The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  7th August 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  7th August 2021

In the modern competitive era, most of the exams have the English Language as a section. So here we bring you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to enhance vocabulary power and help you prepare for the exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.

 ‘Vocabulary’

  1. Retrospective (adj.)

Meaning: looking back on or dealing with past events or situations. (पूर्वप्रभावी)

Synonyms: backdated, retroactive, backward-looking

Antonyms: silly, thoughtless

Sentence: our survey was retrospective.

  1. Slur (noun)

Meaning:  an insinuation or allegation about someone that is likely to insult them or damage their reputation. (कलंक)

Synonyms: insult, slight, slander

Antonyms: fame, glory, renown

Sentence: The comments were a slur on the staff.

  1. Penury (noun)

Meaning: extreme poverty; destitution. (दरिद्रता)

Synonyms: extreme/dire poverty, pennilessness, impecuniousness

Antonyms: opulence, richness, wealth

Sentence: He died in a state of virtual penury.

  1. Susceptible (adj.)

Meaning: likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing. (अतिसंवेदनशील)

Synonyms: open to, receptive to, vulnerable to

Antonyms: insusceptible, invulnerable, unexposed

Sentence: Patients with liver disease may be susceptible to infection.

  1. Convoy (noun)

Meaning: a group of ships or vehicles traveling together, typically accompanied by armed troops, warships, or other vehicles for protection. (काफिले)

Synonyms: group, fleet, cavalcade

Sentence: The convoy was attacked by submarines.

  1. Unenviable (adj.)

Meaning: difficult, undesirable, or unpleasant. (अवांछनीय)

Synonyms: disagreeable, unpleasant, undesirable

Antonyms: charming, enchanting, fascinating

Sentence: Cooper had the unenviable job of announcing the redundancies.

  1. Abrasive (adj.)

Meaning: (of a person or manner) showing little concern for the feelings of others; harsh. (कठोर)

Synonyms: vitriolic, rough, harsh

Antonyms: delightful, pleasing

Sentence: Her abrasive and arrogant personal style won her few friends.

  1. Stagger (verb)

Meaning: walk or move unsteadily, as if about to fall. (लड़खड़ाहट)

Synonyms: lurch, walk unsteadily, stumble

Sentence: I was so tired last night that I just staggered on the stairs.

  1. Dither (verb)

Meaning: be indecisive. (बेचैनी)

Synonyms: hesitate, falter, waver

Antonyms: calm, composure, equanimity

Sentence: He was dithering about the election date.

  1. Mugged (verb)

Meaning: attack and rob (someone) in a public place. (हमला करना)

Synonyms: assault, attack, rob

Sentence: He was mugged by three men who stole his bike.

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