General Awareness Questions for UP VDO, UPPCL, Railway, SSC

Q1. Eravikulam National Park is situated in which of the following Indian state/UT? 
इरविकुलम नेशनल पार्क निम्नलिखित में से किस भारतीय राज्य / केंद्रशासित प्रदेश में स्थित है?
(a) Madhya Pradesh/ मध्य प्रदेश
(b) Daman and Diu/ दमन और दीव
(c) Odisha/ ओडिशा
(d) Kerala / केरल

Q2. Indravati Dam is in which of the following state? 
इंद्रवती बांध निम्नलिखित में से किस राज्य में स्थित है
(a) Karnataka/ कर्नाटक
(b) Uttarakhand/ उत्तराखंड
(c) Kerala/ केरल
(d) Odisha/ ओडिशा

Q3. Who amongst the following was awarded Nobel Prize for developing the technology used in integrated circuits used in PCs? 
निम्नलिखित में से किसे पीसी में उपयोग किए गए एकीकृत सर्किट में उपयोग की जाने वाली तकनीक विकसित करने के लिए नोबेल पुरस्कार से सम्मानित किया गया था?
(a) Robert F. Furchgott / रॉबर्ट एफ. फर्चगॉट
(b) Horst L. Stormer/ होर्स्ट एल. स्टोर्मेर
(c) Jack Kilby/जैक किल्बी
(d) John a. Pole/जॉन ए. पोल

Q4. Who invented the battery?
बैटरी का आविष्कार किसने किया?  
(a) Roentgen/ रॉन्टगन
(b) Volta / वोल्टा
(c) Faraday/ फैराडे
(d) Maxwell / मैक्सवेल

Q5. Seismograph is related to
सेस्मोग्राफ किससे संबंधित है
(a) Rivers / नदियों
(b) Earthquakes/ भूकंप
(c) Volcanoes / ज्वालामुखी
(d) Mountains/ पहाड़ों

Q6. Who is author of the book ‘Apprenticeship of a Mahatma’ on which the film called ‘The Making of the Mahatma’ is based?
पुस्तक Apprenticeship of a Mahatma ‘ का लेखक कौन है जिस पर ‘The Making of the Mahatma ‘ नामक फिल्म आधारित है
(a) Arundhati Roy/ अरुंधती रॉय
(b) Shyam Benegal/ श्याम बेनेगल
(c) Shobha de/ शोभा डे
(d) Fatima Meer/ फातिमा मीर

Q7. Which one of the following river flows through a rift valley?  
निम्नलिखित में से कौन सी नदी एक रिफ्ट घाटी के माध्यम से बहती है?
(a) Godavari / गोदावरी
(b) Narmada / नर्मदा
(c) Krishna / कृष्णा
(d) Mahanadi/ महानदी

Q8. Minorities Rights Day is observed in India on  
भारत में अल्पसंख्यक अधिकार दिवस कब मनाया जाता है
(a) 23rd December/ 23 दिसंबर
(b) 5th September /5 सितंबर
(c) 1st December /1 दिसंबर
(d) 18th December/ 18 दिसंबर

Q9. Where is the oldest continuously functioning World Bank country office?  
सबसे पुराना लगातार कार्यरत विश्व बैंक का देश कार्यालय कहां है?
(a) Tokyo / टोक्यो
(b) Bonn / बॉन
(c) Paris / पेरिस
(d) New Delhi/ नई दिल्ली

Q10. Which Indian city has been chosen by the World Bank for setting up its back-office operations? 
विश्व बैंक द्वारा किस बैक ऑफिस ऑपरेशंस की स्थापना के लिए किस भारतीय शहर का चयन किया गया है?
(a) New Delhi / नई दिल्ली
(b) Kolkata / कोलकाता
(c) Chennai / चेन्नई
(d) Bangalore / बैंगलोर

Q11. Who invented the electric bulb?  
इलेक्ट्रिक बल्ब का आविष्कार किसने किया?
(a) Thomas More/ थॉमस मोर
(b) Thomas Alva Edison/ थॉमस अल्वा एडीसन
(c) James Watt/ जेम्स वॉट
(d) William David Coolidge/ विलियम डेविड कूलिज

Q12. Founder of the National Peoples Party is ?  
नेशनल पीपुल्स पार्टी के संस्थापक हैं?
(a) Somnath Chatterjee / सोमनाथ चटर्जी
(b) Shivraj Patil / शिवराज पाटिल
(c) K S Hegde / के एस हेगड़े
(d) P A Sangma/ पी एक संगमा

Q13. The Government of which State has instituted the ‘Tansen Samman’? 
किस राज्य सरकार ने ‘तानसेन सम्मन’ की स्थापना की है?
(a) Uttar Pradesh/ उत्तर प्रदेश
(b) Madhya Pradesh/ मध्य प्रदेश
(c) Gujarat / गुजरात
(d) Maharashtra/ महाराष्ट्र

