Current Affairs Quiz 21st and 22nd May 2022 : Daily GK Update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 21st and 22nd May 2022 Quiz

Current Affairs quiz 2022, Daily gk updates and Current affairs is playing a major role in any competitive exam. so here we are providing the current affairs quiz on daily basis for Bank, SSC, Railway and Other Government Competitive Examinations.

Here you can find Current Affairs Quiz for IBPS PO Mains, Current Affairs Quiz for IBPS RRB PO Mains, Current Affairs Quiz for IBPS RRB Clerk Mains, Current Affairs Quiz for RBI Assistant Mains, Current Affairs Quiz for RBI Grade B, Current Affairs Quiz for SSC.

Q.1. BRICS countries’ multilateral bank New Development Bank (NDB) will open its first regional office in India in which state?

ब्रिक्स देशों का बहुपक्षीय बैंक न्यू डेवलपमेंट बैंक (NDB) भारत में अपना पहला क्षेत्रीय कार्यालय किस राज्य में खोलेगा?

(a) West Bengal / पश्चिम बंगाल

(b) Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

(c) Gujarat / गुजरात

(d) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(e) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(c)

Exp. BRICs’ New Development Bank opened India’s regional office in Gujarat’s GIFT City

The New Development Bank (NDB), the BRICS countries’ multilateral bank based in Shanghai, will open its first regional office in India at the Gujarat International Finance Tec-City (GIFT City) to address the country’s infrastructural and sustainable development needs.

The India office will concentrate on extending its presence in the country by developing, implementing, and monitoring new projects.

NDB’s existing regional offices will be supplemented by the new India office. Its Africa Regional Center (ARC) opened in Johannesburg in 2017, the Americas Regional Office (ARO) in So Paulo with a sub-office in Brasil in 2019, and the Eurasian Regional Centre (ERC) in Moscow in 2020.

The NDB was founded in July 2015 by the BRICS countries of Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. Since then, Bangladesh, UAE, Egypt, and Uruguay have joined the bank.

Q.2. In the Third Advance Estimates of production of major crops for the year 2021-22 released by the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare (MoAF&W), India’s estimated food grains production is ____________________ million tonnes.

कृषि और किसान कल्याण मंत्रालय (MoAF&W) द्वारा जारी वर्ष 2021-22 के लिए प्रमुख फसलों के उत्पादन के तीसरे अग्रिम अनुमान में, भारत का अनुमानित खाद्यान्न उत्पादन ____________________ मिलियन टन है।

(a) 49.86 million tonnes / 49.86 मिलियन टन

(b) 111.32 million tonnes / 111.32 मिलियन टन

(c) 127.93 million tonnes / 127.93 मिलियन टन

(d) 314.51 million tonnes / 314.51 मिलियन टन

(e) 414.04 million tonnes / 414.04 मिलियन टन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(d)

Exp. Third Advance Estimates for Production of Major Crops 2021-22 released

The Union Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare has released the third advance estimate of the production of major agricultural crops for 2021-22.

The food grains production in the country has been estimated at 314.51 million tonnes which is a record high and is higher by 3.77 million tonnes from the food grain production during 2020-21.

During 2021-22, the average food grain production was higher by 23.80 million tonnes as compared to the previous five years from 2016-17 to 2020-21.

There has been an estimated record production of maize, rice, oilseeds, pulses, rapeseed, gram, sugarcane, and mustard.

As per the 3rd Advance Estimates, the estimated production of major crops during the year 2021-22:

  • Rice: 129.66 million tonnes (record production)
  • Food grains: 314.51 million tonnes
  • Wheat: 106.41 million tonnes
  • Maize: 33.18 million tonnes. (record production)
  • Coarse/ Nutri Cereals 50.70 million tonnes
  • Tur: 4.35 million tonnes
  • Pulses: 27.75 million tonnes. (record production)
  • Oilseeds: 38.50 million tonnes. (record production)
  • Gram: 13.98 million tonnes. (record production)
  • Soyabean: 13.83 million tonnes
  • Groundnut: 10.09 million tonnes
  • Sugarcane: 430.50 million tonnes (record production)
  • Mustard and Rapeseed: 11.75 million tonnes (record production)
  • Mesta and Jute: 10.22 million bales which are 180 kg each
  • Cotton: 31.54 million bales which are 170 kg each

Q.3. Which organization has announced actions it plans to take as part of a comprehensive, global response to the ongoing food security crisis, with up to $30 billion financing in existing and new projects?

