72nd Republic day 2020 : All you need to know

72nd Republic day 2020 : All you need to know

Dear All,

Jai Hind! As we all celebrate Republic Day every year on 26th January. Today here we are providing the important facts about Republic day. All you need to know about the 71st Republic day. Here you can see the 1st time held in Republic Day held in Delhi Parade. Chief guest in 71st Republic Day and All about the chief guest and their Journey/Life.

Republic Day (India)

  • Republic Day honors the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.
  • The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the Republic day because it was on this day in 1929 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.

♦What was the first time 71st Republic day

  • This year, a 122-member contingent from Bangladesh’s armed forces will be part of the Republic Day parade. They will celebrate the 50th anniversary of the 1971 Indo-Pak war that led to the liberation and creation of Bangadesh. This is the first time that a marching contingent from neighbouring country is being invited to participate in the parade. This will be the third time India will be hosting a foreign contingent to participate in the parade after the French troops in 2016 and the UAE personnel in 2017.
  • Flight Lieutenant Bhawana Kanth from Darbhanga (Bihar), one of the first women fighter pilots in the IAF, will be a part of the Republic Day parade, making her the first woman pilot to take part in the parade.
  • Andaman & Nicobar Islands troops to participate for the first time.
  • For the first time ever in more than five decades, there won’t be a chief guest presiding over the Republic Day parade.

♦Delhi Republic Day parade

  • Delhi Republic Day parade is held in the capital, New Delhi organised by the Ministry of Defence. Commencing from the gates of the Rashtrapati Bhavan (the President’s residence), Raisina Hill on Rajpath past the India Gate, this event is the main attraction of India’s Republic Day Celebrations lasting three days. The parade showcases India’s Defence Capability, Cultural and Social Heritage.
  • Nine to twelve different regiments of the Indian Army in addition to the Navy, and Air Force with their bands march past in all their finery and official decorations. The President of India who is the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, takes the salute. Twelve contingents of various para-military forces of India and other civil forces also take part in this parade.

♦How India’s Republic Day Chief Guest is chosen

Why is this choice so important? What preparations follow?

An expert explains:

  • The government extends its invitation to a Head of State or Government after careful consideration. This process commences almost six months ahead of Republic Day. There is a range of issues that the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) considers, the foremost among which is the nature of India’s relationship with the country concerned. Among other factors are political, economic, and commercial relations, the neighbourhood, military cooperation, prominence in regional groupings, or past association in the Non Aligned Movement, in which newly independent countries united in a common struggle against colonialism, apartheid, and the domination of the developed countries.
  • The MEA, after deliberations, seeks the Prime Minister’s approval, after which Rashtrapati Bhavan’s clearance is sought. India’s ambassadors in the concerned countries then try to ascertain discreetly the potential Chief Guests’ programme and availability for Republic Day. It may well be that the high dignitary has an unavoidable engagement at that time, such as a session of Parliament or an incoming State visit.
  • Apart from the main event of reviewing the Republic Day parade with the President of India, the Chief Guest’s visit includes the ceremonial guard of honour at Rashtrapati Bhavan, an evening reception hosted by the President.

