The Hindu Editorial Analysis
The Importance of Reading The Hindu Editorial: Reading The Hindu newspaper has several benefits, including improving reading skills, facilitating comprehension, staying informed of current events, enhancing essay writing, and more. For individuals aiming for a career in banking, reading editorials is crucial for vocabulary building. In this article, we will examine today’s editorials, provide practice questions, and highlight important vocabulary words.
- The last time China’s population saw a decline was in 1961, in the midst of a devastating four-year famine following Mao’s failed “Great Leap Forward” campaign.
- The latest decline in population, however, is no blip.The shrinking of the world’s most populous the country by as much as 8,50,000 in 2022 marks a watershed moment with lasting consequences for China and the world.
- Beijing announced on January 17 that births in China last year dropped by more than 10% to 9.56 million, with 10.41 million deaths.
- The 1.411 billion population will certainly be overtaken by India’s this year. China’s population story holds lessons for countries that have tried robust interventions in social engineering.
- China has spent the greater part of two decades trying — and failing — to get families to boost birth rates that have been declining since the government introduced a harsh “one-child policy” in 1980.
- The belated introduction in 2016 of a “two-child policy” to course correct was not met with the enthusiasm that planners had expected for a relaxation announced with fanfare.
- A government survey found that 70% would not have more children citing financial reasons.
- China’s economy is already feeling the impact of demographic change. The 16-59 working age population (2022), was 875 million, a decline of around 75 million since 2010.
- Wages are rising,and labor-intensive jobs are moving out, predominantly to Southeast Asia. The above-60 population, meanwhile, had increased by 30 million to 280 million.
- The number of elderly will peak at 487 million by 2050 (35% of the population). China’s National Working Commission on Ageing estimates spending on health care for the elderly will take up 26% of the GDP by 2050.
- Signs are China is already on track to follow Japan’s example of a prolonged period of a shrinking workforce with declining growth.
- As a paper from Japan’s Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry pointed out, the proportion of child and elderly populations in China as of 2020 was similar to Japan’s in 1990.
- When was the last time China saw the decline in its population?
- What impact does the economy of China feel?
- Prolonged- continuing for a long time
- Aging- to become or look old
- Demographic- the statistical characteristics of human populations
- Blip- a light flashing on the screen of a piece of equipment
- Robust- strong and healthy
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