किस संगठन ने मौजूदा और नई परियोजनाओं में $30 बिलियन तक के वित्तपोषण के साथ, चल रहे खाद्य सुरक्षा संकट के लिए एक व्यापक, वैश्विक प्रतिक्रिया के हिस्से के रूप में कार्रवाई करने की घोषणा की है?

(a) World bank / विश्व बैंक

(b) Asian Development Bank / एशियाई विकास बैंक

(c) International Monetary fund / अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष

(d) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank / एशियन इन्फ्रास्ट्रक्चर इन्वेस्टमेंट बैंक

(e) New Development Bank / न्यू डेवलपमेंट बैंक

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(a)

Exp. World Bank announced USD 30 billion fund for food security crisis

The World Bank has announced actions it plans to take as part of a comprehensive, global response to the ongoing food security crisis, with up to $30 billion financing in existing and new projects.

Financing will be provided in the areas like nutrition, agriculture, water, social protection, and irrigation so as to address the ongoing food insecurity across the globe over the next 15 months.

The financing will also be including efforts that will help boost fertilizer and food production, facilitate trade, enhance the food systems, and support the vulnerable producers and households from across the globe.

The World Bank has been working in tandem with several countries to prepare USD 12 billion worth of new projects to respond to the ongoing food crisis over the next 15 months.

The existing portfolio of the World Bank includes undisbursed balances amounting to USD 18.7 billion for projects that have a direct link to nutrition and food-related security issues.

Q.4. National Geographic Society has installed the “world’s highest weather station” on which mountain at an altitude of 8,830 metres to automatically measure various meteorological phenomena?

नेशनल ज्योग्राफिक सोसाइटी ने विभिन्न मौसम संबंधी घटनाओं को स्वचालित रूप से मापने के लिए किस पर्वत पर 8,830 मीटर की ऊंचाई पर “दुनिया का सबसे ऊंचा मौसम स्टेशन” स्थापित किया है?

(a) Kanchenjunga / कंचनजंगा

(b) Mount Everest / माउंट एवरेस्ट

(c) Nanda Devi / नंदा देवी

(d) Nanga Parbat / नंगा परबत

(e) K2 / के2

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(b)

Exp. World’s Highest Weather Station installed on Mt. Everest

National Geographic Society has installed the “world’s highest weather station” on Mount Everest at an altitude of 8,830 metres to automatically measure various meteorological phenomena.

Nepal’s Department of Hydrology and Meteorology (DHM) said the automatic weather station was installed a few metres below the summit point last week as the snow and ice on the summit are not suitable for fixing equipment.

The weather monitoring system, powered by solar energy, is supposed to measure various meteorological phenomena like air temperature, wind speed and direction, air pressure, change in surface height of snow, and incoming and outgoing short and longwave radiation.

The NatGeo team, led by climate scientist Baker Perry from the Appalachian State University in the US, consisted of climbers and scientists, many of whom scaled the world’s highest peak while installing the weather station.

Q.5. Which bank has tied up with Amazon Pay and Amazon Web Services (AWS) to deliver universal payments interface (UPI) payments, which will include peer-to-peer and peer-to-merchant transactions?

यूनिवर्सल पेमेंट इंटरफेस (यूपीआई) भुगतान देने के लिए किस बैंक ने अमेज़ॅन पे और अमेज़ॅन वेब सर्विसेज (एडब्ल्यूएस) के साथ करार किया है, जिसमें पीयर-टू-पीयर और पीयर-टू-मर्चेंट लेनदेन शामिल होंगे?

