International Women’s Day 2021: All you need to know about

International Women’s Day: All you need to know about

The world is celebrating International Women’s Day on March 8 . The purpose behind celebrating this day is to promote peace with women’s rights. While every day is a women’s day, this particular day is marked to honor all the women and their achievements regardless of the divisions, whether national, ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic or political.

The day is also significant to make people aware of women’s rights, safety and gender equality. Also, there are colours for this day– purple, green and white.

  • Purple signifies– justice and dignity
  • Green symbolizes-hope and
  • White represents– purity.

International Women’s Day Theme 2021: 

  • The theme for this year’s International Women’s Day is #ChooseToChallenge, indicating that a “challenged world is an alert world, and from challenge comes change”.

♦Gender Inequality Index 2020

  • 1st- Switzerland
  • 123rd: India
  • Bottom-Yeman

♦History

  • International Women’s Day has been celebrated for years now, and while many people think of it as a feminist cause, its roots lie in the labour movement. The first-ever Women’s Day was organised in 1911 by the early 20th century Marxist from Germany Clara Zetkin, who was born in Germany’s Wiederau.
  • Two years later, in 1913, the date was changed to March 8, and it continues to be celebrated as such every year.

♦First Women in India

  • First Woman President of INC-Annie Besant
  • First Indian Woman President of INC-Sarojini Naidu
  • First Indian Woman to become Miss World Miss-Reita Faria
  • First Indian Woman to become Miss Universe-Susmita Sen
  • First Indian Woman to get Bharat Ratna-Indira Gandhi
  • First Indian Woman to get Nobel Prize-Mother Terasa
  • First Indian Woman to climb Mt Everest-Bachendri Pal
  • First Woman to get Ashok Chakra-Nirja Bhanot
  • First Woman Judge of Supreme Court-Meera Sahib Fatima Bibi
  • India’s First Woman Governor (Uttar Pradesh)-Sarojini Naidu
  • First Woman Chief Minister of State (Uttar Pradesh)-Sucheta Kripalani
  • India’s First Woman Prime Minister-Indira Gandhi
  • India’s First Woman IPS Office- Kiran Bedi
  • India’s First Woman President-Pratiba Patil

♦List of India’s First Woman (Recently)

  • First woman fighter pilot to fly Rafale- Shivangi Singh
  • First Female Flight Commander-Shalija Dhami
  • First Woman Flight Engineer of Indian Air Force-Hina Jaiswal
  • First Woman To Qualify To Go To Day Missions-Bhawana Kanth
  • First Indian Woman Who Flew a Fighter aircraft Solo-Avani Chaturvedi
  • First Woman Fighter Pilot to Undertake Missions by day on Hawk-Mohana Singh
  • India’s First Female Military diplomat-Anjali Singh
  • First Woman Pilot of Indian Navy-Shivangi
  • World’s first female spacewalking-Christina Koch and Jessica Meir
  • First time lead woman army officer Parade at Republic day– Tania Shergill
  • First women Navy officers to be posted on Indian warship-Sub Lt Kumudini Tyagi and Sub Lt Riti Singh
  • First female match referee by icc-GS Lakshmi
  • First woman to officiate in a men’s Test- Australia’s Claire Polosak
  • 1st woman fighter pilot at R-Day parade- Bhawana Kanth

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