Current Affairs 12th July 2022 Daily GK Update
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Health Ministry and Panchayati Raj Ministry signed an MoU to eliminate TB in India by 2025
- Union Health Ministry and Panchayati Raj Ministry have signed an MoU with the aim to eliminate TB in India.
- The MoU will forge inter-Ministerial collaboration and strategic partnerships with the aim to achieving the Prime Minister’s ambitious target of eliminating TB in India by 2025.
- This MoU will serve as a milestone to achieve the objective and target of TB Free India Campaign.
- In 2018, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the TB Free India Campaign at the New Delhi.
- It was launched to eliminate TB in India by 2025, five years ahead of the target of 2030 set by the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) and as a commitment to fighting diseases in India, which has the highest burden of TB in the world.
- The “TB Harega, Desh Jeetega” campaign to end TB in India was launched in 2019 by the then Union Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
List of Important India’s Target Year
- 2022 – Trans Fat Free status.
- 2021-22 – Indian Railways planned 1000-Megawatt Solar Power.
- 2021-22 – India achieved its highest ever goods export target of $400 billion.
- 2022 – Indian renewable energy 175 GW installation.
- 2022 – Doubling Farmers income.
- 2022 – Doubling tiger population.
- 2023 – Indian Railways electrify Broad Gauge routes.
- 2023-24 – India produce one billion tonnes of coal.
- 2024 – Renewable energy to replace diesel in agriculture
- 2024 – India aims to reduce road accidents by 50%.
- 2024 – Indian railways 100% electrification.
- 2024 – Provide Clean Drinking Water to All Citizens.
- 2024 – Har Ghar Jal for rural households.
- 2025 – Achieve 20 percent ethanol blending in petrol.
- 2025 – Defence target of Rs 35,000 crores.
- 2025 – To Eliminate TB.
- 2025 – India’s vision of 5 trillion economy
- 2025 – India set the target to create 220 new airports.
- 2026 – India unveils 5-year roadmap to becoming $300 bn Sustainable Electronics Manufacturing & Exports.
- 2030 – Indian railways Net Zero’ Carbon Emission.
- 2030 – India reduce the energy intensity by 33-35%.
- 2030 – India plans 500 GW renewable energy
India sets world record for building longest double-decker bridge in Nagpur
- National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) and Nagpur metro (Maharashtra) rail project has set a new record for building the longest double-decker (3.14 km) viaduct with an elevated highway, and Metro Rail supported on a single-column pier.
- This project has led to savings on land acquisition and construction costs and also reduced the travel time to the city’s airport.
- This double-decker viaduct made possible a three-layered transport corridor with the first layer occupied by pre-existing highway, the second layer by a flyover highway, and the third layer by Nagpur metro rail.
- The flyover highway is built at the height of 9 meters, and the metro at 20 meters. While 2.7 km of this multi-layered corridor has a four-lane road on its second level, half km has a six-lane road.
- The three metro stations built along this double-decker viaduct are Chhatrapati chowk, Jayaprakash Nagar and Ujjwal Nagar.
- Asia Book of Records and India Book of Records have recognized this engineering feat. They have also recognized another record of constructing three metro stations on a double-decker viaduct.
About National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)
- Founded – 1995
- Headquarters – New Delhi
- Chairman – Alka Upadhyaya
HAL signed an agreement with Safran to build helicopter engines
- Hindustan Aeronautics (HAL) and Safran Helicopter Engines have signed an agreement to create a new joint venture intended to develop helicopter engines.
- Both the companies will establish a new aero-engine company in India, dedicated to the development, production, sales and support of helicopter engines.
- The partners will extend their long-lasting partnership by establishing a new aero-engine company in India. It will be dedicated to the development, production, sales and support of helicopter engines and one of its main objectives will be to meet the requirements of HAL and Ministry of Defence’s future helicopters, including the 13-tonne IMRH (Indian Multi-Role Helicopter).
- HAL and Safran Helicopter Engines already have multiple partnerships, including the Shakti engine, which powers HAL-produced helicopters, including the Dhruv, Rudra and the Light Combat Helicopter (LCH). The Ardiden 1U variant also powers the new light utility helicopter (LUH).
- The MoU reiterates the commitment of both Safran Helicopter Engines and HAL to the Indian Government’s vision of Atmanirbhar Bharat or achieving self-reliance particularly in defence technologies.
Chhattisgarh government received USD 300 Million from World Bank for school education
- The Chhattisgarh government has received an in-principle nod from the Centre to go ahead with a USD 300 million school education project the State is negotiating with the World Bank.
