Reasoning Quiz 2 Sep 2018 for Bank,ssc, upsc and other govt. exams

Directions (1to 5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below

Twelve friends A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K and L were born in different months of the same year ( jan to dec) . A was born in the month of April and G was born in the month of August. J was born in the month immediately after the month in which K was born and immediately before the month in which C was born. J was neither born in the month of October nor in February. There is a gap of one months between the birthdays of L and B. There were 30 days in the month in which L was born. D was born in the month immediately after the month in which I was born. There were 31 days in the month in which D was born. B born just before the month in which F was born. E and H were born in that months which had 31 day each. B is not born in September.

Question 1: Which is the following month L was born?

A) November

B) December

C) September

D) April

E) June

Question 2: Who is the following persons born was October month?

A) H

B) K

C) E

D) Can’t be determine

E) None of these

Question 3: How many month gap between K’s born month and B’s born month?

A) Four

B) Three

C) Five

D) More than Five

E) Two

Question 4: Which of the following month E was born ?

A) January

B) September

C) October

D) Either option a or option C

E) Can’t be determine

Question 5: Four of the following five are alike in a certain way so forms a group finds the one that does not belong to the group?

A) D

B) K

C) C

D) L

E) F

Directions (6 to 7): Each of the questions given below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.

Question 6: Who among the five persons P, Q, R, S and T is the tallest?

S is taller than T, P and R but not as tall as Q.

S is taller than R but not as tall as Q which is taller than T.

A) If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II by itself is not sufficient to answer the question.

B) If statement II by itself is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

C) If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.

D) If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.

E) If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Question 7: How many children does S have?

I. P is daughter of S.

II. husband of S has only one son.

A) If statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but statement II by itself is not sufficient to answer the question.

B) If statement II by itself is sufficient to answer the question, but statement I alone is not sufficient to answer the question.

C) If statement either I or II is sufficient to answer the question.

D) If both the statements I and II taken together are not sufficient to answer the question.

E) If both the statements I and II taken together are sufficient to answer the question.

Direction (8 to 10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
When a word and number arrangement machine is given an input line of words and numbers, it arranges them following a particular rule. The following is an illustration of Input and rearrangement.(All the numbers are two digit numbers.)

Input: daily 79 do diverse 57 14 dear 86 63 domain 42 dog
Step I: diverse daily 79 do 57 dear 86 63 domain 42 dog 41
Step II: domain diverse daily 79 do 57 dear 86 63 dog 41 24
Step III: daily domain diverse 79 do dear 86 63 dog 41 24 75
Step IV: dear daily domain diverse 79 do 86 dog 41 do 75 36
Step V: dog dear daily domain diverse do 86 41 24 75 36 97
Step VI: do dog dear daily domain diverse 41 24 75 36 97 68
Step VI is the largest step of above arrangement as the indended arrangement as the intended arrangement is obtained
As per the rules followed in the given steps, find out the appropriate steps for the Input.

Input: table 63 tour 19 typhoon 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56

Question 8: Which element comes exactly between ‘72’ and 63’ in Step III of the given input?

A) Tour

B) Tea

C) To

D) 91

E) 52

Question 9: Which of the following 5th step of arrangement?

A) tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 91 52 84 65 35

B) tea tour table tablet typhoon 91 to 72 52 84 65 36

C) tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 84 52 91 65 36

D) tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 91 52 84 65 36

E) None of these

Question 10: Which element comes exactly between ‘91’ and to’ in Step IV of the given input?

A) 72

B) Tea

C) 52

D) Tour

E) 84

 

SOLUTION

Solution (1-to 5)

A was born in the month of April and G was born in the month of August.

Months persons
  Jan
  Feb
  March
  April   A
  May
  June
  July
  Aus   G
  Sep
  Oct
  Nov
  Dec

 

J was born in the month immediately after the month in which K was born and immediately before the month in which C was born. J was neither born in the month of October nor in February.

D was born in the month immediately after the month in which I was born. There were 31 days in the month in which D was born.

Months persons
  Jan
  Feb   I
  March   D
  April   A
  May   K
  June   J
  July   C
  Aus   G
  Sep
  Oct
  Nov
  Dec

 

 B born just before the month in which F was born. E and H were born in that months which had 31 day each. B is not born in September. 

 There were 30 days in the month in which L was born. There were 31 days in the month in which D was born.

Months persons
  Jan   H/E
  Feb   I
  March   D
  April   A
  May   K
  June   J
  July   C
  Aus   G
  Sep   L
  Oct   H/E
  Nov   B
  Dec   F
  1. (C)
  2. (D)
  3. (C)
  4. (D)
  5. (D)
  6. (A)

Using only first statement, we can say that Q is the tallest person.

7. (D)

Explanation: It cannot be determined from both the statements that how many children does S have.

8. (A)

Explanation: 

In the given machine input word and the number rearranges together in each step.

For word: Words are reaaranges in descending order according to number of letters in the word arranging at left end side.

For Number: Numbers are rearranges according to ascending order to the right hand side but after swapping the digits. 

input: table 63 tour 19 typhoon 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56
Step I: typhoon table 63 tour 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56 91
Step II: tablet typhoon table 63 tour 72 to tea 48 56 91 52
Step III: table tablet typhoon 63 tour 72 to tea 56 91 52 84
Step IV: tour table tablet typhoon 63 72 to tea 91 52 84 65
Step V: tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 91 52 84 65 36
Step VI: to tea tour table tablet typhoon 91 52 84 65 36 27

9. (D)

Explanation: 

In the given machine input word and the number rearranges together in each step.

For word: Words are reaaranges in descending order according to number of letters in the word arranging at left end side.

For Number: Numbers are rearranges according to ascending order to the right hand side but after swapping the digits. 

input: table 63 tour 19 typhoon 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56
Step I: typhoon table 63 tour 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56 91
Step II: tablet typhoon table 63 tour 72 to tea 48 56 91 52
Step III: table tablet typhoon 63 tour 72 to tea 56 91 52 84
Step IV: tour table tablet typhoon 63 72 to tea 91 52 84 65
Step V: tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 91 52 84 65 36
Step VI: to tea tour table tablet typhoon 91 52 84 65 36 27

10. (B)

Explanation: In the given machine input word and the number rearranges together in each step.

For word: Words are reaaranges in descending order according to number of letters in the word arranging at left end side.

For Number: Numbers are rearranges according to ascending order to the right hand side but after swapping the digits. 

input: table 63 tour 19 typhoon 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56
Step I: typhoon table 63 tour 72 25 to tea 48 tablet 56 91
Step II: tablet typhoon table 63 tour 72 to tea 48 56 91 52
Step III: table tablet typhoon 63 tour 72 to tea 56 91 52 84
Step IV: tour table tablet typhoon 63 72 to tea 91 52 84 65
Step V: tea tour table tablet typhoon 72 to 91 52 84 65 36
Step VI: to tea tour table tablet typhoon 91 52 84 65 36 27

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