The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  19th November 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  19th November 2021

In this competitive world, a strong Vocabulary will help a candidate ace learning English for competitive exams. So here we bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to boost vocabulary power and help you in your preparation for the exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.

 ‘Vocabulary’

  1. Flawed (adj.)

Meaning: blemished, damaged, or imperfect in some way. (त्रुटिपूर्ण)

Synonyms: unsound, defective, faulty

Antonyms: faultless, flawless, impeccable

Sentence: The material is flawed throughout.

  1. Probity (noun)

Meaning: the quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency. (ईमानदारी)

Synonyms: integrity, honesty, uprightness

Antonyms: badness, evil, evildoing

Sentence: Her probity and integrity are beyond question.

  1. Impediment (noun)

Meaning: a hindrance or obstruction in doing something. (बाधा)

Synonyms: hindrance, obstruction, obstacle

Antonyms: catalyst, goad, impetus

Sentence: He was satisfied there was no legal impediment to the marriage.

  1. Dispirit (verb)

Meaning: cause (someone) to lose enthusiasm or hope. (उदास करना)

Synonyms: dishearten, discourage, demoralize

Antonyms: emboldened, encouraged, heartened

Sentence: She refused to be dispirited by her long illness.

  1. Clobber (verb)

Meaning: hit (someone) hard. (पीटना)

Synonyms: hit, strike, slap

Sentence: If he does that I’ll clobber him!

  1. Exoneration (noun)

Meaning: the action of officially absolving someone from blame; vindication. (छुटकारा)

Synonyms: vindication, free from blame, absolution

Antonyms: conviction, accusation, arraignment

Sentence: They expected complete exoneration for their clients.

  1. Fidelity (noun)

Meaning: faithfulness to a person, cause, or belief, demonstrated by continuing loyalty and support. (सत्य के प्रति निष्ठा)

Synonyms: loyalty, allegiance, obedience

Antonyms: disloyalty, faithlessness, falseness

Sentence: I had to promise fidelity to the Queen.

  1. Prefatory (adj.)

Meaning: serving as an introduction; introductory. (प्रारंभिक)

Synonyms: introductory, preliminary, opening

Antonyms: after, behind, end

Sentence: The poet makes this clear in a prefatory note on the text

  1. Placate (verb)

Meaning:  make (someone) less angry or hostile. (तसल्ली देना)

Synonyms: pacify, calm, appease

Antonyms: anger, enrage, incense

Sentence: They attempted to placate the students with promises.

  1. Effrontery (noun)

Meaning: insolent or impertinent behavior. (गुस्ताख़ी)

Synonyms: impudence, impertinence, audacity

Antonyms: civility, courtesy, gentility

Sentence: One juror had the effrontery to challenge the coroner’s decision.

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