**Reasoning Questions and Reasoning Quiz for IBPS PO Reasoning , IBPS Clerk Reasoning , IBPS RRB Reasoning ,SBI exam Reasoning , and other competitive exams.**

**Direction (Q1-Q5):**** Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:**

Seven persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G studied in cities X, Y and Z and are currently earning different sum of rupees viz. 180, 100, 95, 125, 50, 110 and 175 (not necessarily in the same order). At least two and not more than three friends had studied in the same city. All of them have their birthday on the same day of the year but each of them was born in a different year. No ages are in fraction part.

C is earning 175 rupees and studied in city Y. The one who is earning 110 rupees is 54 years old, while the one who studied in Z is 62 years old. E is not earning 125 rupees. Only G amongst the seven friends studied in city X along with E. F is earning 95 rupees and did not study in city Y. Age of one of the person who studied in Y city is half the earnings of one of the person who studied in Z. B is earning 50 rupees and did not study in the same city as F. Age of B is 1.5 times the age of C. A did not study in city Z. Those who studied in city X are neither earning 100 rupees nor 110 rupees. Age of the person earning 175 rupees is same as the earning of B. G is 48 years old. Age of one of the person who studied in city X is equal to one third the earnings of E. None of those who studied in city Y is earning 110 rupees.

Q1. **Who amongst the following have studied in city Z?**

(a) B, A

(b)C, F

(c) B, D, F

(d)A, D

(e) D, F

Q2. **Which of the following groups represents the sum of the earnings of the students of city Y?**

(a) 180 rupees

(b)150 rupees

(c) 175 rupees

(d)225 rupees

(e) None of these

Q3. **What are the earnings of F?**

(a) 95 rupees

(b)125 rupees

(c) 180 rupees

(d)50 rupees

(e) None of these

Q4. **What is the age of the person who is earning 100 rupees?**

(a) 25 years

(b)90 years

(c) 55 years

(d)50 years

(e) None of these

Q5. **What is the age of C?**

(a) 75 years

(b)55 years

(c) 54 years

(d)50 years

(e) None of the above

**Directions (Q6-Q10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
**A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement

**Input : 44 92 nice brow 32 crown duffer 64 76 boasted
**Step I : boasted 5 44 92 nice brow crown duffer 64 76

Step II : boasted 5 duffer 8 92 nice brow crown 64 76

Step III : boasted 5 duffer 8 nice 1 92 brow crown 76

Step IV : boasted 5 duffer 8 nice 1 brow 4 92 crown

Step V : boasted 5 duffer 8 nice 1 brow 4 crown 2

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

As per the rules followed in the steps given above, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the given input.

**Input: 51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

** **Q6. **Which word/number would be at the fifth position from right end in step IV?**

(a) 2

(b) slides

(c) fall

(d) 6

(e) lust

**Q7. Which of the following would be step III?**

(a) thunderbird 7 deeds 6 slides 3 lust 84 fall 99

(b) thunderbird 7 deeds 6 slides 2 lust 84 99 fall

(c) thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

(d) thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 51 lust 84 99 fall

(e) None of these

**Q8. Which step number should be the following output?**

“thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 3 fall 99

(a) Step III

(b) Step IV

(c) Step V

(d) Step VI

(e) There will be no such step

**Q9. Which word/number would be at the 7th position from left end in step III?**

(a) 6

(b) 5

(c) deeds

(d) slides

(e) lust

**Q10. How many steps are required to get the final output if no numbers were there in the input and only word is arranged per step?**

(a) 3

(b) 4

(c) 5

(d) 2

(e) 6

**Solutions**

**Solutions**

**Q(1 – 5):**

Friends |
City |
Earnings |
Age |

A |
Y | 100 | 55 |

B |
Y | 50 | 75 |

C |
Y | 175 | 50 |

D |
Z | 110 | 54 |

E |
X | 180 | 60 |

F |
Z | 95 | 62 |

G |
X | 125 | 48 |

Q1. Ans.(e)

Q2. Ans.(e)

Q3. Ans.(a)

Q4. Ans.(c)

Q5. Ans.(d)

Q6. Ans.(d)

** The machine rearranges one word and one number in each step. First, it rearranges words in descending order of the number of vowels in the word from left to right. If two words contain the same number of vowels then they are arranged in alphabetical order.**

**Numbers are arranged in ascending order along with that each number is converted into its digital sum. (For example 39=3+9=1+2=3)**

**Input: ****51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

Step I : thunderbird 7 51 lust 84 99 fall 23 slides deeds

Step II : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 51 lust 84 99 fall slides

Step III: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

Step IV: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 99

Step V : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 9

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

Q7. Ans.(c)

**Numbers are arranged in ascending order along with that each number is converted into its digital sum. (For example 39=3+9=1+2=3)**

**Input: ****51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

Step I : thunderbird 7 51 lust 84 99 fall 23 slides deeds

Step II : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 51 lust 84 99 fall slides

Step III: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

Step IV: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 99

Step V : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 9

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

Q8. Ans.(e)

**Numbers are arranged in ascending order along with that each number is converted into its digital sum. (For example 39=3+9=1+2=3)**

**Input: ****51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

Step I : thunderbird 7 51 lust 84 99 fall 23 slides deeds

Step II : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 51 lust 84 99 fall slides

Step III: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

Step IV: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 99

Step V : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 9

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

Q9. Ans.(e)

**Input: ****51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

Step II : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 51 lust 84 99 fall slides

Step III: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

Step IV: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 99

Step V : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 9

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

Q10. Ans.(b)

**Input: ****51 lust 84 99 16 fall thunderbird 23 slides deeds**

Step II : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 51 lust 84 99 fall slides

Step III: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 lust 84 99 fall

Step IV: thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 99

Step V : thunderbird 7 deeds 5 slides 6 fall 3 lust 9

Step V is the last step of the above arrangement.

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