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Current Affairs 26th September 2022 Daily GK Update
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MoHUAM launched Swachh Toycathon
- Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry has launched Swachh Toycathon. It is a unique competition that involves making toys from waste.
- The competition will be hosted on MyGov’s Innovative India portal. The knowledge partner for the initiative is the Center for Creative Learning, IIT Gandhinagar.
- The competition will be open to individuals and groups who desire to bring and support new ideas and creativity. Manoj Joshi, the Housing and Urban Affairs secretary said that used toys should be collected, redeveloped, and resold. He said this should turn into a social movement as it is a step towards environmentally friendly toys.
Jitendra Singh announces ‘One Week One Lab’ campaign
- Union Minister Jitendra Singh has announced the ‘One Week One Lab’ theme-based campaign to showcase technological breakthroughs and innovations.
- The campaign will be held in each of the 37 Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) labs & institutes spread across the country.
- He announced it while addressing the 1st-ever CSIR Leadership Meet in New Delhi.
- The laboratories came together during the COVID pandemic last year. They developed several technologies that helped India’s fight against COVID.
- CSIR breakthroughs in areas like Drone, Heliborne technology, state of the art Sewage cleaning machines, Aroma Mission has opened up huge opportunities for developing meaningful and equal stake partnership among Research, Academia and Industry.
President Murmu inaugurated HAL’s Cryogenic Engines Manufacturing Facility
- President Droupadi Murmu has inaugurated the Integrated Cryogenic Engines Manufacturing Facility of Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) in Bengaluru.
- The Cryogenic engines are used by ISRO for its satellite launch operations.
- The President has also laid the foundation stone of the South Zonal Institute of Virology virtually at HAL.
- She has also inaugurated the St. Joseph University and attended a Civic reception hosted by the State Government in her honour.
- The President hailed the role of the ISRO and the HAL in making India Atma Nirbhar. She called upon the scientific fraternity to utilise Amrit Kaal to make India a developed nation by 2047, when the country celebrates its cenetnary of the Independence.
About Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Founded – 15 August 1969
- Headquarters – Bangalore, Karnataka
- Founder / 1st Chairman – Vikram Sarabhai
- 10th Chairman – S Somanath
- Aryabhata India’s first satellites Launched on 19 April 1975
20th Meeting of Prosecutors General of SCO Member States held
- The 20th Meeting of Prosecutors General of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Member States has held in Astana, Kazakhstan.
- Learned Solicitor General of India, Department of Legal Affairs Tushar Mehta, and Additional Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs Dr. Anju Rathi Rana attended the meeting from the Indian side.
- Earlier on 16 Sept 2022, PM Modi had attended the 22nd Meeting of the Council of Heads of State of the SCO in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
About Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
- Founded – 2001
- Headquarters – Beijing, China
- Secretary General – Zhang Ming (China)
- Member Countries – 9 (Iran, China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan & Uzbekistan)
- SCO Summit 2021 – Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
- SCO Summit 2022 – Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
- SCO Summit 2023 – India
- The founding members (5) of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) were China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. India and Pakistan officially joined this organization in 2017
Banking and Financial
S&P Global projected India’s FY23 GDP growth at 7.3%
- S&P Global has projected India’s FY23 GDP growth at 7.3% and estimated inflation to fall to 5% in the next fiscal.
- Inflation is likely to remain above the upper tolerance limit of 6 percent till the end of 2022.
- India’s growth outlook at 7.3 percent for the fiscal year 2022-2023 and 6.5 percent for the next fiscal year. The data was given in S&P’s Economic Outlook for Asia Pacific.
- The Reserve Bank expects the Indian economy to grow 7.2 percent in the current fiscal (2022-23).
Updated GDP List (last update 22 Sep 22)
- World Bank – 7.5% (FY23), 7.1% (FY24)
- MOODY’S. – 8.8% (FY23)
- S&P – 7.3% (FY23), 6.5% (FY24)
- IMF – 7.4% (FY23)
- ADB – 7% (FY23), 7.2% (FY24)
- RBI – 7.2% (FY23)
- FITCH RATING – 7% (FY23), 6.7% (FY24)
- FICCI – 7% (FY23)
- OECD – 6.9% (FY23), 6.2% (FY24)
- CRISIL – 7.3% (FY23)
- NSO – 8.7%. Q4 – 4.1% (FY23)
- SBI – 6.8% (FY23)
- Morgan Stanley – 7.2% (FY23), 6.4%(FY24)
Appointment and Resignation
Unilever CEO Alan Joe to step down by 2023 end
- CEO of Unilever Alan Jope will retire from his role at the end of 2023.
- He will depart Unilever after five years as CEO and nearly four decades at the company.
- Unilever brands include Magnum ice cream, Cif surface cleaner and Dove soap.
- Under Jope, Unilever became a wholly British company at the end of 2020 after it completed a merger of its Dutch and British corporate entities.
- Headquarters- London, United Kingdom
- CEO- Alan Jope
Bandaru Wilsonbabu appointed Indian Ambassador to Madagascar
- IFS officer Bandaru Wilsonbabu has been appointed as the next ambassador of India to the Republic of Madagascar.
- He is presently joint secretary in the Ministry of External Affairs.
- Wilsonbabu, who has served as the joint Secretary in the Eurasia division, will be replacing Ambassador Abhay Kumar.
- Capital- Antananarivo
- Currency- Ariary
- President– Andry Rajoelina
- India’s High Commissioner to Bangladesh – Pranay Verma
- India’s High Commissioner to UK – Vikram Doraiswami
- India’s ambassador to Thailand – Nagesh Singh
- High commissioner of India to Canada – Sanjay Verma
- India’s ambassador to the Republic of Korea – Amit Kumar
- High commissioner of India to Canada – Sanjay Verma
- India’s next ambassador to Japan – Sibi George
- India’s ambassador to Eritrea – Prakash Chand
Giorgia Meloni elected as First woman PM of Italy
- Giorgia Meloni has become the first woman prime minister of Italy, after defeating, Mario Draghi by a huge margin.
