Daily Current Affairs 21st Dec 2020 | Daily GK update Quiz

Daily Current Affairs 21st December 2020 Quiz:

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Q.1. In which state “Varasat” campaign has been launched to end the nagging land related issues in the rural areas?

ग्रामीण क्षेत्रों में भूमि संबंधी समस्याओं को समाप्त करने के लिए किस राज्य में “वरासत” अभियान शुरू किया गया है?

(a) Uttar Pradesh / उत्तर प्रदेश

(b) Karnataka / कर्नाटक

(c) Gujarat / गुजरात

(d) Tamil Nadu / तमिल नाडू

(e) Punjab / पंजाब

Answer & Explanation
Ans.1.(a)

Exp. In first of its kind campaign to end the nagging land related issues in the rural areas, UP Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath has launched the special ‘varasat’ (natural succession) drive. It is aimed at eradicating the exploitation of the villagers in the name of Varasat of land and property.

This will not only end the long pending land disputes, but will also put a check on the land mafia who generally target disputed lands especially in the rural areas.

Q.2. India’s 1st Centre of Excellence (CoE) for Skill Development in Power Sector has recently been inaugurated in which city?

पावर सेक्टर में कौशल विकास के लिए भारत का पहला सेंटर ऑफ एक्सीलेंस (CoE) का उद्घाटन हाल ही में किस शहर में किया गया है?

(a) Noida / नोएडा

(b) Gangtok / गंगटोक

(c) Ranchi / रांची

(d) Gurugram / गुरुग्राम

(e) Dehradun / देहरादून

Answer & Explanation
Ans.2.(d)

Exp.The Minister of State for Skill Development, Raj Kumar Singh has inaugurated the first Centre of Excellence (CoE) for ‘skill development in the power sector’ in Gurugram. The CoE has been established in the campus of National Institute of Solar Energy, Gurugram, Haryana.

This new centre has been set up by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, Government of India, in collaboration with the Ministry of National Education and Youth, Government of France and Schneider Electric.

Q.3. Who has inaugurated India’s first advanced Hypersonic Wind Tunnel (HWT) test facility?

भारत की पहली उन्नत हाइपरसोनिक विंड टनल (HWT) परीक्षण सुविधा का उद्घाटन किसने किया?

(a) Rajnath Singh / राजनाथ सिंह

(b) Narendra Modi / नरेंद्र मोदी

(c) Amit Shah / अमित शाह

(d) Ram Nath Kovind / राम नाथ कोविंद

(e) S Jaishankar / एस जयशंकर

Answer & Explanation
Ans.3.(a)

Exp. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 20th Dec inaugurated the advanced Hypersonic Wind Tunnel (HWT) test facility, making India the third country after the US and Russia to have such a facility.

The state-of-the-art HWT Test facility is “pressure vacuum driven enclosed free jet facility having nozzle exit diameter of 1 metre and will simulate Mach No 5 to 12 (Mach represents the multiplication factor to the speed of sound)”.

Q.4. In which city, India’s first advanced Hypersonic Wind Tunnel (HWT) test facility has been inaugurated, making India the third country after the US and Russia to have such a facility?

किस शहर में, भारत की पहली उन्नत हाइपरसोनिक विंड टनल (HWT) परीक्षण सुविधा का उद्घाटन किया गया है, जिससे भारत अमेरिका और रूस के बाद तीसरा देश बन गया है जिसके पास ऐसी सुविधा है?

(a) Kolkata / कोलकाता

(b) Mumbai / मुंबई

(c) Hyderabad / हैदराबाद

(d) Goa / गोवा

(e) Bengaluru / बेंगलुरु

Answer & Explanation
Ans.4.(c)

Exp. India’s first hypersonic wind tunnel test facility inaugurated in Hyderabad. Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on 20th Dec inaugurated the advanced Hypersonic Wind Tunnel (HWT) test facility, making India the third country after the US and Russia to have such a facility.

The state-of-the-art HWT Test facility is “pressure vacuum driven enclosed free jet facility having nozzle exit diameter of 1 metre and will simulate Mach No 5 to 12 (Mach represents the multiplication factor to the speed of sound)”.

