# CAIIB Exam – Most Important Formulas of ABM

## Advanced Bank Management Important Formula for CAIIB Exam

CAIIB Exam Formulas : CAIIB exam conducted by IIBF twice in a year. CAIIB exam is a certification exam for those who want to grow in Banking sector in India. here in this article we are providing the Most important formula of  Advanced Bank Management (ABM) subjects.

Unit 02 – Supply and Demand

1. CR = CA : CL
2. Net Worth = CA – CL
3. DER = TL/TNW or debt/equity or TL/equity
4. Price Elasticity of Supply = (% change in quantity supplied/(% change in price)

Unit 03 – Money Supply & Inflation

1. Narrow Money ( M1)= Currency with public + Demand deposits with banking system + ‘ other deposits with RBI
2. M2=M1+ Savings deposits of post office savings banks
3. M3=M1+ Time deposits with banking system
4. M4=M3+ All deposits with post office savings banks (Excluding National savings
certificate )
5. Inflation =( Price index in current year- Price index in base year)*100

Unit 9 – GDP Concepts

1. GDP= C+I+G+(X-M)
2. GNP = GDP+ NR (net income from assets abroad(net income receipts ))
3. GDP at factor cost= GDP at market price – (Indirect taxes- Subsidies)
4. Total revenue receipts= Net tax revenue + Total Non-Tax revenue

Unit 12 – Time Value of Money

1. Present value(PV)=Discount factor × C n
2. Cash flow for n period =Cn= PV(1+r)^n where r = interest rate
3. Discount factor =1/(1+r)^n Where r = interest rate , n = period in year
4. Effective interest rate (EIR)=(1+r/n)^n -1
5. Current yield on coupon =(coupon or nominal yield)× 100 / (current market price of coupon)
6. Rate of return =(coupon+ price change)/investment
7. PV = P / R * [(1+R)^T – 1]/(1+R)^T
8. PV = P / (1+R)^T
9. FV = P * (1 + R)^T
10. FV = P*(1-R)^T
11. FV = P / R * [(1+R)^T – 1]
12. FV = P / R * [(1+R)^T – 1] * (1+R)
13. EMI = P * R * [(1+R)^T/(1+R)^T-1)]
14. Net Present Value =  – Co + C1 / (1 + r)
15. Future expected value of a present cash flow = Cash Flow ( 1 + r ) ^ t
16. Present value of a simple future cash flow = Cash Flow / (1 + r) ^ t
17. The Discount Factor  = 1 / (1 + r) ^ t
18. Notation used internationally for PV of an annuity is PV ( A, r, n )
19. Notation used internationally for FV of an annuity is FV ( A, r, n )
20. The effective annual rate = ( 1 + r ) ^ t – 1 or  (1 +  (r / N) ) – 1 ) , N = Number of times compounding in a year
21. PV of end of period Annuity = A { (1- (1 / (1+r) ^ n) / r

Unit 13 – Sampling method

1. If S is the sample space & E is the even of occurrence
Then Probability of occurrence of even E for n time = P(E) = n(E)/n(S)

Unit 14 –  Co-efficient of co-relation:

1. If x and Y are the two variables then correlation of coefficient ‘r‘

r = cov{(x,y)/▲x▲y}

1. Equation of estimating of straight line Y^ = a+bx

Where Y^ = estimating value of dependent variable

x = is an independent variable

a = y intercept when x=0

b = the slop of trend line

Unit 17 – Bond Investment

1. YTM =[ C+ ( A-P)/n ] × 100 / ( A + P)/2 Where C- Coupon

A- Face value/ Maturity value of bond

P- Price paid for bond

n – term to maturity

1. conversely to find out the yield from a discounted instrument, the following formula can be derived from the above one

r = ( F- D ) / D × 365/ n × 100

Where D = Discounted value of the instrument

F = Maturity value

r = Effective rate of interest per annum

n = Tenure of the instrument (in days)

1. Yield on discounted instruments:- The issue price of a discounted instrument can be calculated by using formula D = F / 1+ { (r×n) / 36500 }

Where D = Discounted value of the instrument

F = Maturity Value

r = Effective rate of return per annum

n = Tenure of the investment in days.

