Know All About G7 Summit 2019 : 45th

45th G7 Summit 2019

The G7 is a collective of seven of the world’s most industrialized and developed economies. Their political leaders come together annually to discuss important global economic, political, social and security issues.


The 45th G7 summit was held on 24–26 August 2019, in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France.

Seven members of G7:

  • France-Emmanuel Macron (President)
  • Italy-Giuseppe Conte (Prime Minister)
  • Japan- Shinzō Abe (Prime Minister)
  • Germany-Angela Merkel (Chancellor)
  • Canada -Justin Trudeau (Prime Minister)
  • United States- Donald Trump (President)
  • United Kingdom- Boris Johnson (Prime Minister)

Note: Between 1997 and 2014, the group included Russia and was known as the Group of Eight, and had for a year been known as the Group of Six before the 1976 inclusion of Canada.

In March 2014, the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then, meetings have continued within the G7 process.

G7 Summit: First summit

Its first summit was held at Rambouillet, France, in 1975.

Important Decision:

According to a senior administration official, Donald Trump and Emmanuel Macron had agreed that Russia should be invited to the next G7 Summit to be held in 2020.

Guest Invitees (Countries):

  • Australia -Scott Morrison (Prime Minister)
  • Burkina Faso-Roch Marc Christian Kaboré (President)
  • Chile-Sebastián Piñera (President)
  • Egypt- Abdel Fattah el-Sisi (President)
  • India- Narendra Modi (Prime Minister)
  • Rwanda- Paul Kagame (President)
  • Senegal- Macky Sall (President)
  • South Africa- Cyril Ramaphosa (President)
  • Spain- Pedro Sánchez (Acting Prime Minister)

Important Discussion Point

i) G7 might consider reinstating Russia

ii) Trump open to talks with Iran

iii) Trump opens doors to a possible trade deal with China

iv) Trump skips session on ‘climate and biodiversity’

v) India- Pakistan tensions expected to lighten

vi) G7 leaders support Hong Kong’s autonomy

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