(a) Federal Bank / फेडरल बैंक

(b) RBL Bank / आरबीएल बैंक

(c) Yes Bank / यस बैंक

(d) ICICI Bank / आईसीआईसीआई बैंक

(e) Axis Bank / एक्सिस बैंक

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(b)

Exp. RBL Bank tied up with Amazon Pay to offer UPI payment services

RBL Bank has tied up with Amazon Pay, and Amazon Web Services (AWS) to deliver universal payments interface (UPI) payments, which will include peer-to-peer and peer-to-merchant transactions.

Amazon Pay would grant RBL Bank a UPI ID with the handle @rapl from the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), resulting in a simplified payments experience using RBL Bank’s cloud-based processing infrastructure.

With its AWS-hosted payment processing technology, RBL strengthens its footprint in the UPI arena, allowing the bank to interact with Amazon Pay’s growing client base and transaction volumes.

Q.6. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) in its ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) Mid-year Update 2022’ has estimated India’s GDP growth in 2022-23 at __________________.

संयुक्त राष्ट्र आर्थिक और सामाजिक मामलों के विभाग (यूएन-डीईएसए) ने अपनी विश्व आर्थिक स्थिति और संभावनाएँ (डब्ल्यूईएसपी) मिड-ईयर अपडेट 2022में 2022-23 में ___________ पर भारत की जीडीपी वृद्धि का अनुमान लगाया है।

(a) 9.0%

(b) 8.7%

(c) 7.9%

(d) 6.4%

(e) 5.9%

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(d)

Exp. UN projected India’s GDP growth at 6.4% in 2022-23

United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN-DESA) in its ‘World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) Mid-year Update 2022’ has declined India’s GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth projections from 6.7% to 6.4% for 2022-23.

For 2023-24, 6% GDP growth forecasted for India as against 6.1%. In 2021, India economy grew at 8.8%.

The growth outlook for South Asia is also downgraded by 0.4 percentage points to 5.5% in 2022.

Q.7. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) board has approved a dividend payment of Rs. _______________ to the Centre for the fiscal year 2021-22.

भारतीय रिजर्व बैंक (RBI) के बोर्ड ने वित्तीय वर्ष 2021-22 के लिए केंद्र को _____________________ रुपये के लाभांश भुगतान को मंजूरी दी है।

(a) Rs. 30,307 crores / रु. 30,307 करोड़

(b) Rs. 58,558 crores / रु. 58,558 करोड़

(c) Rs. 67,789 crores / रु. 67,789 करोड़

(d) Rs. 73,054 crores / रु. 73,054 करोड़

(e) Rs. 86,457 crores / रु. 86,457 करोड़

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(a)

Exp. RBI approved Rs 30,307 crores dividend payment to centre for FY22

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) board has approved a dividend payment of Rs. 30,307 crores to the Centre for the fiscal year 2021-22.

The bank’s central board of directors also decided to maintain the contingency risk buffer (CRB) at 5.50%. CRB, which comes from the contingency fund, is risk provisioning made from economic capital to cover monetary, credit, fiscal stability, and operational risks.

In the 2022 budget, the government had estimated that it would receive Rs. 73,948 crores as dividend from the RBI and state-owned banks for FY22. The budgeted dividend is 27% lower than the ₹1.01 trillion the centre received in FY22.

Q.8. Paytm has announced a Joint Venture (JV) general insurance company named as Paytm General Insurance Ltd (PGIL). Paytm has announced plans to infuse ₹________________ in PGIL in tranches, over a period of 10 years.

पेटीएम ने पेटीएम जनरल इंश्योरेंस लिमिटेड (पीजीआईएल) नामक एक संयुक्त उद्यम (जेवी) सामान्य बीमा कंपनी की घोषणा की है। पेटीएम ने 10 वर्षों की अवधि में पीजीआईएल में किश्तों में ₹ _________ डालने की योजना की घोषणा की है।

(a) Rs 450 crores / 450 करोड़ रु

(b) Rs 500 crores / 500 करोड़ रु

(c) Rs 650 crores / 650 करोड़ रु

(d) Rs 950 crores / 950 करोड़ रु

(e) Rs 1000 crores / 1000 करोड़ रु

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(d)

Exp. Paytm announced a JV ‘Paytm General Insurance Ltd’, plans to invest ₹950 crores in 10 years

Paytm has announced a Joint Venture (JV) general insurance company named as Paytm General Insurance Ltd (PGIL).

