Daily Current Affairs 18th Dec 2020 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 18th December 2020 Quiz:

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Q.1. Which state’s CM has recently launched ‘Pareshram’ Portal along with 22 online services of Labour and Employees State Insurance Department?

किस राज्य के मुख्यमंत्री ने हाल ही में श्रम और कर्मचारी राज्य बीमा विभाग की 22 ऑनलाइन सेवाओं के साथ “परिश्रम” पोर्टल लॉन्च किया है?

(a) Bihar / बिहार

(b) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(c) Madhya Pradesh / मध्य प्रदेश

(d) Odisha / ओडिशा

(e) Tamil Nadu / तमिल नाडू

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(d)

Exp. Chief Minister of Odisha, Naveen Patnaik through a video conference, launched ‘Pareshram’ Portal along with 22 online services of Labour and Employees State Insurance Department.

The Portal and the Online Services shall be helpful in “Ease of Doing Business” and contribute significantly to the industrial development of the State.

Q.2. Which Zoological Park is the 1st Zoo of India that has acquired ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management Standards Certification from ASCB, UK?

कौन सा जूलॉजिकल पार्क भारत का पहला चिड़ियाघर है जिसने एएससीबी, यूके से आईएसओ 9001: 2015 गुणवत्ता प्रबंधन मानक प्रमाणन प्राप्त किया है?

(a) National Zoological Park, Delhi / राष्ट्रीय जैविक उद्यान, दिल्ली

(b) Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens, Mysore / श्री चामराजेंद्र जैविक उद्यान, मैसूर

(c) Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam / इंदिरा गांधी जैविक उद्यान, विशाखापत्तनम

(d) Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad / नेहरू जैविक उद्यान, हैदराबाद

(e) Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna / संजय गाँधी जैविक उद्यान, पटना

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(d)

Exp. Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad, with its standard working procedures, has acquired ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management Standards Certification from ASCB, UK.

The Hyderabad Zoo has become the first zoo in the country to receive ISO 9001:2015 Quality Management Standards Certificate. This was presented to Telangana Forests Minister A. Indra Karan Reddy.

Q.3. What was the rank of India in Human Freedom Index 2020, published by American think tank Cato Institute and Fraser Institute in Canada?

अमेरिकन थिंक टैंक कैटो इंस्टीट्यूट और फ्रेजर इंस्टीट्यूट कनाडा द्वारा प्रकाशित मानव स्वतंत्रता सूचकांक 2020 में भारत का रैंक क्या था?

(a) 110th / 110वी

(b) 111th / 111वी

(c) 112th / 112वी

(d) 113th / 113वी

(e) 114th / 114वी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(b)

Exp. The Human Freedom Index 2020, a worldwide ranking of civil, economic and personal freedom, released on 17th Dec, placed India at the 111th spot out of 162 countries. India ranked 94 on the index in 2019.

India is ahead of China and Bangladesh, which ranked 129 and 139 on the 2020 index respectively. New Zealand, Switzerland and Hong Kong bagged the first three spots. The index was published by American think tank Cato Institute and Fraser Institute in Canada.

Q.4. Which country has topped the Human Freedom Index 2020, published by Cato Institute, America and Fraser Institute, Canada?

कैटो इंस्टीट्यूट, अमेरिका और फ्रेजर इंस्टीट्यूट, कनाडा द्वारा प्रकाशित मानव स्वतंत्रता सूचकांक 2020 में किस देश ने शीर्ष स्थान प्राप्त किया है?

(a) Hong Kong / हांगकांग

(b) Australia / ऑस्ट्रेलिया

(c) Switzerland / स्विट्ज़रलैंड

(d) New Zealand / न्यूजीलैंड

(e) Ireland / आयरलैंड

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(d)

Exp. The Human Freedom Index 2020, a worldwide ranking of civil, economic and personal freedom, released on 17th Dec, placed India at the 111th spot out of 162 countries. India ranked 94 on the index in 2019.

India is ahead of China and Bangladesh, which ranked 129 and 139 on the 2020 index respectively. New Zealand, Switzerland and Hong Kong bagged the first three spots. The index was published by American think tank Cato Institute and Fraser Institute in Canada.

Q.5. ICRA has projected India’s GDP forecast for FY21 at ______________________.

ICRA ने FY21 के लिए भारत के GDP का अनुमान __________________ पर लगाया है।

(a) -5.2%

(b) -7.8%

(c) -9.6%

(d) -11.0%

(e) -13.7%

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(b)

Exp. Icra has pegged the contraction in the economy at 7.8 per cent for 2020-21. Before the GDP numbers for Q2 were out, it had predicted the fall in the economy at 11 per cent. After the release of the numbers, it had given a range of 7-9 per cent for GDP decline.

Icra forecast a small contraction of one per cent in GDP during the third quarter of the year.

