The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  9th August 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  9th August 2021

Vocabulary is an essential part of almost every competitive exam. It is crucial to strengthen your word power to gain accuracy in the English language section. So here We provide you The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to increase vocab power and helps you in your preparation for many exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams.

 ‘Vocabulary’

  1. Vicinity (noun)

Meaning: the area near or surrounding a particular place. (आस – पास)

Synonyms: surrounding area, neighborhood, locality

Antonyms: distance, remoteness, separation

Sentence: Troops in the vicinity were put on alert.

  1. Mishap (noun)

Meaning: an unlucky accident. (दुर्घटना)

Synonyms: accident, trouble, problem

Antonyms: fortune, luck, serendipity

Sentence: Our journey ended without mishap.

  1. Lobbying (verb)

Meaning: seek to influence (a politician or public official) on an issue. (पक्ष जुटाव)

Synonyms: seek to influence, try to persuade, importune

Sentence: it is recommending that booksellers lobby their representatives.

  1. Indecisive (adj.)

Meaning: not settling an issue. (अनिर्णायात्मक)

Synonyms: inconclusive, undecided, unsettled

Antonyms: conclusive, decisive, definable

Sentence: The battle was indecisive, with both sides suffering heavy losses.

  1. Bungling (adj.)

Meaning: making or characterized by many clumsy mistakes. (गोलमाल)

Synonyms: incompetent, blundering, amateurish

Antonyms: adroit, deft, dexterous

Sentence: If he keeps bungling, he’ll lose the job.

  1. Persecute (verb)

Meaning: subject (someone) to hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of their race or political or religious beliefs. (सताना)

Synonyms: oppress, abuse, victimize

Antonyms: comfort, console, assist

Sentence: His followers were persecuted by the authorities.

  1. Pluck (noun)

Meaning: spirited and determined courage. (साहस)

Synonyms: courage, bravery, daring

Antonyms: timidity, cowardice

Sentence: She showed a lot of pluck in dealing with the intruders.

  1. Misogynist (noun)

Meaning: a person who dislikes, despises, or is strongly prejudiced against women. (स्री जाति से द्वेष करनेवाला)

Synonyms: woman-hater, anti-feminist, male chauvinist

Antonyms: feminist, optimist, idealist

Sentence: She felt she was struggling against thinly disguised misogyny.

  1. Ravage (noun)

Meaning: cause severe and extensive damage to. (नाश)

Synonyms: lay waste, devastate, ruin

Antonyms: restore, fix, recover

Sentence: Fears that a war could ravage their country

  1. filthy (adj.)

Meaning: disgustingly dirty. (गंदा)

Synonyms: dirty, mucky, grimy

Antonyms: clean, unstained, pure

Sentence: You can’t go to the concert unless you clean this filthy room first.

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