1. When you invest in a bond, you receive a regular coupon payment. As bond prices change, you may also make a capital gain or loss. The Rate of Return can be calculated using ROR = (Coupon income + Price change ) ÷ Investment
2. Zero coupon bond is a long term bond that pays no interest. This bond is sold at discount. This can be calculated by using formula ZC = FV / ( 1+r )^n

Where FV = Face value of bond

r = return required

n = Maturity period

1. Future Value of an annuity(End of period) =A/r × [( 1+r)^n – 1]
2. Present Value of an annuity ( End of period )=A/r ×[ ( 1+r)^n-1] /(1+r)^n
3. FV ( at the beginning )=A/r×(1+r)[( 1+r)^n -1]
4. ¤ Value of Bond =PV( Coupon)+ PV( Face value )

¤ PV( A, r, n)+ PV(Face value

1. Standard error of the mean= � x = � / sqrt ( n)

48.PV of perpetuity = A/r

Where A = Annuity

r = interest rate

1. FV of annuity = A/r ×{(1+r)^n-1}
2. Bond Price = (1/(1+R)^t)((coupon*((1+R)^t-1)/R)+Face Value)

Unit -18 – Linear Programming

1. Break Even Analysis = F / ( 1 – VC / S )

F = Fixed costs, VC = Total variable operating costs & S = Total sales revenue

1. Break Even Margin or Margin of Safety  = Sales – Break Even Point / Sales.
2. Cash Break Even = F – N / P – R or F –  N / 1 – ( VC / S )
3. BEP = Fixed Costs / Contribution per unit.

Unit 27 – Ratio Analysis – Analysis of Financial Statements

1. Raw material Turnover Ratio = Cost of RM used / Average stock of R
2. SIP Turnover = Cost of Goods manufactured / Average stock of SIP
3. Debt Collection period  = No. days or months or Weeks in a year/Debt Turnover Ratio.
4. Average Payment Period   = No. days or months or Weeks in a year/Creditors Turnover Ratio.
1. Inventory Turnover Ratio = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Inventory.
2. Debtors Turnover Ratio = Net Credit Sales / Average Debtors.
3. Creditors Turnover Ratio = Net Credit Purchases / Average Credits.
4. Defensive Interval Ratio = Liquid Assets / Projected Daily Cash Requirement
5. Projected daily cash requirement = Projected operating cash expenses / 365.
6. Debt Equity Ratio = Long Term Debt / Equity.
7. Debt Equity Ratio = Total outside Liability / Tangible Net Worth.
8. Debt to Total Capital Ratio = Total Debts or Total Assets/(Permanent Capital + Current Liabilities)
9. Interest Coverage Ratio = EBIT / Interest.
10. Dividend Coverage Ratio = N. P. after Interest & Tax / Preferential dividend
11. Gross Profit Margin = Gross Profit / Net Sales * 100
12. Net Profit Margin = Net Profit / Net Sales * 100
13. Cost of Goods Sold  Ratio = Cost of Goods Sold / Net Sales * 100.
14. Operating Profit Ratio = Earnings Before Interest Tax / Net Sales * 100
15. Expenses Ratio or Operating Ratio = Expenses / Net Sales * 100
16. Net Profit Ratio = Net Profit After interest and Tax  / Net Sales * 100
17. Operating Expenses Ratio = (Administrative + Selling expenses) / Net Sales   * 100
18. Administrative Expenses Ratio =(Administrative Expenses / Net Sales ) * 100
19. Selling Expenses Ratio =(Selling Expenses / Net Sales ) * 100
20. Financial Expenses Ratio =  ( Financial Expenses / Net Sales ) * 100
21. Dividend Pay Out Ratio = Dividend per Equity Share / Earnings per Equity Share.
22. Dividend Pay Out Ratio = Dividend paid to  Equity Shareholders / Net Profit available for

Equity Share Holders.

