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Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given question.
There are seven boxes which are kept one above the other having different weight. Box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. Box M is placed immediately above box D. There is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight. Box O is kept below A. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O.
Which of the following box is kept immediately below E?
(a) M
(b) D
(c) R
(d) G
(e) O
Answer & Explanation
Ans. a
Sol. Step 1: Using the given conditions, box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. So, there will be three possible cases,
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 KG
A
48 KG
G
28 KG
Step 2 : From the given condition, there is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
60 kg
A
48 Kg
G
28 Kg
Step 3 : As it is given that, Box M is placed immediately above box D. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
D
60 kg
A
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Step 4 : Now using the remaining conditions, Box O is kept below A. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Now, as it is given that Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O, So, case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated and we get our final answer.
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
2. Which of the following box is of 48 kg in weight?
(a) M
(b) R
(c) D
(d) O
(e) None of these
Answer & Explanation
Ans. d
Sol. Step 1: Using the given conditions, box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. So, there will be three possible cases,
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 KG
A
48 KG
G
28 KG
Step 2 : From the given condition, there is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
60 kg
A
48 Kg
G
28 Kg
Step 3 : As it is given that, Box M is placed immediately above box D. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
D
60 kg
A
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Step 4 : Now using the remaining conditions, Box O is kept below A. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Now, as it is given that Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O, So, case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated and we get our final answer.
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
How many boxes are kept below D?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) None
(e) One
Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Sol. Step 1: Using the given conditions, box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. So, there will be three possible cases,
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 KG
A
48 KG
G
28 KG
Step 2 : From the given condition, there is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
60 kg
A
48 Kg
G
28 Kg
Step 3 : As it is given that, Box M is placed immediately above box D. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
D
60 kg
A
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Step 4 : Now using the remaining conditions, Box O is kept below A. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Now, as it is given that Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O, So, case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated and we get our final answer.
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
What is the weight of the box R?
(a) 28 kg
(b) 36 kg
(c) 48 kg
(d) 50 kg
(e) None of these
Answer & Explanation
Ans. b
Sol. Step 1: Using the given conditions, box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. So, there will be three possible cases,
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 KG
A
48 KG
G
28 KG
Step 2 : From the given condition, there is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
60 kg
A
48 Kg
G
28 Kg
Step 3 : As it is given that, Box M is placed immediately above box D. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
D
60 kg
A
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Step 4 : Now using the remaining conditions, Box O is kept below A. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Now, as it is given that Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O, So, case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated and we get our final answer.
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
5. How many boxes are kept between E and G?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) Five
(e) One
Answer & Explanation
Ans. d
Sol. Step 1: Using the given conditions, box A is kept immediately above the box which is 48kg in weight. There are three boxes between E and the box which is 48 kg in weight. Box E is 72 kg in weight. Box R is not of 48 kg. Box G is 28 kg in weight and is kept either at the top or at the bottom. More than two boxes are kept below A. So, there will be three possible cases,
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 KG
A
48 KG
G
28 KG
Step 2 : From the given condition, there is only one box kept between the box which is 60 kg in weight and the box which is 72 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
60 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
60 kg
A
48 Kg
G
28 Kg
Step 3 : As it is given that, Box M is placed immediately above box D. Box M is neither 48 kg nor 60 kg in weight. Box R is 36 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
48 kg
M
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
D
60 kg
A
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Step 4 : Now using the remaining conditions, Box O is kept below A. Box A is not 67 kg in weight. There is one box kept between box which is 67 kg in weight and the box which is 50 kg in weight.
Case 1
Box
Weight
G
28 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
Case 2
Box
Weight
A
50 kg
O
48 kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
R
36 kg
E
72 kg
G
28 kg
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Now, as it is given that Less than three boxes are kept below the Box O, So, case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated and we get our final answer.
Case 3
Box
Weight
E
72 Kg
M
67 kg
D
60 kg
A
50 kg
O
48 Kg
R
36 kg
G
28 Kg
Directions (6-10): Study the following information and answer the questions given below:
There are seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. Box F is placed below Box E. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box F is of Blue colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. Box A is not placed at the bottom. Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G.
Which of the following box is placed immediately below box which is of Black colour?
(a) Box A
(b) Box N
(c) Box F
(d) Box M
(e) None of these
Answer & Explanation
Ans. d
Sol.
Step 1:- From the given conditions, seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box A is not placed at the bottom. So, there will be
Case 1
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 2
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Step 2:- Using the remaining conditions, box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. So, from these conditions case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated.
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Step 3:- Now Box F is of Blue colour and Box F is placed below Box E. So, from these condition case 3 will be eliminated. Continuing with step 4, Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G. Hence, we get our final arrangement:
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
G
Yellow
A
Black
M
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
N
Orange
F
Blue
Which of the following box is of Yellow?
(a) Box G
(b) Box M
(c) Box A
(d) Box N
(e) Box F
Answer & Explanation
Ans. a
Sol.
Step 1:- From the given conditions, seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box A is not placed at the bottom. So, there will be
Case 1
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 2
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Step 2:- Using the remaining conditions, box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. So, from these conditions case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated.
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Step 3:- Now Box F is of Blue colour and Box F is placed below Box E. So, from these condition case 3 will be eliminated. Continuing with step 4, Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G. Hence, we get our final arrangement:
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
G
Yellow
A
Black
M
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
N
Orange
F
Blue
How many boxes are kept above box N?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Five
(d) Four
(e) One
Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Sol.
Step 1:- From the given conditions, seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box A is not placed at the bottom. So, there will be
Case 1
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 2
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Step 2:- Using the remaining conditions, box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. So, from these conditions case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated.
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Step 3:- Now Box F is of Blue colour and Box F is placed below Box E. So, from these condition case 3 will be eliminated. Continuing with step 4, Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G. Hence, we get our final arrangement:
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
G
Yellow
A
Black
M
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
N
Orange
F
Blue
How many boxes are kept between F and G?
(a) Two
(b) Three
(c) Four
(d) Five
(e) One
Answer & Explanation
Ans. d
Sol.
Step 1:- From the given conditions, seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box A is not placed at the bottom. So, there will be
Case 1
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 2
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Step 2:- Using the remaining conditions, box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. So, from these conditions case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated.
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Step 3:- Now Box F is of Blue colour and Box F is placed below Box E. So, from these condition case 3 will be eliminated. Continuing with step 4, Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G. Hence, we get our final arrangement:
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
G
Yellow
A
Black
M
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
N
Orange
F
Blue
What is the colour of the box B?
(a) Green
(b) Pink
(c) Red
(d) Orange
(e) Blue
Answer & Explanation
Ans. c
Sol.
Step 1:- From the given conditions, seven boxes which are kept one above the other such that all are of different colour. Box B is of Red colour and is not kept at the top or at the bottom. The yellow colour box is kept at the top. There are two boxes between Box A, which is of black colour and Box B, which is placed immediately above orange colour box. Box A is not placed at the bottom. So, there will be
Case 1
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 2
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
B
Red
Orange
A
Black
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
B
Red
Orange
Step 2:- Using the remaining conditions, box E is of pink colour and placed immediately below the box which is of Green colour. Box E is not placed at the bottom. So, from these conditions case 1 and case 2 will be eliminated.
Case 3
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Case 4
BOXES
COLOUR
Yellow
A
Black
Green
E
Pink
B
Red
Orange
Step 3:- Now Box F is of Blue colour and Box F is placed below Box E. So, from these condition case 3 will be eliminated. Continuing with step 4, Box N is of Orange colour and Box M is placed below Box G. Hence, we get our final arrangement: