Daily Current Affairs 19th Nov 2020 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 19th November 2020 Quiz:

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Q.1. Which state has recorded the best female sex ratio in the country, according to the 2018 report on “vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System”?

किस राज्य ने “नागरिक पंजीकरण प्रणाली के आधार पर भारत के महत्वपूर्ण आंकड़े” पर 2018 की रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, देश में सबसे अच्छा महिला लिंग अनुपात दर्ज किया है?

(a) Arunachal Pradesh / अरुणाचल प्रदेश

(b) Nagaland / नागालैंड

(c) Manipur / मणिपुर

(d) Assam / असम

(e) Sikkim / सिक्किम

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(a)

Exp. The northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh has recorded the best sex ratio in the country while Manipur has emerged the worst, according to the 2018 report on “vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System”.

Arunachal Pradesh recorded 1,084 females born per thousand males, followed by Nagaland (965), Mizoram (964), Kerala (963), and Karnataka (957).

The lowest sex ratio was reported in Manipur (757), Lakshadweep (839) and Daman & Diu (877), Punjab (896), and Gujarat (896), while Delhi recorded a sex ratio of 929, Haryana 914 and Jammu and Kashmir 952.

Q.2. Vijayanagara has become which state’s 31st district recently?

विजयनगर हाल ही में किस राज्य का 31 वां जिला बन गया है?

(a) Tamil Nadu / तमिलनाडु

(b) Andhra Pradesh / आंध्र प्रदेश

(c) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(d) Kerala / केरल

(e) Odisha / ओडिशा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(c)

Exp. The Karnataka cabinet on Wednesday gave in principle approval for the creation of Vijayanagara as the state’s 31st district, carving it out from the mine-rich Ballari.

Minister for Forest and Ballari district in-charge Anand Singh, who anchored the efforts for the new district. “It was an aspiration to have a separate district that included the then capital of a Hindu empire (Vijayanagara empire) Hampi.

Q.3. Which of the following country has recently announced that they will ban sales of new diesel and gasoline cars in 2030?

निम्नलिखित में से किस देश ने हाल ही में घोषणा की है कि वे 2030 में नई डीजल और गैसोलीन कारों की बिक्री पर प्रतिबंध लगाएंगे?

(a) Saudi Arabia / सऊदी अरबिया

(b) Japan / जापान

(c) India / भारत

(d) USA / यू.एस.ए.

(e) United Kingdom / ब्रिटेन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(e)

Exp. The United Kingdom will ban the sale of new cars that run only on fossil fuels in 2030, a move that is designed to phase out polluting vehicles earlier than any other major economy and support the country’s recovery from the pandemic.

The ban is part of a broader “green industrial revolution” blueprint announced by Prime Minister Boris Johnson that includes £12 billion ($16 billion) in government investment. The government hopes the private sector will chip in over three times that amount.

Q.4. What is the rank of India’s supercomputer Param Siddhi in the list of world’s 500 most powerful supercomputers?

दुनिया के 500 सबसे शक्तिशाली सुपर कंप्यूटरों की सूची में भारत के सुपर कंप्यूटर परम सिद्धि का रैंक क्या है?

(a) 12th / 12 वाँ

(b) 35th / 35 वाँ

(c) 49th / 49 वाँ

(d) 63rd / 63 वाँ

(e) 89th / 89 वाँ

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(d)

Exp. Indian supercomputer Param Siddhi has achieved 63rd rank in the list of 500 most powerful supercomputers in the world.  Param Siddhi is the high-performance computing-artificial intelligence (HPC-AI) supercomputer established under National Supercomputing Mission (NSM) at C-DAC.

“It is a historical first. India today has one of the largest supercomputer infrastructures in the world and that is evidenced by the ranking that Param Siddhi-AI has received.

Q.5. Goldman Sachs has projected India’s FY21 GDP to ____________.

गोल्डमैन सैक्स ने भारत के FY21 जीडीपी का पूर्वानुमान ____________ पर लगाया है।

(a) -5.1%

(b) -7.2%

(c) -9.5%

(d) -10.3%

(e) -11.6%

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(d)

Exp. Goldman Sachs revised upwards its FY21 growth forecast for India to a 10.3% contraction, from -14.8% it had projected in September.

As announcements of effective vaccines begin to take hold of the global pandemic rhetoric, the investment bank projected India’s GDP to rebound to 13% in the financial year 2021-22 (FY22), compared with 15.7% estimated earlier.