Paytm has announced plans to infuse ₹950 crore in PGIL in tranches, over a period of 10 years and to hold upfront equity stake of 74% in JV. Following the investment, Paytm General Insurance will become a subsidiary of Paytm.

Incorporated in 2018, PGIL plans to register for and undertake general insurance business defined under Section 2(6B) of the Insurance Act, 1938 (“Insurance Act”). Notably, PGIL is yet to commence its general insurance business which is currently subject to receipt of the certificate of registration from IRDAI.

At present, One 97 holds a 49% stake in PGIL, while the remaining 51% is held by VSS Holdings Private Limited (“VHPL”), a company owned and controlled by Vijay Shekhar Sharma.

Post the completion of the transaction, PGIL will become a wholly-owned subsidiary of Paytm where the latter will hold about 74% shareholding, and the remaining 26% stake will be held by VHPL.

Q.9. Which company will acquire wealth management platforms Wealthdesk & OpenQ for about $75 million in total?

कौन सी कंपनी कुल 75 मिलियन डॉलर में वेल्थडेस्क और ओपनक्यू जैसे वेल्थ मैनेजमेंट प्लेटफॉर्म का अधिग्रहण करेगी?

(a) PhonePe / फ़ोन पे

(b) Google Pay / गूगल पे

(c) Paytm / पेटीएम

(d) Amazon Pay / अमेज़न पे

(e) BharatPe / भारत पे

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(a)

Exp. Phonepe will acquire wealth management platforms Wealthdesk & OpenQ

Flipkart’s PhonePe, an Indian payments business backed by Walmart Inc., is acquiring two wealth management firms for $75 million in total.

WealthDesk will cost roughly $50 million, while OpenQ will cost nearly $25 million, including debt.

Customers may invest in equities and exchange traded funds through WealthDesk, which was formed in 2016 and is based in Mumbai, India’s financial hub. OpenQ also provides trading baskets and investing analytics to consumers and institutional customers.

PhonePe, managed by Sameer Nigam and started in 2015, was partially split out from Flipkart in 2020. Walmart directly owns around 10% of PhonePe, while the e-commerce behemoth owns roughly 87 percent.

Q.10. Who has taken over additional charge of the post of Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) of RailTel Corporation of India Limited (RCIL)?

रेलटेल कॉर्पोरेशन ऑफ इंडिया लिमिटेड (RCIL) के अध्यक्ष और प्रबंध निदेशक (CMD) के पद का अतिरिक्त प्रभार किसने ग्रहण किया है?

(a) Nidhi Chibber / निधि छिब्बर

(b) Sangeeta Singh / संगीता सिंह

(c) Aruna Singh / अरुणा सिंह

(d) Vishakha Mulye / विशाखा मूले

(e) Jasleen Kohli / जसलीन कोहली

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(c)

Exp. Aruna Singh given additional charge as CMD of RCIL

Aruna Singh presently working as Additional Member (Telecom) in the Railway Board took over additional charge of the post of Chairman & Managing Director (CMD) of RailTel Corporation of India Limited (RCIL).

Singh was an officer of 1985 batch of Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE). Had also started her career from Northern Railway zone, she has held many important assignments in different zones & wings of Indian Railways.

RCIL is an Indian public sector enterprise focusing on providing broadband and VPN services.

Q.11. Who has been reappointed as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director (CEO & MD) of Infosys?

इन्फोसिस के मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी और प्रबंध निदेशक (सीईओ और एमडी) के रूप में किसे फिर से नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Gopal Vittal / गोपाल विट्ठल

(b) SS Mundra / एसएस मुंद्रा

(c) Kamal Bawa / कमल बावा

(d) Salil Parekh / सलिल पारेख

(e) B Govindarajan / बी गोविंदराजन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(d)

Exp. Salil Parekh re-appointed MD & CEO of Infosys

IT major Infosys announced that its Board of Directors has reappointed Salil S. Parekh as Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director (CEO & MD) of the Company effective from July 1, 2022 for a period of five years till March 31, 2027, subject to the approval of shareholders.

