Current Affairs Quiz 22nd December 2022 Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 22nd December 2022 Quiz

Current Affairs quiz 2022, Daily gk updates and Current affairs is playing a major role in any competitive exam. so here we are providing the current affairs quiz on daily basis for Bank, SSC, Railway and Other Government Competitive Examinations.

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Q.1. Which statement is correct about Social Progress Index 2022?

सामाजिक प्रगति सूचकांक 2022 के बारे में कौन सा कथन सही है?

(i) Puducherry has emerged as the best-performing State.

(ii) Indore is the only district in Madhya Pradesh that has achieved Very High Social Progress.

(iii) Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states scored the lowest.

(a) Only i

(b) Only ii

(c) Only iii

(d) Both i & ii

(e) Both ii & iii

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(a)

Exp. Social Progress Index 2022: Puducherry best-performing States

According to the 2022 Social Progress Index, Puducherry has emerged as the best-performing State, followed by Lakshadweep, and Goa.

Puducherry had the highest score of 65.99 for its remarkable performance across components like personal freedom and choice, shelter, and water and sanitation.

Lakshadweep and Goa followed close with scores of 65.89 and 65.53, respectively.

Jharkhand and Bihar scored the lowest, 43.95 and 44.47, respectively.

Aizawl (Mizoram) attained the highest SPI score of 72.90 in the country, with five more districts of Mizoram belonging to this tier, namely Lungei (69.80), Champhai (67.93), Serchhip (67.77), Saiha (65.79) and Mamit (64.84).

Over 69 percent of Uttarakhand’s districts witnessed Very High Social Progress, whereas 30 percent of Arunachal Pradesh’s districts fall into this category.

Nagpur is the only district in Maharashtra that has achieved Very High Social Progress.

What is Social Progress Index (SPI)?

The SPI provides a “comprehensive measure of social progress based” on social and environmental indicators that can complement the Gross domestic product (GDP) as a measure of well-being.

The index is the first holistic tool that is designed to measure social progress independent of GDP.

Recent index

  • Global Food Security Index (GFSI) 2022: India ranked 68th; topped by Finland
  • Global ranking in scientific publications paper – India ranked 3rd, topped by China
  • Passport Index 2022 published by Arton Capital – India ranked 87th; topped by UAE
  • Henley Passport Index 2022 – India ranked 87th; topped by Japan
  • Global Aviation Safety Rankings: India ranked 48th; topped by Singapore
  • List of countries at risk of mass killings: India ranked 8th; Pakistan topped
  • Global Prime Cities Index by Knight Frank: Mumbai ranked 22nd

Q.2. India-Indonesia Investment and Business Forum meeting was held in which of the following city?

भारतइंडोनेशिया निवेश और व्यापार मंच की बैठक निम्नलिखित में से किस शहर में आयोजित की गई थी?

(a) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

(b) New Delhi / नई दिल्ली

(c) Chennai / चेन्नई

(d) Port Blair / पोर्ट ब्लेयर

(e) Jakarta / जकार्ता

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(d)

Exp. India-Indonesia Investment and Business Forum meeting held in Port Blair

A meeting of the Joint Task Force Committee of ‘India-Indonesia Investment and Business Forum’ to identify new areas of cooperation, develop infrastructure, tourism, trade, and connectivity to enhance business relations was held in Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar.

This is the second meeting of the Task Force Committee. The first meeting was held in the Indonesian Capital of Jakarta on November 25, 2019.

Indonesia’s Sabang port in Aceh is around 90 nautical miles from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. India is keen to expand trade and tourism with Indonesia.

Indonesia’s Sabang port in Aceh is around 90 nautical miles from Andaman and Nicobar Islands. From Port Blair, the distance from Chennai and Kolkata is 794 nautical miles and 901 nautical miles respectively.

During Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Indonesia in 2018, he called for a Joint Task Force Committee from both sides to boost bilateral investments.

Q.3. FuelBuddy has partnered with which company for the supply of its automotive and industrial lubricant, ‘SERVO’, to customers across the country?

फ्यूलबडी ने देश भर के ग्राहकों को अपने ऑटोमोटिव और औद्योगिक स्नेहक, ‘सर्वोकी आपूर्ति के लिए किस कंपनी के साथ साझेदारी की है?

