Current Affairs Quiz 26th and 27th March 2022 : Daily GK Update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 26th and 27th March 2022 Quiz

Current Affairs quiz 2022, Daily gk updates and Current affairs is playing a major role in any competitive exam. so here we are providing the current affairs quiz on daily basis for Bank, SSC, Railway and Other Government Competitive Examinations.

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Q.1. Which state government has signed an MoU with National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Mohali, Punjab as Knowledge Partner for upcoming Medical Devices Park, Nalagarh in Solan?

किस राज्य सरकार ने सोलन, नालागढ़ में आगामी मेडिकल डिवाइसेस पार्क के लिए नॉलेज पार्टनर के रूप में नेशनल इंस्टीट्यूट ऑफ फार्मास्युटिकल एजुकेशन एंड रिसर्च (NIPER), मोहाली, पंजाब के साथ एक समझौता ज्ञापन पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं?

(a) Gujarat / गुजरात

(b) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(c) Himachal Pradesh / हिमाचल प्रदेश

(d) Madhya Pradesh / मध्य प्रदेश

(e) Maharashtra / महाराष्ट्र

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(c)

Exp. Himachal Pradesh signed MoU with NIPER, Mohali as Knowledge Partner for Medical Devices Park in Nalagarh, Solan

Government of Himachal Pradesh signed an MoU with National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER), Mohali, Punjab as Knowledge Partner for upcoming Medical Devices Park, Nalagarh in Solan, HP.

The approval for MoU was given by the Board of Members from the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) under the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers.

Himachal Pradesh State Industrial Development Corporation Limited (HPSIDC) is the State Implementing Agency for conception, development and execution of Medical Devices Park.

A Centre for Excellence (CoE) in the Medical Devices Park will be set up by NIPER Mohali, which will provide Industry-Academia linkage.

The HP State Planning Department sanctioned Rs. 74.95 crore to the HPSIDC for development of the Medical Park. The Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) will also provide the first installment worth Rs. 30 crores of grant-in aid in the coming days.

Q.2. Which state has retained the top position in the 2nd edition of NITI Aayog’s Export Preparedness Index 2021?

नीति आयोग के निर्यात तैयारी सूचकांक 2021 के दूसरे संस्करण में किस राज्य ने शीर्ष स्थान बरकरार रखा है?

(a) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(b) Gujarat / गुजरात

(c) Odisha / ओडिशा

(d) Kerala / केरल

(e) West Bengal / पश्चिम बंगाल

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(b)

Exp. Gujarat topped in NITI Aayog`s Export Preparedness Index 2021

Gujarat has retained the top position in the 2nd edition of NITI Aayog’s Export Preparedness Index 2021, followed by Maharashtra and Karnataka in second and third place, respectively.

The Export Preparedness Index measures a state’s readiness to export in terms of potential and performance. Export Preparedness Index was prepared by NITI Aayog and Institute of Competitiveness.

Top states: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Top UTs: Delhi, Goa, Jammu and Kashmir, Chandigarh and Puducherry.

Top Himalayan states: Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Sikkim and Manipur.

Union territories and states such as Lakshadweep, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Ladakh, and Meghalaya ranked worst.

Q.3. The 73rd Annual National Conference of Indian Psychiatric Society (ANCIPS) has been organized in which of the following city?

इंडियन साइकियाट्रिक सोसाइटी (ANCIPS) का 73वां वार्षिक राष्ट्रीय सम्मेलन निम्नलिखित में से किस शहर में आयोजित किया गया है?

(a) Kolkata / कोलकाता

(b) Chennai / चेन्नई

(c) Mumbai / मुंबई

(d) Visakhapatnam / विशाखापत्तनम

(e) Cochin / कोचीन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(d)

Exp. 73rd Indian Psychiatric Society national conference held in Visakhapatnam

The 73rd Annual National Conference of Indian Psychiatric Society (ANCIPS) has been organized in Visakhapatnam from 24th to the 26th of March.

