English Quiz for SBI Clerk Pre and SBI Clerk Pre| 28th January English Quiz

English Quiz for IBPS CLERK MAINS

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Directions (1-10): In the following passage, there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

The settlement in the Kodaikanal mercury poisoning case, which came _______(1)_______ light 15 years ago after the release of contaminated waste materials into the environment, _______(2)________ partial closure to a long-running struggle _______(3)_________ the community and a major industrial corporation. Hindustan Unilever Limited has come to an agreement with 591 former workers and their families _______(4)_______ the payment of ex gratia amounts _______(5)__________ livelihood and skill enhancement. The Madras High Court has taken the settlement on record, and the disbursal of the fund should bring some succour to those who suffered various health setbacks that they believe are related to mercury exposure. The closure is the culmination of a sustained campaign by environmental activists and concerned citizens for these 15 years, which got global attention after a rap song on the plight of those _______(6)__________ went viral on the Internet. The HUL case highlights the often neglected questions of occupational health interests of workers, and poor diligence shown _______(7)__________ governments in allowing industries that handle toxic materials without satisfactory management processes. Many workers in Kodaikanal were claiming for over a decade that they fell ill after working in the thermometer factory, but received little government support. That is unsurprising, considering _______(8)__________ occupational health receives low priority in policymaking, while environmental concerns are counterposed _______(9)__________ rapid growth of industry as an obstacle. The Kodaikanal story should convince Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar, who said his Ministry would no longer be a “roadblock”, that a culture of superficiality in making impact assessments is _______(10)___________, even counterproductive.


(a) in

(b) to

(c) under

(d) into

(e) on

Answer & Explanation

Exp. ‘come to light’ is correct phrasal usage.

come to light: make or become widely known or evident.






(e) bought

Answer & Explanation

Exp. The given passage is in present tense. Hence present form of verb should be used again, the subject here is ‘partial closure to a long-running struggle’, which is singular, hence, ‘brings’ is correct answer.






(e) with

Answer & Explanation

Exp. between is the correct answer.

We use ‘between’ to refer to two things which are clearly separated.

We use ‘among’ to talk about things (more than two) which are not clearly separated because they are part of a group or crowd or mass of objects

‘of’, ‘against’ and ‘with’ do not go with the meaning of the passage.






(e) from

Answer & Explanation

Exp. Look at the usages of the following options:

For: to denote the reason

With: including

‘had’ and ‘have’ do not go with the meaning of the passage. Hence, ‘for’ is the correct answer.


(a) towards

(b) to

(c) over

(d) of

(e) in

Answer & Explanation

Exp. ‘towards’ is the correct answer.


(a) affect

(b) affected

(c) effected

(d) effect

(e) effects

Answer & Explanation

Exp. Look at the meaning of the following options

Affect: To have an influence on someone or something, or to cause a change in someone or something.

Effect: The result of a particular influence

Again, the usage of the word ‘got’ in the sentence shows that the given sentence is in past tense. Hence, past participle of ‘affect’ should be used.





(d) by

(e) on

Answer & Explanation

Exp. ‘shown by’ is the correct usage. Since, ‘by’ is used to show the person or thing that does something.




(c) about


(e) as

Answer & Explanation

Exp. As per the meaning of the sentence, the black should be filled by a conjunction, Hence, ‘the’ cannot be used. Also, the word ‘consider’ is not followed by any preposition. Hence, ‘that’ is correct answer.






(e) to

Answer & Explanation

Exp. ‘Counterposed to’ is the correct phrasal use.

Counterposed: to set against or in opposition to.






(e) sufficient

Answer & Explanation

Exp. As per the meaning of the sentence the blank should be filled with an adjective. Hence, ‘suited’ and ‘unsuited’ cannot be the answer. Again the usage of the word ‘counterproductive’ shows that the sentence is in negative sense. Therefore, ‘unsuitable’ is the most suitable word.

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