- She has joined politics at age 15 in 1992, joining the neo-fascist Social Movement.
- She has also served as a youth minister in Berlusconi’s 2008-2011 government before founding the Brothers of Italy in 2012.
- Three prominent political leaders Meloni, La Russa, and Crosetto founded a new political movement Brothers of Italy in 2012.
Newly Appointed Prime Minister & President
- President of Angola – Joao Lourenco (2nd term)
- PM of United Kingdom – Liz Truss
- Prime Minister of Serbia – Ana Brnabic
- New president of Kenya – William Ruto
- Colombia’s first leftist President – Gustavo Petro
- New PM of Kuwait – Sheikh Mohammad Sabah Al Salem
- New PM of Sri Lanka – Dinesh Gunawardena
- New President of Sri Lanka – Ranil Wickremesinghe
- New President of Colombia – Gustavo Petro
- New President of South Korea – Yoon Suk Yeol
- New Prime Minister of Pakistan – Shehbaz Sharif
- New Prime Minister of France – Elisabeth Borne
- 1st Woman President of Hungary – Katalin Novak
- 1st Woman President of Tanzania – Samia Suluhu Hassan
- 1st Woman President of Honduras Xiomara Castro
- Hong Kong’s Next Leader -John Lee
- Re-Elected as President of Serbia – Aleksandar Vučić
- Hungary’s New Prime Minister - Viktor Orban
- New Prime Minister of Kazakhstan - Alikhan Smailov
- New President of Albania – Bajram Begaj
- New Prime Minister of Israel – Yair Lapid
Indian-origin Suella Braverman won first Queen Elizabeth II award
- Indian-origin British Home Secretary Suella Braverman has been named the winner of the first-ever Queen Elizabeth II Woman of the Year award.
- She was presented with this award at the Asian Achievers Awards 2022 ceremony in London.
- These awards were established in 2000 to honour South Asians for their great achievements in the UK.
- Braverman was previously Attorney General between 2020-2022.
- German PEN award – Indian author & poet Meena Kandasamy
- Top French civilian honour – Swati Piramal
- Lok Nayak Foundation Sahitya Puraskar – Tanikella Bharani
- International Tourism award 2023 – West Bengal (for best destination for culture)
- Emmy award for his narration in Netflix documentary – Barack Obama (Our Great National Parks)
Cochin International Airport bagged ASQ award for ‘Mission Safeguarding’
- Cochin International Airport Ltd has won the Airport Service Quality award-2022 instituted by Airport Council International (ACI) for its meticulous implementation of a programme ‘Mission Safeguarding’ in 2021-22.
- The award is considered to be the highest honour in the global aviation sector.
- CIAL received the award for implementing its ‘Mission Safeguarding’ programme, which ensured seamless traffic & reinforced passenger satisfaction during the pandemic.
Breakthrough Prize 2023 winners announced
- The 2023 winners of the Breakthrough Prizes, dubbed the “Oscars of Science,” were announced.
- Breakthrough Prize in Mathematics 2023
Daniel A. Spielman
- New Horizons in Mathematics Prize 2023
- Maryam Mirzakhani New Frontiers Prize 2023
- Breakthrough Prizes in Life Sciences 2023
Clifford P. Brangwynne,
Anthony A. Hyman
- Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics 2023
Charles H. Bennett
Peter W. Shor
- New Horizons in Physics Prize 2023
Adam M. Kaufman
About Breakthrough Prizes
- The Breakthrough Prizes are a set of international awards conferred under three categories – mathematics, fundamental physics and life sciences.
- These are the most richly endowed awards in science, disbursing more than the Nobel prizes.
- Each prize carries $3 million – more than the $1 million for a Nobel winner.
- Founder- Sergey Brin, Mark Zuckerberg & Yuri Milner
- First awarded- 2012
INS Sunayna participated in Operation Southern Readiness
- INS Sunayna entered Port Victoria Seychelles to participate in the annual training exercise Operation Southern Readiness of Combined Maritime Forces (CMF).
- The joint training exercise is being attended by representative delegations from USA, Italy, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and ship participation from UK, Spain & India.
- This marks the first participation of an Indian Navy ship in the Combined Maritime Forces exercise.
- It will participate in the annual training exercise Operation Southern Readiness of the CMF.
27 September – World Tourism Day
- World Tourism Day is celebrated every year on September 27.
- Objective – To raise awareness about the importance of tourism and how it affects the socio-cultural, political, and economic sectors of a country and the international community.
- This year’s official celebrations will take place in Bali, Indonesia.
- Theme 2022 – Rethinking Tourism
- Every year since 1980, on September 27, World Tourism Day is observed all across the world. This date coincides with the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Statutes on September 27, 1970.
26 September – World Environmental Health Day
- World Environmental Health Day is observed every year on 26 September.
- Objective – To increase public awareness of the environment’s condition and encourage people to take the required steps to stop it from getting worse.
- The day was first observed by the International Federation of Environmental Health in the year 2011.
- Theme 2022 – Strengthening Environmental Health Systems for the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goal
Veteran Congress leader Aryadan Muhammed passed away
- Former Kerala minister and senior Congress leader Aryadan Muhammed has passed away at the age of 87 in Kozhikode, Kerala.
- He has won the Nilambur seat (Malappuram district) of Kerala legislative assembly in 1977.
- He was also a minister in the EK Nayanar cabinet when he was part of the Left Front Group A in 1980.
- He also held the ministerial post in the AK Antony cabinet and Oommen Chandy cabinet.
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