Know All About G7 Summit 2019 : 45th

45th G7 Summit 2019

The G7 is a collective of seven of the world’s most industrialized and developed economies. Their political leaders come together annually to discuss important global economic, political, social and security issues.

Host:

The 45th G7 summit was held on 24–26 August 2019, in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

Seven members of G7:

  • France-Emmanuel Macron (President)
  • Italy-Giuseppe Conte (Prime Minister)
  • Japan- Shinzō Abe (Prime Minister)
  • Germany-Angela Merkel (Chancellor)
  • Canada -Justin Trudeau (Prime Minister)
  • United States- Donald Trump (President)
  • United Kingdom- Boris Johnson (Prime Minister)

Note: Between 1997 and 2014, the group included Russia and was known as the Group of Eight, and had for a year been known as the Group of Six before the 1976 inclusion of Canada.

In March 2014, the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process.

G7 Summit: First summit

Its first summit was held at Rambouillet, France, in 1975.

Important Decision:

According to a senior administration official, Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron had agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.

Guest Invitees (Countries):

  • Australia -Scott Morrison (Prime Minister)
  • Burkina Faso-Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (President)
  • Chile-Sebastián Piñera (President)
  • Egypt- Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (President)
  • India- Narendra Modi (Prime Minister)
  • Rwanda- Paul Kagame (President)
  • Senegal- Macky Sall (President)
  • South Africa- Cyril Ramaphosa (President)
  • Spain- Pedro Sánchez (Acting Prime Minister)

Important Discussion Point

i) G7 might consider reinstating Russia

ii) Trump open to talks with Iran

iii) Trump opens doors to a possible trade deal with China

iv) Trump skips session on ‘climate and biodiversity’

v) India- Pakistan tensions expected to lighten

vi) G7 leaders support Hong Kong’s autonomy

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