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Daily Current Affairs 8th May 2023 Daily GK Update
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India’s first Air Force Heritage Centre inaugurated in Chandigarh
- Defence Minister Rajnath Singh has inaugurated the first-of-its-kind Indian Air Force (IAF) Heritage Centre at Chandigarh.
- It was set up under a memorandum of understanding (MoU) between the Union Territory of Chandigarh and the IAF which was signed last year.
- Spread over 17,000 square feet, this is the first heritage centre of the IAF and depicts its role in 1965, 1971 and the Kargil wars and the Balakot air strike through murals and scale models.
- The heritage centre has several attractions such as aircraft models, aero engines and weapons, including Gryazev-Shipunov twin-barrelled guns.
- It showcases augmented reality, hologram, virtual reality, and electro-mechanical enclosures, interactive kiosks highlighting various facets of the IAF.
- There are also flying simulators at the centre which will give flight experience to visitors. The attractions of the heritage centre also include five vintage aircraft and SAM-III Pechora missiles.
PM Jan Aushadhi Kendra inaugurated at Warasiguda in Secunderabad
- Union Tourism Minister G Kishan Reddy has inaugurated a PM Jan Aushadhi Kendra at Warasiguda in Secunderabad.
- These Jan Aushadhi Kendras provide affordable healthcare and generate self-employment opportunities for youth.
- Pradhan Mantri Bharatiya Janaushadhi scheme has been launched to make quality generic medicines available to the common man at low cost.
- Medicines are available at 50-90 percent lower prices in Janausadhi Kendras than the rates found in regular medical shops and there is no compromise on the quality of medicines even if they are given at a low price.
Japan to train 1000 Indian engineers for bullet train project
- Japan has decided to provide specialized training to 1,000 Indian engineers ahead of starting work on the high-speed rail track system for the Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor (MAHSR).
- The bullet train being built between Mumbai and Ahmedabad will use the ballast-less Slab Track system (popularly known as J Slab track system) as used in Japanese Shinkansen high speed railways.
- For this purpose, 20 Japanese experts will provide intensive training to Indian engineers, supervisors and technicians and certify their skills.
- The Japanese track system is one of the best in the world and its construction requires a very high level of skill from all the technicians.
- According to the National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited (NHSRCL) in this regard, the track is the most important part of the HSR system and needs to be laid with a very high degree of precision.
Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail Corridor (MAHSR)
- The total length of the corridor between Ahmedabad and Mumbai is 508 km, of which 348 km falls in Gujarat and 156 km in Maharashtra. The remaining four kilometers will fall in Dadra Nagar Haveli.
- A total of 12 stations will be set up in the journey between Ahmedabad and Mumbai, of which eight stations will be in Gujarat and four in Maharashtra.
- Capital – Tokyo
- Currency – Yen
- Prime Minister – Fumio Kishida
Kiren Rijiju launched the trailer of the first Tagine language film
- The trailer of ‘Love in 90s’, the first film made in Tagin language of Arunachal Pradesh, was launched by Union Law and Justice Minister Kiren Rijiju in New Delhi.
- The film depicts the vibrant and colorful world of the 90s, based on the Tagin community in Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh and the first film made entirely in Tagin language.
- The film looks at displaying the culture of the Tagin community before the whole country and the world.
- The National Institute of Film and Television coming up at Itanagar in Arunachal Pradesh will promote the art and culture of the region.
First Pharma Park to be built in Uttar Pradesh
- The Uttar Pradesh government has approved the establishment of the state’s first Pharma Park in Lalitpur district of Bundelkhand.
- The project will require the transfer of 1500 hectares of land from the Animal Husbandry Department to the Industrial Development Department.
- The state government will spend Rs 1560 crore for development works and providing necessary facilities to the investors in Lalitpur Pharma Park.
- Entrepreneurs setting up units in Pharma Park will be given 100% exemption in stamp duty on land purchase, capital subsidy, construction of houses for laborers, employment generation etc. by the government.