Experts from various parts of India and a few from abroad are participating in the three-day conference held at Vizag Conventions at Madhurawada. The last national conference was held 37 years ago in Visakhapatnam.

The focus areas would be on drug and alcohol abuse in society, stress among students and growing incidence of suicides, depression and anxiety, old-age problems and dementia. The national conference, being hosted jointly by IPS, A.P. State branch, Government Hospital Mental Care and Visakha Psychiatric Society, will be inaugurated by Justice P. Laxmana Reddy, Lokayukta of Andhra Pradesh.

The theme is chosen for ANCIPS – 2022 ‘Bridging minds … Connecting generations’

Q.4. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned a financial assistance of Rs. ___________________ to Odisha under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) for the financial year 2021-2022.

राष्ट्रीय कृषि और ग्रामीण विकास बैंक (NABARD) ने वित्तीय वर्ष 2021-2022 के लिए ग्रामीण बुनियादी ढांचा विकास कोष (RIDF) के तहत ओडिशा को _____________________ रुपये की वित्तीय सहायता मंजूर की है।

(a) 4013 crores / 4013 करोड़

(b) 5761 crores / 5761 करोड़

(c) 6850 crores / 6850 करोड़

(d) 7196 crores / 7196 करोड़

(e) 8085 crores / 8085 करोड़

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(a)

Exp. NABARD allocated Rs. 4,013 crores financial assistance to Odisha

The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) has sanctioned a financial assistance of Rs. 4,013 crores to Odisha under the Rural Infrastructure Development Fund (RIDF) for the financial year 2021-2022, and Odisha has got a major share of NABARD’s infrastructure funds, the highest in India.

With this the total sanction has crossed Rs 32,100 crore for Odisha since the inception of the RIDF. The RIDF is classified under three broad categories: Agriculture and related sector; Social sector; and Rural connectivity.

Out of the total fund allocated under the RIDF, about Rs 2,568 crore is allotted for construction of rural roads and bridges. It involves the creation or upgrading of roads for 2000 km and bridges for a length of 17.13 km, which would benefit around 10 lakh people.

Q.5. Which organization has issued the $150 million Wildlife Conservation Bond (WCB), also known as “Rhino Bond”, to support South Africa’s efforts to conserve endangered species of Black Rhino?

ब्लैक राइनो की लुप्तप्राय प्रजातियों के संरक्षण के लिए दक्षिण अफ्रीका के प्रयासों का समर्थन करने के लिए किस संगठन ने $150 मिलियन वन्यजीव संरक्षण बांड (WCB), जिसे राइनो बॉन्डके रूप में भी जाना जाता है, जारी किया है?

(a) Amnesty International / एमनेस्टी इंटरनेशनल

(b) International Monetary fund / अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष

(c) World bank / विश्व बैंक

(d) International Monetary fund / अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष

(e) World Economic Forum / विश्व आर्थिक मंच

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(c)

Exp. World Bank issued first wildlife conservation bond to save Africa’s black rhino

The World Bank (International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, IBRD) has issued the Wildlife Conservation Bond (WCB) to support South Africa’s efforts to conserve endangered species of Black Rhino.

Wildlife Conservation Bond (WCB) is also known as “Rhino Bond”. It is a five-year $150 million Sustainable Development Bond. It includes a potential performance payment from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).

The bond will contribute to protecting and increasing black rhino populations in two protected areas in South Africa namely the Addo Elephant National Park (AENP) and the Great Fish River Nature Reserve (GFRNR).

Q.6. UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has projected India’s GDP growth at _______________ in 2022.

व्यापार और विकास पर संयुक्त राष्ट्र सम्मेलन (UNCTAD) ने 2022 में भारत की जीडीपी वृद्धि _____________ रहने का अनुमान लगाया है।

(a) 4.6%

(b) 5.3%

(c) 6.0%

(d) 7.5%

(e) 9.9%

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(a)

Exp. UNCTAD projected India’s GDP growth at 4.6% in 2022

According to a UN report released, India’s projected economic growth for 2022 has been downgraded by more than 2% to 4.6%, a decrease attributed to the ongoing war in Ukraine.