(a) Hindustan Petroleum / हिंदुस्तान पेट्रोलियम

(b) Indian Oil Corporation / इंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन

(c) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation / तेल और प्राकृतिक गैस निगम

(d) Steel Authority of India Limited / स्टील अथॉरिटी ऑफ इंडिया लिमिटेड

(e) Bharat Petroleum / भारत पेट्रोलियम

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(b)

Exp. FuelBuddy partnered with IOCL for doorstep delivery of automotive lubricants

Doorstep fuel delivery service provider, FuelBuddy has announced a partnership with Indian Oil Corp. Ltd. (IOCL) for the supply of its automotive and industrial lubricant, ‘SERVO’, to customers across the country.

All customers (new and existing) of FuelBuddy will soon be able to easily place orders of lubricants as per their requirements on the FuelBuddy app.

The physical delivery of the lubricants will be done at their doorstep at the time of their convenience.

The lubricants and greases market is a mix of steel, cement, power, mining, railroads, textiles, autos, and glass industries, as well as two and three-wheelers, agricultural equipment, stationary engines and marine.

About Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL)

Founded – 30 June 1959

Headquarters – New Delhi

Chairman – Shrikant Madhav Vaidya

Owner – Government of India (52.1%)

Recent MoUs

  • Cochin Shipyard partnered with IIT-Madras to support maritime startups
  • IIT-Hyderabad developed affordable fibre-reinforced concrete
  • BPCL signed an MoU with Brazilian oil company Petrobras to diversify crude oil sourcing
  • BEL signed an MoU with US based Triton EV to manufacture hydrogen fuel cells
  • NHPC signed an agreement with IIT Jammu to undertaking R&D activities

Q.4. Which company has partnered with Japanese transport firm Mitsui OSK Lines for a new-build liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier and for joint ownership of an existing LNG carrier?

किस कंपनी ने जापानी परिवहन फर्म मित्सुई OSK लाइन्स के साथ एक नए निर्मित तरलीकृत प्राकृतिक गैस (LNG) वाहक और मौजूदा LNG वाहक के संयुक्त स्वामित्व के लिए साझेदारी की है?

(a) Hindustan Petroleum / हिंदुस्तान पेट्रोलियम

(b) Indian Oil Corporation / इंडियन ऑयल कॉर्पोरेशन

(c) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation / तेल और प्राकृतिक गैस निगम

(d) GAIL Limited / गेल लिमिटेड

(e) Bharat Petroleum / भारत पेट्रोलियम

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(d)

Exp. GAIL partnered with Japan’s Mitsui OSK for LNG carrier

State-owned Gail India has partnered with Japanese transport firm Mitsui OSK Lines for a new-build liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier and for joint ownership of an existing LNG carrier.

The vessel will be built by South Korean shipbuilder Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering with a charter period from 2023.

The parties signed a contract for the first vessel in 2019 and it has been chartered to Gail through a wholly-owned MOL subsidiary from 2021.

GAIL India is one of the largest natural gas processing & distribution company. The Government of India held 51.90% stake in Gail (India) as on 30 September 2022.

About Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL)

Founded- 1984

Headquarters- New Delhi

Chairman – Sandeep Kumar Gupta

Q.5. Three new cultural sites in India, including iconic Sun Temple at Modhera, historic Vadnagar town in Gujarat, and rock-cut relief sculptures of Unakoti in Tripura, have been added to the tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites. Where is the headquarters of UNESCO?

भारत में तीन नए सांस्कृतिक स्थलों, जिनमें मोढेरा में प्रतिष्ठित सूर्य मंदिर, गुजरात में ऐतिहासिक वडनगर शहर और त्रिपुरा में उनाकोटि की रॉककट राहत मूर्तियां शामिल हैं, को यूनेस्को की विश्व धरोहर स्थलों की अस्थायी सूची में जोड़ा गया है। यूनेस्को का मुख्यालय कहाँ है?

(a) Lausanne / लुसाने

(b) Berlin / बर्लिन

(c) Paris / पेरिस

(d) Washington DC / वाशिंगटन डीसी

(e) London / लंदन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(c)

Exp. Vadnagar town, Modhera Sun Temple added to UNESCO’s tentative list

Three new cultural sites in India, including iconic Sun Temple at Modhera, historic Vadnagar town in Gujarat, and rock-cut relief sculptures of Unakoti in Tripura, have been added to the tentative list of UNESCO world heritage sites.

The UNESCO website describes a tentative list as an “inventory of those properties which each State Party intends to consider for nomination”.

