanded North Korea’s complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation before sanctions can be lifted. North Korea has denounced that position as ”gangster like.


Order on surveillance meant to protect privacy, govt. tells SC

  • The Centre told the Supreme Court on Friday that its December 20, 2018 notification allowing 10 central agencies to snoop on people is in fact a measure to protect citizens’ privacy.
  • The government was responding to a PIL filed by advocate M.L. Sharma, challenging the December 20 notification as a violation of the fundamental right to privacy.
  • The order is based on Section 69 (1) of the Information Technology Act of 2000 and Rule 4 of the Information Technology 2009 Rules (Procedure and Safeguards for Interception, Monitoring and Decryption of Information) Rules, 2009.
  • Turning the argument on its head, the Centre said the order, in fact, limits the power of surveillance to these 10 central agencies and none other.
  • “What has been done under the December 20 order is in fact restricting the exercise of powers, removing a possible vagueness and specifying the agencies/organisations who only would have the powers to utilise the powers of section 69 of the Act,” the Centre said.
  • The government said surveillance is necessary “in the modern world where modern tools of information communication, including encryption, is used”. Surveillance is done only in the defence of India, to maintain public order, etc.
  • “There is no blanket permission to any agency,” the government explained. Permission for surveillance needs to be got from the Union Home Secretary. Besides, the law mandates the Centre and States to constitute a review committee with the Cabinet Secretary.


Assam to be oil exporting hub for Southeast Asia Apart from numerous oil wells, Assam has four refineries

  • Assam is slated to soon become one of India’s major oil exporting hubs catering to the eastern neighbours of the country and Southeast Asia, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Friday.
  • The Minister based his prediction on a slew of projects for augmenting oil exploration, refining and transportation capacity in various stages of completion in the region.
  • Eight of these projects under Hydrocarbon Vision 2030, worth more than ₹1,500 crore, were inaugurated in Guwahati.
  • “Assam will soon send petrol and diesel to Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, and Southeast Asian countries,” Mr. Pradhan said.


Birth, death registrations to go online across State

  • CM to launch portal next week; printouts of certificates can be taken for free
  • Tamil Nadu’s Civil Registration System (CRS) is all set to go online in a few days. The Directorate of Public Health (DPH) and Preventive Medicine is rolling out a portal — — using which people can take printouts of birth or death certificates for free.
  • Kolandaswamy, Director of Public Health and chief registrar of births and deaths, said this would be on the lines of the online facility presently offered by the Chennai Corporation. Chief Minister Edappadi K. Palaniswami is likely to launch the portal next week.

Better accountability

  • “The Corporation was instrumental in developing the software with support from the National Health Mission. This is a citizen-friendly initiative and brings in transparency and accountability. People no longer need to visit government offices to get birth and death certificates,” he said.
  • Officials of the State Bureau of Health Intelligence said there were 16,505 birth and death registration units, including those in village panchayats, town panchayats, municipalities, corporations, primary health centres, government medical college hospitals and ESI hospitals.
  • “Since October 9, 2017, we have been successfully running a common CRS software through which these registration units collate details of births and deaths. As per a government order issued then, the DPH, who is the chief registrar of births and deaths, should come up with a public domain to issue certificates for free. So we have readied a public domain and people can download the certificates for free ,” an official said.
  • The portal will have data from January 1, 2018. All records available with municipalities and corporations will be uploaded in a phased manner. “Data readily available with local bodies will be uploaded. Old data will be digitised and uploaded in a reverse direction gradually,” Dr. Kolandaswamy added.
  • In case of queries on the system, people could contact helplines 102 and 104 after the launch, he added.

Name registration

  • The portal will also feature a facility for applying for name registration.
  • There will be no fee for name registration within 12 months of the date of registration of a child.
  • An application form will be made available on the portal. People can apply and upload the required documents. Following this, the registrar would visit them to verify the documents, officials said.

Vocabulary (The Hindu)♠

1. VENT (VERB): (जाने देना):release

Synonyms: emit, let out 

Antonyms: hold, retain 

Example : I vented a shriek when the dog suddenly jumped on me.