- Apart from the Pharma Park, the Uttar Pradesh government is also setting up a Medical Device Park on 350 acres of land at the Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YIDA) in Gautam Buddha Nagar.
- The park is located in Sector 28 of YIDA, where plots have been allotted to 50 entrepreneurs so far.
About Uttar Pradesh
- Capital – Lucknow
- Chief Minister – Yogi Adityanath
- Governor – Anandiben Patel
India operationalizes Sittwe Port in Myanmar
- India has operationalized the Sittwe Port in Myanmar with the departure of the inaugural shipment, the MV-ITT LION (V-273), from Syall Prasad Mookerjee Port, Kolkata.
- The initiative is part of the Kaladan Multimodal Transit Transport project.
- The port, built under a grant assistance from the Indian government, has been developed under a framework agreement between India and Myanmar for the construction and operation of a multimodal transit transport facility on Kaladan river.
- The port will open up new opportunities for trade and transit from and to Myanmar, particularly the Rakhine state and further enhance trade and commerce between the two countries and the wider region.
Banking and Financial
Visa launches CVV-free payments for tokenized credit in India
- Visa has launched a new feature CVV-free payments in India that allows users to make online payments without the need for a CVV number.
- This facility is applicable on tokenized credit and debit cards and is available only for domestic transactions in India.
- The card is tokenized by securing it with a unique code and transactions are completed using a two-factor authentication process that does not require the 16-digit card number or any other card details.
- The new authentication method protects users from cyber fraud as the token cannot be used on another platform.
- CVV stands for card verification value. It’s a three- or four-digit number found on most debit and credit cards.
- It is a security process that replaces sensitive data with unique codes called tokens.
- It aims to protect sensitive data from cyber-attacks and frauds.
- Tokenization is widely used in the payments industry to secure online transactions where sensitive data needs to be shared between different parties.
Appointment and Resignation
Indian-origin Neera Tandon becomes domestic policy advisor in Biden administration
- Indian-American public policy expert Neera Tandon has been appointed as the Domestic Policy Advisor in US President Joe Biden’s team.
- She became the first Asian-American to lead the White House Advisory Council.
- Tanden replaces Susan Rice as Biden’s Domestic Policy Advisor.
- Tanden previously served as senior advisor for health reform at the Department of Health and Human Services, working on President Obama’s health reform team in the White House.
Recent Appointments of Persons of Indian Origin
- President of World Bank – Indian-Origin Ajay Banga
- Association of American Universities (AAU) Task Force Chairs – Neeli Bendapudi
- Warrant Officer of UK’s Royal Air Force (RAF) – Subby Subramaniam (Indian-origin)
- Deputy Secretary of State, Management and Resources in USA – Indian American Richard Verma
- First Woman President of Indus Entrepreneurs (TiE) Rajasthan – Sheenu Jhawar
- First Head of NASA’s ‘Moon To Mars’ Programme – Amit Kshatriy
INS Magar decommissioned after 36 years service to the country
- INS Magar, the oldest landing ship of the Indian Navy has decommissioned after a prestigious service to the country for 36 years.
- The ship, commanded by Cdr Hemant V Salunkhe, has decommissioned at a sunset ceremony held at the Naval Base here.
- INS Magar was launched on November 16, 1984 by Meera Tahiliani and commissioned on July 18, 1987 at Garden Reach Shipyard and Engineers Limited, Kolkata by late Admiral R H Tahiliani.
- During her service, she participated in numerous operations, amphibious exercises and humanitarian missions and operations including Samudra Setu wherein more than 4,000 Indian nationals were repatriated from various corners of the world, during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The ship was also instrumental in evacuation of over 1,300 survivors post Tsunami in 2004 and had been part of several joint military exercises with the Indian Army.
- In 2018, the vessel was converted into a training ship and joined the First Training Squadron at Kochi.
