Current Affairs Quiz 18th and 19th march 2023 Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 18th and 19th March 2023 Daily GK Update

Daily current affairs are extremely important for competitive exams because they help candidates stay updated on the latest events and developments in the world. This knowledge is essential for answering questions in the general awareness or current affairs section of the exam, which is often included in many competitive exams such as UPSC, SSC, Bank Exams, etc. Additionally, having a good understanding of current affairs can also help candidates in other sections of the exam, such as reasoning, English, and quantitative aptitude. In short, staying updated on current affairs is crucial for performing well in competitive exams and increasing the chances of success.

Q.1. Who has become the fastest Indian in under 21 group to swim across the Palk Strait from Talaimannar in Sri Lanka to Dhanuskodi in Tamil Nadu?

श्रीलंका के तलाईमन्नार से तमिलनाडु के धनुषकोडी तक पाक जलडमरूमध्य में तैरकर अंडर 21 समूह में सबसे तेज भारतीय कौन बन गया है?

(a) Sampanna Ramesh / संपन्ना रमेश

(b) Virdhawal Khade / वीरधवल खाड़े

(c) Sajan Prakash / साजन प्रकाश

(d) Sandeep Sejwal / संदीप सेजवाल

(e) Rehan Jehangir Poncha / रेहान जहांगीर पोंचा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(a)

Exp. Sampanna Ramesh becomes fastest Indian to swimacross Palk Strait

Pune based swimmer, Sampanna Ramesh Shelar has become the fastest Indian in under 21 group to swim across the Palk Strait from Talaimannar in Sri Lanka to Dhanuskodi in Tamil Nadu.

He created this record by completing the distance of 29 Kms in 5 hours and 30 minutes. The previous record was 8 hours and 26 minutes.

With this achievement, Mr. Shelar is planning to do solo swims across the English & Catalina Channels soon, to eventually complete swimming across the seven oceans popularly known as the Oceans Seven Challenge.

Q.2. Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot has announced the decision to carve out how many new districts in the states?

राजस्थान के मुख्यमंत्री अशोक गहलोत ने राज्यों में कितने नए जिले बनाने के निर्णय की घोषणा की है?

(a) 15

(b) 14

(c) 19

(d) 18

(e) 20

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(c)

Exp. Rajasthan CM announced 19 new districts and three new divisions

Rajasthan Chief Minister Ashok Gehlot announced the decision to carve out 19 new districts in the state.

The decision to carve out new districts and three new divisions comes months ahead of the high-stakes Assembly polls.

With the formation of 19 new districts, the state now has a total of 50 districts.

The new districts are- Anupgarh, Balotra, Beawar, Deeg, Didwana-Kuchaman City, Dudu, Gangapur City, Jaipur North, Jaipur South, Jodhpur East, Jodhpur West, Kekri, Kotputli, Khairthal, Neemkathana, Phalodi, Salumbar, Sanchore, Shahpura (Bhilwara).

Banswara, Pali, and Sikar were named as new divisions, taking the total number of divisions in the state to 10.

About Rajasthan

  • Capital – Jaipur
  • Chief Minister – Ashok Gehlot
  • Governor – Kalraj Mishra
  • Districts – 50

Q.3. Three days long an International conference on the theme ‘Natural farming for Revitalizing Environment and Resilient Agriculture’ was held in which state?

तीन दिवसीय अंतर्राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन पर्यावरण को पुनर्जीवित करने और लचीला कृषि के लिए प्राकृतिक खेतीविषय पर किस राज्य में आयोजित किया गया था?

(a) Tripura / त्रिपुरा

(b) West Bengal / पश्चिम बंगाल

(c) Assam / असम

(d) Manipur / मणिपुर

(e) Meghalaya / मेघालय

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(d)

Exp. Manipur governor inaugurated Int’l Conference on ‘Natural Farming’

Manipur Governor Sushri Anusuiya Uikey has inaugurated three days long an International conference on the theme ‘Natural farming for Revitalizing Environment and Resilient Agriculture’ at Central Agricultural University of Manipur.