Vadnagar, an ancient city in Mehsana district of Gujarat is steeped in history and endowed with rich built heritage.

Rock Cut Sculptures and reliefs of the Unakoti, Tripura have also been added in the list.

India has a total of 40 sites which enjoy the UNESCO World Heritage tag. These include 32 cultural sites, such as Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Harappan-era site in Dholavira, Elephanta Caves, Red Fort complex in Delhi, and Mahabodhi Temple complex in Bodh Gaya in Bihar.

About United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • Formation– 16 November 1945
  • Headquarters – Paris, France
  • Director General– Audrey Azoulay (France)
  • Member countries –193

Q.6. Which state / UTs government has decided to introduce ‘mini snack’ breaks and parents counseling sessions in all schools?

किस राज्य/केंद्र शासित प्रदेश की सरकार ने सभी स्कूलों में ‘मिनी स्नैकब्रेक और मातापिता परामर्श सत्र शुरू करने का निर्णय लिया है?

(a) Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

(b) Delhi / दिल्ली

(c) Gujarat / गुजरात

(d) Andhra Pradesh / आंध्र प्रदेश

(e) Kerala / केरल

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(b)

Exp. Delhi government schools to introduce pre-lunch ‘mini snack’ break

To battle malnutrition in children, the Delhi government has decided to introduce mini snack breaks and parents counseling sessions in all city schools.

According to a circular by the Directorate of Education (DoE), schools have been directed to include a 10-minute mini snack break in the school timetable.

The mini-break should be 2.5 hours before the lunch break.

Schools have been asked to prepare a weekly planner of snacks offering three food choices every day which may include food items such as seasonal fruits etc.

Recent Scheme/Campaign launched by Delhi government

Diya Jalao, Patake Nahi

‘Hobby Hubs’ scheme

My EV portal

Shramik Mitra Scheme

Paryavaran Saathi chatbot & website

Mukhyamantri Muft Sewer Connection Yojana

Q.7. Paytm has partnered with which General Insurance company to launch a group insurance plan called ‘Paytm Payment Protect’?

पेटीएम ने ‘पेटीएम पेमेंट प्रोटेक्टनामक समूह बीमा योजना शुरू करने के लिए किस जनरल इंश्योरेंस कंपनी के साथ साझेदारी की है?

(a) Bajaj Allianz General Insurance / बजाज आलियांज जनरल इंश्योरेंस

(b) Bharti AXA General Insurance / भारती एक्सा जनरल इंश्योरेंस

(c) Cholamandalam MS General Insurance / चोलामंडलम एमएस जनरल इंश्योरेंस

(d) Go Digit General Insurance / गो डिजिट जनरल इंश्योरेंस

(e) HDFC ERGO General Insurance / एचडीएफसी एर्गो जनरल इंश्योरेंस

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(e)

Exp. Paytm partnered with HDFC ERGO launches insurance for digital transactions

Paytm has partnered with HDFC ERGO General Insurance to launch a group insurance plan called ‘Paytm Payment Protect’.

The insurance plan is in association with HDFC ERGO General Insurance and it is aimed to insure transactions made through UPI across all apps and wallets

This product is expected to further enhance the trusted digital payments experience and increase the adoption of the same in India.

With the new insurance offering, which will come at a cost of Rs 30 per annum, users would be able to secure themselves against mobile fraudulent transactions up to Rs 10,000.

Recent MoUs Signed in Banking Sector

  • Paytm partnered with HDFC ERGO launches insurance for digital transactions
  • Bandhan Bank signed MoU with Defence Ministry for defence pensioners
  • AU Small Finance Bank partnered with ICICI Lombard for bancassurance
  • Spice Money partnered with Axis Bank for financial inclusion in rural India
  • YES Bank partnered with Turtlefin to create tech platform ‘EasyNsure’
  • Tata Power Solar Systems partnered with Union Bank of India  to help MSME sector

Q.8. Who has been appointed as the Chairperson of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB)?

परमाणु ऊर्जा नियामक बोर्ड (एईआरबी) के अध्यक्ष के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Abhishek Singhvi / अभिषेक सिंघवी

(b) Aryama Sundaram / आर्यमा सुंदरम

(c) Kishor Kumar Basa / किशोर कुमार बसा

(d) Dinesh Kumar Shukla / दिनेश कुमार शुक्ला

(e) Laxman Narasimhan / लक्ष्मण नरसिम्हन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(d)

Exp. Dinesh Kumar Shukla appointed as new Chief of AERB

Senior nuclear scientist Dinesh Kumar Shukla has been appointed as the Chairperson of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) for a period of three years.

