Daily Current Affairs 25th, 26th and 27th November 2022 Daily GK Update
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Tamil Nadu government declared Arittapatti village in Madurai as a biodiversity heritage site
- Arittapatti village in Madurai district has been declared as the first Biodiversity Heritage Site in Tamil Nadu.
- Arittapatti village is known to have a rich biological and historical significance with the presence of around 250 bird species including 3 flagship Raptor species – Laggar Falcon, Shaheen Falcon, Bonelli’s Eagle, and wildlife like Pangolin, Python, and Slender Loris.
- The development will benefit the numerous plant and animal species that brace the State.
- The Site spreads in an area of 193.215 hectares in Arittapatti and Meenakshipuram villages in the Madurai district.
- The notification comes under the Biological Diversity Act, 2002, and will strengthen biodiversity conservation and protect from rapid loss of biodiversity.
- Arittapatti consists of a chain of seven barren granite hillocks. It supports 72 lakes, 200 natural spring pools, and 3 check dams.
What is a Biodiversity Heritage Site?
- Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) are areas that are unique, ecologically fragile ecosystems having rich biodiversity comprising of any one or more endemic species, keystone species, or fossil beds or components having cultural or esthetic values. They are also rich in a variety of species.
About Tamil Nadu
- Capital – Chennai
- Chief Minister – M K Stalin
- Governor – R N Ravi
Mumbai becomes first city in South Asia to top CDP’s climate action list
- Mumbai has become the first Indian city to be added to the A-list in the 5th Annual Cities Report published by CDP in November 2022.
- The organization says that Mumbai was able to attain despite the challenging global economic situation.
- Designed to encourage and support cities to ramp up their climate action and ambition, CDP’s Cities A-List is based on environmental data disclosed by cities to CDP-ICLEI Track.
- Total 122 cities across the globe have been named as leaders in environmental action and transparency in 2022 by CDP.
- Mumbai is the most populous city in India, and, globally, the 7th largest in terms of population. Surrounded by the sea on three sides, Mumbai is separated from the mainland by Thane Creek and Harbour Bay.
- The city is vulnerable to climate change-induced hazards, such as sea level rise, heavy rainfall, storm surges, increasing heat, and tropical cyclones.
- It is also susceptible to landslides, due to heavy rain that causes many fatalities and physical damage each monsoon season.
Egypt’s President invited as chief guest for Republic Day 2023
- The Indian government has invited Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi as the chief guest for the Republic day parade 2023.
- He will be the first Egyptian leader to be hosted by India for the Republic Day celebrations.
- This year, both countries celebrated the 75th anniversary of diplomatic relations.
- The country was also invited to the India-Africa Defence Dialogue and IOR Defence Ministers’ Conclave that took place on the sidelines of the 12th DefExpo in Gandhinagar, Gujarat in October.
- Abdel Fattah Sisi is a former Army officer, elected as the president of Egypt in 2014 & 18.
- The last foreign chief guest was Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro in 2020.
- The last two years—2021, and 2022— had no republic day guests because of the Covid 19 pandemic.
- Capital- Cairo
- Currency- Egyptian pound
- Continent – Africa, Asia
- President – Abdel Fattah El-Sisi
India won International Electrotechnical Commission Vice Presidency
- India has won the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) vice presidency and Strategic Management Board (SMB) chair for the 2023-25 term.
- Vimal Mahendru will be the IEC Vice President representing India.
- India secured over 90% of the votes cast by full members of the IEC during its general meeting held recently in San Francisco, US.
About International Electrotechnical Commission
- International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) is an international standard-setting body that publishes international Standards for all electrical, electronic, and related technologies.
- Standardization Management Board (SMB) is an apex governance body of IEC responsible for technical policy matters.
India’s 1st Integrated Rocket Facility to be based in Telangana
- Telangana will have the first Integrated Rocket Design, Manufacturing, and Testing Facility of the country in Hyderabad by Skyroot Aerospace.
- The Hyderabad-based startup, incubated at T-Hub, launched the country’s first private rocket in November 2022.
- This was announced at an event organized to celebrate Skyroot’s successful launch of the Vikram-S rocket.