Salil Parekh, has been the Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Infosys since January 2018 and has successfully led Infosys over the last 4 years.

Q.12. Who has been appointed as Additional Director of Paytm for a tenure of 5 years?

5 साल के कार्यकाल के लिए पेटीएम के अतिरिक्त निदेशक के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Vijay Shekhar Sharma / विजय शेखर शर्मा

(b) Madhur Deora / मधुर देवड़ा

(c) Ritesh Agarwal / रितेश अग्रवाल

(d) Manoj Soni / मनोज सोनी

(e) Vineet Arora / विनीत अरोड़ा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(b)

Exp. Vijay Shekhar Sharma re-appointed as MD and CEO of Paytm

Vijay Shekhar Sharma has been re-appointed as the Managing Director (MD) and Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Paytm for another 5 years term. His tenure will be from December 19, 2022, to December 18, 2027.

One 97 Communications which is listed under the Paytm brand, also announced the appointment of Madhur Deora as Additional Director of the company for a tenure of 5 years from May 20, 2022, to May 19, 2027.

Further, the Board has also approved the appointment of Deora as the Whole-time director designated as “Whole-time Director and Chief Financial Officer” of the Company. Deora is the President and Group Chief Financial Officer of the Company.

Q.13. Name the innovator from Rajasthan who has won the 1st prize for the Amazon Smbhav Entrepreneurship Challenge 2022.

राजस्थान के उस इन्नोवेटर का नाम बताइए जिसने अमेज़न संभव उद्यमिता चुनौती 2022 के लिए प्रथम पुरस्कार जीता है।

(a) Bhushan Kumar / भूषण कुमार

(b) Subhash Ola / सुभाष ओला

(c) Aarefa Johari / आरेफा जोहरी

(d) Ramdarash Mishra / रामदरश मिश्रा

(e) Amar Mitra / अमर मित्र

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(b)

Exp. Geniusenergy Critical Innovation Pvt Ltd won the Start-up of the Year award at Amazon Smbhav Entrepreneurship Challenge 2022

An innovator from Rajasthan who has developed the technology of saving energy in boilers by recycling steam, Subhash Ola has won the 1st prize for the Amazon Smbhav Entrepreneurship Challenge 2022 and his enterprise “Geniusenergy Critical Innovation Private Limited” has won the Start-up of the Year award.

The technology was first developed to make khoya and other milk products, and the portfolio of applications was later extended to textile, milk and food, pharma, plywood, paper mills, leather industry, chemical industry, hot water boiler generator, plastic recycle, laundry, hospitals and so on.

Geniusenergy Critical Innovation, a start-up recognized by Govt. of India, was incubated by the National Innovation Foundation (NIF), an autonomous body of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Govt. of India.

Q.14. Which organization has successfully conducted the flight test of the indigenously-developed Naval Anti-Ship Missile from a Seaking 42B Helicopter from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off the coast of Odisha?

किस संगठन ने ओडिशा के तट पर चांदीपुर के एकीकृत परीक्षण रेंज से एक सीकिंग 42बी हेलीकॉप्टर से स्वदेशी रूप से विकसित नौसेना विरोधी जहाज मिसाइल का उड़ान परीक्षण सफलतापूर्वक आयोजित किया है?

(a) Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) / रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास संगठन

(b) Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL) / रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास प्रयोगशाला

(c) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) / हिंदुस्तान एयरोनॉटिक्स लिमिटेड

(d) Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) / भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन

(e) National Space Informatics Centre (NSIC) / राष्ट्रीय अंतरिक्ष सूचना केंद्र (NSIC)

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(a)

Exp. DRDO & Indian Navy successfully test-fired first indigenous naval anti-ship missile

Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Navy successfully conducted the flight test of the indigenously-developed Naval Anti-Ship Missile.

It is the first indigenous air launched anti-ship missile system for the Indian Navy. The missile was launched from a Seaking 42B Helicopter from Integrated Test Range, Chandipur off the coast of Odisha.

