Nobel Prize 2021 : Know Everything About Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize 2021 : Know Everything About Nobel Prize

Nobel prize is the highest benchmark of reward for a researcher. Nobel prize is earned by those working effortlessly in the research area of every possible field. Nobel prize is the ultimate appreciation awarded to researchers whose work has been able to solve the biggest of issues that have been there for decades. Nobel prize celebrates the achievement of the researchers who have been able to solve the most unapproachable problems in their area. Nobel prize is awarded to those who have dedicated their carrier in serving mankind. Nobel prize has been there for a long time in the history of research to appreciate the work of researchers and motivate others to win the Nobel prize as well.
We provide all the details about Nobel prize winners and the criteria to be qualified as a Nobel laureate. We are providing all the information related to the Nobel prize 2020 that you need to know to appear in different examinations like SBI, IBPS, RBI, SSC, Railways, etc.

History

The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. The will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist Alfred Nobel established the five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.The prizes are widely regarded as the most prestigious awards available in their respective fields.

In 1968, Sweden’s central bank Sveriges Riksbank established the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel. The award is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the bank’s 300th anniversary. The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969. The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901.

About

Awarded for Outstanding contributions for humanity in:

  • Chemistry
  • Literature
  • Peace
  • Physics
  • Physiology or medicine
  •  Economic sciences

Country        

  • Sweden (all prizes except the Peace Prize)
  • Norway (Peace Prize only)

Presented by          

  • Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute (Physiology or Medicine)
  • Norwegian Nobel Committee (Peace)
  • Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (Chemistry, Economic Sciences, Physics)
  • Swedish Academy (Literature)
  • Swedish Academy (Literature)

Reward(s)   

  • Prize money of 9 million SEK, approx. US$986,000 a medal and a diploma

First awarded         

  • 1901; 120 years ago
Category Persons Reasons
Medicine or Physiology David Julius (US)

Ardem Patapoutian (US)

David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian discovered key mechanisms of how people sense heat, cold, touch and their own bodily movements.
Physics Syukuro Manabe (Japanese-born American),

Klaus Hasselmann (German) and

Giorgio Parisi (Italian)

For work that helps understand complex physical systems, such as Earth’s changing climate.
Chemistry Benjamin List (German)

David MacMillan (Scottish)

For their development of asymmetric organocatalysis, a “new and ingenious tool for molecule building”.
Literature Tanzanian writer Abdulrazak Gurnah For works that explore the legacies of imperialism on uprooted individuals.
Peace Maria Ressa (Philippine) and

Dmitry Muratov (Russia)

Ressa in 2012 co-founded Rappler, a news website that the committee noted had focused critical attention on President Rodrigo Duterte’s “controversial, murderous anti-drug campaign” in the Philippines.

 

Muratov was one of the founders in 1993 of the independent Russian newspaper Novaya Gazeta, which the Nobel committee called “the most independent newspaper in Russia today, with a fundamentally critical attitude towards power.”

Economics David Card (US),

Joshua D Angrist(US),

Guido W Imbens (US)

David Card for his empirical contributions to labour economics and the other half jointly to Joshua D. Angrist and Guido W. Imbens for their methodological contributions to the analysis of causal relationships.

 

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