The conference also exhibited the natural farming products of innovative farmers from Manipur and other North Eastern States

Delegates from Bangladesh, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, Germany, England and the U.S. will be participating in the technical sessions in the conference.

About Manipur

  • Capital – Imphal
  • Chief Minister – Biren Singh
  • Governor – Anusuiya Uikey

Q.4. Who has inaugurated the Global Millets Conference in New Delhi?

नई दिल्ली में ग्लोबल मिलेट्स सम्मेलन का उद्घाटन किसने किया?

(a) Narendra Modi / नरेंद्र मोदी

(b) Amit Shah / अमित शाह

(c) Rajnath Singh / राजनाथ सिंह

(d) Droupadi Murmu / द्रौपदी मुर्मु

(e) Jagdeep Dhankhar / जगदीप धनखड़

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(a)

Exp. PM Modi inaugurated the Global Millets Conference

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has inaugurated the Global Millets Conference in New Delhi.

The two-day global conference will have sessions on the promotion and awareness of millets among producers, consumers, and other stakeholders.

Based on India’s proposal, the year 2023 was declared the International Year of Millets (IYM) by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

PM Modi in News

  • PM Modi inaugurated longest railway platform in the world in Hubballi-Dharwad.
  • PM Modi inaugurate the 3rd session of the National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction on 10th March 2023 in New Delhi.
  • PM Modi has inaugurated Shivamogga airport in Karnataka.
  • PM Modi inaugurated ‘Barisu Kannada Dim Dimava’ cultural festival at Talkatora Stadium, New Delhi.
  • PM Modi chaired the 41st edition PRAGATI Interaction meeting

Q.5. Which of the following state government has recently approved 10 percent horizontal reservation in government jobs to state workers?

निम्नलिखित में से किस राज्य सरकार ने हाल ही में राज्य के कार्यकर्ताओं को सरकारी नौकरी में 10 प्रतिशत क्षैतिज आरक्षण को मंजूरी दी है?

(a) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(b) Gujarat / गुजरात

(c) Rajasthan / राजस्थान

(d) Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

(e) Uttarakhand / उत्तराखंड

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(e)

Exp.  Uttarakhand government approved 10 % reservation for statehood activists

Uttarakhand government has given approval to the 10 percent horizontal reservation to the statehood activists in the government job.

The decision on the reservation to Statehood activists assumes significance since the governor had returned the bill granting 10 percent reservation to the statehood activists in the past.

The statehood activists are not getting the benefit of reservation in government jobs for the past 12 years.

The Cabinet also given approval to new solar policy and to the proposal of increasing MLA Local Area Development Fund from 3 crore 75 lakh to 5 crore per year.

The other major decisions taken by the Cabinet include increase in the financial assistance given to Mahila Mangal  Dal from 25 lakh rupees to 40 lakh rupees and increase in grant given for the beautification of temples from 25 lakh rupees to 50 lakh rupees.

The Cabinet also gave approval to the new solar policy and to the proposal of increasing MLA Local Area Development Fund from 3.75 crores to 5 crores per year.

About Uttarakhand

  • Capital – Dehradun (Winter), Gairsain (Summer)
  • Chief Minister – Pushkar Singh Dhami
  • Governor – Gurmit Singh

Q.6. Indian Railways to become Net Zero Carbon Emitter by which year?

भारतीय रेलवे किस वर्ष तक शुद्ध शून्य कार्बन उत्सर्जक बन जाएगी?

(a) 2025

(b) 2030

(c) 2035

(d) 2040

(e) 2047

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(b)

Exp. Indian Railways to become Net Zero Carbon Emitter by 2030

Union Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnav recently said in a written reply to a question in the Lok Sabha that the Indian Railways is working on a mission mode to become the largest green railway in the world and towards becoming a “net zero carbon emitter” by 2030.

Indian Railways has taken several initiatives to reduce carbon emissions which include the use of energy-efficient technologies.

