The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  12th October 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  12th October 2021

In this competitive world, a strong Vocabulary will help a candidate ace learning English for competitive exams. So here we bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to boost vocabulary power and help you in your preparation for the exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.


  1. Mettle (noun)

Meaning: a person’s ability to cope well with difficulties or to face a demanding situation in a spirited and resilient way. (उत्साह)

Synonyms: spirit, fortitude, tenacity

Antonyms: cowardice, cravenness, dastardliness

Sentence: The team showed their true mettle in the second half.

  1. Ignominy (noun)

Meaning: public shame or disgrace. (बदनामी)

Synonyms: shame, humiliation, embarrassment

Antonyms: esteem, honor, respect

Sentence: He feared the ignominy of being exposed as a criminal.

  1. Banter (noun)

Meaning: the playful and friendly exchange of teasing remarks. (मज़ाक)

Synonyms: repartee, raillery, ripostes

Sentence: He considered himself a master of witty banter.

  1. Morose (adj.)

Meaning: sullen and ill-tempered. (उदास)

Synonyms: sullen, sulky, gloomy

Antonyms: cheerful, joyous, jolly

Sentence: She was morose and silent when she got home

  1. Asphyxiate (verb)

Meaning: kill (someone) by depriving them of air. (गला घोंटना)

Synonyms: choke (to death), suffocate, smother

Antonyms: breathe, resuscitate

Sentence: She had been asphyxiated, police said.

  1. Retaliate (verb)

Meaning: make an attack or assault in return for a similar attack. (प्रतिकार करना)

Synonyms: fight back, strike back, hit back

Antonyms: excuse, forgive, pardon

Sentence: If you are rude to me, I shall retaliate with equal rudeness.

  1. Obfuscate (verb)

Meaning: render obscure, unclear, or unintelligible. (अस्पष्ट करना)

Synonyms: obscure, confuse, make obscure

Antonyms: clarify, clear, simplify

Sentence: She was criticized for using arguments that obfuscated the main issue.

  1. Scrupulous (adj.)

Meaning: (of a person or process) diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details. (ईमानदार)

Synonyms: meticulous, painstaking, assiduous

Antonyms: dishonest, atrocious, immoral

Sentence: Not all lawyers are as scrupulous as she is.

  1. Dogma (noun)

Meaning: a principle or set of principles laid down by an authority as incontrovertibly true. (सिद्धांत)

Synonyms: teaching, belief, conviction

Sentence: The newspaper seeks to be independent of political dogma.

  1. Aloof (adj.)

Meaning: not friendly or forthcoming; cool and distant. (अलग)

Synonyms: distant, detached, unresponsive

Antonyms: cordial, friendly, sociable

Sentence: They were courteous but faintly aloof.

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