Q.6. Which city has been named the best city in the world, according to “World’s Best Cities for 2021” list by Vancouver-based Resonance Consultancy Ltd?

वैंकूवर स्थित रेजोनेंस कंसल्टेंसी लिमिटेड द्वारा “विश्व के 2021 के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ शहर” सूची के अनुसार, किस शहर को दुनिया का सबसे अच्छा शहर कहा गया है? (a) Paris / पेरिस

(b) Geneva / जिनेवा

(c) Malaysia / मलेशिया

(d) London / लंदन

(e) New York / न्यूयॉर्क

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(d)

Exp. Vancouver-based Resonance Consultancy Ltd., which deals in real estate, released its “World’s Best Cities for 2021” list, naming London as the best city.

To arrive at the conclusion, the company judged a total of 100 cities, nestling more than a million people. Only one Indian city — Delhi — made it to the list, taking the 62nd position.

Q.7. Which city is the only Indian city (on 62nd position) in the “World’s Best Cities for 2021” list?

“विश्व के 2021 के लिए सर्वश्रेष्ठ शहर” सूची में एकमात्र भारतीय शहर (62 वें स्थान पर) कौन सा शहर है?

(a) Mumbai / मुंबई

(b) Pune / पुणे

(c) Hyderabad / हैदराबाद

(d) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

(e) Delhi / दिल्ली

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(e)

Exp. Vancouver-based Resonance Consultancy Ltd., which deals in real estate, released its “World’s Best Cities for 2021” list, naming London as the best city.

To arrive at the conclusion, the company judged a total of 100 cities, nestling more than a million people. Only one Indian city — Delhi — made it to the list, taking the 62nd position.

Q.8. Which company has delivered first launch hardware for Gaganyaan mission ahead of schedule?

किस कंपनी ने गगनयान मिशन के लिए पहला लॉन्च हार्डवेयर निर्धारित समय से पहले दिया है?

(a) Tata Motors / टाटा मोटर्स

(b) Ashok Leyland / अशोक लेलैंड

(c) Mahindra & Mahindra / महिंद्रा एंड महिंद्रा

(d) Larsen & Turbo / लार्सन एंड टर्बो

(e) Defence Research and Development Organisation / रक्षा अनुसंधान और विकास संगठन

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(d)

Exp. Engineering major Larsen & Toubro on November 17 said it has delivered the first hardware — a booster segment — for the Gaganyaan Launch Vehicle to ISRO ahead of schedule. “Notwithstanding the limitations imposed by COVID-19, the Middle segment of the world’s third-largest solid propellant rocket booster – ‘S-200’, has been delivered ahead of schedule with zero-defects.

Q.9. Which Small Finance Bank has recently appointed Smriti Mandhana as brand ambassador of its women-centered product ‘Eva’?

किस लघु वित्त बैंक ने हाल ही में स्मृति मंधाना को अपनी महिला केंद्रित उत्पाद ईवाका ब्रांड एंबेसडर नियुक्त किया है?

(a) Jana Small Finance Bank / जना लघु वित्त बैंक

(b) Suryoday Small Finance Bank / सूर्योदय लघु वित्त बैंक

(c) Utkarsh Small Finance Bank / उत्कर्ष लघु वित्त बैंक

(d) Equitas Small Finance Bank / इक्विटास लघु वित्त बैंक

(e) Ujjivan Small Finance Bank / उज्जीवन लघु वित्त बैंक

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(d)

Exp. Equitas Small Finance Bank has launched a women-centred product ‘Eva’. The Bank has roped in Indian Woman cricketer Smriti Mandhana as the brand ambassador for its newly launched product ‘EVA’.

Eva is unique savings account for women to address the well-being of Indian women in every aspect such as health, wealth and prosperity.

Q.10. Name the Tennis player who has won the ATP Tour No. 1 trophy for the 6th time, for finishing 2020 as the year-end No. 1 (world number one).

उस टेनिस खिलाड़ी का नाम बताइए जिसने 6 वीं बार एटीपी टूर नंबर 1 ट्रॉफी जीती है, 2020 को वर्ष के अंत नंबर 1 (विश्व नंबर एक) के रूप में समाप्त करने के लिए।

(a) Dominic Thiem / डोमिनिक थिएम

(b) Alexander Zverev / अलेक्जेंडर ज्वेरेव

(c) Novak Djokovic / नोवाक जोकोविच

(d) Rafael Nadal / राफेल नडाल

(e) Pancho Gonzales / पंचो गोंजाल्स

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(c)

Exp. Serbian tennis star Novak Djokovic has given the ATP Tour No. 1 trophy on 15 November 2020, for finishing 2020 as the year-end No. 1 (world number one).