Q.5. India is celebrating 400th prakash parv of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was _________ of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion.

भारत गुरु तेग बहादुर का 400 वां प्रकाश पर्व मना रहा है। वह उन दस गुरुओं में से _________ थे जिन्होंने सिख धर्म की स्थापना की थी।

(a)  1st / पहले

(b) 3rd / तीसरे

(c) 5th / पांचवे

(d) 7th / सातवे

(e) 9th / नवे

Answer & Explanation
Ans.5.(e)

Exp. India celebrate 400th prakash parv of Guru Tegh Bahadur. Guru Tegh Bahadur (1 April 1621 – 19 December 1675) was the ninth of ten Gurus who founded the Sikh religion and he was head of the followers of Sikhism from 1965 until his beheading in 1675.

Guru Tegh Bahadur was assassinated at the orders of Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, in Delhi, India. Aurangzeb had launched forced conversions of all his subjects to Islam. Guru Tegh Bahadur defied Aurangzeb and refused to convert to Islam.

Q.6. Under the chairmanship of which country, the 20th Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers Meeting was held?

किस देश की अध्यक्षता में 20 वीं हिंद महासागर रिम एसोसिएशन (IORA) मंत्रिपरिषद की बैठक आयोजित की गई थी?

(a) New Zealand / न्यूजीलैंड

(b) Australia / ऑस्ट्रेलिया

(c) England / इंग्लैंड

(d) India / भारत

(e) UAE / संयुक्त अरब अमीरात

Answer & Explanation
Ans.6.(e)

Exp. The 20th edition of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers (COM) Meeting via video conferencing under the Chairmanship of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The Indian delegation was led by V. Muraleedharan, MoS, Ministry of External Affairs. Sri Lanka has assumed the charge of Vice-Chair of IORA for the period 2021-23.

Q.7. What was the theme for the 20th Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers Meeting?

20 वीं हिंद महासागर रिम एसोसिएशन (IORA) मंत्रिपरिषद की बैठक के लिए विषय क्या था?

(a) Strengthening regional cooperation and sustainable development within the Indian Ocean Region

(b) Bringing together representatives of Government, Business and Academia, for promoting co-operation and closer interaction in the Indian Ocean region

(c) Promoting a Shared Destiny and Path to Prosperity in the Indian Ocean

(d) Untapped potential of Indian Ocean regionalism

(e) IORA – Uniting the Peoples of Africa, Asia, Australasia and the Middle East through Enhanced Co-operation for Peace, Stability and Sustainable Development

Answer & Explanation
Ans.7.(c)

Exp. The 20th edition of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers (COM) Meeting via video conferencing under the Chairmanship of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The Indian delegation was led by V. Muraleedharan, MoS, Ministry of External Affairs. Sri Lanka has assumed the charge of Vice-Chair of IORA for the period 2021-23.

Theme- “Promoting a Shared Destiny and Path to Prosperity in the Indian Ocean”.

Q.8. What was the rank of India with 9 medals in the Cologne World Cup in Germany?

जर्मनी में कोलोन विश्व कप में 9 पदकों के साथ भारत का रैंक क्या था?

(a) 1st / पहला

(b) 2nd / दूसरा

(c) 3rd / तीसरा

(d) 4th / चौथा

(e) 5th / पाँचवा

Answer & Explanation
Ans.8.(b)

Exp. India finished the competition at the second spot overall after claiming three gold, two silver and four bronze medals at Cologne World Cup in Germany.

Indian women boxers Simranjeet Kaur (60kg), Manish (57kg) and Amit Panghal (52kg) notched up gold medals. Veteran Satish Kumar (+91kg) and Amit Panghal (52kg) had to settle for a silver. Sonia Lather (57kg), Pooja Rani (75kg) Gaurav Solanki (57kg) and Mohamed Hussamudin (57kg) had claimed the bronze medal in their respective categories.

Q.9. Who has clinched India’s first medal at Individual World Cup in Belgrade, Serbia, grabbing silver in the 57kg category in Wrestling?

