Daily Current Affairs 12th and 13th March 2021 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 12th and 13th March 2021 Quiz:

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Q.1. NITI Aayog submitted the first list of 12 PSUs for Privatisation which will now be reviewed by DIPAM and CGD. Who is the head of the Core Group of Secretaries on Disinvestment (CGD)?

NITI Aayog ने निजीकरण के लिए 12 सार्वजनिक उपक्रमों (PSUs) की पहली सूची प्रस्तुत की जिसकी अब DIPAM और CGD द्वारा समीक्षा की जाएगी। विनिवेश पर कोर ग्रुप ऑफ सेक्रेटरी (CGD) का प्रमुख कौन है?

(a) Ajit Kumar / अजीत कुमार

(b) Pramod Chandra Mody / प्रमोद चंद्र मोदी

(c) John Joseph / जॉन जोसेफ

(d) Patanjali Jha / पतंजलि झा

(e) Rajiv Gauba / राजीव गौबा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(e)

Exp. The government’s think tank, NITI Aayog has submitted the first list comprising of 12 Public Sector Undertakings that will be privatized under the centre’s privatisation drive.

The list submitted by the NITI Aayog includes the PSUs in strategic sectors. This list will now be reviewed by Department of Investment and Public Asset Management (DIPAM) and Core Group of Secretaries on Divestment (CGD) which is headed by cabinet secretary.

Q.2. Who has inaugurated Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav from Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad?

साबरमती आश्रम, अहमदाबाद से आज़ादी का अमृत महोत्सव का उद्घाटन किसने किया?

(a) Narendra Modi / नरेंद्र मोदी

(b) Amit Shah / अमित शाह

(c) Ram Nath Kovind / राम नाथ कोविंद

(d) Rajnath Singh / राजनाथ सिंह

(e) Nirmala Sitharaman / निर्मला सीतारमण

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(a)

Exp. Prime Minister Narendra Modi flagged off the ‘Padyatra’ (Freedom March) from Sabarmati Ashram, Ahmedabad to re-enact Mahatma Gandhi’s Dandi Yatra. and inaugurated the curtain raiser activities of the ‘Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’ (India@75) on March 12, 2021.

The Prime Minister stated that the launch of the ‘Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav’ 75 weeks before 15 August 2022 will continue till 15 August, 2023.

Q.3. Which country’s leader participated recently in 1st Quad Leaders’ Summit?

हाल ही में प्रथम क्वाड लीडर्स समिट में किस देश के नेता ने भाग लिया?

(a) India / भारत

(b) Australia / ऑस्ट्रेलिया

(c) Japan / जापान

(d) US / यू.एस.

(e) All of the above / उपरोक्त सभी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(e)

Exp. The First Quad Leaders’ Summit was held virtually on March 12, 2021. Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of Australia, Scott Morrison, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and US President Joseph R. Biden participated in the Summit.

The four countries plan to establish a series of working groups that will focus on climate change; critical and emerging technologies, including working to set technology standards and norms and jointly developing some of the critical technologies of the future.

Q.4. Which of the following company will commission India’s largest floating solar power plant at Ramagundam by May 2021?

निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी कंपनी मई 2021 तक भारत के सबसे बड़े फ्लोटिंग सोलर पावर प्लांट को रामागुंडम में कमीशन करेगी?

(a) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) / तेल और प्राकृतिक गैस निगम (ONGC)

(b) Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) / भारतीय इस्पात प्राधिकरण लिमिटेड (SAIL)

(c) Coal India Limited (CIL) / कोल इंडिया लिमिटेड (CIL)

(d) National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) / राष्ट्रीय ताप विद्युत निगम (NTPC)

(e) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) / भारत हेवी इलेक्ट्रिकल्स लिमिटेड (BHEL)

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(d)

Exp. NTPC Southern Region, which is in the process of implementing about 450 MW of solar capacity, is all set to commission about 217 MW floating solar capacity, including one of the largest floating solar power plant of 100 MW at Ramagundam by May this year.

“These floating solar projects are coming up at Ramagundam power project (100 MW), which will be single location largest floating solar plant in the country as of now; 92 MW floating unit at Kayamkulam gas plant in Kerala and a 25 MW unit at Simhadri power plant.

Q.5. Who has been appointed as the new Chief Statistician of India (CSI)?