India claims 14 Medals in Asia Cup Stage 2 Archery
- India has bagged 14 medals at the Asia Cup Stage 2 World Ranking Tournament to top the event in Tashkent.
- In 14 medals seven were gold, five were silver and two bronze.
- India won gold medals in all the categories except women’s individual recurve and mixed recurve and won silver medals in these two categories.
- The Indian trio of Mrinal Chauhan, Partha Salunkhe and Juyel Sarkar defeated Bangladesh 5-1 in the final of the men’s recurve team event to win the gold medal.
- The women’s recurve team of Avni, Bhajan Kaur and Lakshmi Hembrom beat Bangladesh 5-4 in the gold medal decider in their final match.
Max Verstappen wins Miami F1 Grand Prix
- Max Verstappen has won the Miami Formula One Grand Prix title.
- Verstappen defeated Sergio Perez to win the Miami GP.
- Fernando Alonso claims third-place while George Russell was fourth place.
- Red Bull have now won all five races of the 2023 season.
Recent Grand Prix Winner
- Miami Grand Prix 2023 – Red Bull’s Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
- Australian Grand Prix 2023 – Red Bull’s Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
- Bahrain Grand Prix 2023 – Red Bull’s Max Verstappen (Netherlands)
- Saudi Arabian Grand Prix 2023 – Red Bull’s Sergio Pérez (Mexico)
- Azerbaijan Grand Prix 2023 – Red Bull’s Sergio Pérez (Mexico)
Spain’s Carlos Alcaraz wins Madrid Open 2023
- Spanish tennis player, Carlos Alcaraz has successfully defended his title at Madrid Open 2023.
- He is the fourth ATP Tour trophy of the year and his tenth overall.
- In the final, he defeated Jan-Lennard Struff (German) 6-4 3-6 6-3.
- While Aryna Sabalenka from Belarus has clinched the Women’s singles title at Madrid Open 2023.
- Other winners
Men’s doubles- Karen Khachanov & Andrey Rublev
Women’s doubles- Victoria Azarenka & Beatriz Haddad Maia
Recent Open Title
Australian Open title 2023
- Women’s Singles – Arina Sabalenka (Belarus) defeating Elena Rybakina (Kazakhstan)
- Men’s Singles – Novak Djokovic (Serbia) defeating Stefanos Tsitsipas (Greece)
- Men’s Doubles – Kubler & R. Hijikata (Australia)
- Women’s Doubles – Krejčíková & K. Siniaková (Czech Republic)
- Mixed Doubles – Luisa Stefani and Rafael Matos (Brazilian)
Malaysia Open Badminton title 2023
- Men’s Singles – Viktor Axelsen (Denmark) defeating Kodai Naraoka (Japan)
- Women’s Singles – Akane Yamaguchi (Japan) defeating An Se-young (South Korea)
- Men’s doubles – Fajar Alfian and Muhammad Rian Ardianto (Indonesia)
- Women’s doubles – Chen Qingchen and Jia Yifan (China)
- Mixed doubles – Zheng Siwei and Huang Yaqiong (China)
India Open Badminton Championship 2023
- Women’s Singles – An Seyoung (Korea) defeating Akane Yamaguchi (Japan)
- Men’s Singles – Kunlavut Vitidsarn (Thailand) defeating Viktor Axelsen (Denmark)
- Men’s doubles – Liang Weikeng and Wang Chang (China)
- Women’s doubles – Nami Matsuyama and Chiharu Shida (Japan)
8 May – World Red Cross Day
- Red Cross Day, also known as Red Crescent Day is celebrated annually on May 8 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Henry Dunant.
- He was the founder of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and a Nobel Peace Prize laureate, born on May 8, 1828.
- This day is a yearly celebration of the principles of the Red Cross Society, which operates in numerous countries. Their work includes providing aid for food shortages, natural disasters, wars, and epidemics.