The missile is fitted with many new technologies such as an indigenously developed launcher for the helicopter, Missile Guidance System, a State-of-the-art navigation system and integrated avionics.

Q.15. Ministry of Railways has entered into an Rs 8.34 crore collaborative project with which IIT on Hyperloop Technology, proposing a high-speed transportation system?

रेल मंत्रालय ने हाइपरलूप प्रौद्योगिकी पर किस IIT के साथ एक उच्च गति परिवहन प्रणाली का प्रस्ताव करते हुए 8.34 करोड़ रुपये की सहयोगी परियोजना में प्रवेश किया है?

(a) IISc- Bengaluru / IISc- बेंगलुरु

(b) IIT-Bombay / IIT-बॉम्बे

(c) IIT- Delhi / IIT- दिल्ली

(d) IIT-Madras / IIT- मद्रास

(e) IIT-Guwahati/ IIT-गुवाहाटी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(d)

Exp. Railway Ministry approved Rs. 8.34 crores collaborative project with IIT Madras on Hyperloop technology

The Ministry of Railways and Indian Institute of Technology, Madras has entered into an Rs 8.34 crore collaborative project on Hyperloop Technology, proposing a high-speed transportation system.

The proposal was approved by Ashwini Vaishnaw, Union Minister for Railways, Communications, Electronics and Information Technology at IIT-M.

The Collaboration is made after the submission of the research proposal by IIT-M to indigenously develop and validate Hyperloop technology based transportation systems and its subsystems.

The collaboration also involves setting up a Centre for Excellence for Hyperloop Technology at IIT-M.

Q.16. Which football club has won UEFA Europa Football League title in 2022?

किस फुटबॉल क्लब ने 2022 में यूईएफए यूरोपा फुटबॉल लीग का खिताब जीता है?

(a) Rangers FC / रेंजर्स एफसी

(b) Chelsea / चेल्सी

(c) Eintracht Frankfurt / आइंट्राच्ट फ्रैंकफर्ट

(d) Barcelona / बार्सिलोना

(e) Real Madrid / रियल मैड्रिड

Answer & Explanation
Ans.16.(c)

Exp. Germany’s Eintracht Frankfurt won UEFA Europa Football League title

German club Eintracht Frankfurt has won their first European trophy in 42 years after defeating the Rangers by 5-4 on penalties in Seville, Spain.

Goalkeeper, Kevin Trapp has saved at the end of extra time and another in the shootout to help give Frankfurt the 5-4 win on penalties.

Scottish club Rangers was also trying to win its first European title since the Cup Winners’ Cup in 1972.

Kevin Trapp (Eintracht Frankfurt) was Man of the Match.

Q.17. World Metrology Day is celebrated annually on ___________________.

विश्व मेट्रोलोजी दिवस प्रतिवर्ष ___________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 14 May / 14 मई

(b) 15 May / 15 मई

(c) 20 May / 20 मई

(d) 21 May / 21 मई

(e) 22 May / 22 मई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.17.(c)

Exp. 20 May: World Metrology Day

World Metrology Day is celebrated globally on May 20 to create awareness about the Metrology.

World Metrology Day is an annual celebration of the signature of the Metre Convention on 20 May 1875 by representatives of seventeen nations.

Metrology, the science of measurement, plays a central role in scientific discovery and innovation, industrial manufacturing and international trade, in improving the quality of life and in protecting the global environment.

Theme 2022: Metrology in the Digital Era.

Q.18. On which date, Anti-terrorism day is observed every year in India?

भारत में हर साल किस तारीख को आतंकवाद विरोधी दिवस मनाया जाता है?

(a) 18 May / 18 मई

(b) 19 May / 19 मई

(c) 20 May / 20 मई

(d) 21 May / 21 मई

(e) 22 May / 22 मई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.18.(d)

Exp. 21 May: Anti-Terrorism Day

Anti-Terrorism Day is observed on May 21 in India with an aim to mitigate terrorism; promote national harmony, and unity among people of all caste, creed and sex.

It was on this day in the year 1991 that former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi was assassinated in Sriperumbudur, Tamil Nadu, in a suicide bombing, by a woman from the Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eelam (LTTE), a terrorist group.