Due to disruptions from the Ukraine crisis and changes in macroeconomic policies that put developing nations in particular at risk, the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) has lowered its global economic growth prediction for 2022 to 2.6 % from 3.6 %.

In 2022, India was expected to grow at 6.7 %, but UNCTAD has cut that forecast to 4.6 %. The report has downgraded the GDP growth of the US from three % to 2.4 per cent. China will also see growth decrease to 4.8 % from 5.7 per cent.

Q.7. RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das has inaugurated the Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) in Bengaluru, which was established with a Rs 100 crore initial capital contribution to foster and nurture financial innovation. Who is the first Chairman of RBIH?

आरबीआई गवर्नर शक्तिकांत दास ने बेंगलुरु में रिजर्व बैंक इनोवेशन हब (RBIH) का उद्घाटन किया, जिसे वित्तीय नवाचार को बढ़ावा देने और पोषण के लिए 100 करोड़ रुपये के प्रारंभिक पूंजी योगदान के साथ स्थापित किया गया था। RBIH के पहले अध्यक्ष कौन हैं?

(a) Rajesh Bansal / राजेश बंसल

(b) Kris Gopalakrishnan / क्रिश गोपालकृष्णन

(c) Michael D Patra / माइकल डी पात्रा

(d) Mahesh Kumar Jain / महेश कुमार जैन

(e) Bibhu Prasad Kanungo / बिभू प्रसाद कानूनगो

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(b)

Exp. RBI inaugurated Reserve Bank Innovation Hub in Bengaluru; Kris Gopalakrishnan is first Chairman of RBIH

RBI Governor Shaktikanta Das inaugurated the Reserve Bank Innovation Hub (RBIH) in Bengaluru, which was established with a Rs 100 crore initial capital contribution to foster and nurture financial innovation.

According to the central bank, the Hub has an independent Board with Senapathy (Kris) Gopalakrishnan as Chairman and other notable people from industry and academics as members.

The RBIH was established as a Section 8 business under the Companies Act of 2013, with an initial capital contribution of Rs 100 crore, to stimulate and develop financial innovation in a long-term institutional setting.

RBIH intends to build an ecosystem that promotes access to financial services and goods for the country’s low-income people.

Q.8. Which of the following company has acquired neo-banking platform Avail Finance in order to expand its financial services offering?

निम्नलिखित में से किस कंपनी ने अपनी वित्तीय सेवाओं की पेशकश का विस्तार करने के लिए नियोबैंकिंग प्लेटफॉर्म एवेल फाइनेंस का अधिग्रहण किया है?

(a) Hero Electric / हीरो इलेक्ट्रिक

(b) Uber / उबर

(c) Ola / ओला

(d) eBikeGo /ईबाइकगो

(e) Mahindra / महिंद्रा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(c)

Exp. Ola acquired neo bank Avail Finance

Ola, an Indian ride-hailing startup, has agreed to acquire neo-banking platform Avail Finance in order to expand its financial services offering.

The financial terms of the agreement were not disclosed by Ola, which owns a 9% share in Avail Finance. Ola intends to use Avail Finance’s product portfolio to enhance its lending operations and further its neo-banking expansion goals.

The acquisition is a critical step in Ola’s bigger drive into the fintech market as it strives to develop a mobility-focused financial services business under Ola Financial.

Q.9. Which financial services firm has been granted a licence under the National Pension Scheme by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) to sell NPS and a registration certificate as a corporate agent from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) to sell insurance?

