Reasoning Quiz | 6th December 2018

Reasoning Questions and Reasoning Quiz for IBPS PO Reasoning , IBPS Clerk Reasoning , IBPS RRB Reasoning ,SBI exam Reasoning , and other competitive exams.

Directions (1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given beside:

Five friends, Anuj, Ravi, Kapil, Amit and Parth, own exactly two cars among Audi, Ford, BMW, Jaguar and Honda. Each of them now wants to buy a different car from the one that he already owns, from any of the other friends who already owns that car. The cars that the five persons want to buy are all distinct and each person can sell the car to only one other person.

• Amit wants to buy Honda and only one person owns that car.
• Anuj does not own Audi but wants to buy Ford.
• Three people own Ford and at most two people own any of the other three cars.
• At least one person owns each car and no two persons own the same set of cars.
• Both Kapil and Parth own Jaguar and one of them sells his car to Anuj.

Question 1: If Anuj buys the car from Parth then who among the following buys the car from Kapil?

A. Parth

B. Anuj

C. Ravi

D. Amit

E. Can’t be determined

Question 2: Who among the following sells his car to Amit?

A. Kapil

B. Ravi

C. Parth

D. Anuj

E. Can’t be determined

Question 3: Who among the following can buy his car from Kapil?

A. Parth

B. Ravi

C. Anuj

D. Amit

E. Can’t be determined

Question 4: If Ravi sells a car which is also owned by Anuj then which of the following cars is sold by Amit?

A. Audi

B. Ford

C. BMW

D. Jaguar

E. None of these

Question 5: If Amit sells a car which is also owned by Parth then which of the following cars is sold by Kapil?

A. Audi

B. Ford

C. BMW

D. Jaguar

E. Can’t be determined

Directions (6 – 10): Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.
A number arrangement machine when given an input of words/numbers, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps of rearrangement.

Input: dine 23 pine 45 19 tool hut 68 32 angle
Step 1: angle dine 23 pine 45 19 tool hut 68 32
Step 2: angle dine 23 pine 45 tool hut 68 32 20
Step 3: dine angle 23 pine 45 tool hut 68 32 20
Step 4: dine angle pine 45 tool hut 68 32 20 22
Step 5: hut dine angle pine 45 tool 68 32 20 22
Step 6: hut dine angle pine 45 tool 68 20 22 33
Step 7: pine hut dine angle 45 tool 68 20 22 33
Step 8: pine hut dine angle tool 68 20 22 33 44
Step 9: tool pine hut dine angle 68 20 22 33 44
Step 10: tool pine hut dine angle 20 22 33 44 69

This is the final arrangement and step 10 is the last step for this input.

Input: more 38 12 fun kite 56 run bolt 18 43

Question 6: What is the position of ‘38’ in step 5 from right end?
A. 7th

B. 9th
C. 5th
D. 6th
E. 8th

Question 7: In step 8, if ‘56’ is related to ‘kite’ in the same way as in step 3, ‘run’ is related to ‘38’ in a certain way, then in step 5, ‘43’ is related to which of the following in the same way?
A. more
B. 17
C. 38
D. bolt
E. fun

Question 8: What is the sum of numbers – 4th from the left end in step 4 and 4th from the right end in step 8?
A. 58

B. 87
C. 32
D. 65
E. 51

Question 9: In which of the following step number do the words/numbers ‘bolt more 56 run’ occur together?
A. 2
B. 4
C. 3
D. 6
E. 5

Question 10: How many words/numbers are there between ‘more’ and ’56’ in step 9?
A. 2

B. 5
C. 3
D. 4
E. None of these

SOLUTION

Amit wants to buy Honda and only one person owns that car.
Anuj does not own Audi but wants to buy Ford.
Both Kapil and Parth own Jaguar and one of them sells his car to Anuj.

 Car Owned by Wants to  buy Sold by Audi Ford Anuj Kapil/Parth BMW Jaguar Kapil Parth Honda Amit

Three people own Ford and at most two people own any of the other three cars.
At least one person owns each car and no two persons own the same set of cars.

 Car Owned by Wants to  buy Sold by Audi Ravi/Amit Kapil/Parth Kapil/Parth Ravi/Amit Ford Kapil/Parth Ravi Amit Anuj Kapil/Parth BMW Anuj Ravi/Amit Kapil/Parth Ravi/Amit Jaguar Kapil Parth Ravi Kapil/Parth Honda Anuj Amit Anuj

Here, we can see that Anuj owns BMW and Jaguar because we already have that Anuj doesn’t have Audi and in the above table we can see that Anuj wants to buy Ford (this means he can’t own ford also) and he can’t have Jaguar because at most two people can own a car except Honda and Ford. Thus, Anuj must own BMW and Honda. Since, only Anuj owns Honda we can say that he sells it to Amit.

Now, from the above hint we can say that both Kapil and Parth cannot own ford because it is given that no two person owns a same set of cars this means either Kapil or Parth owns Ford and whoever among them owns Ford sells it to Anuj.

And after this we can say that both Ravi and Amit owns Ford but either one of Ravi and Amit owns Audi and the other one has a BMW.

At this point we can say that Ravi wants to buy Jaguar and either one of Kapil and Parth (who doesn’t sell his car to Anuj) sells it to Ravi.

We will use the rest of the information according to the question.

1. C
2. D
3. E
4. A
5. B

(6-10): Explanation:
Words: taken alphabetically in alternate steps starting from step 1
Numbers taken in ascending order in alternate steps starting from step 2. Also, alternately, 1 is added to, and 1 is subtracted from number.
Now::
Input: more 38 12 fun kite 56 run bolt 18 43
Step 1: bolt more 38 12 fun kite 56 run 18 43
Step 2: bolt more 38 fun kite 56 run 18 43 13
Step 3: fun bolt more 38 kite 56 run 18 43 13
Step 4: fun bolt more 38 kite 56 run 43 13 17
Step 5: kite fun bolt more 38 56 run 43 13 17
Step 6: kite fun bolt more 56 run 43 13 17 39
Step 7: more kite fun bolt 56 run 43 13 17 39
Step 8: more kite fun bolt 56 run 13 17 39 42
Step 9: run more kite fun bolt 56 13 17 39 42
Step 10: run more kite fun bolt 13 17 39 42 57

6. D

7. C

8. E

9. D

10. C

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