The Hindu Editorial VOCAB: 12th October 2021
In this competitive world, a strong Vocabulary will help a candidate ace learning English for competitive exams. So here we bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to boost vocabulary power and help you in your preparation for the exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.
- Mettle (noun)
Meaning: a person’s ability to cope well with difficulties or to face a demanding situation in a spirited and resilient way. (उत्साह)
Synonyms: spirit, fortitude, tenacity
Antonyms: cowardice, cravenness, dastardliness
Sentence: The team showed their true mettle in the second half.
- Ignominy (noun)
Meaning: public shame or disgrace. (बदनामी)
Synonyms: shame, humiliation, embarrassment
Antonyms: esteem, honor, respect
Sentence: He feared the ignominy of being exposed as a criminal.
- Banter (noun)
Meaning: the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks. (मज़ाक)
Synonyms: repartee, raillery, ripostes
Sentence: He considered himself a master of witty banter.
- Morose (adj.)
Meaning: sullen and ill-tempered. (उदास)
Synonyms: sullen, sulky, gloomy
Antonyms: cheerful, joyous, jolly
Sentence: She was morose and silent when she got home
- Asphyxiate (verb)
Meaning: kill (someone) by depriving them of air. (गला घोंटना)
Synonyms: choke (to death), suffocate, smother
Antonyms: breathe, resuscitate
Sentence: She had been asphyxiated, police said.
- Retaliate (verb)
Meaning: make an attack or assault in return for a similar attack. (प्रतिकार करना)
Synonyms: fight back, strike back, hit back
Antonyms: excuse, forgive, pardon
Sentence: If you are rude to me, I shall retaliate with equal rudeness.
- Obfuscate (verb)
Meaning: render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible. (अस्पष्ट करना)
Synonyms: obscure, confuse, make obscure
Antonyms: clarify, clear, simplify
Sentence: She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.
- Scrupulous (adj.)
Meaning: (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details. (ईमानदार)
Synonyms: meticulous, painstaking, assiduous
Antonyms: dishonest, atrocious, immoral
Sentence: Not all lawyers are as scrupulous as she is.
- Dogma (noun)
Meaning: a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. (सिद्धांत)
Synonyms: teaching, belief, conviction
Sentence: The newspaper seeks to be independent of political dogma.
- Aloof (adj.)
Meaning: not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant. (अलग)
Synonyms: distant, detached, unresponsive
Antonyms: cordial, friendly, sociable
Sentence: They were courteous but faintly aloof.
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