He has succeeded G. Nageswara Rao to the top post.

Prior to this role, he has been the executive director of the AERB.

He was a graduate in mechanical engineering from Jabalpur University, Shukla joined the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) in 1981.

Recent Appointment 

  • CEO of the Brisbane 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games - Cindy Hook
  • First black president in Harvard University - Claudine Gay
  • CMD of National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) Ltd. - Rajeev Kumar Vishnoi
  • Chief Scientist of WHO - Jeremy Farrar (replace Soumya Swaminathan)
  • President of Cardiological Society of India – Dr. PC Rath

Q.9. Billionaire Elon Musk will step down as chief executive of Twitter Inc. once he finds a replacement. Where is the headquarters of Twitter?

अरबपति एलोन मस्क एक प्रतिस्थापन मिलने के बाद ट्विटर इंक के मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी के रूप में पद छोड़ देंगे। ट्विटर का मुख्यालय कहाँ है?

(a) Los Angeles / लॉस एंजिल्स

(b) Houston / ह्यूस्टन

(c) New York / न्यूयॉर्क

(d) Washington DC / वाशिंगटन डीसी

(e) San Francisco / सैन फ्रांसिस्को

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(e)

Exp. Elon Musk to step down as Twitter CEO

Billionaire Elon Musk will step down as chief executive of Twitter Inc. once he finds a replacement, but will still run some key divisions of the social media platform.

Musk’s Twitter post came as a reply to his earlier poll, where he asked people if he should resign as the head of Twitter.

He also promised that he would “abide by the results” of the poll. The result of the poll showed that 57.5% of respondents were in favour of Musk stepping down.

This is the first time Musk has mentioned stepping down as chief of the social media platform.

Twitter, Inc. is an American social media company based in San Francisco, California.

About Twitter

Founded- 21 March 2006,

Founders- Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Noah Glass, Biz Stonea

Headquarters- San Francisco, California, United States

CEO- Elon Musk

Q.10. Rajya Sabha Chairman Jagdeep Dhankhar has nominated two people to the panel of Vice-Chairmen in the Upper House. What are the name of these two people?

राज्यसभा के सभापति जगदीप धनखड़ ने उच्च सदन में उपाध्यक्षों के पैनल में दो लोगों को नामित किया है। इन दो लोगों के नाम क्या हैं?

(a) PT Usha & MS Dhoni / पीटी उषा और एमएस धोनी

(b) MS Dhoni & Neeraj Chopra / एमएस धोनी और नीरज चोपड़ा

(c) PT Usha & Kiran Bedi / पीटी उषा और किरण बेदी

(d) Vijai Sai Reddy & Mithali Raj / विजय साई रेड्डी और मिताली राज

(e) PT Usha & Vijai Sai Reddy / पीटी उषा और विजय साई रेड्डी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(e)

Exp. PT Usha nominated to Vice-chairman panel in Rajya Sabha

Rajya Sabha Chairman Jagdeep Dhankhar has nominated legendary former athlete and MP PT Usha to the panel of Vice chairpersons in the Upper House.

This is the first time a nominated member has been appointed to the Vice Chairman panel. YSRC MP Vijai Sai Reddy has also been nominated along with her.

She was also elected as the president of the Indian Olympic Association in Dec 2022.

PT Usha has won 4 Asian gold medals and 7 silver medals.

Recent Appointment 

  • Chairperson of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) – Dinesh Kumar Shukla
  • CEO of the Brisbane 2032 Olympic and Paralympic Games – Cindy Hook
  • First black president in Harvard University – Claudine Gay
  • CMD of National Hydroelectric Power Corporation (NHPC) Ltd. – Rajeev Kumar Vishnoi
  • Chief Scientist of WHO – Jeremy Farrar (replace Soumya Swaminathan)
  • President of Cardiological Society of India – Dr. PC Rath

Q.11. Which of the following ministry has won the Platinum Icon at the Digital India Awards 2022?

निम्नलिखित में से किस मंत्रालय ने डिजिटल इंडिया अवार्ड्स 2022 में प्लेटिनम आइकन जीता है?

