Improve your English with English quiz. English Quiz to help you improve your score for exams like Bank, SSC, Railway, UPSC, UPSSSC, CDS, UPTET, KVS, DSSSB and other Government exams.
Directions (1–5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
The reformer must know that what moves people is the authentic life, not mere writing. The newspapers and journals that LokmanyaTilak and Gandhian ran , the books they wrote, sold little, but had enormous effect. Their writing was known to reflect and be just an extension of their exemplary lives. It was the authenticity of their example. All knew that their lives were an integral whole–they were not vice-versa. They were not full of pious thoughts and sacred resolution within the walls of a temple and cheats outside.
A writer who is merely entertaining his readers, even one who is merely informing them, can do what he wants with the rest of his life. But the writer who sets out to use his pen to reform public life cannot afford such dualities.
Here is the testimony of a great man–Gandhiji–about the influence of another–LokmanyaTilak:
“I believe that an editor who has anything worth saying and who commands a clientele cannot be easily hushed, he delivers his finished message as soon as he is put under duress. Lokmanya spoke more eloquently from the Mandalay fortress than through the columns of the printed Kesari. His influence was multiplied thousand fold by his imprisonment and his speech, and his pen had acquired much greater power after he was discharged. By his death, we have been editing his paper without pen and speech through the sacred resolution of the people to realize his life’s dream. He could possibly have done more if he were today, in body and mind, preaching his view. Critics like me would perhaps be still finding fault in this expression of his or that. Today, his message rules millions of hearts which are determined to raise a permanent living memorial by the fulfillment of his ambition in their lives.”
Q1. LokmanyaTilak’s messages were most effective
(a) when he delivered them through his editorials.
(b) after his death.
(c) before his imprisonment.
(d) when he became an informer.
(e) when he delivered speeches.
Q2. Which of the following is the result of Lokmanya Tilak’s exemplary life?
(a) The newspapers edited by him did not incur money loss.
(b) The books written by him were useful.
(c) People resolved to fulfill his life’s dreams.
(d) Critics still find fault with his views.
(e) He was put in jail at Mandalay.
Q3. Which of the following is the general tendency of critics, according to the passage?
(a) To find fault with one or the other expression of a writer.
(b) To praise only those writers whom they like.
(c) to condemn one and all the reformer writers.
(d) To suggest new ideas to the public.
(e) to justify their criticism.
Q4. In the context of the passage, a reformer becomes effective if
(a) he is a journalist with an objective viewpoint.
(b) he is an author with an excellent style of writing.
(c) he is an effective political leader of the masses.
(d) he is a person with consistency in his writing and lifestyle.
(e) he is a good critic of social practices.
Q5. In the context of the passage, which of the following statements about LokmanyaTilak and Mahatma Gandhi is true?
(a) They were moral in private life but lax in public life.
(b) their influence on people was negligible.
(c) Tery few people used to read the newspapers edited by them.
(d) They were allowed to edit their newspapers even from inside the jail.
(e) Their influence was multiplied a thousand fold by their imprisonment.
Directions (6-10): Choose the most logical order of sentences among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
Q6. A. major drawback in our administrative system and procedures pertains to reward and punishment.
B. To reward the honest and the competent is extremely difficult under service rules based on seniority and hierarchy, especially because of the absence of a worthwhile mechanism for automatic recognition of merit and consequent career promotion.
C. On the other hand, dishonest but clever government servants manage to shield themselves behind dilatory procedures.
D. Procedure and not objectives are treated as sacred.
Q7. A. How much more depends on the current uses to which the rupee can be put.
B. Conversely, at a 5% interest rate, rupee received a year from now is worth only Rs. 1.05, or 95.2 paise today; at a rate of 10%, 90.9 paise.
C. The theory of discounting the future is simple; a rupee received today is worth more than a rupee received tomorrow.
D. If it can earn 5% interest, a rupee today will be worth Rs. 1.05 after a year; if 10%, Rs. 1.10.
E. The determination of a future rupee’s present value is, according to accepted theory, the appropriate way to compare future benefits with present costs.
Q8. A. It is important to emphasize that young children truly do need acceptance from significant adults in their formative years.
B. However, if a child grows up to feel that he cannot think or act without first securing the permission of a parent then the neurotic seeds of self doubt are planted early.
C. Self-reliance can be taught in the crib.
D. But approval should not be contingent upon being proper, nor should a child have to get a parent’s sanction for everything he says, thinks, feels or does.
E. In order to encourage freedom from the need for approval in an adult, it is helpful to give the child an abundance of approval from the very beginning.
Q9. A. Nearly all of each generation are brought up in homes where the income is too small to provide for the luxury of knowledge.
B. The minority acquires education, and has small families; the majority has no time for education and has large families.
C. Hence the perennial futility of political liberalism; the propaganda of intelligence cannot keep pace with the propagation of the ignorant.
D. We hardly realize what pranks the birth rate plays with our theories and our arguments.
E. Voltaire preferred monarchy to democracy, on the ground that in a monarchy it was only necessary to educate one man; in a democracy you must educate millions, and the grave digger gets them all before you can educate ten percent of them.
A. But this does not mean that death was the Egyptians’ only preoccupation.
B. Even papyri come mainly from pyramid temples.
C. Most of our traditional sources of information about the Old Kingdom are monuments of the rich like pyramids and tombs.
D. Houses in which ordinary Egyptian lived have not been preserved, and when most people died they were buried in simple graves.
E. We know infinitely more about the wealthy people of Egypt than we do about the ordinary people, as most monuments were made for the rich.
Refer to the second sentence of the last paragraph “Lokmanya spoke more eloquently from the Mandalay fortress than through the columns of the printed Kesari. His influence was multiplied thousand fold by his imprisonment and his speech, and his pen had acquired much greater power after he was discharged.”Hence option (e) is true.
Refer to the last sentence of the passage “Today, his message rules millions of hearts which are determined to raise a permanent living memorial by the fulfillment of his ambition in their lives.”Hence option(c) is true.
Refer to the second last sentence of the paragraph “Critics like me would perhaps be still finding fault in this expression of his or that.”Hence option (a) is correct choice.
Refer to the second paragraph “A writer who is merely entertaining his readers, even one who is merely informing them, can do what he wants with the rest of his life. But the writer who sets out to use his pen to reform public life cannot afford such dualities. ” Hence option (d) is the correct option.
Refer to the second sentence of the first paragraph “The newspapers and journals that LokmanyaTilak and Gandhian ran , the books they wrote, sold little, but had enormous effect.” So very few people used to read the newspapers edited by them. Hence option(c) is the correct answer.
D-B makes combination.
- Ans. (d)
EA or AE should come at the beginning (approval) from the very beginning, in formative years.
- Ans. (d)
E should be the first sentence followed by D and BA make combination (problem of majority) .
Both statements C and B (papyri is the plural forEgyptian papers and documents) are talking about sources of information, making CB a mandatory pair.
Mail us at : email@example.com
Follow our Blog for Regular Updates:- Ambitious Baba
Like & Follow our Facebook Page:- Click here
Join our Facebook Group:- Click Here
Telegram Group:- Click Here
Subscribe our YouTube channel:- Click Here
Follow us on Twitter:- Click Here
Join us on Linked In:- Click Here