Q.6. Which organization has recently approved 4 India projects worth $800 million to support development initiatives?

हाल ही में किस संस्था ने विकास पहल का समर्थन करने के लिए $800 मिलियन की 4 भारतीय परियोजनाओं को मंजूरी दी है?

(a) International Finance Corporation / अंतर्राष्ट्रीय वित्त निगम

(b) Asian Development Bank / एशियाई विकास बैंक

(c) World bank / विश्व बैंक

(d) Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank / एशियन इन्फ्रास्ट्रक्चर इन्वेस्टमेंट बैंक

(e) International Monetary fund / अंतर्राष्ट्रीय मुद्रा कोष

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(c)

Exp. The World Bank on 17th Dec approved four India projects worth over $800 million to support development initiatives.

The $400 million Second Accelerating India’s COVID-19 Social Protection Response Programme project,The $250 million Second Dam Improvement and Rehabilitation Project (DRIP-2) will improve the safety and performance,$100 million CHIRAAG project will develop sustainable production systems,$100 million CHIRAAG project will develop sustainable production systems that allow tribal households in remote areas of Chhattisgarh.

Q.7. Which company has been awarded the prestigious Golden Peacock Environment Management Award 2020?

किस कंपनी को प्रतिष्ठित गोल्डन पीकॉक एनवायरनमेंट मैनेजमेंट अवार्ड 2020 से सम्मानित किया गया है?

(a) Power Finance Corporation (PFC) / पावर फाइनेंस कॉर्पोरेशन

(b) National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) / राष्ट्रीय ताप विद्युत निगम

(c) Bharat Electronics Limited (BEL) / भारत इलेक्ट्रॉनिक्स लिमिटेड

(d) Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) / भारतीय इस्पात प्राधिकरण लिमिटेड

(e) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) / भारत हेवी इलेक्ट्रिकल्स लिमिटेड

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(d)

Exp. Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) has been awarded the prestigious Golden Peacock Environment Management Award for the year 2020 in the Steel Sector by the Institute of Directors. “SAIL has been the winner of this award for successive two years and this bears testimony to the efforts made by the company for sustainable and environmentally responsible steel making. This award is one of the most coveted awards in the category.

Q.8. Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has set up a dedicated Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Control Centre named “NETRA” in ____________________.

भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन (ISRO) ने ____________________ में “NETRA” नाम से एक समर्पित अंतरिक्ष परिस्थिति-संबंधी जागरूकता (SSA) नियंत्रण केंद्र स्थापित किया है।

(a) Mumbai / मुंबई

(b) New Delhi / नई दिल्ली

(c) Hyderabad / हैदराबाद

(d) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

(e) Pune / पुणे

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(d)

Exp. The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has set up a dedicated Space Situational Awareness (SSA) Control Centre named “NETRA”, at its ISTRAC campus at Peenya, Bengaluru. The ISRO SSA Control Centre ‘NETRA’ was formally inaugurated by ISRO Chairman K Sivan. The “NEtwork for space object TRacking and Analysis (NETRA)” will monitor, track and protect India’s space assets. It will function as a hub of all SSA activities within India.

Q.9. Who has been selected as commander of SpaceX Crew-3 mission by NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA)?

नासा और यूरोपीय अंतरिक्ष एजेंसी (ESA) द्वारा स्पेसएक्स क्रू-3 मिशन के कमांडर के रूप में किसे चुना गया है?

(a) Tom Marshburn / टॉम मार्शबर्न

(b) Sunita Williams / सुनीता विलियम्स

(c) Raja Jon Vurputoor Chari / राजा जॉन वूरपुटूर चारी

(d) Matthias Maurer / मथायस मौरर

(e) Ravish Malhotra / रवीश मल्होत्रा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(c)

Exp. NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA) have selected Indian-American Raja Chari to be the Commander of the SpaceX Crew-3 mission to the International Space Station. Presently Raja Chari is a colonel in the US Air Force.

He will be the commander of SpaceX Crew-3 mission, while Nasa’s Tom Marshburn will be pilot and ESA’s Matthias Maurer will serve as a mission specialist. This mission is expected to be launched 2021.

Q.10. Which edition of India-Indonesia Navy Coordinated Patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) has been conducted recently?

हाल ही में भारत-इंडोनेशिया नौसेना समन्वित गश्ती (IND-INDO CORPAT) का कौन सा संस्करण आयोजित किया गया है?

(a) 24

(b) 29

(c) 31

(d) 35

(e) 39

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(d)

Exp. The 35th edition of India-Indonesia Coordinated Patrol (IND-INDO CORPAT) between the Indian Navy and the Indonesian Navy will be conducted between December 17 and 18.

Indian Naval Ship (INS) Kulish, an indigenously built missile corvette along with P8I Maritime Patrol Aircraft (MPA) will undertake coordinated patrol with Indonesian Naval Ship KRI Cut Nyak Dien, a Kapitan Pattimura (Parchim I) class corvette and an MPA of the Indonesian Navy.