- The initiative will allow the Chhattisgarh Government to borrow USD 300 million over a period of five years at significantly lower than market rates, and repay it over a period of 20 years.
List of Loan approved by World Bank (Recently)
- $125 million: for social protection services in West Bengal
- USD 150 million: Partial Guarantee Facility Agreement (PGFA) with Axis Bank for a partial guarantee programme
- USD 47 million: for the Mission Karmayogi, a national program to build civil service capacity
- USD 350 million: for SRESTHA-G project of Gujarat
- USD 30 billion: fund for food security crisis
PM Modi inaugurated newly built Deoghar Airport in Jharkhand
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled developmental projects of more than Rs 16,800 crores in Deoghar which includes the inauguration of an international airport and an In-Patient Department (IPD) and Operation Theatre services at AIIMS in Deoghar.
- The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone of Deogarh airport in Jharkhand on May 25, 2018.
- It will be the second international airport in Jharkhand after Ranchi. Prior to 2014, India had 74 airports in India but in seven years, 66 new airports have been established taking the total to 140 airports (including heliports and water domes) as of April, 2022.
- The Deoghar Airport has been constructed at an estimated cost of around Rs. 400 crores. The terminal building of the airport is equipped to handle over five lakh passengers annually.
- Under the UDAN scheme, more than 420 routes are operationalized as of June, 2022. More than 1.79 lakh flights have flown under this scheme. UDAN scheme has immensely benefited several sectors pan-India including Hilly States, North-Eastern region, and Islands.
- The Prime Minister has dedicated to the nation the In-Patient Department (IPD) and Operation Theatre services at AIIMS, Deoghar.
- The PM laid the foundation of AIIMS Deoghar on May 25, 2018. The setting up of new AIIMS at Deoghar will help in achieving the dual purpose of providing super specialty health care to the population while also helping to create a large pool of doctors and other health workers in this region.
- There were only seven AIIMS before 2014. During the last eight years, 16 AIIMS have been approved. Out of these 16 AIIMS, MBBS classes and OPD services have started in 10 new AIIMS. Limited IPD services have also been operationalized in six AIIMS.
- Capital – Ranchi
- Chief Minister – Hemant Soren
- Governor – Ramesh Bais
IIT Kanpur to set up network of air quality sensors to measure pollution in rural India
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kanpur has announced that it will be launching a USD 2.5 million project to install nearly 1,400 sensors in rural blocks of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
- The institute is looking forward to launching this project to bolster the measurement of air pollution in rural India.
- The 3-year pilot project is expected to pave the way for a national network of air quality sensors in rural India.
GRSE signed an agreement with West Bengal government to build next-gen electric ferry
- The Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd, a Mini Ratna Category 1 Defence PSU and a leading warship building company in India, signed a contract with the West Bengal Government for the design and construction of the next-generation electric ferry that will pave the way for reducing carbon emission in the water transport sector in the state.
- This Green vessel has the potential to replace the conventional diesel engine driven ferries operated in the Hooghly River. The arrival of the electric ferry shall transform the inland water transport system in National Waterway- 1 (NW-1), which is being developed from Haldia to Varanasi under the Ministry of Shipping.
- The zero-emission electric ferry will be powered by a 210-kWh liquid-cooled energy storage solution and have solar panels mounted on the roof. It will be 24-metre long with an aluminum Catamaran hull and twin propellers. Its piercing hull design will allow an operating speed of 8 knots and a maximum of 10 knot
6th Deputy National Security Advisor level meeting concludes in Kochi
- The 6th Deputy National Security Adviser level meeting of the members of Colombo Security Conclave was held in The member states are India, Maldives, Mauritius and Sri Lanka. Delegations from Bangladesh and Seychelles participated as Observers.
- The participants discussed the implementation of the Roadmap for Cooperation for 2022-23 and the decisions taken at the 5th NSA level meeting of the Colombo Security Conclave on 9-10 March 2022 in the Maldives on Maritime Safety and Security along with countering terrorism and radicalization.
- The first Deputy National Security Advisor level meeting was held virtually between India, Sri Lanka and the Maldives in August last year.
- The meeting identified four pillars of cooperation under the Colombo Security Conclave. These included marine safety and security, terrorism and radicalization, trafficking and organized crime and cyber security.
India becomes 68th country to join Interpol’s Child Sexual Exploitation Database
- India is the 68th country among the total 195 members of the Interpol to have access to this database and software, which will be available to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) — nodal body for Interpol coordination in India as it is the country’s National Central Bureau.
- The International Child Sexual Exploitation (ICSE) database uses video and image comparison to analyze child sexual exploitation material (CSEM) and make connections between victims, abusers and places.