किस वित्तीय सेवा फर्म को एनपीएस बेचने के लिए पेंशन फंड नियामक और विकास प्राधिकरण (PFRDA) द्वारा राष्ट्रीय पेंशन योजना के तहत लाइसेंस और बीमा बेचने के लिए भारतीय बीमा नियामक और विकास प्राधिकरण (IRDAI) से एक कॉर्पोरेट एजेंट के रूप में एक पंजीकरण प्रमाण पत्र प्रदान किया गया है?

(a) Client Alley / क्लाइंट एले

(b) MassMutual / मासम्यूचुअल

(c) Multigain / मल्टीगेन

(d) MetLife / मेटलाइफ

(e) FinMapp / फिनमैप

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(e)

Exp. FinMapp got license from PFRDA and IRDAI to sell NPS, insurance

FinMapp, a financial services firm, announced that it has been granted a licence under the National Pension Scheme by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). It has also obtained a registration certificate as a corporate agent from the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI).

On its app, the organisation offers a variety of financial goods, from mutual funds to bank accounts. “A one-stop marketplace for all financial products made digitally available by prominent banks, NBFCs, insurance companies, mutual funds institutions, and capital markets,” according to the company.”

The licences would allow FinMapp to provide insurance and NPS products to its clients as a verified seller, allowing the company to extend its customer base, according to the company’s statement.

Q.10. Who among the following has been appointed as Adviser in the Ministry of Defence?

निम्नलिखित में से किसे रक्षा मंत्रालय में सलाहकार के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Ramesh Murthy / रमेश मूर्ति

(b) Suchitra K Ella / सुचित्रा के एल्ला

(c) Vinod G Khandare / विनोद जी खंडारे

(d) Venkatraman Anantha Nageswaran / वेंकटरमण अनंत नागेश्वरन

(e) Krishnamurthy Subramanian / कृष्णमूर्ति सुब्रमण्यम

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(c)

Exp. Vinod G Khandare appointed as Adviser in Ministry of Defence

Lieutenant General Vinod G. Khandare has been appointed as Adviser in the Ministry of Defence, providing strategic insights and advise on matters relevant to defence strategy to the Defence Secretary.

According to defence sources, he will collaborate closely with the Secretary of Defense. The role’s mandate would be to provide strategic inputs and advise on matters relating to defence strategy, readiness, and associated activities, such as the International Defense Corporation, maritime security, and defence space.

Gen. Khandare retired from the Army at the end of January 2018. He worked as the Military Adviser at the Prime Minister’s Office’s National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS) from then till October 2021.

He was the Director General of the Defence Intelligence Agency and the Deputy Chief of the Integrated Defence Staff for Intelligence from November 2015 until January 2018.

Q.11. Who has joined the International Strategic Advisory Board of Dun & Bradstreet?

डन एंड ब्रैडस्ट्रीट के अंतर्राष्ट्रीय रणनीतिक सलाहकार बोर्ड में कौन शामिल हुआ है?

(a) A Manimekhalai / ए मणिमेखलाई

(b) Rajnish Kumar / रजनीश कुमार

(c) Ajay Kumar Srivastava / अजय कुमार श्रीवास्तव

(d) Swaroop Kumar Saha / स्वरूप कुमार साह

(e) Alok Kumar Choudhary / आलोक कुमार चौधरी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(b)

Exp. Rajnish Kumar joined International Strategic Advisory Board of Dun & Bradstreet

Former State Bank of India (SBI) chairman Rajnish Kumar has joined the International Strategic Advisory Board of Dun & Bradstreet.

Rajnish Kumar serves on the boards of HSBC Asia Pacific, L&T Infotech, Hero MotoCorp and BharatPe. In October 2020, Kumar stepped down as Chairman of SBI.

Dun & Bradstreet is a leading global provider of business decisioning data and analytics.

Q.12. Who has been appointed as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Maruti Suzuki for a period of three years?

