The Hindu Review (Current + English Article + Vocab)| 21st December 2018

♠The Hindu♠

Daily current affairs and English for all Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.. Check daily Current Affair Updates from The Hindu.

Infosys names Bharti Airtel’s Nilanjan Roy as new chief financial officer

  • Indian software services exporter Infosys Ltd named Nilanjan Roy as its chief financial officer, the company said on Thursday.
  • Nilanjan Roy, who was the global chief financial officer with telecom company Bharti Airtel Ltd, will join the Bengaluru-headquartered Infosys on March 1, 2019. oy will take over charge from Jayesh Sanghrajka, who was appointed as interim finance head in November, after the departure of M D Ranganath.
  • Sanghrajka will resume his role as Deputy CFO from March 1, 2019.

W.V. Raman is the new Indian women’s cricket team coach

  • Former opener W V Raman was on Thursday preferred over celebrated South African Gary Kirsten for the position of India’s women’s cricket coach despite dissension among the administrators over the selection process, a BCCI official told PTI.
  • The 53-year-old Raman is currently a batting consultant at the National Cricket Academy in Bengaluru.
  • “Kirsten was the top choice for the BCCI ad-hoc selection committee but Raman got the job as the South African was not keen on giving up his plum job with IPL franchise Royal Challengers Bangalore,” the official said.
  • The selection committee comprised former captain Kapil Dev, Anshuman Gaekwad and Shantha Rangaswamy.

Sindhu, Saina remain Indian badminton’s biggest stars in low on titles 2018

  • P V Sindhu struck gold just in time to shake off the choker’s tag, Saina Nehwal’s second coming kept getting better and Lakshya Sen was the proverbial one for the future in Indian badminton’s continuous onward march globally even though the title count took a hit.
  • In a year when the world body (BWF) introduced a new tournament structure, under which events were graded on stature based on prize money, Sindhu dominated the headlines with silver medals in all major events before a World Tour Finals crown.
  • Five silver medals would count for success in most books but not in the case of Sindhu, who faced criticism and pressure for finishing runners-up way too often after putting in the hard yards to make the finals.
  • She finally redeemed herself with the World Tour Finals gold.

India orders Johnson & Johnson to stop using raw material for Baby Powder

  • India’s drugs regulator has ordered Johnson & Johnson to stop manufacturing its Baby Powder using raw materials currently in two of its factories until test results prove they are free of asbestos, a senior official said on Thursday.
  • The official at the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO), who declined to be named citing the sensitivity of the matter, said a written order had been sent to the US company telling it to stop using
  • the “huge quantities” of raw materials stocked in its plants in northern and western India.
  • The company said on Wednesday that drug authorities visited some of its facilities and took “tests and samples” of its talcum powder. It also said that the safety of its cosmetic talc was based on a long history of safe use and decades of research and clinical evidence by independent researchers and scientific review boards across the world.
  • The visits came as the CDSCO and state-based food and drug administrations launched an investigation into J&J’s Baby Powder following a Reuters report last Friday that the firm knew for decades that cancer-causing asbestos could be found in the product. J&J has described the article as “one-sided, false and inflammatory”.
  • The company didn’t immediately respond to requests for comment on Thursday.

WiFi chaupals to be rolled out in 1178 gram panchayats in Tripura

  • A team of officials from Ministry of Communications would visit Tripura next week to set up WiFi chaupals (public meetings) in 1178 gram panchayats of the state, officials said.
  • “Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb met union minister of state for Communications Manoj Sinha at New Delhi on Wednesday. They discussed to roll out WiFi chaupal scheme in 1178 gram panchayats. They also discussed about a pilot project of e-band technology-based solutions which was especially designed for Tripura,” Sanjoy Mishra, Media Advisor to Chief Minister Biplab Kumar Deb, said.
  • Under the WiFi chaupal scheme, at least one village in each of these rural panchayats would be transformed to ‘e-village’.
  • During his visit to New Delhi, CM Deb met five other union ministers on Wednesday including Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman, Home Minister Rajnath Singh, Minister for Civil Aviation Suresh Prabhu, Minister for Environment and Forests Harsh Vardhan and minister of state for power RK Singh.

