Dangerous ‘Norovirus’ found in Kerala
Ernakulam district of Kerala has reported two cases of highly-contagious norovirus recently.
As per the state’s health department, two students of standard 1 had tested positive for the zoonotic disease.
The district health department has started measures to prevent the spread of the disease. The school has announced a holiday for classes 1 to 5 following the outbreak.
What is Norovirus?
Norovirus had previously known as Norwalk virus when it was first identified during an outbreak of gastroenteritis in Norwalk in 1929.
Gastroenteritis illness due to this virus had been initially described as “winter vomiting disease” due to its seasonal emergence in winters.
Norovirus is a highly contagious virus that is also called “stomach flu”.
As per WHO, an estimated 685 million cases of norovirus has been found each year with 200 million instances among children under the age of five.
The symptoms of Norovirus:
The first symptoms of norovirus are Vomiting and diarrhoea. The symptoms seem in one or two days after contact with the virus.
Patients may also experience nausea, stomach pain, fever, headaches, and body aches. Loss of fluids may cause dehydration in extreme circumstances.
Spreading of Norovirus:
Contaminated food, water, and surfaces are the major sources of spreading the virus. The virus goes into the body through oral or faecal route.
It is transmitted through close contact with infect people, or by touching contaminated surfaces. It spreads through contaminated water and through direct contact with infected individuals.
It is also spread by eating food that has been prepared or handled by someone with a stomach bug.
Question & Answer:
Q1. In which Indian state deadly virus called ‘Norovirus’ have been found?
Q2. Which kind of dieses deadly virus ‘Norovirus’ is?
Ans. It is zoonotic dieses