Guru Nanak Jayanti: All you need to know about

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020, 552 birth anniversary

Guru Nanak Dev Ji Gurpurab, also known as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav and Guru Nanak Dev Ji Jayanti, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak. This is one of the most sacred festivals in Sikhism, or Sikhi.

  • About Guru Nanak Dev Ji
  • Founder of Sikhism, First Guru of 10 Sikh Gurus
  • Date of Birth: 15 April, 1469
  • Place of Birth: Rai Bhoi Ki Talvandi (now Pakistan)
  • Father’s Name: Mehta Kalu
  • Mother’s Name: Mata Tripta
  • Children: Sri Chand and Lakhmi Das
  • Died: 22 September, 1539
  • Place of Death: Kartarpur (Now in Pakistan)

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2021

Guru Nanak Jayanti 2020: Also known as Gurupurab, Guru Nanak Jayanti is celebrated across the country to mark the birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, the founder of Sikhism, and is considered one of the holiest festivals of the Sikh community. This year, Gurupurab is even more special as on 19 November it marks the 552ST birth anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev, the first of the 10 Sikh gurus.

According to the Hindu calender, Gurupurab falls on a full moon day in the month of Kartik Puranmashi while, in the month of October and November, as the Gregorian calendar suggests. But some scholars believe that the birth anniversary of the Sikh Guru should be celebrated on 14 April, according to the original Nanakshahi calendar passed by Sri Akal Takht in 2003.

List of Sikh Gurus

Name Born Death About
Guru Nanak 15 April 1469 22 September 1539 * Founded Sikhism * Spiritual revelations registered as 974 hymns in Guru Granth Sahib * Rejected the authority of the Vedas
Guru Angad 31 March 1504 29 March 1552  * Established new religious institutions to strengthen the base of Sikhism * Standardized and popularized the Gurumukhi Script* Opened many new schools and expanded the institution of Guru ka Langar
Guru Amar Das 5 May 1479 1 September 1574 Anand Sahib in the Guru Granth Sahib * Established Manji & Piri system of religious missions for men and women respectively
Guru Ram Das 24 September 1534 1 September 1581 Composed the four Lawans (stanzas) of the Anand Karaj, a distinct marriage code for Sikhs separate from the orthodox and traditional Hindu Vedi system* Laid the foundation stone of Chak Ramdas or Ramdas Pur, now called Amritsar * Strongly decried superstitions, caste system and pilgrimages
Guru Arjan 15 April 1563 30 May 1606 A landmark event in Sikh history* Contributed about 2000 verses to the Guru Granth Sahib * Founded the town of Tarn Taran Sahib near Goindwal Sahib * Built a house for Lepers. * Was tortured and executed on the orders of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir * Hailed as the first martyr of Sikh religion, and as Shaheedan-de-Sartaj (The crown of martyrs)
Guru Har Gobind 19 June 1595 28 February 1644 * Instituted the practice of maintaining armed legion of Sikh warrior-saints * Waged wars against rulers Jahangir and Shah Jahan
Guru Har Rai 16 January 1630 6 October 1661 * Sheltered Dara Shikoh; persecuted by Aurangzeb who framed charges of anti-Islamic blasphemy against Guru Ji and Sikh verses of Guru Granth Sahib
Guru Har Krishan 7 July 1656 30 March 1664 * Forcibly summoned to Delhi (the imperial capital of Aurangzeb) under framed charges
Guru Tegh Bahadur 1 April 1621 11 November 1675 * Opposed the forced conversions of the Hindu Kashmiri Pandits by Muslims * Was consequently persecuted, imprisoned, tortured and executed under the orders of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb. Contributed many hymns (Shlokas) to Guru Granth Sahib * Spread Sikhism far and wide to Bihar and Assam *
Guru Gobind Singh 22 December 1666 7 October 1708 * Founded Khalsa in 1699 * Last Sikh Guru in human form * Passed the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Guru Granth Sahib * Died of complications from stab wounds inflicted by Pashtun assassins sent by Mughal governor Wazir Khan

Important Point

  • Guru ka Langar– Guru Angad Dev (2nd Guru)
  •  Manji & Piri system-Guru Amardas Sahib(3rd Guru)
  • Construction of the famous Golden Temple at Amritsar– Guru Ram Das(4th Guru)
  • Completed construction of Golden Temple– Guru Arjan Dev (5th Guru)
  • Founded the town of Tarn Taran Sahib near Goindwal Sahib– Guru Arjan Dev (5th Guru)
  • Established the town of Anandpur– Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib (9th Guru)
  • Created the Khalsa in 1699– Guru Gobind Singh Sahib (10th Guru)



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