Q.11. On which date Minorities Rights Day is celebrated in India?

भारत में अल्पसंख्यक अधिकार दिवस किस तारीख को मनाया जाता है?

(a) 18 December / 18 दिसम्बर

(b) 19 December / 19 दिसम्बर

(c) 20 December / 20 दिसम्बर

(d) 21 December / 21 दिसम्बर

(e) 22 December / 22 दिसम्बर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(a)

Exp. 18th December in India is known as Minorities Rights Day. The day focuses on promoting and preserving the rights of minorities in terms of linguistic, religious, and caste freedom and also ensures the safety of minorities.

Several events and campaigns are conducted to educate people about this special day. The day is exceptionally one of the important days in December 2020.

Q.12. International Migrants Day is celebrated every year on ________________.

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय प्रवासी दिवस हर साल________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 14 December / 14 दिसम्बर

(b) 15 December / 15 दिसम्बर

(c) 16 December / 16 दिसम्बर

(d) 17 December / 17 दिसम्बर

(e) 18 December / 18 दिसम्बर 

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(e)

Exp. International Migrants Day is celebrated every year on December 18 to highlight the contributions made by international migrants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the challenges they face.

The day was chosen to commemorate the adoption of on the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families by the UN General Assembly on December 18, 1990.

Q.13. What was the theme for International Migrants Day 2020?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय प्रवासी दिवस 2020 के लिए विषय क्या था?

(a) #WeTogether

(b) Reimagining Human Mobility

(c) Social Cohesion in 107 countries around the world

(d) Migration and SDGs: ASEAN and Beyond: A Pathway to 2030 Agenda

(e) Migration With Dignity

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(b)

Exp. International Migrants Day is celebrated every year on December 18 to highlight the contributions made by international migrants and internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the challenges they face.

The day was chosen to commemorate the adoption of on the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families by the UN General Assembly on December 18, 1990.

Theme 2020: Reimagining Human Mobility.

Q.14. International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers is observed every year on __________________.

“सेक्स वर्कर्स के खिलाफ हिंसा का अंत के लिए अंतर्राष्ट्रीय दिवस” हर साल __________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) 7 December / 7 दिसम्बर

(b) 10 December / 10 दिसम्बर

(c) 15 December / 15 दिसम्बर

(d) 17 December / 17 दिसम्बर

(e) 19 December / 19 दिसम्बर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(d)

Exp. 17 December: International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers. This day was created in to call attention to hate crimes committed against sex workers all over the globe. Inaugurated by Dr Annie Sprinkle and started by the Sex Workers Outreach Project USA, the first annual day was in 2003 and was held as a memorial and vigil for the victims of the Green River Killer in Seattle Washington. International Day to End Violence Against Sex Workers has empowered workers from over cities around the world to come together and organise against discrimination and remember victims of violence.

Q.15. Who has won the FIFA best Men’s Player 2020 award?

फीफा सर्वश्रेष्ठ पुरुष खिलाड़ी 2020 का पुरस्कार किसने जीता है?

(a) Neymar Jr. / नेमार जूनियर

(b) Robert Lewandowski / रॉबर्ट लेवांडोव्स्की

(c) Lionel Messi / लियोनेल मेस्सी

(d) Cristiano Ronaldo / क्रिस्टियानो रोनाल्डो

(e) Both a & b / ए और बी दोनों

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(b)

Exp. The Bayern Munich striker, Robert Lewandowski has been named The Best FIFA Men’s Player 2020, beating off Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo.

The 32-year-old Lewandowski, top scorer in Europe and winner of the Champions League with Bayern. Manchester City full-back, Lucy Bronze won the women’s best player award, becoming the first female English player to take the prize.

Q.16. Where is the headquarters of FIFA located?

फीफा का मुख्यालय कहाँ स्थित है?

(a) Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / कुआलालंपुर, मलेशिया

(b) Zürich, Switzerland / ज़्यूरिख़, स्विट्जरलैंड

(c) Athens, Greece / एथेंस, ग्रीस

(d) Montreal, Canada / मॉट्रियल, कनाडा

(e) Munich, Germany / म्यूनिक, जर्मनी

Answer & Explanation
Ans.16.(b)

Exp: President: Gianni Infantino

Headquarters: Zürich, Switzerland

Q.17. Hirakud Dam is located in which of the following state?

हीराकुंड बांध निम्नलिखित में से किस राज्य में स्थित है?

(a) Telangana / तेलंगाना

(b) Assam / असम

(c) Jammu & Kashmir / जम्मू & कश्मीर

(d) Himachal Pradesh / हिमाचल प्रदेश

(e) Odisha / ओडिशा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.17.(e)

Exp. Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 kilometres (9 mi) from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.

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