तीन साल की अवधि के लिए मारुति सुजुकी के प्रबंध निदेशक और मुख्य कार्यकारी अधिकारी के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Takuya Tsumura / ताकुया सूमारा

(b) Eishin Chihana / इशिन चिहाना

(c) Kenichi Ayukawa / केनिची आयुकावा

(d) Hisashi Takeuchi / हिसाशी टेकुचि

(e) Unsoo Kim / अनसू किम

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(d)

Exp. Hisashi Takeuchi named as MD and CEO of Maruti Suzuki

Japan’s Hisashi Takeuchi has been appointed as the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of Maruti Suzuki for a period of three years with effect from April 1, 2022.

Takeuchi will succeed Kenichi Ayukawa as the MD and CEO. Ayukawa will now be designated as Executive Vice-Chairman for a period of six months with effect from 1st April, 2022 till 30th September 2022. Ayukawa joined as MD, MSIL in 2013.

Prior to his joining as Joint Managing Director (Commercial) in MSIL in April last year, he was working as Managing Officer, Executive General Manager- Asia Automobile Marketing/ India Automobile Department at SMC.

Q.13. Name the Secretary-General of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) who has got extension till 2023.

उत्तर अटलांटिक संधि संगठन (नाटो) के महासचिव का नाम बताइए जिन्हें 2023 तक विस्तार मिला है।

(a) Martin Scorsese / मार्टिन स्कोरसेस

(b) Jens Stoltenberg / जेन्स स्टोल्टेनबर्ग

(c) Alexander Schellenberg / अलेक्जेंडर स्केलेनबर्ग

(d) Jonas Gahr Store / जोनास गहर स्टोर

(e) Jim Lanzone / जिम लैंज़ोन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(b)

Exp. Jens Stoltenberg’s tenure as Secretary-General of NATO extended till 2023

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has approved the extension in the tenure of Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg till September 30, 2023.

He was named NATO Secretary-General in October 2014. His term was to expire in September 2022.He is the former Prime Minister of Norway.

NATO is an intergovernmental military alliance among 28 European countries and 2 North American countries.

NATO chief Jens Stoltenberg appointed as Governor of Norway central bank recently.

Q.14. Which Indian Naval Ship has been awarded the prestigious President’s Colour by President Ram Nath Kovind?

राष्ट्रपति राम नाथ कोविंद द्वारा किस भारतीय नौसेना जहाज को प्रतिष्ठित राष्ट्रपति रंग से सम्मानित किया गया है?

(a) INS Vikrant / आईएनएस विक्रांत

(b) INS Tushil / आईएनएस तुशिल

(c) INS Valsura / आईएनएस वलसुरा

(d) INS Kalinga / आईएनएस कलिंग

(e) INS Khukri / आईएनएस खुकरी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(c)

Exp. President Ram Nath Kovind awarded President’s Colour to INS Valsura

The Indian Naval Ship (INS) Valsura has been awarded the prestigious President’s Colour by President Ram Nath Kovind.

It is the highest award or honour that can be bestowed upon any of India’s military units. This award is also called ′Nishaan′ as it is an emblem that will be worn by the bestowed units’ officers on their left-hand sleeve of the uniform.

This award can be bestowed on a military unit as a sign of recognition of exceptional service rendered to the country, both during war and peace.

In 1942, INS Valsura was established. INS Valsura is located in Jamnagar, Gujarat. It is one of Indian Navy’s premier training establishment. INS Valsura has been entrusted with the responsibility of training the sailors and officers who are part of the Indian Navy, and Coast Guard.

Q.15. Mario Marcel has won the Governor of the year award at the Central Banking Awards 2022. He is the Governor of the Central Bank of which country?

मारियो मार्सेल ने सेंट्रल बैंकिंग अवार्ड्स 2022 में गवर्नर ऑफ द ईयर का पुरस्कार जीता है। वह किस देश के सेंट्रल बैंक के गवर्नर हैं?