- The organization aims to improve the well-being of individuals and communities in need, and their efforts have positively impacted many lives.
- Theme 2023 – Everything we do comes from the heart
- World Red Cross Day has its roots in World War I, where the notion of an annual commemoration to honour those who contributed to global peace was initially suggested.
- The Tokyo conference in 1936 approved the proposal named the “Red Cross Truce,” but the League of Red Cross Societies (LRCS) postponed it until after World War II in 1946. The first-ever Red Cross Day was eventually observed on 8 May 1948.
8 May – World Thalassemia Day
- World Thalassemia Day is celebrated every year on 8 May.
- This day provides an opportunity to shed light on the impact of Thalassemia on individuals, families, and communities worldwide.
- In India, about 10,000 to 15,000 children are born with Thalassemia, every year.
- Theme 2023 – Strengthening Education to Bridge the Thalassemia Care Gap,
- International Thalassemia Day was established and organized by the Thalassemia International Federation (TIF) in 1994.
- The TIF, which is a non-profit organization, was founded in 1986 by Mr Panos Englezos, Thalassemia patients and their parents who represented the National Thalassemia Association in the UK, USA, Greece, Italy and Cyprus.
- International Thalassemia Day was first observed in memory of Mr Panos’ son, George, who had died from the disease.
What is Thalassemia?
- Thalassemia is a blood disorder in which the body fails to produce the required amount of hemoglobin. It is passed down from parent to child and leads to the destruction of a lot of red blood cells.
- Alpha and beta Thalassemia are the two forms of the disease.
- They are further divided into four subcategories, namely Thalassemia Minor, Thalassemia Intermedia and Thalassemia Major.
- The disorder leads to anemia, pale skin, and extreme fatigue, shortness of breath, darkened urine, yellowish skin, irregular heartbeats, pulmonary hypertension and enlarged spleen.
Important Days of May
- 1 May – Maharashtra Day and Gujarat Day
- 1 May – International Labour Day
- 2 May – World Tuna Day (The Global Tuna Industry: Trailblazing through Tough Times)
- 2 May 2023 – World Asthma Day (Asthma care for all)
- 3 May – World Press Freedom Day (Shaping a Future of Rights)
- 4 May – International Firefighters’ Day
- 4 May – Coal Miners Day
- 5 May 2023 – Buddha Purnima (2585th birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha)
- 5 May – World Hand Hygiene Day
- 5 May – International Day of the Midwife (Together Again: From Evidence to Reality)
- 5 May – World Portuguese Language Day
- 6 May – International No Diet Day
- 7 May – World Athletics Day (Athletics for All – A New Beginning)
- 7 May 2023 – 64th Raising Day of Border Roads Organizations (BRO)
- 8 May – World Thalassemia Day (Strengthening Education to Bridge the Thalassaemia Care Gap)
- 8 May – World Red Cross Day (Everything we do comes from the heart)
7 May 2023 – 64th Raising Day of Border Roads Organization (BRO)
- Border Roads Organization (BRO) celebrated its 64th Raising Day on 7 May 2023 at all its detachments across the country.
- The main function ‘Chief Engineers and Equipment Management Conference’ was organized at BRO School & Centre in Pune.
- To mark the day, the Raksha Rajya Mantri inaugurated the BRO Technical Training Complex and an Automated Driving Track at the premises.
- These facilities will enhance the training standards of the BRO personnel and help them to be better prepared for various challenges.
- The BRO, in more than six decades, has constructed over 61,000 kms of roads, over 900 Bridges, four Tunnels and 19 airfields under challenging conditions along India’s borders and in friendly foreign countries, including Bhutan, Myanmar, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
- In 2022-23, the BRO completed 103 infrastructure projects, the most by the organisation in a single year. These include construction of Shyok Bridge in Eastern Ladakh and Steel Arch Siyom Bridge of Load Class 70 in Arunachal Pradesh on Along-Yinkiong Road.
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