Daily Current Affairs : 17th and 18th October 2020 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 17th and 18th October 2020 Quiz:

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Q.1. Which state Government has launched women empowerment programme ‘Mission Shakti’?

किस राज्य सरकार ने महिला सशक्तीकरण कार्यक्रम मिशन शक्तिशुरू किया है?

(a) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(b) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(c) Gujarat / गुजरात

(d) Tamil Nadu / तमिल नाडू

(e) Punjab / पंजाब

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(a)

Exp. Uttar Pradesh government launched a 6-month long women empowerment programme ‘Mission Shakti’ on October 17, 2020. The initiative was launched in order to raise awareness and tackle crime against women in the state.

Governor Anandiben Patel launched the campaign in Lucknow while chief minister Yogi Adityanath started it in Balrampur. Six-month campaign has two phases- Mission Shakti’ and ‘Operation Shakti.

This is the phase one of the campaign. It features awareness campaigns related to women’s safety. Under this, awareness campaign such as gender-based sensitisation, training, corporate activity, interviews, voice messages, programmes in Durga Puja and other cultural pandals will be organised.

Q.2. Which Union Territory’s Lieutenant Governor has announced ‘My Town My Pride’ programme?

किस केंद्र शासित प्रदेश के उपराज्यपाल ने “माई टाउन माई प्राइडकार्यक्रम की घोषणा की है?

(a) Chandigarh / चंडीगढ़

(b) Ladakh / लद्दाख

(c) Jammu and Kashmir / जम्मू और कश्मीर

(d) Puducherry / पुदुचेरी

(e) Delhi / दिल्ली

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(c)

Exp. Jammu and Kashmir Lieutenant Governor (L-G) Manoj Sinha on 16th october announced the ‘My Town My Pride’ programme, starting from October 19, as a part of the public outreach initiative “in J&K’s towns to deliver services at doorsteps to the urban population”.

three main objectives — public outreach in towns, strengthening grassroots democracy, and service delivery at doorsteps.

Q.3. By which year, India has aimed to achieve Trans Fat Free status?

किस वर्ष तक भारत ने ट्रांस फैट फ्री स्टेटस हासिल करने का लक्ष्य रखा है?

(a) 2022

(b) 2023

(c) 2025

(d) 2028

(e) 2030

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(a)

Exp. Union Health Minister Dr Harsh said on October 16, 2020 that the aim of the government is to make India Trans Fat free by 2022. It is in line with the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision of a New India on 75 years of independence.

If this is achieved, India would be a year ahead of target as set by World Health Organization (WHO).

Q.4. Union Education Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has launched “KAPILA” campaign. What does K stand for in KAPILA?

केंद्रीय शिक्षा मंत्री, रमेश पोखरियाल निशंकने KAPILA अभियान शुरू किया है। KAPILA में K का क्या मतलब है?

(a) Kisan / किसान

(b) Kishore / किशोर

(c) Kalam / कलाम

(d) Krishi / कृषि

(e) Kaushal / कौशल

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(c)

Exp. Union Education Minister, Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ has virtually launched the campaign ‘KAPILA’, which stands for Kalam Program for Intellectual Property Literacy and Awareness campaign on 15th October 2020.

The day was launched in honour of 89th birth anniversary celebration of former President Dr APJ Abdul Kalam.

Aims: Through the campaign, the government will spread awareness through educational programs about the importance of patenting an invention, to lead India towards self-reliance.

Q.5. Name the Union Minister who has participated in 102nd meeting of World Bank Development Committee Plenary.

विश्व बैंक विकास समिति प्लेनरी की 102वीं बैठक में भाग लेने वाले केंद्रीय मंत्री का नाम बताइए।

(a) Shripad Yesso Naik / श्रीपद येस्सो नाइक

(b) Harsh Vardhan / हर्ष वर्धन

(c) Dharmendra Pradhan / धर्मेंद्र प्रधान

(d) Ashwini Kumar Choubey / अश्विनी कुमार चौबे

(e) Nirmala Sitharaman / निर्मला सीतारमण

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(e)

Exp. Union Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs Nirmala Sitharaman participated in the 102nd meeting of World Bank Development Committee Plenary through video conferencing on 16th October.

The Finance Minister stated that collective action is the key for an effective response to the pandemic and welcomed the strong performance in Q4 of FY 2020 wherein the World Bank Group has committed 45 billion Dollars for COVID-19 response.

Q.6. Who has been chosen as the Prime Minister of New Zealand for the 2nd term?

दुसरे कार्यकाल के लिए न्यूजीलैंड के प्रधानमंत्री के रूप में किसे चुना गया है?

(a) Ishmael Toroama / इश्माएल तोरोमा

(b) Bah Ndaw / बाह एनडाव मोहम्मद हुसैन रोबल

(c) Mohamed Hussein Roble /

(d) Jacinda Ardern / जैसिंडा आर्डर्न

(e) Yoshihide Suga / योशीहिदे सुगा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(d)

Exp. Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s centre-left Labour Party won a landslide victory in New Zealand’s general election on Saturday as voters rewarded her for a decisive response to COVID-19.