2022 commemorates Rajiv Gandhi’s 31t death anniversary as India observes Anti-Terrorism Day.

Q.19. World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development is observed globally on ________________ every year.

संवाद और विकास के लिए सांस्कृतिक विविधता के लिए विश्व दिवस हर साल _________ को विश्व स्तर पर मनाया जाता है।

(a) 20 May / 20 मई

(b) 21 May / 21 मई

(c) 22 May / 22 मई

(d) 23 May / 23 मई

(e) 24 May / 24 मई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.19.(b)

Exp. 21 May: World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development

World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development is observed globally on 21 May every year.

The day aims to celebrate the richness of the world’s cultures and highlight the significance of its diversity as an agent of inclusion and positive change for achieving peace and sustainable development.

In the year 2001, The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) adopted the ‘Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity’ as a result of the destruction of the Buddha statues of Bamiyan in Afghanistan in 2001.

Then in December 2002, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in its resolution 57/249, declared 21 May to be World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development.

Q.20. International Tea Day is celebrated every year on ___________________.

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय चाय दिवस हर साल ___________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 18 May / 18 मई

(b) 19 May / 19 मई

(c) 20 May / 20 मई

(d) 21 May / 21 मई

(e) 22 May / 22 मई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.20.(d)

Exp. 21 May: International Tea Day

International Tea Day is celebrated on 21st May annually.

The assembly stated that the day will promote and nurture collective initiatives to carry out activities in support of sustainable tea production and consumption, as well as raise awareness of tea’s relevance in the battle against hunger and poverty.

The United Nations General Assembly has designated May 21 as International Tea Day based on a proposal moved by India at the FAO Intergovernmental Group (IGG) on Tea in October 2015.

Before 2019, December 15 is celebrated as International Tea Day in tea producing nations such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Vietnam, Indonesia, Kenya, Malawi, Malaysia, Uganda, India and Tanzania.

The first International Tea Day was held in Delhi, India in 2005. It was in 2015 that the Indian government proposed the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation to expand this day globally.

The UNGA in the year 2019 marked 21 May as International Tea Day.

Q.21. In the United States, Armed Forces Day is marked on _________________ every year.

संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिका में, सशस्त्र सेना दिवस हर साल _________ को चिह्नित किया जाता है।

(a) Third Tuesday of May / मई का तीसरा मंगलवार

(b) Third Wednesday of May / मई का तीसरा बुधवार

(c) Third Thursday of May / मई का तीसरा गुरुवार

(d) Third Friday of May / मई का तीसरा शुक्रवार

(e) Third Saturday of May / मई का तीसरा शनिवार

Answer & Explanation
Ans.21.(e)

Exp. 21 May 2022: US Armed Forces Day

In the United States, Armed Forces Day is marked on the third Saturday of May. This year, the day will be marked on 21 May.

This day is celebrated to pay tribute to the men and women who served the US Armed Forces.

Armed Forces Day honours people who have served, or are currently serving, the United States in uniform in times of peace and war. The day also honours individuals who are part of the US Coast Guard, National Guard and Reserve units.

Q.22. International Day for Biological Diversity is celebrated every year on ____________________________.

जैविक विविधता के लिए अंतर्राष्ट्रीय दिवस हर साल _____________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 22 May / 22 मई

(b) 23 May / 23 मई

(c) 24 May / 24 मई

(d) 25 May / 25 मई

(e) 26 May / 26 मई

Answer & Explanation
Ans.22.(a)

Exp. 22 May: International Day for Biological Diversity

International Day for Biological Diversity or World Biodiversity Day is observed on 22nd May every year to increase awareness and understanding of the issues of biodiversity.

When first created by the Second Committee of the UN General Assembly in late 1993, 29 December (the date of entry into force of the Convention of Biological Diversity), was designated the International Day for Biological Diversity.

In December 2000, the UN General Assembly adopted 22 May as IDB, to commemorate the adoption of the text of the Convention on 22 May 1992 by the Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

Theme 2022: “Building a shared future for all life.”

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