किसे भारत के नए मुख्य सांख्यिकीविद् (CSI) के रूप में नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Pramod Chandra Mody / प्रमोद चंद्र मोदी

(b) GP Samanta / जीपी सामंत

(c) Matam Venkata Rao / मातम वेंकट राव

(d) Kuldiep Singh / कुलदीप सिंह

(e) Tarun Bajaj / तरुण बजाज

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(b)

Exp. The Central Government has appointed Dr G P Samanta as the new Chief Statistician of India (CSI) for a period of two years.

He is India’s fourth CSI. He will replace Kshatrapati Shivaji who was holding an additional charge of the post since September 2020. Currently, Dr Samanta was serving as an adviser in the Reserve Bank of India’s (RBI) Department Of Statistics and Information Management.

Q.6. Who has been re-elected as International Olympic Committee (IOC) president until 2025?

2025 तक अंतर्राष्ट्रीय ओलंपिक समिति (IOC) के अध्यक्ष के रूप में किसे फिर से चुना गया है?

(a) Gianni Infantino / जियानी इन्फेंटिनो

(b) Jay Shah / जय शाह

(c) Thomas Bach / थॉमस बाच

(d) Mohamed Moustahsane / मोहम्मद मुस्तहसैन

(e) Narinder Batra / नरिंदर बत्रा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(c)

Exp. International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Thomas Bach was on 10th March re-elected for an additional four-year term.

Tokyo Olympics are set to take place from July 23-August 8 this year. The Games were scheduled to go-ahead last year but had to be postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.

Q.7. Which is the world’s most Powerful Supercomputer?

दुनिया का सबसे शक्तिशाली सुपर कंप्यूटर कौन सा है?

(a) SuperMUC-NG / सुपरMUC-एनजी

(b) Param Siddhi / परम सिद्धि

(c) Trinity / ट्रिनिटी

(d) Sunway TaihuLight / सनवे ताइहुलाइट

(e) Fugaku / फुगाकु

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(e)

Exp. The Japanese scientific research institute called RIKEN and Fujitsu started developing the “Fugaku” six years ago. It is the world’s most powerful supercomputers. Now this supercomputer is fully ready and developed in Japan and is now available for the research use.

This supercomputer has been developed with the aim of making the device core of the computing infrastructure of Japan. Then the supercomputer was tested for the particular projects in order to combat COVID-19 pandemic in April 2020.

Q.8. Government has launched “Mera Ration” Mobile App. The app is developed by the government in association with _______________.

सरकार ने मेरा राशनमोबाइल ऐप लॉन्च किया है। एप्लिकेशन को _______________ के साथ मिलकर सरकार द्वारा विकसित किया गया है।

(a) IIT, Roorkee / IIT, रुड़की

(b) National Informatics Centre / राष्ट्रीय सूचना विज्ञान केंद्र

(c) Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology / इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स और सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय

(d) Centre for Development of Advanced Computing / उन्नत कम्प्यूटिंग के विकास के लिए केंद्र

(e) National Institute of Open Schooling / राष्ट्रीय मुक्त विद्यालयी शिक्षा संस्थान

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(b)

Exp. In order to facilitate the ‘One Nation-One Ration Card’ system in the country, the government has launched ‘Mera Ration’ mobile app to benefit citizens in identifying the nearest fair price shop. This app will benefit especially those ration card holders who move to new areas for livelihoods.

The app is developed by the government in association with NIC “to facilitate various “One Nation-One Ration Card” related services among the National Food Security Act (NFSA) beneficiaries, particularly migrant beneficiaries, fair price shop dealers and other relevant stakeholders.

Q.9. “Atmanirbhar Niveshak Mitra Portal” is being developed by which of the following?

आत्मनिर्भर निवेशक मित्र पोर्टलनिम्नलिखित में से किसके द्वारा विकसित किया जा रहा है?

(a) Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade / उद्योग और आंतरिक व्यापार को बढ़ावा देने के लिए विभाग

(b) National Informatics Centre / राष्ट्रीय सूचना विज्ञान केंद्र

(c) Department of Science and Technology / विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी विभाग

(d) Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology / इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स और सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी मंत्रालय

(e) Centre for Development of Advanced Computing / उन्नत कम्प्यूटिंग के विकास के लिए केंद्र

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(a)

Exp. The commerce and industry ministry has stated that the central government is working to develop a portal called “Atmanirbhar Niveshak Mitra Portal” for information dissemination, hand-holding, and facilitation of domestic investors. The portal Atmanirbhar Niveshak Mitra is currently is in the testing phase. It will be launched by May 1, 2021. This portal is being developed in order to strengthen efforts to promote domestic investments. It is being developed by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT).