PM to inaugurate IIT-Bhubaneswar campus Prime Minister Narendra

  • Modi will inaugurate the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bhubaneswar on Monday along with a basket of projects involving a cumulative investment of over Rs 14,523 crore in Odisha, Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan informed. The Prime Minister is to visit Bhubaneswar on December 24, 2018.
  •  “The investment is a continuation of the special focus on the state by the central government under Prime Minister’s vision of Purvodaya which envisions rapid socio-economic development in states like Odisha to unleash their true potential and bring them at par with the most developed states in the country,” he said.
  • The projects include foundation laying of Paradip- Hyderabad petroleum products pipeline of Indian Oil Corp (IOC) at a cost of Rs 3,800 crore.
  • A Rs 3,437 crore pipeline from Bokaro to Angul is also planned to connect to the Jagdishpur-Haldia and Bokaro-Dhamra lines.
  • He will also lay foundation stone for construction of permanent campus of Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) at Berhampur (Rs 1,583 crore).

♠Vocabulary (The Hindu)

  1. DERIDE (VERB): Taunt

Synonyms: mock, jeer           

Antonyms: inspire, encourage

Example: It is not good to deride homeless people.

  1. DEPRIVE (VERB): Despoil

Synonyms: divest, disinherit  

Antonyms: invest, restore

Example: The poor are deprived of healthy food.

  1. EXULT (VERB): Jubilate

Synonyms: celebrate, rejoice      

Antonyms: mourn, grieve

Example: The team exulted for their team’s victory.

  1. ENCROACH (VERB): Violate

Synonyms: intrude, trespass      

Antonyms: abide, avoid

Example: Weeds have started to encroach on my vegetable garden.

  1. FOE (NOUN): Opponent

Synonyms: antagonist, enemy 

Antonyms: fellow, friend

Example: The king knew the whereabouts of his foe very well.

  1. FABRICATE (VERB): Construct

Synonyms: build, produce             

Antonyms: destroy, demolish

Example: The spy is going to fabricate a new identity in order to blend into the community and go unnoticed. 

  1. RUSE (NOUN): feint

Synonyms: trick, deception           

 Antonyms: honesty, frankness 

Example: The security guard knew the girls were going to try and use a distractive ruse in order to shoplift.

  1. SUPPLE (ADJECTIVE): flexible

Synonyms: elastic, agile           

 Antonyms: awkward, unpliable 

Example: It is important to stretch before exercise to keep a supple form.

♠Article♠

Change in Mizoram

In the din over the Bharatiya Janata Party’s losses to the Congress in three States in the Hindi heartland, the dismal defeat of the ruling Congress party to the Mizo National Front in Mizoram has gone insufficiently noticed. With this, the Congress has lost its last remaining State in the Northeast, a region in which it was traditionally dominant. The BJP managed to mark its first and only victory in the State by winning the Chakma refugee-dominated Tuichawng seat in south Mizoram’s Lawngtlai district. But the BJP will consider the MNF’s victory as a significant accretion to its set of fellow-travellers and alliance partners in the Northeast. The MNF is part of the North-East Democratic Alliance, an anti-Congress front formed by the BJP that includes all the other ruling parties in the region. While the MNF has come to power on its own, without an alliance with the BJP, its membership in the NEDA means it is an ally of the BJP for all practical purposes. Despite an improvement in social indices in the State over its decade-long tenure, the Congress was always expected to face an uphill task to retain power because of growing anti-incumbency sentiment following allegations of corruption in recent years. The MNF’s victory was also aided by its strong positions on total prohibition, a promise that carried a lot of weight with conservative and influential Christian civil society groups in the State, which had implicitly lent support to the party.

 

The presence of the Zoram People’s Movement, a collective of seven parties formed just a few weeks before the Assembly elections, hit the Congress’s chances even more. The candidates of the ZPM contested as independents but garnered close to 23% of the vote, damaging the Congress in particular. The Congress’s vote share dipped to 30.2%, a 14 percentage point swing from its 44.6% share in 2013. The Congress’s total tally of five seats is its lowest-ever in the 40-member Mizoram Assembly. The MNF faces the task of diversifying the economy, given the disproportionately large section of the population dependent on agriculture and horticulture. The New Land Use Policy launched by the Congress did bring a significant pause to jhum cultivation (the practice of slash and burn), but fell short of encouraging sustainable agricultural practices as the scheme effectively provided patronage for commercial crop-growing by select beneficiaries. Mizoram has the potential to be a gateway in the Act East and BIMSTEC connectivity schemes to extend trade routes from the Northeast to Myanmar and onwards. But it requires better road connectivity and infrastructure. This should be an important priority for the new MNF government.

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