US President Donald Trump has ordered to suspend US work visas: All you need to know about

US President Donald Trump has ordered to suspend US work visas until the end of 2020

♦Donald Trump to suspend US work visas

  • An executive order was signed recently by US President Donald Trump to suspend new applications for different foreign work visas like H-1B, H-2B, J and L visa until the end of 2020.
  • Previously, the USA has already banned the immigrant and non-immigrant worker visa for 60 days, which now has been extended until the end of 2020. The ban is effective immediately.
  • There will be an exemption on J visas for scholars and professors as well as on H-2B visa for some food industry workers.

♦What are Work Visas?

  • In developing countries like India, where people are often underpaid wants to work in the USA at relatively low costs when compared to people of the USA.
  • The USA government issues a certain number of visas each year to the employees of other countries who want to work in the USA.
  • These visas allow companies from outside the USA to send employees to work in USA.

♦What are different work visas?

H-1B Visa:

  1. H-1B Visa is issued to skilled workers.
  2. H-1B is for workers in Specialty Occupation and requires a higher education degree or its equivalent.
  • H-2B Visa: H-2B Visa are issued temporarily to non-agricultural workers in the landscaping and hospitality industries.
  • L-1 Visa: L-1 Visa is issued to executives and managers, workers with specialized knowledge for a period of up to seven years.
  • H-4 Visas: H-4 Visas is issued to dependents (spouses or children under 21 years of age) of H1B visa holders.
  • J-1 Visas: It is issued to students, professors, research scholars and exchange visitors participating in programs that promote cultural exchange, especially to obtain medical or business training within the U.S.

♦Why the visas were suspended?

  • To protect the domestic workers of the USA who had been impacted due to a contraction in the economy because of the COVID-19.
  • The ban on entry of additional workers through the H-1B, H-2B, J, and L non-immigrant visa programmes will increase employment opportunities for domestic workers of the USA.

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♦Who will be affected?

  • The new rule would apply only to those who are outside the USA and do not have a valid non-immigrant visa as of 23rd June and an official travel document other than a visa to enter the country. They will not be allowed to enter the USA until 31st December 2020.
  • The most affected will be the Indian IT companies among which H-1B Visa was the most popular.

♦Who will be not affected?

  • Lawful permanent residents of the USA and foreign nationals who are spouses or child of an American citizen will not be affected by this ban.
  • Foreign nationals who want to enter the USA to supply temporary labour or services essential to the food supply chain also are exempted from the newest proclamation.

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