- Detectives in all 68 countries can exchange information and notes with their colleagues across the world.
About International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol)
- Founded – 1923
- Headquarters – Lyon, France
- Secretary General – Jürgen Stock
- Member countries – 195
CSMT, Mumbai becomes India’s first station to have augmented reality experience
- The Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus in Mumbai has become the first railway station in India to be equipped with augmented reality screens.
- The futuristic technology will allow passengers at the station to get real-time digitized time table with a dedicated scrolling screen and railway information for an engaging experience.
- The passengers will also be able to meet animals, witness magic tricks and snowfall, and visit any place in the world virtually. The project at Mumbai’s busiest railway station aims to generate revenue for Central Railway and offer passengers fun and infotainment during wait periods. The Central Railways is looking to bring in around Rs 50 lakhs in revenues in five years.
Rurban Mission Delta Ranking June 2022- Jharkhand topped
- The Union Ministry of Rural Development has released the delta ranking of Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM), in which Jharkhand secured the first position in the delta ranking with a composite score of 76.19 in the month of June 2022.
- Jharkhand has secured eighth place in overall ranking and improved its score by 1.93 compared to May 2022 which is the highest improvement among the 34 states and union territories.
- Jharkhand ranks first across India in the Delta ranking followed by Puducherry and Assam.
- The Centre had launched the mission in 2016 with an objective of stimulating local economic development, enhancing basic services and creating well planned Rurban clusters.
PM Modi unveiled National emblem cast on new Parliament Building
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi has unveiled the 6.5 meter-tall National Emblem on top of the under-construction new Parliament building.
- The emblem made of bronze weighs 9,500 kg. A supporting steel structure of 6,500 kg was made to support its weight.
- The emblem was created by Sunil Deore from Aurangabad and Laxman Vyas from Jaipur and the fabrication was carried out in Aurangabad, Jaipur and Delhi.
India will surpass China as World’s most populous country during 2023- United Nations report
- India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country next year (2023), according to a report by the United Nations.
- In 2022, China remains the most populous country in the world with 1,426 million, but India has caught up with a marginally less population of 1,412 million.
- The global population will reach 8 billion on November 2022, more than three times the population of 2.5 billion in 1950.
- The UN projections say that by 2050, India’s population will reach 1,668 million, far exceeding China’s declining population at 1,317 million. The global population by 2050 would have touched 9.7 billion.
- The world’s two most populous regions in 2022 were Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, with 2.3 billion people representing 29 per cent of the global population and Central and Southern Asia with 2.1 billion (26 per cent). China and India accounted for the largest populations in these regions, with more than 1.4 billion each in 2022. Central and Southern Asia is expected to become the most populous region in the world by 2037.
- The latest UN projections suggest that the global population could grow to around 8.5 billion in 2030, 7 billion in 2050, and 10.4 billion in 2100.
- More than half of the projected increase in global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just eight countries – the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines, and the United Republic of Tanzania. Countries of sub-Saharan Africa are expected to continue growing through 2100 and to contribute more than half of the global population increase anticipated through 2050.
India’s Arjun Babuta won first gold medal at ISSF World Cup in South Korea
- India’s Arjun Babuta has won his first gold medal at the International Shooting Sport Federation (ISSF) World Cup stage at Changwon in South Korea.
- He defeated Tokyo 2020 silver medalist Lucas Kozeniesky of the USA 17-9 in the final.
- Arjun Babuta had also topped the eight-men ranking round with a score of 261.1 ahead of Lucas Kozeniesky’s 260.4.
- Sergey Richter from Israel settled for bronze with a score of 259.9 while Paarth Makhija from India managed 258.1 for a fourth-place finish.
11 July – World Population Day
- The World Population Day is observed on the 11 July every year.
- Objective – To increase the awareness of the people towards the worldwide population issues.
- It was founded in 1989 by the then-Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme. On July 11, 1990, the day was first observed in more than 90 nations.
- Theme 2022 – A world of 8 billion- Towards a resilient future for all – Harnessing opportunities and ensuring rights and choices for all.
Father of Indian Internet B K Syngal passed away
- Brijendra Kumar Syngal former chairman of Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) passed away. He was 82.
- Syngal, who has been acknowledged as the father of the Indian Internet, was known for his strong views and fearlessness in taking on the establishment.
- As the Chairman of VSNL, he was unofficially known as the ‘bulldozer’ for his ability to push through bureaucratic hurdles, as a result of which VSNL grew from a $125 million company in 1991 into a $1.65 billion communications giant by 1998.
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