किसने बेलग्रेड, सर्बिया में व्यक्तिगत विश्व कप में कुश्ती में 57 किग्रा वर्ग में रजत जीतकर भारत का पहला पदक जीता?

(a) Vinesh Phogat / विनेश फोगट

(b) Sushil Kumar / सुशील कुमार

(c) Anshu Malik / अंशु मलिक

(d) Sakshi Malik / साक्षी मलिक

(e) Yogeshwar Dutt / योगेश्वर दत्त

Answer & Explanation
Ans.9.(c)

Exp. Indian wrestling star Anshu Malik clinched the country’s first medal at the Individual World Cup in Belgrade, Serbia, grabbing a silver in the 57kg category.

Anshu comes from a family of wrestlers who had made their mark. Her father, Dharamveer Malik, a wrestler himself, could not hold back his tears as he witnessed his daughter making the country proud.

Q.10. Name the 7-time F1 champion who has won the BBC’s Sports Personality of the Year prize 2020.

7 बार के एफ 1 चैंपियन का नाम बताइए जिसने बीबीसी की स्पोर्ट्स पर्सनैलिटी ऑफ द ईयर पुरस्कार 2020 जीता है।

(a) Sebastian Vettel / सेबस्टियन वेटेल

(b) Charles Leclerc / चार्ल्स लेक्लेर

(c) Max Verstappen / मैक्स वेरस्टैपेन

(d) Lewis Hamilton / लुईस हैमिल्टन

(e) Valtteri Bottas / वाल्टेरी बोटास

Answer & Explanation
Ans.10.(d)

Exp. Seven-time Formula One champion Lewis Hamilton capped another successful year by claiming the BBC”s Sports Personality of the Year prize.

The 35-year-old driver, who last month equaled Michael Schumacher”s record of seven F1 titles, overcame Jordan Henderson and Hollie Doyle to win the British broadcaster”s prestigious prize in a public vote on 20th Dec. Hamilton also won the BBC prize in 2014.

Q.11. Which of the following F1 Grand Prix has not been won by Lewis Hamilton in 2020?

2020 में लुईस हैमिल्टन द्वारा निम्नलिखित में से कौन सा एफ1 ग्रैंड प्रिक्स नहीं जीता गया है?

(a) British Grand Prix / ब्रिटिश ग्रां प्री

(b) Styrian Grand Prix / स्टाइरियन ग्रां प्री

(c) Hungarian Grand Prix / हंगेरियन ग्रां प्री

(d) Austrian Grand Prix / ऑस्ट्रियाई ग्रां प्री

(e) Spanish Grand Prix / स्पेनिश ग्रां प्री

Answer & Explanation
Ans.11.(d)

Exp. List of Winner 2020 F1 Race

British Grand Prix -Lewis Hamilton

Styrian Grand prix- Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Britain)

Hungarian Grand Prix- Lewis Hamilton

Spanish Grand Prix- Lewis Hamilton

Austrian Grand Prix- Valtteri Battas (Mercedes-finland)

F1 70th Anniversary Grand Prix- Max Emilian Verstappen (Netherland)

Q.12. What is the currency of Germany?

जर्मनी की मुद्रा क्या है?

(a) Dollar / डॉलर

(b) Pound / पाउंड

(c) Rouble / रूबल

(d) Euro / यूरो

(e) Franc / फ्रैंक

Answer & Explanation
Ans.12.(d)

Exp. Currency: Euro

Q.13. Who is the minister responsible for Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship?

कौशल विकास और उद्यमिता मंत्रालय के लिए जिम्मेदार मंत्री कौन है?

(a) Pralhad Joshi / प्रल्हाद जोशी

(b) Mahendra Nath Pandey / महेंद्र नाथ पांडे

(c) Dharmendra Pradhan / धर्मेंद्र प्रधान

(d) Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi / मुख्तार अब्बास नकवी

(e) Gajendra Singh Shekhawat / गजेंद्र सिंह शेखावत

Answer & Explanation
Ans.13.(b)

Exp. Ministers responsible: Dr. Mahendra Nath Pandey

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