Q.10. World Kidney Day is observed globally on _________________ every year.

विश्व किडनी दिवस हर साल _________________ को विश्व स्तर पर मनाया जाता है।

(a) Second Monday of March / मार्च का दूसरा सोमवार

(b) Second Tuesday of March / मार्च का दूसरा मंगलवार

(c) Second Wednesday of March / मार्च का दूसरा बुधवार

(d) Second Thursday of March / मार्च का दूसरा गुरुवार

(e) Second Friday of March / मार्च का दूसरा शुक्रवार

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(d)

Exp. World Kidney Day is observed globally on the second Thursday of March every year. This year World Kidney Day is observed on 11th March 2021.

World Kidney Day aims to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.

Q.11. What was the theme for World Kidney Day 2021?

विश्व किडनी दिवस 2021 के लिए विषय क्या था?

(a) Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere

(b) Living Well with Kidney Disease

(c) Kidneys and Women’s Health: Include, Value, Empower

(d) Kidney Disease & Obesity – Healthy Lifestyle for Healthy Kidneys

(e) Kidney Disease & Children. Act Early to Prevent It!

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(b)

Exp. World Kidney Day is observed globally on the second Thursday of March every year. This year World Kidney Day is observed on 11th March 2021.

World Kidney Day aims to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.

Theme 2021: “Living Well with Kidney Disease”.

Q.12. Who has won the Sahitya Akademi Award 2020 in English language for the poetry “When God is a Traveller”?

कविता व्हेन गॉड इज अ ट्रैवलरके लिए अंग्रेजी भाषा में साहित्य अकादमी पुरस्कार 2020 किसने जीता है?

(a) Arundhathi Subramaniam / अरुंधति सुब्रमण्यम

(b) Nikhileswar / निखिलेश्वर

(c) M Veerappa Moily / एम वीरप्पा मोइली

(d) Harish Meenakshi / हरीश मीनाक्षी

(e) RS Bhaskar / आरएस भास्कर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(a)

Exp. The 2020 winners’ list includes seven books of poetry, four novels, five short stories, two plays, and one each of memoirs and epic poetry in 20 Indian languages. The awards for Malayalam, Nepali, Odia and Rajasthani will be announced later.

Politician-writer M Veerappa Moily, poet Arundhathi Subramaniam are among 20 writers who will be bestowed with the Sahitya Akademi Award 2020.

Q.13. Who is the 1st Indian woman cricketer to score 10,000 international runs?

10,000 अंतरराष्ट्रीय रन बनाने वाली पहली भारतीय महिला क्रिकेटर कौन है?

(a) Mithali Raj / मिताली राज

(b) Smriti Mandhana / स्मृति मंधाना

(c) Jhulan Goswami / झूलन गोस्वामी

(d) Shafali Verma / शैफाली वर्मा

(e) Harmanpreet Kaur / हरमनप्रीत कौर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(a)

Exp. The veteran Indian women’s cricketer Mithali Raj has become the first Indian woman cricketer that has completed 10,000 international runs in all the cricket formats. She also become the second woman cricketer at the international level to complete 10000 runs.

Mithali Raj leads the One Day International (ODI) team of India has joined the Charlotte Edwards of England in elite club.

Q.14. Where is the headquarters of International Olympic Committee (IOC)?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय ओलंपिक समिति (IOC) का मुख्यालय कहाँ है?

(a) Montreal, Canada / मॉट्रियल कनाडा

(b) Lausanne, Switzerland / लॉज़ेन, स्विट्जरलैंड

(c) Washington, D.C., United States / वाशिंगटन, डी.सी., यूनाइटेड स्टेट्स

(d) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / कुआलालंपुर, मलेशिया

(e) Munich, Germany / म्यूनिक, जर्मनी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(b)

Exp. Headquarters: Lausanne, Switzerland

President: Thomas Bach

Q.15. Who is the present vice chairperson of NITI Aayog?

NITI Aayog के वर्तमान उपाध्यक्ष कौन हैं?

(a) Amitabh Kant / अमिताभ कान्त

(b) Rajiv Kumar / राजीव कुमार

(c) Tarun Bajaj / तरुण बजाज

(d) N. K. Singh / एन के सिंह

(e) Sunil Arora / सुनील अरोरा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(b)

Exp. Amitabh Kant: (CEO of NITI Aayog)

Narendra Modi: (Chairperson)

Rajiv Kumar: (Vice Chairperson)

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