The Hindu Review (Current + English Article + Vocab)| 20th December 2018

♠The Hindu♠

Daily current affairs and English for all Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.. Check daily Current Affair Updates from The Hindu.

GSAT-7A, exclusive satellite for IAF, successfully placed in orbit by GSLV-F11

GSAT-7A, an exclusive satellite for the Indian Air Force, was on Wednesday, December 19, 2018, succesfully ”injected” into its intended orbit by GSLV-F11 that was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SHAR) in Sriharikota, near Chennai.
The satellite is expected to provide aircraft-to-aircraft communication and will have an exclusive frequency for the purpose.
“Today GSLV [Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle] successfully and safely injected the advanced communication satellite in a super synchronous transfer orbit,” ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) Chairman K. Sivan said.
GSLV-F11, the 13th flight of the GSLV-MkII, blasted off from the second launchpad at 4.10 p.m. The satellite was placed in a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit 19 minutes after the lift-off.

Canara Bank CEO post stays vacant, BBB repeats call

After getting a tepid response, the Banks Board Bureau (BBB) has yet again invited applications for Canara Banks MD & CEO post, which is lying vacant after Rakesh Sharmas term ended on July 31, 2018.
In August, the BBB, which has the mandate to select candidates for board-level appointments in public sector banks, invited applications for the post of MD & CEO in Canara Bank. The post was made open to private sector candidates too. While BBB selects the candidates, the government takes a call on the appointment. Sources said there was not much response, prompting the BBB to invite candidates once again, though the eligibility criteria were not changed. Interested candidates have to apply to the BBB by January 10, 2019.
Interestingly, the government, in October, appointed Mr. Sharma as the MD & CEO of IDBI Bank.
In a separate move, the government has made executive directors of public sector banks eligible for the managing directors post in State Bank of India. At present, only deputy managing directors of SBI are eligible for SBIs MD post.

IDFC Bank, Capital First complete merger

Private sector lender IDFC Bank has completed the merger process with non-banking financial company Capital First following all the requisite approvals, the bank informed the exchanges on Tuesday.
Following the merger, the board of the bank, which has been renamed to IDFC First Bank, has been reconstituted with the appointment of Capital First founder and chairman V. Vaidyanathan as the managing director and chief executive officer of the merged entity, subject to shareholders approval.
However, the new name will be effective after receipt of approvals from the shareholders of IDFC Bank and the central government, the bank said.
Rajiv Lall, who was the MD & CEO of IDFC Bank, will now become part-time non-executive chairman of the merged entity.

Allahabad Bank, BoI, BoM, Corp Bank to exit PCA framework

Corporation BankNSE 4.66 %, Bank of MaharashtraNSE 9.23 % (BoM), Bank of India (BoI) and Allahabad BankNSE 4.31 % may exit the prompt corrective action (PCA) framework of the RBI soon, ET Now reported on Wednesday.
The Reserve Bank of India has put several banks under PCA for not maintaining a desirable level of capital which restricts their business activity.
Besides capital, PCA is also triggered if bad loans are higher than a minimum threshold and return on assets is lower than the threshold.

There are 11 public sector banks, including Bank of India, Allahabad Bank, UCO Bank, United Bank of India, IDBI Bank, Dena Bank and Indian Overseas Bank, in the PCA framework.

The PCA framework is applicable only to commercial banks and not extended to cooperative banks and non-banking financial companies (NBFCs).

Worlds first Lifeline Hospital train reaches Tripura, over 1000 patients attended in two days.

Over a thousand patients from far-flung rural hamlets of North Tripura district have been treated at Lifeline Express, the worlds first hospital train, since Tuesday at Churaibari Railway Station of North Tripura district.
Lifeline Express is a train healthcare service which was set up as a joint initiative of Impact India Foundation, Indian Railways and Ministry of Health in 1991.
Speaking to indianexpress.com, Lifeline Express Joint Director Anil Premsagar Wednesday informed that the hospital train received good response among local people and has attended to over a thousand patients in the first two days.
We received 400 patients on the first day. It is 4 PM now and we have already received 600 patients. The idea behind the train is to provide diagnostic, medical and advanced surgical treatment to persons with disabilities and reach out to inaccessible rural areas that lack medical services, he said.

Cabinet approves AIIMS for Tamil Nadu, Telangana.

The Union cabinet Monday approved establishment of two new All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) — one each in Tamil Nadu and Telangana.
The Tamil Nadu AIIMS would come up at Madurai at a cost of Rs 1,264 crore, while the Telangana’s one would be built at Bibinagar at a cost of Rs 1,028 crore, an official statement said.
The two new institutes will be set up under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY).
“Setting up of new AIIMS would not only transform health education and training but also address the shortfall of health care professionals in the region,” and official statement said.
The new AIIMS will provide super speciality health care to the population while creating a large pool of doctors and other health workers in this region that can be available for primary and secondary level institutions and facilities being created under National Health Mission (NHM), the statement said.

