History of Vijay Diwas
India celebrates ‘Vijay Diwas’ on December 16 every year to mark the decisive victory over Pakistan in 1971. Due to this victory of India over Pakistan resulted in the creation of Bangladesh and in the liberation of East Pakistan.
On December 3, the Indo-Pakistan war led off in 1971 and lasted for 13 days. Officially, the war ended with the surrender of Pakistan on December 16.
The thirteen-day war endured in the complete surrender of Pakistani forces and the creation of Bangladesh.
The army of Pakistan surrendered before India with around 93,000 soldiers. India proved itself with a regional power to reckon as it was the “Greatest Ever Victory”.
India-Pakistan War 1971:
The battle was a result of the Bangladesh Liberation War following West Pakistan’s ill-treatment of the people and countermining of the election results in East Pakistan. On March 26, 1971, the anticipation for succession was officially raised by East Pakistan. India’s former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi backed them in their independence struggle.
The 1971 military conflict between India and Pakistan was started with pre-emptive airstrikes on 11 Indian Air Force stations by Pakistan on December 3, 1971.
In response to this attack, the Indian Army corresponded to support Bengali nationalist groups in the Bangladesh independence struggle in East Pakistan.
The war was started due to the widespread genocide of the people of East Pakistan carried out by an oppressive military regime under General Yahya Khan of Pakistan.
On December 4, 1971, Operation Trident had been launched by India. In this operation, the Indian Navy’s Western Naval Command successfully led a surprise attack on Karachi port under the codename Trident.
In East Pakistan, the Mukti Bahini guerrillas associated with Indian forces to fight against Pakistani troops in the east.
On December 14, the IAF targeted a house with bombs where a meeting was taking place with the governor of East Pakistan.
Due to this attack Pakistan shattered by this attack and decided to surrender on 16 December 1971.
Around 93,000 Pakistani forces had to take the decision of surrender at that time.
Thus, on December 16, 1971, East Pakistan is separated from Pakistan and become a new country named with ‘Bangladesh’.
Historical war for India:
This war is deliberated as a historical war for India.
Thus, December 16 is celebrated as ‘Vijay Diwas’ to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan across the country.
Question & Answer:
Q1. On which day India celebrated Kargil Vijay Diwas every year to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan?
Ans. 16th December
Q2. What is the name of operation launched by Indian forces to oppose Pakistan force?
Ans. Operation Trident
Q3.Which nation was born on 16th December with the victory of India over Pakistan?