Nobel Prize 2020 : Know Everything About Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize 2020 : Know Everything About Nobel Prize

Nobel prize is the highest benchmark of reward for a researcher. Nobel prize is earned by those working effortlessly in the research area of every possible field. Nobel prize is the ultimate appreciation awarded to researchers whose work has been able to solve the biggest of issues that have been there for decades. Nobel prize celebrates the achievement of the researchers who have been able to solve the most unapproachable problems in their area. Nobel prize is awarded to those who have dedicated their carrier in serving mankind. Nobel prize has been there for a long time in the history of research to appreciate the work of researchers and motivate others to win the Nobel prize as well.
We provide all the details about Nobel prize winners and the criteria to be qualified as a Nobel laureate. We are providing all the information related to the Nobel prize 2020 that you need to know to appear in different examinations like SBI, IBPS, RBI, SSC, Railways, etc.

♦Nobel Prize 2020

History

The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.The prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.

In 1968, Sweden’s central bank Sveriges Riksbank established the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The award is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the bank’s 300th anniversary. The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969. The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901.

About

Awarded for Outstanding contributions for humanity in:

  • Chemistry
  • Literature
  • Peace
  • Physics
  • Physiology or medicine
  •  Economic sciences

Country        

  • Sweden (all prizes except the Peace Prize)
  • Norway (Peace Prize only)

Presented by          

  • Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute (Physiology or Medicine)
  • Norwegian Nobel Committee (Peace)
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Physics)
  • Swedish Academy (Literature)
  • Swedish Academy (Literature)

Reward(s)   

  • Prize money of 9 million SEK, approx. US$986,000 a medal and a diploma

First awarded         

  • 1901; 119 years ago

♦2020 Nobel Prize List

Category Persons Reasons
Medicine or Physiology
  • Harvey J Alter (US)
  • Michael Houghton (UK)
  • Charles M. Rice (US)
For the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.”
Physics The award has, in the past, honoured discoveries about the tiniest of particles and the vast mysteries of outer space.

While one half of the Nobel was awarded to Penrose for his discovery on black holes, the other half was jointly awarded to Genzel and Ghez ‘for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of the galaxy’.

Chemistry
  • Emmanuelle Charpentier (France)
  • Jennifer A. Doudna (US)
for the development of a method for genome editing
Literature
  • American poet Louise Glück
For her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.”
Peace The programme has been awarded the prize for its efforts to fight the hunger specially in the war zones and conflict affected areas.
Economics
  • Paul R Milgrom (US) and
  • Robert B Wilson (US)
For improvements to auction theory

 

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