Chinese navy becomes world’s largest navy: Pentagon

Chinese navy becomes world’s largest navy: Pentagon

The US Department of Defense (DoD) has released its ‘2020 China Military Power Report’ showing that the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has the largest navy in the world, surpassing the US Navy.

In the report submitted to Congress annually, the Pentagon said: “The PRC has the largest navy in the world, with an overall battle force of approximately 350 ships and submarines including over 130 major surface combatants.

“In comparison, the US Navy’s battle force is approximately 293 ships as of early 2020.”

China navy Strength

  • Aircraft carriers – 2
  • Cruisers – 1
  • Destroyers – 32
  • Frigates – 49
  • Corvettes – 37
  • Amphibious transport dock – 37
  • Medium landing ships – 21
  • Diesel attack submarines – 46
  • Nuclear attack submarines – 6
  • Ballistic missile submarines – 4
  • Coastal patrol (missile) – 86

Indian navy Strength

  • Aircraft carriers – 1 (. India’s second aircraft carrier INS Vikrant is set to be commissioned in September 2021)
  • Destroyers – 10
  • Frigates – 14
  • Corvettes – 23
  • Diesel/Electric attack submarines – 15
  • Nuclear attack submarines – 2
  • Ballistic missile submarines – 2
  • Coastal patrol (missile) – 10
  •  Landing ship tanks-8
  • 4 fleet tankers and various auxiliary vessels and small patrol boats.

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How does this impact India?

The Pentagon report is a warning bell for India, as it implies that China is looking to expand its footprint in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) after already establishing an overseas base at Djibouti on the Horn of Africa in August 2017.

Besides this, China already has access to two Pakistani ports- Karachi and Gwadar. Additionally, China is looking to supply 8 Yuan-class diesel-electric submarines, 4 Type-054A multi-role stealth frigates and other weapons and naval platforms to Pakistan, which again would pose a threat in the Indian Ocean Region.

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