# Reasoning Quiz 20th September 2018

Directions (1 to 5): Study the following informa­tion carefully and answer the questions which follow—

Seven students A, B, C, D, E, F and G are toppers of a class and are sitting in a row for a photo session. They all have scored different marks out of 50. The third rank holder is third to the left of sixth rank holder, who scored 7 marks less than the average marks of seven students but these two are not on the extreme ends. Marks of D are 36. B scored more marks than only three students and is seated fourth to the right of A, who is second topper and is seated on the extreme end of the row. Marks of C are 32 and 3 marks less than the average marks of all students. The seventh rank holder is second to the left of C, who is not third or sixth rank holder. Seventh rank holder scored more than 25. F is near to B but is not first rank holder. G is not the topper and topper scored 46 marks. Sum of the marks of first rank holder and seventh rank holder is equal to the sum of the marks of second and fifth rank holder.

Q1. Which of the following statement is true?

(a) The marks of E are 42 and he is second topper

(b) The marks of G are 26 and 10 marks less than D

(c) The marks of A are 41 and 5 marks more than D

(d) The marks of E are 47 and 12 marks more than B

(e) The marks of B are 35 and 7 marks less than F

Q2. Which of the following statement is true?

(a) F scored 28 marks and is the seventh rank holder

(b) B scored 41 marks and is the fourth rank holder

(c) A is third to the left of B, who scored 35 marks

(d) D is third to the left of F, who scored 29 marks

(e) C is fifth rank holder and seated between D and B

Q3. Two students who are sitting on the extreme ends are

(a) 6th and 2nd rank holder

(b) 6th and 1st rank holder

(c) 2nd and 7th rank holder

(d) 1st and 2nd rank holder

(e) 1st and 7th rank holder

Q4. Find out the marks of A.

(a) 41

(b) 44

(c) 39

(d) 42

(e) None of these

Q5. How many students are sitting between G and B

(a) Two

(b) Three

(c) One

(d) Four

(e) Five

Directions (6 to 10): In each of the following questions, a statement is given, followed by two conclusions. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Give answer
(a) if only conclusion I follows,
(b) if only conclusion II follows,
(c) if either I or II follows,
(d) if neither I nor II follows,
(e) if both I and II follow

Q1. Statement: The decision of Microsoft to spend over \$26 billion to buy LinkedIn, the “world’s largest professional network”, is an earnest attempt by the company founded by Bill Gates for continued relevance in a space that it once dominated, to the point of being a monopoly. That space – the technology sector – is nothing like what it was in the 1980s and 1990s, when Microsoft ruled. Over the last decade and a half, the rise of the Internet, social media and smart phones have dramatically altered the contours of this space, giving rise to new and more powerful companies such as Google, facebook and Amazon.

Conclusions:

1. Virtual space as of today belong to search engines. Facebook is nothing more but a personalized search engine. For Microsoft, understanding this is the key factor; a \$26 billion deal to buy LinkedIn may not result in substantial returns unless it is made relevant to common people and not just professionals.
2. The decision of Microsoft is somewhat a pragmatical acquisition and fruitful for its software business with the help of professionals linked in with LinkedIn on a global scale. Indeed it is a better buy than Nokia which is a shine losing brand in the midst of market flooding smart phone brands.

Q7. Statement: Novak Djokovic has completed the Career Grand Slam – winning each of the four majors at least once – become easier in men’s tennis, with the increased homogeneity of surfaces and playing styles. He became the third man to hold all four major titles at once and the first ever to do so on three different surfaces (hard court, clay and grass). It also made him the sixth man to win grand slam singles titles on clay, grass and hard courts.

Conclusions:

1. Novak Djokovic is at the cusp of making another history. In the upcoming times, he has the opportunity to win the remaining two Grand Slams as well as the gold medal at Rio Olympics.
2. There is a lot of hard work and regimented life style behind his consistent performances on the tennis court. He is a product of immense talent, total dedication, rigors of daily training under equally gifted coaches and an insatiable hunger to achieve more.

Q8. Statement: India’s policy of deepening its engagement in the post- Taliban Afghanistan through economic reconstruction will mark a milestone when Prime Minister NarendraModi inaugurates a dam built with Indian aid in Herat province. The 42 MW dam, with an investment of over \$275 million, will boost the agricultural and industrial sectors of Herat. The project underlines India’s resolve to sharpen its profile in the region.

Conclusions:

1. It seems India Afghan relationship is going to be a boon for both the countries in terms of economical, trade, strategic and cultural aspect.
2. Support to Islamic fundamentals and growth of Talibans and other organizations in Pakistan has been in daunting dimensions that neighbouring India and Afghanistan are the ones affected most. In this context, Indo- Afghan relationship gains importance and cordiality will not only be mutually beneficial but will deter the Islamic groups in their quest to destabilize the region.

Q9. Statement:-  The mayor of Oakland supports a new tax code that would assess local businesses on the property value of their site rather than on their income or profits,  the mayor argues that this change will not contribute to any loss in tax revenue for the city. Several city council members disagree, citing similar changes to tax code that were unsuccessful in cities similar to Oakland. The council members’ argument is without merit, though, because property values rise steadily each year, while business incomes fluctuate wildly with the national economy.

Assumptions:

1. The annual percentage rise in real estate values has been consistently more than the average annual growth rate percentages across all businesses.
2. The new tax code would not apply to the significant number of online business associated with the city that has no physical presence on a piece of property in the city.

Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the statement?

(a) If only assumption I is implicit.

(b) If only assumption II is implicit.

(c) If either I or II is implicit.

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

(e) If both I and II are implicit

Q10. Statement:- Because no employee wants to be associated with bad news in the eyes of a superior, information about serious problems at lower levels is progressively softened and distorted as it goes up each step in the management hierarchy, the chief executive is, therefore, less well informed about problems at lower levels than his or her subordinates at those levels.

The conclusion drawn above is based on the assumption that

1. Problem solving ability is more important at higher levels than it is at lower levels of the management hierarchy.
2. Chief executives obtain information about problems at lower levels from no source other than their sub- ordinates.

Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the statement?

(a) If only assumption I is implicit.

(b) If only assumption II is implicit.

(c) If either I or II is implicit.

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit.

(e) If both I and II are implicit

Solutions

A               G           D            C              B           F            E

2nd           7th         3rd         5th          4th         6th         1st

(41)        (27)         (36)       (32)        (35)      (28)        (46)

1.Ans.(c)

2.Ans. (e)

3.Ans.(d)

4.Ans. (a)

5.Ans. (a)

Direction (6 to 10):

6.Ans. (a);

I follows because Microsoft wants to continue its relevance in the space which suffered a setback due to the emergence of new companies. The conclusion gives us the route or the method, it must follow to achieve it. II does not follow because nothing is mentioned about the comparison between Nokia and LinkedIn in the statement.

7.Ans. (b);

From the statement, we can’t predict about the future. So, I doesn’t follow whereas II can be concluded as the qualities of Novak Djokovic has been mentioned in the second one which totally suited according to the statement.

8.Ans.(d);

In the statement, nothing is mentioned about the cultural aspect. So, I doesn’t follow. The statement also doesn’t direct towards the growth of Islamic fundamentals or others. So, II also doesn’t follow

9.Ans. (a);

Suppose the annual percentage rise in real estate values, in property values, is consisting less than the average annual growth rate percentages across all businesses with properties in Oakland. Thus, even though individual business may be fluctuating, when we average over all businesses, the growth rate is higher for that average than is for property values. Thus, revenue from taxes on business income would grow faster than revenue from taxes on property. If this negation is true, it devastates the mayor’s position, and therefore devastates the position that the Urban Planner is taking. Because the negation is so destructive, the un-negated version that appears in choice (I) only be an assumption.

10.Ans.(b);

If CEOs really can’t get information from anyone other than their subordinates, and if those subordinates don’t want to tell them any bad news, then those CEOs are not going to be well-informed about problems. It can’t be assumed that the ability to solve a problem, doesn’t tell us anything about how well-informed the chief executive is about those problems.