Indian Railways is starting production of three phase electric locomotives with regenerative features, use of Head on Generation (HOG) technology, use of LED lights in buildings and coaches, use of star-rated equipment.

Indian Railways has adopted an integrated approach to green transport to increase the total share of Indian Railways in land based freight traffic from the present 36 percent to 45 percent by 2030.

Q.7. President Droupadi Murmu has presented the President’s Colour to _____________ in Kochi.

राष्ट्रपति द्रौपदी मुर्मू ने कोच्चि में _____________ को राष्ट्रपति का रंग प्रदान किया है।

(a) INS Satpura / आईएनएस सतपुरा

(b) INS Sahyadri / आईएनएस सह्याद्री

(c) INS Suvarna / आईएनएस सुवर्ण

(d) INS Talwar / आईएनएस तलवार

(e) INS Dronacharya / आईएनएस द्रोणाचार्य

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(e)

Exp. President Murmu presents the ‘President’s Colour’ to INS Dronacharya

President Droupadi Murmu presented the President’s Colour to INS Dronacharya in Kochi.

The President’s Colour is considered the highest honour that the President bestows on a unit for exceptional service to the nation.

INS Dronacharya is the nodal centre for training Sagar Prahari Bal and the Navy’s centre for training several Indian Ocean Region (IOR) nations.

President Murmu in News

  • President Droupadi Murmu has inaugurated the 7th International Dharma Dhamma Conference in Bhopal.
  • President Droupadi Murmu inaugurated 2nd Indian Rice Congress at National Rice Research Center Institute (NRRI) in Cuttack, Odisha.
  • President Droupadi Murmu addressed the 31st Foundation Day of the National Commission for Women (NCW) in New Delhi on 31 January 2023.
  • President Droupadi Murmu inaugurated the 18th National Jamboree of the Bharat Scouts and Guides in Rajasthan
  • President Droupadi Murmu has inaugurated Samvidhan Udyan at Raj Bhavan in Jaipur, Rajsthan.

Q.8. Which of the following city hosted the B20 or Business20 meeting under the G20 chairmanship of India?

निम्नलिखित में से किस शहर ने भारत की G20 अध्यक्षता में B20 या Business20 बैठक की मेजबानी की है?

(a) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

(b) Gangtok / गंगटोक

(c) Chennai / चेन्नई

(d) Bhopal / भोपाल

(e) Mumbai / मुंबई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(b)

Exp. Sikkim hosts B20 meeting under India’s G20 presidency

Sikkim hosted a B20 or Business20 meeting under India’s G20 presidency on 16 March 2023 in Gangtok.

It was the third of four B20 events organized in the Northeast region.

The meeting was attended by more than 100 delegates including around 50 foreign delegates from 24 countries.

In the meeting, the vibrant organic farming of the state was displayed prominently in front of the world through the B20 programme.

The title of the B20 meeting was ‘Conference on Opportunities for Multilateral Business Partnership in Tourism, Hospitality, Pharmaceuticals and Organic Farming.

G20 in News (Note – All Meetings are Under the Presidency of G20 by India)

  • 2nd G20 Sustainable Financial Working Group (SFWG) Meeting – Udaipur in Rajasthan (21 -23 March 2023)
  • 2nd Education Working Group meeting – Amritsar, Punjab (15 March 2023)
  • Bhupender Yadav has inaugurated a two-day G20 Flower Festival in New Delhi
  • Fourth Y20 Consultation Meeting – Pune, Maharashtra (11 March 2023)
  • First Environment & Climate Sustainability Working Group (ESCWG) Meeting – Gandhinagar, Gujarat (27 – 29 March 2023)

Q.9. India has approved proposals worth how many rupees for the acquisition of indigenously designed, developed and manufactured military hardware?

भारत ने स्वदेशी रूप से डिजाइन, विकसित और निर्मित सैन्य हार्डवेयर के अधिग्रहण के लिए कितने रुपये के प्रस्तावों को मंजूरी दी है?