- Capital – Hyderabad
- Chief Minister – K. Chandrashekar Rao
- Governor – Tamilisai Soundararajan
IIT Delhi in top 50 of Times Higher Education Employability Rankings
- The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi is the only Indian educational institution among top 50 in the Global University Employability Rankings by Times Higher Education (THE).
- IIT Delhi has been placed at the 28th position in the Top 50 of Times Higher Education Global Employability University Ranking and Survey (GEURS) reveals the world’s top 250 universities for producing employable graduates according to recruiters.
- It is followed by Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bengaluru at rank 58 and IIT Bombay at rank 72. A total of seven Indian universities have made it to the top 250.
- Overall, three US institutes have taken the top 3 positions — Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology, and Harvard University, respectively.
- The University of Cambridge and Stanford University have retained their position of fourth and fifth, respectively.
- The University of Oxford has risen from eighth to sixth position this year while the University of Tokyo from Japan has slipped from sixth to seventh this time.
- Yale University which was ranked seventh last year has slipped to 10th position.
Russia becomes the top Supplier of Fertilizers to India
- Russia for the first time became the biggest fertilizer supplier to India in the first half of the FY 2022-23.
- India’s fertilizer imports from Russia surged 371% to a record 2.15 million tonnes in the first six months of the year starting on April 1.
- In the last entire fiscal year, India imported 1.26 million tonnes from Russia.
- Russia accounted for about 14% of the world’s urea exports.
- Capital – Moscow
- Currency – Rubel
- President – Vladimir Putin
Appointment and Resignation
Anwar Ibrahim elected as 10th PM of Malaysia
- Malaysia’s veteran opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim has been elected as the country’s new prime minister.
- The new prime minister was appointed by King Sultan Abdullah.
- Anwar was Deputy to former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad in the 1990s.
- Making history, the appointment caps a more than 20-year wait for the former deputy prime minister who has been opposition leader for two decades amid jail terms and political coups.
- Capital – Kuala Lumpur
- Currency – Ringgit
- Prime Minister – Anwar Ibrahim
Newly Appointed Prime Minister & President
- President of Kazakhstan – Kassym-Jomart Tokayev (2nd term)
- First female president of Slovenia – Natasa Pirc Musar
- New Prime Minister of Israel – Benjamin Netanyahu
- President of Brazil – Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva
- Prime Minister of Sweden – Ulf Kristersson
- President of Iraq – Abdul Latif Rashid
- PM of United Kingdom – Rishi Sunak
- President of Austria – Alexander Van der Bellen (2nd term)
- Prime Minister of Saudi Arabia – Mohammed bin Salman
- First woman Prime Minister of Italy- Giorgia Meloni
- President of Angola – Joao Lourenco (2nd term)
- Prime Minister of Serbia – Ana Brnabic
- New president of Kenya – William Ruto
- New PM of Kuwait – Sheikh Mohammad Sabah Al Salem
- New PM of Sri Lanka – Dinesh Gunawardena
- New President of Sri Lanka – Ranil Wickremesinghe
- New President of South Korea – Yoon Suk Yeol
- New Prime Minister of Pakistan – Shehbaz Sharif
- New Prime Minister of France – Elisabeth Borne
- 1st Woman President of Hungary – Katalin Novak
- 1st Woman President of Tanzania – Samia Suluhu Hassan
- 1st Woman President of Honduras Xiomara Castro
- Hong Kong’s Next Leader -John Lee
- Re-Elected as President of Serbia – Aleksandar Vučić
- Hungary’s New Prime Minister - Viktor Orban
- New Prime Minister of Kazakhstan - Alikhan Smailov
- New President of Albania – Bajram Begaj
Government appointed Deepa Malik as ambassador of Nikshay Mitra
- Union Health Ministry has appointed the President of the Paralympic Committee of India Dr. Deepa Malik as Nikshay Mitra ambassador.
- It is an initiative under Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyaan.
- Deepa Malik expressed her commitment to the TB Mukt Bharat (TB-free India) campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in March 2018 when she participated in TB awareness activities at the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Pavilion at the 41st India International Trade Fair at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi.
- As a Nikshay Mitra ambassador along with physical treatments, Dr. Malik will concentrate on the mental growth of the patients as well.