With this, he has become the only second player in tennis history, after Pete Sampras, to receive the trophy sixth time.

Earlier Djokovic had finished as world number one in 2011, 2012, 2014, 2015 and 2018. Before this, only Pete Sampras has managed to finish six years on top of the rankings which he did between 1993 and 1998.

Q.11. On which date International Men’s Day is observed every year?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय पुरुष दिवस हर साल किस तारीख को मनाया जाता है?

(a) 18 November / 18 नवम्बर

(b) 19 November / 19 नवम्बर

(c) 20 November / 20 नवम्बर

(d) 21 November / 21 नवम्बर

(e) 22 November / 22 नवम्बर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(b)

Exp. The world is celebrating International Men’s Day, which is observed every year on November 19. It celebrates the achievements and contributions of men and boys to the nation, society, community, family, marriage, and childcare.

Jerome chose November 19 to honour his father’s birthday and to celebrate how on that date in 1989, Trinidad and Tobago’s football team united the country with their endeavours to qualify for the World Cup.

Q.12. What was the theme for International Men’s Day 2020?

अंतर्राष्ट्रीय पुरुष दिवस 2020 के लिए विषय क्या था?

(a) Making a Difference for Men and Boys

(b) Better health for men and boys

(c) Positive Male Role Models

(d) Celebrating Men And Boys In All Their Diversity

(e) Stop Male Suicide

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(b)

Exp. The world is celebrating International Men’s Day, which is observed every year on November 19. It celebrates the achievements and contributions of men and boys to the nation, society, community, family, marriage, and childcare.

Jerome chose November 19 to honour his father’s birthday and to celebrate how on that date in 1989, Trinidad and Tobago’s football team united the country with their endeavours to qualify for the World Cup.

Theme 2020: ‘Better health for men and boys’

Q.13. World Philosophy Day is observed on the __________________ every year.

विश्व दर्शनशास्र दिवस हर साल __________________ को मनाया जाता है।

(a) Third Thursday of November / नवंबर का तीसरा गुरुवार

(b) Third Friday of November / नवंबर का तीसरा शुक्रवार

(c) Third Saturday of November / नवंबर का तीसरा शनिवार

(d) Third Sunday of November / नवंबर का तीसरा रविवार

(e) Third Monday of November / नवंबर का तीसरा सोमवार

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(a)

Exp. World Philosophy Day is observed on the third Thursday of November every year (19 November in 2020) to strengthen people’s commitment to philosophy by fostering philosophical analysis, research, and studies on major contemporary issues. It also raises awareness about the importance of philosophy.

World Philosophy Day was first celebrated on November 21, 2002.

Q.14. Bhanwarlal Meghwal who has passed away recently, was a/an _____________.

भंवरलाल मेघवाल जिनका हाल ही में निधन हो गया है, एक _____________ थे।

(a) Freedom Fighter / स्वतंत्रता सेनानी

(b) Politician / राजनीतिज्ञ

(c) Theater Actor / थिएटर एक्टर

(d) Classical singer / शास्त्रीय गायक

(e) Journalist / पत्रकार

Answer & Explanation
Ans.14.(b)

Exp. Rajasthan Social Justice and Empowerment Minister Bhanwarlal Meghwal passed away.

The five-time MLA represented the Sujangarh assembly constituency of Churu district of the state.

Q.15. Mridula Sinha has passed away recently. She was the first woman Governor of which state?

मृदुला सिन्हा का हाल ही में निधन हो गया है। वह किस राज्य की पहली महिला राज्यपाल थीं?
(a) Haryana / हरियाणा

(b) Rajasthan / राजस्थान

(c) Goa / गोवा

(d) Assam / असम

(e) Andhra Pradesh / आंध्र प्रदेश

Answer & Explanation
Ans.15.(c)

Exp. Former Goa Governor and BJP leader Mridula Sinha died at AIIMS in Delhi on 18th Nov. President Ram Nath Kovind and PM Narendra Modi were among the prominent personalities to pay tribute to the first woman Governor of Goa.

A native of Muzaffarpur (Bihar), Sinha (77) will be remembered for starting cultural events called ‘chaand ke saath’ in the lawns of Governor House.

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