(a) 60,500 crore

(b) 50,500 crore

(c) 70,500 crore

(d) 75,500 crore

(e) 80,500 crore

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(c)

Exp. India approves Rs 70,500 crore for acquisition of military hardware

India has approved proposals worth Rs 70,500 crore for the acquisition of indigenously designed, developed and manufactured military hardware as part of a mega procurement plan that is expected to significantly boost domestic defence manufacturing.

The approval of the procurement proposals was accorded by the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) chaired by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh.

Out of the total proposals, Indian Navy proposals constitute more than Rs 56,000 crore, which largely includes indigenous BrahMos missiles, Shakti Electronic Warfare (EW) systems, Utility Helicopters-Maritime etc.

Out of these, 99 percent of the procurement will be sourced from Indian industries.

Q.10. Sarbananda Sonowal has inaugurated the 26th Convocation of Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (RAV) in which city?

सर्बानंद सोनोवाल ने किस शहर में राष्ट्रीय आयुर्वेद विद्यापीठ (RAV) के 26वें दीक्षांत समारोह का उद्घाटन किया है?

(a) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

(b) New Delhi / नई दिल्ली

(c) Chennai / चेन्नई

(d) Bhopal / भोपाल

(e) Mumbai / मुंबई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(b)

Exp. Ayush Ministry inaugurated 26th session of Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth

Union Minister for Ayush Sarbananda Sonowal inaugurated the 26th Convocation of Rashtriya Ayurveda Vidyapeeth (RAV).

He also inaugurated the 8th National Seminar on the topic ‘Usage of Trina Dhanya (Millets) in contemporary lifestyle’ in New Delhi.

The session discussed ways to document and publish a maximum number of case reports based on ayurvedic practices.

Q.11. What is the rank of India in Global Terrorism Index 2023?

वैश्विक आतंकवाद सूचकांक 2023 में भारत का रैंक क्या है?

(a) 10

(b) 12

(c) 5

(d) 6

(e) 13

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(e)

Exp. Global Terrorism Index – India ranked 13th, topped by Afghanistan

Afghanistan remains the country most impacted by terrorism for the fourth consecutive year, despite attacks and deaths falling by 75 percent and 58 percent, respectively, the tenth Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report.

India ranked 13th on the index, marking only a marginal decrease from the previous year.

In spite of being among the 25 worst-hit nations on the index, Indian respondents desisted from selecting war and terrorism as the biggest threat to their daily safety.

As per the GTI, Afghanistan recorded 633 fatalities in 2022, despite terrorism-related deaths declining by 866 in 2022.

Globally, deaths from terrorism fell by nine percent to 6,701 deaths, marking a 38 percent decrease from its peak in 2015.

Pakistan saw a significant increase in terror-related deaths, logging a 120 percent increase from the previous year.

Afghanistan and Pakistan remain amongst the ten countries most affected by terrorism in 2022, with deaths in Pakistan rising significantly to 643, a 120 percent increase from 292 deaths in 2021.

The deadliest terrorist groups in the world in 2022 were Islamic State (IS) and its affiliates, followed by al-Shabaab, Balochistan Liberation Army (BLA) and Jamaat Nusrat Al-Islam wal Muslimeen (JNIM)”.

Recent index

  • World Air Quality Report – Most polluted cities (1. Lahore, Pakistan 2. Hotan, China 3. Bhiwadi Rajasthan, 4. Delhi)
  • Electoral Democracy Index 2023: India ranked 108; topped by Denmark
  • International IP Index: India ranked 42 in 55 countries; topped by USA
  • Global Fire Power Index 2023: India ranked 4th; topped by US
  • Henley Passport Index 2023: India ranked 85; topped by Japan

Q.12. Who has been appointed as CEO of Tata Consultancy Services (TCS)?

टाटा कंसल्टेंसी सर्विसेज (TCS) के सीईओ के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Rajesh Verma / राजेश वर्मा

(b) Vijay Jasuja / विजय जसुजा

(c) Sanjay Khanna / संजय खन्ना

(d) K Krithivasan / के कृतिवासन

(e) Vinayak Godse / विनायक गोडसे

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(d)

Exp. K Krithivasan appointed as CEO of TCS

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) Rajesh Gopinathan has decided to step down to pursue other interests.

