75th Independence Day 2022: Highlights

75th Independence Day 2022: Highlights

Independence Day is annually celebrated on 15 August, as a national holiday in India commemorating the nation’s independence from the British rule on 15 August 1947.

First Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru raised the Indian national flag above the Lahori Gate of the Red Fort in Delhi.

History

European traders had established outposts in the Indian subcontinent by the 17th century. Through overwhelming military strength, the British East India company subdued local kingdoms and established themselves as the dominant force by the 18th century.

Many important movement for independence

  • 1857- Movement by Mangal Pandey
  • 1919- Jallianwala bagh
  • 1921-22- Boycott of British Goods.
  • 1930- Dandi March
  • 1942- Quit India
  • 1947- Partition

About Flag

The National Flag of India is a horizontal rectangular tricolour of India saffron, white and India green; with the Ashoka Chakra, a 24-spoke wheel, in navy blue at its centre. … In India, the term “tricolour” (Hindi: तिरंगा, romanized: Tiraṅgā) almost always refers to the Indian national flag.

  • Designed by: Pingali Venkayya
  • Adopted on: 22 July 1947

Number of time flag Hoisted

  • Jawaharlal Nehru-17 times (First PM,  1947) (Maximum time Hoisted flag)
  • Indira Gandhi- 16  times 
  • Manmohan Singh- 10 times
  • Narendra  Modi-9 times
  • Atal Bihari Vajpayee- 6 times
  • Rajiv Gandhi- 5 times
  • P.V Narshima Rao- 5 times
  • Mararji Desai, Lal bahadur shastri- 2times
  • Chaudhary charan singh, Vp singh, H.D deve gowda- 1 time
  • Gulzari lal Nanda, Chandra shekhar- Not hoisted flag

Note- PM Modi 15 Prime Ministers (in Persons)

Highlights of the PM Modi’s Independence Day speech at Red Fort:

  • Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan, Jai Vigyaan aur Jai Anusandhan: PM Modi
  • Amrit Kaal a great opportunity to bring about a sea of changes: PM Modi
  • India is mother of democracy: PM Modi
  • 5G mobile services to start soon: PM Modi
  • I am the first person born after Independence to address nation from Red Fort: PM Modi
  • PM Modi asks India to promote gender equality to achieve unity
  • PM Modi pays tribute to Maharishi Aurobindo on his birth anniversary
  • PM Modi takes on nepotism, dynasty politics
  • PM Modi lays out ‘Panchprana’ development strategy for next 25 years (In coming years,we’ve to focus on ‘Panchpran’- First, to move forward with bigger resolves & resolve of developed India; Second, erase all traces of servitude; Third,be proud of our legacy; Fourth,strength of unity& Fifth,duties of citizens which includes the PM and CMs: PM Modi)
  • PM Modi stresses on ‘Viksit Bharat’ in I-Day speech (“We must resolve to work towards a ‘viksit bharat’ (industrial India) and remove any vestiges of colonialism from any corner or in our hearts,” said PM Modi)
  • Ensure we are united through ‘India First’ mantra: PM Modi (Equality is the cornerstone of India’s progress, PM Modi stated, adding, “we need to make sure we are united through the mantra of ‘India first’.)
  • We achieved ethanol-petrol blending ahead of schedule: PM Modi (We were highly dependent on oil imports for our needs. We planned to blend 10% ethanol with petrol. It appeared to be a difficult task to accomplish. However, we achieved the blending of ethanol with petrol ahead of schedule: PM)

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