(a) Chile / चिली

(b) Equador / इक्वाडोर

(c) Bolivia / बोलीविया

(d) Austria / ऑस्ट्रिया

(e) Venezuela / वेनेजुएला

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(a)

Exp. Mario Marcel won Governor of the year award at Central Banking Awards 2022

Mario Marcel, the Governor of the Central Bank of Chile, has won the Governor of the year award at the Central Banking Awards 2022. Banco Central de Chile is the name of the central bank of Chile.

When Mario Marcel was named governor of the Central Bank of Chile (BCCh) in October 2016, he took over the leadership of an institution that had secured a reputation as one of the most independent and well-run central banks in Latin America.

Marcel took steps to further improve the institution. He changed its internal management structure, reducing the number of monetary policy meetings from 12 to eight. The BCCh also improved the quality of its communications in both English and Spanish. But the BCCh’s reputation, as well as Marcel’s own, would be put to a severe test from 2019.

Q.16. Airports Authority of India (AAI) has signed an agreement with which Defence Public Sector Undertaking for the joint indigenous development of systems for air traffic management and surface movement of aircraft?

भारतीय विमानपत्तन प्राधिकरण (एएआई) ने हवाई यातायात प्रबंधन और विमान की सतह की आवाजाही के लिए प्रणालियों के संयुक्त स्वदेशी विकास के लिए किस रक्षा सार्वजनिक क्षेत्र के उपक्रम के साथ एक समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर किए हैं?

(a) Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML) / भारत अर्थ मूवर्स लिमिटेड

(b) Bharat Dynamics Ltd (BDL) / भारत डायनेमिक्स लिमिटेड

(c) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) / भारत हेवी इलेक्ट्रिकल्स लिमिटेड

(d) Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) / हिंदुस्तान एयरोनॉटिक्स लिमिटेड

(e) Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) / भारत इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स लिमिटेड

Answer & Explanation
Ans.16.(e)

Exp. AAI and BEL joined hands to develop indigenous Air Traffic Management Systems

Airports Authority of India (AAI) has signed an agreement with Defence Public Sector Undertaking Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) for the joint indigenous development of systems for air traffic management and surface movement of aircraft at airports across the country, which were previously imported.

BEL and AAI will collaborate to develop the Civil Air Traffic Management System (ATMS) with Advanced-Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (ASMGCS), a complex ground surveillance system that manages air traffic at airports and in Indian civil airspace to ensure safe flight operations from take-off to landing.

“The current arrangement is in accordance with AAI’s R&D Policy to update its ANS Infrastructure in a methodical, efficient, and cost-effective manner, as well as the Government of India’s ‘Atmanirbhar Bharat’ missions.” This will lessen AAI’s reliance on foreign suppliers for ANS infrastructure.

Q.17. Which Indian company has become an official sponsor for the upcoming 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar?

कतर में आगामी 2022 फीफा विश्व कप के लिए कौन सी भारतीय कंपनी आधिकारिक प्रायोजक बन गई है?

(a) Dream 11 / ड्रीम 11

(b) Tata Group / टाटा समूह

(c) Jio / जियो

(d) Byju’s / बायजू

(e) Unacademy / अनअकैडमी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.17.(d)

Exp. Byju’s named as official sponsor of FIFA World Cup 2022 in Qatar

BYJU’S, an Indian ed-tech firm has become an official sponsor for the upcoming 2022 FIFA World Cup.The event will be organised from November 21 to December 18 in Qatar.

BYJU’S has now become the first Indian ed-tech firm to be associated with the World Cup.

BYJU’S, through this partnership, will leverage its rights to the FIFA World Cup 2022 marks, emblem, and assets, and run unique promotions to connect with football fans around the world.

Q.18. Every year, the Earth Hour is celebrated worldwide on _______________________.