TCS board has appointed K. Krithivasan as the Chief Executive Officer Designate, effective from 16 March 2023.

Gopinathan will continue with the company till September 15, 2023, to provide transition and support to his successor. In his six years as CEO, TCS added over $10 billion in incremental revenues and over a $70 billion increase in market capitalization.

Krithivasan has been part of the global technology sector for over 34 years. He joined TCS in 1989.

Recent Appointment

  • CMD of National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) – Amitava Mukherjee (Additional charge)
  • Vande Bharat Express gets Asia’s first woman loco pilot – Surekha Yadav
  • MD and CEO of Tech Mahindra – Mohit Joshi
  • MD & CEO of Hindustan Unilever Ltd. – Rohit Jawa
  • CM of Nagaland – Neiphiu Rio (fifth term)

Q.13. Ashwani Kumar has been appointed as the new MD and CEO of which bank?

अश्विनी कुमार को किस बैंक का नया एमडी और सीईओ नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) State Bank of India / भारतीय स्टेट बैंक

(b) Axis Bank / एक्सिस बैंक

(c) UCO Bank / यूको बैंक

(d) HDFC Bank / एचडीएफसी बैंक

(e) Canara Bank / केनरा बैंक

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(c)

Exp. FSIB recommends Ashwani Kumar as MD and CEO of UCO Bank

FSIB (The headhunter for directors of state-owned banks and financial institutions) has recommended the name of Indian Bank executive director Ashwani Kumar for the post of managing director of UCO Bank.

Prior to joining Indian Bank, Kumar was serving as chief general manager of Mumbai Zone of Punjab National Bank (PNB).

FSIB is headed by ex-secretary, Department of Personnel & Training (DoPT), Bhanu Pratap Sharma.

About UCO Bank

  • Founded – 6 January 1943
  • Founder- Ghanshyam Das Birla
  • Headquarters- Kolkata

Recent Appointment in Banking Sector

  • Chairman of PFRDA – Deepak Mohanty
  • MD of LIC – Tablesh Pandey and M Jagannath
  • MD & CEO of IndusInd Bank – Sumant Kathpalia (reappointment)
  • Head of Citi Commercial Bank (CCB) – Bhanu Vohra
  • Interim Chairman of LIC – Siddhartha Mohanty (replaced MR Kumar)

Q.14. Who has been recently appointed as its brand ambassador by Luxor Writing Instruments Private Limited?

लक्सर राइटिंग इंस्ट्रूमेंट्स प्राइवेट लिमिटेड ने हाल ही में किसे अपना ब्रांड एंबेसडर नियुक्त किया है?

(a) Virat Kohli / विराट कोहली

(b) Rohit Sharma / रोहित शर्मा

(c) Sunny Leone / सनी लिओनी

(d) Katrina Kaif / कैटरीना कैफ

(e) Deepti Sharma / दीप्ति शर्मा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(a)

Exp. Luxor appoints Virat Kohli as its Brand Ambassador

Luxor Writing Instruments Private Limited, a company that makes stationery, has signed cricketer Virat Kohli as its new brand ambassador.

The association is expected to strengthen its appeal among young writers and fortify its position as the provider of writing instruments in the country.

Luxor also partnered with German pen company, Schneider to bring the best of German engineering to deliver the finest writing performance.

Managing Director of Luxor – Pooja Jain Gupta

Recent Brand Ambassador

  • Shreya Ghodawat – India’s ambassador of ‘She Changes Climate’
  • Sachin Tendulkar – Savlon Swasth India
  • Ayushmann Khurrana UNICEF’s National Ambassador for Child Rights
  • Yastika Bhatia & Renuka Singh Thakur – Hyundai Motor India Ltd
  • Harmanpreet Kaur – Puma India

 

 

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