♦List of Republic Day parade chief guest

  • 1950-  President Sukarno (Indonesia)
  • 1951-  King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram Shah (Nepal)
  • 1952- No Invitation
  • 1953- No Invitation
  • 1954- King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck  (Bhutan)
  • 1955- Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad (Pakistan First guest for parade at Rajpath)
  • 1956- Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. Butler  (United Kingdom) Chief Justice Kōtarō Tanaka (Japan)
  • 1957- Minister of Defence Georgy Zhukov  (Soviet Union)
  • 1958- Marshall Ye Jianying (China)
  • 1959- Duke of Edinburgh Prince Philip  (United Kingdom)
  • 1960- Chairman Kliment Voroshilov (Soviet Union)
  • 1961- Queen Elizabeth II  (United Kingdom)
  • 1962- Prime Minister Viggo Kampman (Denmark)
  • 1963- King Norodom Sihanouk (Cambodia)
  • 1964- Chief of Defence Staff Lord Louis Mountbatten (United Kingdom)
  • 1965- Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul Hamid (Pakistan)
  • 1966- No invitation   No invitation
  • 1967- King Mohammed Zahir Shah (Afghanistan)
  • 1968- Chairman Alexei Kosygin ( Soviet Union), President Josip Broz Tito        (Yugoslavia)
  • 1969- Prime Minister Todor Zhivkov (Bulgaria)
  • 1970- King of the Belgians Baudouin (Belgium)
  • 1971- President Julius Nyerere (Tanzania)
  • 1972- Prime Minister Seewoosagur Ramgoolam (Mauritius)
  • 1973- President Mobutu Sese Seko (Zaire)
  • 1974- President Josip Broz Tito  (Yugoslavia) Prime Minister Sirimavo Bandaranaike (Sri Lanka)
  • 1975- President Kenneth Kaunda (Zambia)
  • 1976- Prime Minister Jacques Chirac (France)
  • 1977- First Secretary Edward Gierek (Poland)
  • 1978- President Patrick Hillery (Ireland)
  • 1979- Prime Minister Malcolm Fraser (Australia)
  • 1980- President Valéry Giscard d’Estaing (France)
  • 1981- President Jose Lopez Portillo (Mexico)
  • 1982- King Juan Carlos I   (Spain)
  • 1983- President Shehu Shagari  (Nigeria)
  • 1984- King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Bhutan)
  • 1985- President Raúl Alfonsín (Argentina)
  • 1986- Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou (Greece)
  • 1987- President Alan Garcia (Peru)
  • 1988- President J. R. Jayewardene (Sri Lanka)
  • 1989- General Secretary Nguyen Van Linh (Vietnam)
  • 1990- Prime Minister Anerood Jugnauth (Mauritius)
  • 1991- President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom (Maldives)
  • 1992- President Mário Soares (Portugal)
  • 1993- Prime Minister John Major (United Kingdom)
  • 1994- Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong (Singapore)
  • 1995- President Nelson Mandela  (South Africa)
  • 1996- President Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brazil)
  • 1997- Prime Minister Basdeo Panday (Trinidad and Tobago)
  • 1998- President Jacques Chirac ( France)
  • 1999- King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (Nepal)
  • 2000- President Olusegun Obasanjo (Nigeria)
  • 2001- President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (Algeria)
  • 2002- President Cassam Uteem  (Mauritius)
  • 2003- President Mohammed Khatami (Iran)
  • 2004- President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva (Brazil)
  • 2005- King Jigme Singye Wangchuck (Bhutan)
  • 2006- King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-Saud (Saudi Arabia)
  • 2007- President Vladimir Putin (Russia)
  • 2008- President Nicolas Sarkozy (France)
  • 2009- President Nursultan Nazarbayev (Kazakhstan)
  • 2010- President Lee Myung Bak (South Korea)
  • 2011- President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (Indonesia)
  • 2012- Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra (Thailand)
  • 2013- King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (Bhutan)
  • 2014- Prime Minister Shinzo Abe  (Japan)
  • 2015- President Barack Obama (United States)
  • 2016- President François Hollande (France)
  • 2017- Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan (United Arab Emirates)
  • 2018- Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah   Brunei
  • Ten guests (Heads of ASEAN states)
  • Prime Minister Hun Sen   ( Cambodia)
  • President Joko Widodo ( Indonesia)
  • Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith (Laos)
  • Prime Minister Najib Razak (Malaysia)
  • State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi  (Myanmar)
  • President Rodrigo Roa Duterte  (Philippines)
  • Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong Singapore (invitation)
  • Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc (Vietnam)
  • 2019- President Cyril Ramaphosa (South Africa)
  • 2020- President Jair Messias Bolsonaro (Brazil)
  • 2021- No Chief Guest (Due to Covid-19)

Related MCQ questions 

Q.1. Jair Messias Bolsonaro was the chief guest of  Republic day parade 2020. He is the president of which country?
(a) Brazil
(b) Denmark
(c) Cuba
(d) Sweden
(e) Finland
Ans.1.(a)
Exp. The Republic day ceremony that lasted one and a half hours, was witnessed by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and the chief guest of this year’s parade, Brazilian president Jair Messias Bolsonaro as President of India, Ram Nath Kovind took the salute.
Q.2. India marked its ____________ Republic Day on 26th January 2020.
(a) 75th
(b) 74th
(c) 73rd
(d) 72nd
(e) 71st
Ans.2.(d)
Exp. India marked its 72nd Republic Day on 26th January 2021.

Q.3. Who became the first woman fighter pilots in the IAF, will be a part of the Republic Day parade?
(a) Shalija Dhami
(b) Hina Jaiswal
(c) Anjali Singh
(d) Bhawana Kanth
(e) Tania Shergill
Ans.3.(d)
Exp.Flight Lieutenant Bhawana Kanth from Darbhanga(Bihar), one of the first women fighter pilots in the IAF, will be a part of the Republic Day parade, making her the first woman pilot to take part in the parade.

Q.4. Which Indian troops was seen for the first time taking part in this Republic Day Parade 2021 at the Rajpath ?
(a) MARCOS
(b) NDRF
(c) NSG
(d) SPG
(e)Andaman & Nicobar Islands troops
Ans.4.(e)

Q.5. When was the Constitution adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly?
(a) 15 August 1947
(b) 26 January 1950
(c) 26 January 1949
(d) 26 November 1949
(e) 26 November 1950
Ans.5.(d)
Exp. The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country’s transition towards becoming an independent republic.

6.On Which year First Republic Day was celebrated?

A)1949

B)1951

C) 1950

D) 1947

Ans:C

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