The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  9th November 2021

The Hindu Editorial VOCAB:  9th November 2021

Vocabulary forms the most important aspect of many competitive exams like Banking, Railway, Insurance, SSC, and other Government exams. So here We provide you with The Hindu Vocab on daily basis to enhance vocab power and help you in your preparation for various examinations.


  1. Proclivity (noun)

Meaning: a tendency to choose or do something regularly; an inclination or predisposition toward a particular thing. (झुकाव)

Synonyms: tendency, leaning, propensity

Antonyms: aversion, disfavor, disinclination

Sentence: The child showed no proclivity towards aggression.

  1. Spruce (verb)

Meaning: make a person or place smarter or tidier. (सजाना)

Synonyms: smarten up, make smarter, tidy up

Antonyms: dirty, filthy, untidy

Sentence: The fund will be used to spruce up historic buildings.

  1. Hideous (adj.)

Meaning: ugly or disgusting to look at. (कुरूप)

Synonyms: ugly, unsightly, repulsive

Antonyms: attractive, good-looking, impressive

Sentence: His smile made him look more hideous than ever.

  1. Contagious (adj.)

Meaning: (of a disease) spread from one person or organism to another by direct or indirect contact. (संक्रामक)

Synonyms: infectious, communicable, transmittable

Antonyms: noncommunicable, noninfectious

Sentence: It’s a highly contagious infection.

  1. Ponderous (adj.)

Meaning: slow and clumsy because of great weight. (भारी-भरकम)

Synonyms: clumsy, slow, heavy

Antonyms: lightweight, fluffy

Sentence: Her footsteps were heavy and ponderous.

  1. Peevish (adj.)

Meaning: easily irritated, especially by unimportant things. (चिड़चिड़ा)

Synonyms: irritable, irascible, fractious

Antonyms: affable, companionable, cordial

Sentence: Sebastian was a sickly, peevish child.

  1. Misogynist (noun)

Meaning: a person who dislikes, despises, or is strongly prejudiced against women. (स्री जाति से द्वेष करनेवाला)

Synonyms: woman-hater, anti-feminist, male chauvinist

Antonyms: feminist, optimist, idealist

Sentence: She felt she was struggling against thinly disguised misogyny.

  1. Overt (adj.)

Meaning: done or shown openly; plainly or readily apparent, not secret or hidden. (अपरोक्ष)

Synonyms: undisguised, unconcealed, clear

Antonyms: unapparent, unclarified, unclear

Sentence: His opponent’s intention is quite overt.

  1. Staid (adj.)

Meaning: sedate, respectable, and unadventurous. (शांत)

Synonyms: sedate, respectable, quiet

Antonyms: joking, kittenish, ludic

Sentence: He had grown staid and dull.

  1. Putrefy (verb)

Meaning: (of a body or other organic matter) decay or rot and produce a fetid smell. (सड़ना)

Synonyms: decay, rot, decompose

Antonyms: develop, grow, mature

Sentence: The body was beginning to putrefy.

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