(a) Ministry of Health and Family Welfare / स्वास्थ्य और परिवार कल्याण मंत्रालय

(b) Ministry of Environment and Forests / पर्यावरण और वन मंत्रालय

(c) Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs / आवास और शहरी मामलों के मंत्रालय

(d) Ministry of New and Renewable Energy / नवीन और नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा मंत्रालय

(e) Ministry of Jal Shakti / जल शक्ति मंत्रालय

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(c)

Exp. Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs won Platinum Icon in Digital India Awards 2022

The Smart Cities Mission of the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs has won the Platinum Icon at the Digital India Awards 2022 for their initiative “Data Smart Cities: Empowering Cities through Data”.

The award was announced under the ‘Data Sharing and Use for Socio-Economic Development’ category.

About Data smart Cities Initiative

The Data Smart Cities Initiative is a key step in creating a robust data ecosystem that enables evidence-based decision-making in cities.

It aims to harness the power of data for better governance in India’s 100 Smart Cities.

The Data Smart Cities Initiative is a key step in creating a robust data ecosystem that enables evidence-based decision-making in cities. It aims to harness the power of data for better governance in India’s 100 Smart Cities.

About Digital India Awards 2022

It is a prestigious National competition that seeks to encourage and honour innovative digital solutions by government entities in realising the Digital India vision.

These are conducted by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) under the Ministry of Electronics & Information Technology (MeitY).

Recent Awards

  • Mrs World 2022 title- India’s Sargam Koushal
  • ITF World Champions 2022 crowned – Rafael Nadal (Men’s) & Iga Swiatek (Women’s)
  • IEI Industry Excellence Award 2022 – National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC)
  • Two Golden Globe Award nominations – Indian film RRR
  • WTA Player of the Year for 2022 – Iga Swiatek
  • SIES Award for public leadership – Venkaiah Naid

Q.12. Who has been honoured with the first Rohini Nayyar prize for outstanding contribution to rural development recently?

हाल ही में ग्रामीण विकास में उत्कृष्ट योगदान के लिए प्रथम रोहिणी नैय्यर पुरस्कार से किसे सम्मानित किया गया है?

(a) Sethrichem Sangtam / सेत्रीकेम संगतम

(b) Piyong Temjen Jamir / प्योंग तेमजेन जमीर

(c) Alexandr Predke / एलेक्ज़ेंडर प्रेडके

(d) Abhijeet Gupta / अभिजीत गुप्ता

(e) Jaykumar Sammed / जयकुमार सम्मेद

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(a)

Exp. Sethrichem Sangtam awarded Rohini Nayyar prize for rural development

Better Life Foundation Founder Sethrichem Sangtam has been honoured with the first Rohini Nayyar prize for outstanding contribution to rural development.

Reason – To help transform the lives of 1,200 marginal farmers in Eastern Nagaland.

He was awarded the prize by NITI Aayog Vice Chairman Suman Bery.

The award has been instituted by the family of Late Dr. Rohini Nayyar, an eminent scholar-administrator who worked on issues related to rural development.

Recent Awards

  • Safety Performer of the Year’ award by Delhi airport – SpiceJet
  • US Presidential Lifetime Award – Indian origin Krishna Vavilala
  • First prize in Ayushman Bharat health account ID generation – Jammu and Kashmir
  • World Athlete of the Year 2022 awards – McLaughlin-Levrone & Mondo Duplantis
  • Nadoja Award – S Shadakshari, Krishnappa G & Dr. C N Manjunath
  • Prime Minister’s prize in Australia – Veena Nair

Q.13. Which of the following country will host the next football Club World Cup in February 2023?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा देश फरवरी 2023 में अगले फुटबॉल क्लब विश्व कप की मेजबानी करेगा?

(a) Tunisia / ट्यूनीशिया

(b) Spain / स्पेन

(c) Canada / कनाडा

(d) Israel / इजराइल

(e) Morocco / मोरक्को

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(e)

Exp. FIFA picked Morocco to host Club World Cup in February 2023

FIFA has announced that Morocco will host the next football Club World Cup.

The tournament will take place from 1-11 Feb 2023.

The most recent edition of the tournament was held in the UAE in February 2022 and was won by the English football club, Chelsea.

Morocco also hosted Club World Cups in 2013 and 2014, which were won by Bayern Munich and Real Madrid, respectively.

Only European and South American teams have won the Club World Cup since it was revived in the current format in 2005.

