What is Shimla Agreement?
A treaty was signed between India and Pakistan on 2 July 1972 in Shimla which is known as the Simla Agreement. The pact was made after the fighting between India and Pakistan in December 1971, in which more than 93000 soldiers from Pakistan, under the leadership of their Lieutenant General Niazi, surrendered to the Indian Army and the then East Pakistan as Bangladesh. Salvation was obtained from the rule.
Important points of Shimla Agreement:
- Indira Gandhi from India and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto from Pakistan were involved in the Simla Agreement
- Both countries will not try to change or violate this line.
- Whenever negotiations between the two countries take place, there will be no arbitrator or third party.
- Traffic facilities will be set up so that people from both countries can come easily.
- After the Simla Agreement, India released 93,000 Pakistani POWs.
- The land of Pakistan occupied by India in the 1971 war was also returned.
- The two countries decided that after the surrender of the Pakistani Army on 17 December 1971, the position of the forces of the two countries would be considered as the Line of Actual Control.
- The agreement provided that the two countries would try to end their conflict and dispute and it was promised that work would be done for lasting friendship in the sub-continent.
- Indira Gandhi and Bhutto decided that the two countries would hold direct talks for peaceful resolution of all disputes and problems and would not take any change in any situation by taking unilateral action.
- The two countries will neither use force against each other, nor violate territorial integrity nor interfere in each other’s political independence.
- Both governments will stop the propaganda against each other and promote the news that will develop friendship in the relationship.
India returned the land it had won to Pakistan by showing humanity and also compromised, but Pakistan did not falter with its nefarious antics. He carried out the Simla Agreement only till the time his prisoners of war returned and the occupied land was not recovered. After fulfilling these two objectives, Pakistan came down to the nefarious act as before and till now its same action is continuing i.e. to encourage terrorism in India.
Shameless Pakistan does not desist from its antics even after eating its mouth many times in war and continues to ruin India’s happiness and peace by promoting terrorism in Kashmir.