Labour was on track to win 64 of the 120 seats in the country’s unicameral parliament, the highest by any party since New Zealand adopted a proportional voting system in 1996.

Q.7. Who has been appointed as the next Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)?

संयुक्त राष्ट्र शैक्षिक, वैज्ञानिक और सांस्कृतिक संगठन (यूनेस्को) में भारत के अगले स्थायी प्रतिनिधि के रूप में किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) Vishal V Sharma / विशाल वी शर्मा

(b) Shekhar Kapur / शेखर कपूर

(c) Charanjit Attra / चरणजीत अत्रा

(d) MA Ganapathy / एमए गणपति

(e) Dinesh Kumar Khara / दिनेश कुमार खारा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(a)

Exp. Vishal V Sharma has been appointed as the next Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Vishal V Sharma replaces Jawed Ashraf.

Q.8. Who has been appointed the interim President of the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF)?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय भारोत्तोलन महासंघ (IWF) का अंतरिम अध्यक्ष किसे नियुक्त किया गया है?

(a) M Rajeshwar Rao / एम राजेश्वर राव

(b) J Venkatramu / जे वेंकटरमू

(c) Chetan Anand / चेतन आनंद

(d) Michael Irani / माइकल ईरानी

(e) Gurdeep Singh / गुरदीप सिंह

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(d)

Exp. Dr. Michael Irani, Chairman of the IWF Medical Committee and Executive Board Member, will become the IWF’s fourth leader since January of this year.

In January, a documentary was released accusing former IWF President Tamas Aján of covering up doping and participating in a financial scandal. He stepped down, and Papandrea took over as Interim President. Papandrea supported organizational changes such as creating the IWF Athletes Commission and reinstating the IWF’s Anti-Doping Commission, which includes a partnership with the International Testing Agency (ITA).

Q.9. International Poverty Eradication Day is observed every year on ______________.

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय गरीबी उन्मूलन दिवस प्रत्येक वर्ष ______________ को मनाया जाता है। 

(a) 16 October / 16 अक्टूबर

(b) 17 October / 17 अक्टूबर

(c) 18 October / 18 अक्टूबर

(d) 19 October / 19 अक्टूबर

(e) 20 October / 20 अक्टूबर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(b)

Exp. International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17 every year to spread the message of peace and love and honour the victims of poverty, hunger, violence and fear.

In 1992, the United Nations (UN) had dedicated October 17 as ‘International Day for the Eradication of Poverty’ in honour of Joseph Wresinski, the founder of International Movement ATD Fourth World.

Q.10. What was the theme for International Poverty Eradication Day 2020?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय गरीबी उन्मूलन दिवस 2020 के लिए विषय क्या था?

(a) Acting together to empower children, their families and communities to end poverty

(b) Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all

(c) Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity

(d) Answering the Call of October 17 to end poverty: A path toward peaceful and inclusive societies

(e) Moving from humiliation and exclusion to participation: Ending poverty in all its forms

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(b)

Exp. International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17 every year to spread the message of peace and love and honour the victims of poverty, hunger, violence and fear.

In 1992, the United Nations (UN) had dedicated October 17 as ‘International Day for the Eradication of Poverty’ in honour of Joseph Wresinski, the founder of International Movement ATD Fourth World.

Theme 2020: “Acting together to achieve social and environmental justice for all”

Q.11. What is the rank of India in Global Hunger Index 2020?

ग्लोबल हंगर इंडेक्स 2020 में भारत का रैंक क्या है?

(a) 32

(b) 51

(c) 94

(d) 105

(e) 121

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(c)

Exp. The Global hunger index was launched on October 16 2020. It has been jointly prepared by Welhunger life and Concern Worldwide.  This year, India has been ranked 94th Out of 107 countries.  In 2018 was India ranked 103 while, in 2019 India was ranked 102. The report ranked the countries on the basis of four indicators – undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting and child mortality. Nepal has been ranked 73rd, Bangladesh has been ranked 75th while Pakistan has been ranked 88th this year.

Q.12. Who is the author of the book titled ‘The Battle of Belonging’?

 बैटल ऑफ बिलॉन्गिंगनामक पुस्तक के लेखक कौन हैं?

(a) Arundhati Roy / अरुंधति रॉय

(b) Sonali Chitalkar / सोनाली चितलकर

(c) Prerna Malhotra / प्रेरणा मल्होत्रा

(d) Chetan Bhagat / चेतन भगत

(e) Shashi Tharoor / शशि थरूर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(e)

Exp. Renowned Author and Politician, Shashi Tharoor is set to release his new book titled “The Battle of Belonging” is set to be released in November 2020.

Shashi Tharoor described this book as his “magnum opus” on the Theory, evolution and practice of Nationalism across the globe and especially in India.

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