हर साल, “अर्थ ऑवरदुनिया भर में _______________________ पर मनाया जाता है।

(a) Last Saturday of March / मार्च का अंतिम शनिवार

(b) Last Sunday of March / मार्च का अंतिम रविवार

(c) Last Monday of March / मार्च का अंतिम सोमवार

(d) Last Tuesday of March / मार्च का अंतिम मंगलवार

(e) Last Wednesday of March / मार्च का अंतिम बुधवार

Answer & Explanation
Ans.18.(a)

Exp. 26 March: Earth Hour 2022

Earth Hour is observed every year across the world on the last Saturday of the March to show support for fight against climate change and commitment towards better planet.

Earth Hour 2022 is being marked on 26th March, 2022. It is a worldwide movement organized by World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), encouraging individuals, communities, corporates, and households to turn off their lights for 1 hour.

Earth Hour began in Sydney in 2007 as a symbolic lights-out event organised by WWF and allies and has now grown to become one of the world’s largest environmental grassroots initiatives.

Theme 2022: ‘Shape Our Future‘

Q.19. Which day will be celebrated as National Dolphin Day from 2022?

2022 से किस दिन को राष्ट्रीय डॉल्फिन दिवस के रूप में मनाया जाएगा?

(a) 4 October / 4 अक्टूबर

(b) 5 October / 5 अक्टूबर

(c) 6 October / 6 अक्टूबर

(d) 7 October / 7 अक्टूबर

(e) 8 October / 8 अक्टूबर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.19.(b)

Exp. 5 October will be celebrated as National Dolphin Day from 2022

Union Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change has designated 5th October as National Dolphin Day every year, from 2022. The day will aim to create awareness for conservation of Dolphins.

Dolphins act as ideal ecological indicators of a healthy aquatic ecosystem and conservation of the Dolphins will benefit the survival of the species and people dependent on the aquatic system for their livelihood. It lives in Ganges and other rivers of South Asia.

The National Board for Wildlife’s (NBWL) standing committee took this decision to designate October 5 as National Dolphin Day.

Q.20. On which date, World Theatre Day is observed every year?

विश्व रंगमंच दिवस किस तारीख को मनाया जाता है?

(a) 23 March / 23 मार्च

(b) 24 March / 24 मार्च

(c) 25 March / 25 मार्च

(d) 26 March / 26 मार्च

(e) 27 March / 27 मार्च

Answer & Explanation
Ans.20.(e)

Exp. 27 March: World theatre Day

World Theatre Day is celebrated annually on March 27, promoted by the International Theatre Institute (ITI) through its centres, and supported by theatre communities all over the world.

This year, the World Theatre Day celebration will focus on the young, the next generation, the emerging artists, who have been a strong special focus of ITI in the recent past.

The day was initiated by ITI, following President Arvi Kivimaa’s June 1961 proposal at the ninth World Congress of the ITI in Vienna — on behalf of the ITI’s Finnish Centre — for a World Theatre Day to be instituted. The proposal was supported by the Scandinavian centres of the ITI and publicized with enthusiasm.

Since 1962, World Theatre Day has been celebrated by ITI Centres, ITI Cooperating Members, theatre professionals, theatre organizations, theatre universities and theatre lovers all over the world on the 27th of March.

Q.21. Name the creator of the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF), who has passed away recently.

ग्राफिक्स इंटरचेंज फॉर्मेट (GIF) के निर्माता का नाम बताइए, जिनका हाल ही में निधन हो गया है।

(a) Alan Ladd Jr / एलन लैड जूनियर

(b) Eugene Parker / यूजीन पार्कर

(c) Stephen Wilhite / स्टीफ़न विल्हाइट

(d) Rod Marsh / रॉड मार्श

(e) Soumeylou Boubeye Maiga / सौमीलौ बौबे माईगा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.21.(c)

Exp. Inventor of the GIF format, Stephen Wilhite passed away

Stephen Wilhite, the creator of the Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) passed away at the age of 74 years due to Covid-19 related issues.

Wilhite devised the Graphics Interchange Format, or GIF, in 1987 while working at Compuserve. The Oxford American Dictionary named GIF the word of the year in 2012. He was honoured with a Webby Lifetime Achievement award in 2013.

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