Each new AIIMS will add 100 UG (MBBS) seats and 60 BSc (Nursing) seats and will have 15-20 super specialty departments. Each new AIIMS will add around 750 hospital beds, it said.

Rural India-set drama Period. End of Sentence around menstruation in Oscar shortlist

Period. End of Sentence, a film about women in India fighting against the deeply rooted stigma of menstruation and delving upon the work of real life Pad Man Arunachalam Muruganathan, has made it to the Oscar shortlist in the Documentary Short Subject category.
The film is executive produced by Guneet Monga and is co-produced by Mongas Sikhya Entertainment, which has backed films like The Lunchbox and Masaan.
After the Oscar shortlist was announced here on Monday, Monga posted on Instagram: Waking up to this shortlist! So proud and so exciting… I am so humbled to be a part of the producing team.
Directed by award-winning Iranian-American filmmaker Rayka Zehtabchi, the film is created by created by The Pad Project, an organisation established by an inspired group of students at the Oakwood School in Los Angeles and their teacher, Melissa Berton.
The 26-minute film follows girls and women in Hapur in northern India and their experience with the installation of a pad machine in their village.
According to hollywoodreporter.com, the film also delves upon Murugananthams invention of an easy-to-operate machine that makes low-cost sanitary napkins using supplies that are readily available in India.
Muruganantham, whose story inspired the Bollywood feature film Pad Man, brings his machines to these small towns, helping train women to operate them and in turn sell the supplies at very affordable prices to other women in their area. The women retain the profits of their labour, effectively creating a sustainable women-run micro-business that protects both their health and their communitys economic future.

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)

1. STOOP (VERB): kowtow

Synonyms: bow, kneel

Antonyms: disrespect, disregard

Example: I stoop before the omnipotent God.

2. STICKLER (NOUN): perfectionist

Synonyms: disciplinarian, pedant

Antonyms: beginner, trainee

Example: Depika is a stickler.

3. STUN (VERB): astonish

Synonyms: astound, surprise

Antonyms: calm, compose

Example: Michelle was stunned over his performance.

4. COLD (ADJECTIVE): brutal

Synonyms: callous, barbarous

Antonyms: compassionate, gentle

Example: Ashmit gave Stella a cold look.

5. ADAMANT (ADJECTIVE): unyielding

Synonyms: insistent, intransigent

Antonyms: flexible, irresolute

Example: Alisah is an adamant kid.

6. CONTEMPT (NOUN): disregard

Synonyms: disdain, scorn

Antonyms: regard, respect

Example : Recent agitation of people against the recent movie was contempt of court.

7. CONSTERNATION (NOUN): disappointment

Synonyms: apprehension, dismay

Antonyms: tranquil, peace

Example: The Ministry has given assurance of economic growth but consternation is growing among people.

8. CALUMNY (NOUN): defamation

Synonyms: slander, lie

Antonyms: commendation, praise

Example: It was a big plan of calumny against his revered personality.

♠Article♠

Fatal fires: the need for strict safety norms
The devastating fire at the Andheri hospital of the Employees State Insurance Corporation in Mumbai that killed at least eight people is a shocking reminder of the low priority fire safety gets in India. That a blaze could break out in a relatively new building with such deadly consequences calls into question the precautions taken by the authorities. The Maharashtra government should conduct a thorough probe and examine the claim made by the Fire Department that the hospital had failed an inspection recently and was served a notice. It would be shockingly negligent if the hospital continued to function without adhering to fire safety standards in spite of an adverse report from the statutory authority. Ironically, ESIC is a welfare organisation working to protect the health and well-being of the labour sector, and is expected to set an example through the quality of its facilities. The Andheri horror evokes memories of the AMRI hospital blaze in Kolkata seven years ago, in which 92 people died. It led to an assessment of hospital safety in all States, but evidently the impact has been patchy at best. In fact, the Justice Tapan Mukherjee Commission appointed by the West Bengal government held the directors of AMRI hospital responsible, since they actively reviewed the institutions administrative measures. This year, critically ill patients had to be carried outside by relatives during a fire at the Calcutta Medical College and Hospital.
A strong building code with features for reduction of fire hazards is important for all structures, but it is more so for hospitals since they host people who are incapacitated and cannot be evacuated quickly. The National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare Providers (NABH) goes by the National Building Code and its specific norms for hospitals, which include minimum requirements for multi-storeyed structures, such as alarms, sprinkler systems, specified-width staircases, smoke barrier enclosures and checks against storage of combustible materials in areas where patients are kept. Going forward, all State governments should require mandatory compliance with such safety features for any institution handling patients or giving care. Certification of facilities through third-party audit should be made compulsory to eliminate conflicts of interest involving official agencies. The institutions should also be insured for the highest levels of public liability. At a broader level, governments must shed their indifference and work to make all spaces safe. The situation today is depressing. In private, public or commercial buildings, official agencies tend to favour tokenism rather than high standards for the safety of occupants and visitors. They are ever-willing to regularise deviations in construction over time. It is time to fix responsibility for deadly accidents on a single official agency.

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