1. Price Earning Ratio = Market Price per equity Share / Earning per Share.

Unit 31 – Credit control and monitoring

1. Net worth = A) Excess of assets over liabilities(for individual)
2. B) Capitals + Reserve (for company)
3. Networking Capital = A) Total of current asset-Total of current liability
4. B) Difference b/w long term source and long term use
5. Debt Equity ratio (DER) = A) Term loan/Tangible net worth
6. B) Long term debt/Share holders equity
7. C) Total liability/Share holders equity
8. DSCR = A) Total cash flow before interest/Total repayment obligation
9. B) ( Net profit + Depreciation + Interest on long term liability )/ (Instalment + interest on long term liability)
10. Return on asset =Operating profit/(Total asset-intangible asset)
11. ICR(Interest coverage ratio )=EBIT / Interest on long term borrowings, Where EBIT = Earning before interest and taxes

Unit – 28 Working Capital Finance

88.Total outside liabilities= current liability + long term liability

1. Total tangible asset =CA + Fixed asset+ other non currrent asset
2. Tangible net worth =Net worth – intangible asset
3. Current Ratio =CA:CL
4. Quick Ratio =( CA – Inventories )/ CL
5. Quick asset =CA – Inventory
6. Heads come under current asset→
• Inventory
• Preliminary Expenses/prepaid expenses
• Cash and bank balance
• Sundry debtors/Bill receivables
• Investment in Quoted securities such as Govt securities , FDR

• Sundry creditors/Bills payable
• Installment of term loan payable in a year
• preferential capital
• Provisions to paid in a year
• WCTL( Working capital term loan )
1. Return on capital employed (ROCE)=( Net profit after tax × 100)/ total capital
employed

Unit 31 – Credit Control and Monitoring

1. Return on Assets = Net Profit After Tax / Total Assets.
2. Total Assets = Net Fixed Assets + Net Working Capital.
3. Net Fixed Assets = Total Fixed Assets – Accumulated Depreciation.
4. Net Working Capital = ( CA –CL ) – ( Intangible Assets + Fictitious Assets + Idle Stock

1. Return on Capital Employed = Net Profit Before Interest and Tax / Average Capital Employed.
2. Average Capital employed = Equity Capital + Long Term Funds provided by Owners &

Creditors at the beginning & at the end of the accounting period divided by two.

1. Return on Ordinary Share Holders Equity = (NPAT – Preferential Dividends) / Average Ordinary Share Holders Equity or Net Worth.
2. Earnings Per Share = Net Profit After Taxes and Preferential dividends / Number of Equity Share.
3. Dividend per Share = Net Profit After Taxes and distributable dividend / Number of Equity Shares.
4. Total Asset Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold / Average Total Assets.
5. Fixed Asset Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold  / Average Fixed Assets.
6. Capital Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold  / Average Capital employed.
7. Current Asset Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold  / Average Current  Assets.
8. Working Capital Turnover = Cost of Goods Sold  / Net Working Capital.
9. Return on Net Worth = ( Net Profit / Net Worth ) * 100
10. DSCR = Profit after Tax & Depreciation + Int. on T L & Differed Credit + Lease Rentals if any divided by Repayment of Interest & Installments on T L & Differed Credits + Lease Rentals if any.
11. Factory Cost = Prime cost + Production Overheads.
12. Cost of Goods Sold = Factory Cost + Selling, distribution & administrative overheads
13. Contribution = Sales – Marginal Costs.
14. Percentage of contribution to sales = ( Contribution / Sales ) * 100
15. Sales volume requires = Fixed cost + Required profit / Contribution per unit.
16. BEP in Sales = ( Fixed Costs / Contribution per unit ) * Price per unit.
17. Contribution Sales Ratio  = ( Contribution per unit / Sale price per unit ) * 100
18. Level of sales to result in target profit after Tax = (Target Profit) / (1 – Tax rate / Contribution per unit)
19. Level of sales to result in target profit = (Fixed Cost + Target profit) * sales price per unit Contribution per unit.

CAIIB ABM FORMULA PDF by Ambitious Baba

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