- This program was brought in the direction of Pradhan Mantri TB Mukt Bharat Abhiyan with the aim of eradicating TB by 2025.
Recent Brand Ambassador
- Suryakumar Yadav – UrbanGabru (Men’s grooming brand)
- Neeraj Chopra – Friendship Ambassador of Switzerland
- Lionel Messi – Byju’s
- Yuvraj Singh -T20 World Cup for the Blind
- Sourav Ganguly – Bandhan Bank
- Smriti Mandhana – Gulf Oil Lubricants.
- Rohit Sharma & his wife Ritika Sajdeh – Max Life Insurance
- Punyakoti Dattu Yojana (Karnataka)- Kiccha Sudeep
- Vaani Kapoor – Noise X-Fit 2 smartwatch
- Ravi Shastri – FanCode
- Mahendra Singh Dhoni – Garuda Aerospace
- Robin Uthappa – Karnataka Brain Health Initiative (Ka-BHI)
- Shubman Gill & Ruturaj Gaikwad – My11Circle
- Rishabh Pant – Dish TV India
- Jhulan Goswami -All Women Match Official Team
- Rishabh Pant – Uttarakhand’s brand ambassador
- Jasprit Bumrah- Unix
- Ravindra Jadeja – Kinara Capital
- Smriti Mandhana – IIT Madras incubated startup, GUVI
- Saurav Ganguly – Century LED
- Rahul Dravid – PLAETO
Cristiano Ronaldo becomes first man to score in 5 FIFA World Cups
- Portugal’s Cristiano Ronaldo has become the first male player to score in 5 World Cups.
- He achieved this feat in Portugal’s opening game in Qatar against Ghana.
- With the goal, Ronaldo has extended his own world record tally of 118 international goals.
- The Portuguese player then scored at FIFA World Cups, in 2010, 2014, 2018 and 2022. Cristiano Ronaldo also became the oldest player to ever score a hat-trick at a FIFA World Cup in FIFA 2018 by defeating Spain.
- He is the most prolific goal scorer in men’s international football and has made a record 18 appearances for Portugal at a World Cup.
25 November – International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
- The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is observed on November 25 every year.
- It is a day to pay tribute to the Mirabal sisters, the Dominican Republic activists who were murdered at the order of Rafael Trujilllo in 1960.
- The United Nations aims to raise awareness about gender-based violence against women.
- This day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1993.
- Violence against women is defined as any act of gender-based violence that causes physical, sexual, or psychological harm to women.
- Theme 2022 – UNITE! Activism to End Violence against Women & Girls
24 November – Lachit Diwas
- Lachit Diwas is celebrated as the birthday of Ahom General Lachit Borphukan every year on 24 November.
- In 2022, India is marking the 400th birth anniversary of the Lachit Borphukan.
- The day honors the victory of the Assamese Army at the Battle of Saraighat.
- Lachit is remembered throughout the country for his foresight and outstanding leadership in the 1671 Battle of Saraighat, which prevented Ramsingh I’s Mughal forces from successfully capturing the Ahom kingdom.
26 November – Constitution Day of India
- Constitution Day is celebrated in India on 26 November every year to commemorate the adoption of the Constitution of India.
- On 26 November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the Constitution of India, and it came into effect on 26 January 1950.
- The Constitution of India is the longest-written constitution in the world. It has laid down the supreme law of the land, and it embodies the true spirit of what India is.
- The Constitution of India serves as the foundation on which over a billion people have built their identities. Words enshrined in the Constitution capture the vision that those who struggled for independence saw for a free nation.
- In 2015, on the 125th birth anniversary of BR Ambedkar, the Union government announced November 26 as Constitution Day.
Bollywood Actor Vikram Gokhale passed away at age of 77
- Veteran Bollywood actor Vikram Gokhale passed away recently at the age of 77.
- He was seen in many popular Bollywood movies like Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam, Mission Mangal, Aiyaary, Bhool Bhulaiya, and others.
- For his contribution to Theatre acting, India’s National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama, Sangeet Natak Akademi, conferred him with the Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 2011.
- In 2013, his Marathi film Anumati got him the National Film Award in the Best Actor category. It is the greatest honour dedicated to theatre artists in the country.
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