Q14. National Science Day in India is celebrated on  
भारत में राष्ट्रीय विज्ञान दिवस मनाया जाता है?
(a) 30th April /30 अप्रैल
(b) 1st February/ 1 फरवरी
(c) 19th June/19 जून
(d) 28th February/28 फरवरी

Q15. Who is the present Secretary General of the United Nations? 
(a) Javier Perez de Cuellar/ जेवियर पेरेज़ डी क्वेलर
(b) Kofi Annan / कोफी अन्नान
(c) U. Thant / यू थेंट
(d) Antonio Guterres/ एंटोनियो गुटेर्रेस

Solutions

S1.Ans.(d)
Sol. Eravikulam National Park is located in the state of Kerala in the Western Ghats and is characterized by high altitude grassy meadows and the tropical montane forests of the Shola. It is the first national park in kerala. The park is surrounded by different tributaries of the Periyar, Kaveri and Chalakudiyar River and has several waterfalls. The Tiger, Leopard, Dhole, Indian Porcupine, Nilgiri Tahr, Stripe-necked mongoose, Golden Jackal and Sambar Deer can be spotted here.

S2. (d)
Sol. Indravati Dam is a gravity dam on the Indravati River, about 90 km from Bhawanipatna in the state of Odisha in India. It is connected to the main Indravati reservoir. Currently it is the largest power producing dam in eastern India with a capacity of 600 MW.

S3. (c)
Sol. Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American electrical engineer who took part in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments (TI) in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics on December 10, 2000.

S4. (b)
Sol. In 1800, Alessandro Volta invented the first true battery, which came to be known as the voltaic pile. The voltaic pile consisted of pairs of copper and zinc discs piled on top of each other, separated by a layer of cloth or cardboard soaked in brine

S5. (b)
Sol. A seismograph is an instrument for measuring earthquake (seismic) waves. They are held in a very solid position, either on the bedrock or on a concrete base. The seismometer itself consists of a frame and a mass that can move relative to it. When the ground shakes, the frame vibrates also, but the mass tends not to move, due to inertia. The difference in movement between the frame and the mass is amplified and recorded electronically.

S6. (d)
Sol. The Making of the Mahatma (1996) is a joint Indian – South African produced film, directed by Shyam Benegal, about the early life of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi during his 21 years in South Africa. The film is based upon the book, The Apprenticeship of a Mahatma, by Fatima Meer.

S7. (b)
Sol. Narmada is one of the rivers in India that flows in a rift valley, flowing west between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges. The other rivers which flow through rift valley include Damodar River in Chota Nagpur Plateau and Tapti. The Tapti River and Mahi River also flow through rift valleys, but between different ranges.

S8. (d)
Sol. December 18 is observed as Minorities Rights Day every year since 1992 across the world to create awareness on rights of minorities. On this day, governments and other organizations conduct debates on the recent developments in policies and practices in Minority Rights both in India and at the global level.

S9. (d)
Sol. The World Bank (WB) is an international financial institution that provides loans to developing countries for capital programs. It comprises two institutions: the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), and the International Development Association (IDA). The World Bank is a component of the World Bank Group, which is part of the United Nations system.The Bank’s New Delhi office, established in 1957, is the oldest continuously functioning World Bank country office.

S10. (c)
Sol. The World Bank, Chennai is the extension of the World Bank headquartered in Washington, DC. The World Bank Chennai office offers corporate financial, accounting, administrative and IT services for the Bank’s offices in around 150 countries. The Chennai office handles several value-added operations of the bank that were earlier handled only in its Washington, DC office.

S11. (b)
Sol. Thomas Alva Edison was an American inventor and businessman, who has been described as America’s greatest inventor. He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the long-lasting, practical electric light bulb.

S12. (d)
Sol. The National People’s Party is a national-level political party in India though its influence is mostly concentrated in the state of Meghalaya. The party was founded by P A Sangma after his expulsion from the Nationalist Congress Party in July 2012.

S13.  (b)
Sol. Tansen Samaroh or Tansen Sangeet Samaroh is celebrated every year in the month of December in Behat village of Gwalior district, Madhya Pradesh. It is a 4 day musical extravaganza. Artist and music lovers from all over the world gather here to pay tribute to the Great Indian Musical Maestro Tansen.

S14. (d)
Sol. National Science Day is celebrated in India on 28 February each year to mark the discovery of the Raman effect by Indian physicist Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman on 28 February 1928.

S15. (d)
Sol. The current Secretary-General is António Guterres, appointed by the General Assembly on 13 October 2016.

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