FIFA has long wanted to launch an expanded version with 24 or 32 teams in a tournament played in June.

FIFA Upcoming Event

FIFA World Cup 2022 – Qatar (32 Teams)

FIFA World Cup 2026 – Canada, Mexico, USA (48 teams)

FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup 2022 – Costa Rica

FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup 2022 – India

FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup 2023 – Australia and New Zealand

About International Federation of Association Football (FIFA)

Founded – 21 May 1904

Founded – Paris, France

Headquarters – Zürich, Switzerland

Membership – 211

Languages – English, French, German, Spanish & Italian

First President – Robert Guérin

Current President – Gianni Infantino (Switzerland)

Secretary General – Fatma Samoura (Senegal)

Q.14. Which of the following city will host the 36th Asian Wrestling Championships 2023?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा शहर 36वीं एशियाई कुश्ती चैंपियनशिप 2023 की मेजबानी करेगा?

(a) Varanasi / वाराणसी

(b) New Delhi / नई दिल्ली

(c) Bhubaneswar / भुवनेश्वर

(d) Ahmedabad / अहमदाबाद

(e) Mumbai / मुंबई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(b)

Exp. New Delhi to host the 36th Asian Wrestling Championships 2023

The United World Wrestling (UWW) announced that the 36th Asian Wrestling Championships 2023 will be held in New Delhi from 28 March to 2 April 2023.

The Asian Championships will be held in New Delhi for the 36th time. The annual gathering will take place for the seventh time in the Indian capital.

It will offer ranking points to the wrestlers which will determine their seedings for the World Championships to be held in Belgrade, Serbia from 16 to 24 Sept 2023.

The World Wrestling Championships is scheduled to take place in Belgrade, Serbia from 16 to 24 September 2023.

The first edition of the Asian Wrestling Championships in 1979 was also held in India with Jalandhar as the host city. Mumbai hosted it once in 1987.

Q.15. Winter Solstice Day 2022 has observed on which day?

शीतकालीन संक्रांति दिवस 2022 किस दिन मनाया गया है?

(a) 17 December / 17 दिसंबर

(b) 18 December / 18 दिसंबर

(c) 19 December / 19 दिसंबर

(d) 20 December / 20 दिसंबर

(e) 21 December / 21 दिसंबर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(e)

Exp. 21st December – Winter Solstice Day

December 21 is a day of great events, as it marks the Winter Solstice.

Also known as December solstice, hiemal solstice or hibernal solstice, the event takes place when one of the Earth’s pole is tilted away from the sun at its maximum distance.

Apparently, this causes the day to have the shortest period of daylight due to being away from the sun, with the longest night of the year.

This day is marked once every year on either December 21 or 22 mostly in countries witnessing the winter season, like the UK, the US, India, Russia, China, and Canada.

Summer Solstice (21 JUNE) is the longest day of the year which is considered as the start of the summer season.

Equinox twice a year, day and night are about the same length in both the Southern and Northern Hemispheres.

Q.16. National Mathematics Day is celebrated every year on which day?

राष्ट्रीय गणित दिवस हर साल किस दिन मनाया जाता है?

(a) 20 December / 20 दिसंबर

(b) 21 December / 221 दिसंबर

(c) 22 December / 22 दिसंबर

(d) 23 December / 23 दिसंबर

(e) 19 December / 19 दिसंबर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.16.(c)

Exp. 22 December – National Mathematics Day

National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22 December every year to mark the birth anniversary of Indian mathematical genius, Srinivasa Ramanujan.

Ramanujan attributed his mathematical theories and solutions to his family goddess, Namagiri Thayar, or Goddess Lakshmi.

On December 26, 2011, former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, declared December 22 as National Mathematics Day, while attending the 125th birth anniversary celebration of Ramanujan at Madras University, the latter’s alma mater

The day was first celebrated in 2012. A postage stamp with Ramanujan’s image was also issued in 2012 by the then Government of India, to mark National Mathematics Day.

When we talk about Indian mathematicians, Aryabhata is the first name that comes to mind. He was the first to state that the Earth is spherical and revolves around the sun, as well as that the correct number of days in a year is 365. He came up with the concept of zero in the number system.

He was born in 1887 in Erode, Tamil Nadu.

In 1911 Ramanujan published the 1st of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society.

1729 is known as the Ramanujan Number.

 

 

 

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