2. DIMINUTIVE (ADJECTIVE): (छोटा):tiny

Synonyms: petite, pint-sized 

Antonyms: big, enormous 

Example:  Sagar is feeling diminutive hunger right now.

3. SINISTER (ADJECTIVE): (अशुभ):evil

Synonyms: dire, devilish 

Antonyms: angelic, divine

Example:  He is a sinister person.

4. KINDLE (VERB): (आग लगानाstart a fire

Synonyms: inflame, ignite 

Antonyms: extinguish, put out 

Example: The dacoit kindled the village.

5. AROMA (NOUN): (सुगंध)scent

Synonyms: fragrance, incense 

Antonyms: stench, odour 

Example: I am experiencing the nice aroma of doughnuts.

6. BANTER (NOUN): (छेड़ना): teasing

Synonyms: jeering, ridicule

Antonyms: flattery, praise

Example: His t-shirt had some banter line written over it.

7. EXTENSIVELY (ADVERB): (बड़े पैमाने पर):widely

Synonyms: broadly, greatly

Antonyms: minutely, marginally

Example: The demonetisation scheme benefitted the masses extensively.

8. COINCIDE (VERB): (मेल खाना):go along with

Synonyms: concur, harmonize 

Antonyms: deviate, dissent

Example: I can coincide with his idea.

 Close Test Based on The Hindu Editorial

Season’s worst: on the influenza outbreak

Seasonal influenza poses a significant public health challenge for India every year. The spurt in infections during the first two weeks of 2019 cries out for an effective plan to contain it. Rajasthan, which had a big case load last year, is the …..(1)….-affected State in the current season, with 768 cases and 31 deaths as of January 13. There have been peaks in the country over the past six years, with the number of cases …..(2)…… by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme soaring to 42,592 and the death toll touching 2,990 in 2015. With better understanding of the nature of active viruses and the availability of a quadrivalent vaccine, State governments have no ….(3)…. for failing to sharply reduce the spread. Last year, the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare deputed teams to assist Rajasthan in containing the outbreak. It is pertinent to ask what preventive measures were put in place based on the experience. Large-scale vaccination covering high- risk groups such as health workers, people with lung, kidney, liver and heart disease, diabetics and the elderly could reduce the …..(4)….. of the viruses in States such as Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Telangana and the National Capital Region, all of which had a large number of cases three years ago. A universal preventive programme should be considered at least for the future.

Last year, the Union Health Ministry put out an advisory on the right vaccine to protect against a known set of viruses, such as Influenza A H1N1, H3N2 and Influenza B. Yet, most public health programmes are not prepared for a mass adoption of the vaccine. Non-availability of sufficient doses of quadrivalent vaccine as well as profiteering on the demand have not been addressed. If a vaccine has proven efficacy in reducing the burden of seasonal influenza, it must be made part of the public health system. An umbrella scheme such as Ayushman Bharat can easily provide it to everyone using public and private institutions. Campaigns to educate the public through mass media ahead of the season, especially on respiratory etiquette and risk reduction, can help cut transmission. At the same time, upgrading existing vaccines ……(5)……. a consistent effort to track viral mutations that take place periodically, and communicate the information to researchers through open access databases. There are 41 Virus Research Diagnostic Laboratories in India and they can study the nature of infections to provide genetic insights to peer scientists. This can help develop vaccines and remedies. When it comes to treatment, the availability of anti-viral drugs such as Oseltamivir in the public health system should be ensured. Seasonal influenza will, according to the WHO, continue to resurface. India must prepare for it with a comprehensive programme that covers all the States.

Question 1:


B) Most

C) Very

D) Low

E) None

Question 2:


B) Recorded

C) Produced

D) About

E) None

Question 3:


B) Data

C) Excuse

D) Condition

E) None

Question 4:


B) Reason

C) Disaster

D) Impact

E) None

Question 5:


B) Available

C) Access

D) Allow

E) None

Question 6: Select the word which is most nearly the OPPOSITE MEANING as the word printed in bold as used in the passage.



B) Briery

C) Spiky

D) Thorny

E) Benevolent







6-E Sharply (तेजी से)

The Hindu Review 2nd March 2019 PDF

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