SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz – 21

SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz

English Language is a part of almost all major competitive exams in the country and is perhaps the most scoring section also. Aspirants who regularly practice questions have a good chance of scoring well in the English Language Section. So here we are providing you with the SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to help you prepare better. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz includes all of the most recent pattern- based questions, as well as Previous Year Questions. This SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. Candidates will be provided with a detailed explanation of each question in this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz. Candidates must practice this SBI Clerk Pre-English Language Quiz to achieve a good score in the English Language Section.

Directions (1-6): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.

Chinese smartphone users have the world at their fingertips. With a few taps, they can order food, message their friends, send money, read the news, play games, hail a taxi, pay off utility bills, and more through a single app like WeChat. But there’s a catch. All this convenience comes with a heavy price: their freedom and privacy. Thanks to China’s Internet giants – Baidu, Tencent, and Alibaba – the authoritarian regime now has the means to monitor a user’s every action, purchase, thought, and location in real-time. The Chinese government has long sought the means to more closely keep tabs on its citizens, but with smartphones, people are voluntarily logging their every move for the government. While tech titans like Google, Amazon, and Facebook have become essential to the daily lives of many Americans, their reach pales in comparison to their Chinese counterparts. This year, 79.1 percent of all smartphone users in China are expected to use WeChat, a messaging app, with nearly 500 million people using it at least once a month. To put that in perspective, that’s more than the entire population of the United States, Canada, and Mexico combined.

But what makes WeChat’s use so significant is how deeply integrated it is with a person’s daily life. Far more than just a messaging app, WeChat is a hub through which Chinese smartphone users access the Internet and other services. In addition to its basic communication functions, WeChat enables users to order wine, check in for a flight, make a doctor’s appointment, get banking statements, search for books at their local library, donate to charity, pay for things offline, and more. An American venture capitalist described WeChat as being “at every point of your daily contact with the world, from morning until night.” Meanwhile, Alibaba China’s equivalent of Amazon, delivers an average of 30 million packages a day, more than the U.S. Postal Service on its busiest day in history. In 2014, 86 percent of all shopping done on smartphones in China was through Alibaba. A byproduct from all this heavy use is a torrent of rich data that reveal highly-detailed specifics about each individual user. But unlike the United States, which has laws – imperfect as they may be – about when and how the government can access this type of data, no such prohibitions exist in China. Tech companies routinely hand their data to the government which has made no secret about its efforts to integrate that data into its surveillance apparatus.

With the help of a mobile phone company, police in the city of Guiyang are tracking the movements of migrant workers in real-time. And as part of its anti-corruption crackdown, officials are monitoring social media accounts to trace spending on wine and luxury goods. China’s censors already meticulously monitor social media for taboo topics like criticizing the government or promoting democracy, and now they are going even further. The Chinese Ministry of Education has suggested cataloging the individual political sentiments of university students. By pulling data from library records, surveys, and social media posts they hope to create a political ideology database. But perhaps the most worrying development is the government’s plan to create a “social credit” rating system. An individual’s score will be determined by social, financial, and political behaviors that are drawn from a variety of databases. Infractions would include falling behind on bills, jaywalking, and violating family-planning rules. Those with low scores will have a harder time travelling, securing loans and insurance, and would be barred from privileges likes staying in a luxury hotel. Meanwhile, individuals like lawyers and journalists will be more closely monitored. According to government planning documents, the system will “allow the trustworthy to roam everywhere under heaven while making it hard for the discredited to take a single step.”

The rating system is currently being tested in 40 towns and cities across China with plans to expand it nation-wide by 2020.The elaborate social rating system envisioned by the Chinese government can be traced to the dang’an. Created under Chairman Mao, the dang’an, or personal file, contains an individual’s grades, employment record, and reports on how they interact with others, their religious affiliations, psychological problems, and potential political liabilities. But the proposed rating system would take the dang’an to another level. The government can now add every purchase an individual makes online as well as their search history to their digital file. Purchasing certain products could potentially affect a person’s score. In a controversial move, Alibaba’s rating system Sesame Credit, which functions like eBay seller ratings, takes into account what a user buys online. “Someone who plays video games for 10 hours a day, for example, would be considered an idle person, and someone who frequently buys diapers would be considered as probably a parent, who on balance is more likely to have a sense of responsibility,” said Li Yingyun, Sesame’s technology director.

  1. According to the passage, why does the convenience of using the Chinese smartphones comes with a heavy price?

(I) they can do a large number of things like-messaging, reading news, paying bills etc.

(II) they don’t have freedom to choose their course of life

(III) they are forced to lead a life full of restrictions and misery

(a) Only (I)

(b) Only (III)

(c) Both (II) and (III)

(d) Both (I) and (III)

(e) None is true

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Refer to paragraph1 of the passage, it is clearly mentioned that people in China have technology at their fingertips, they can do so many things like-message their friends, send money, read the news, play games, hail a taxi, pay off utility bills, and more through a single app like WeChat. But their each action is tracked down by the government so they don’t have the luxury of living life without any interference.

  1. Why does the WeChat is considered as the ‘lifeline’ of people in China?

(a) because it can be used to order wine, book flight tickets, get banking statements, search books in library, donate to charity, pay things offline etc

(b) because people are using WeChat for different activities  from morning till night

(c) as about 500 million people uses WeChat, a message app atleast once a month.

(d) Both (b) and (c)

(e) All of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Read the passage carefully, it can be easily inferred that We Chat serves wide number of purposes of people in China on daily basis, infact people are accustomed to use We Chat from morning till evening, so it has captured the mind of the common man in China. Hence it can be called as lifeline.

  1. Why the government is planning to roll -out the concept of “social credit” rating system in China?

(a) to calculate individual score for each individual

(b) as the government will determine the social credit score on the basis of social, financial, and political behaviors

(c) as the government will calculate social credit score from a variety of databases

(d) as it will help track the people on the basis of social credit which will further decide various actions like travel, loan, insurance,  etc.

(e) Both (a) and (d)

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. From the paragraph3 of the passage we can easily conclude that the government in China has decided to create a “social credit” rating system which will keep track of an individual’s social, financial, and political behaviors. So the government authority will have a database comprising details of each individual accordingly.

  1. The dang’an will indirectly slit the throat of the common people of China. What does it signify?

(a) the people won’t have any privacy of their personal data

(b)they can’t even use internet without the fear of being tracked down by some authority

(c) they can’t make any online purchase

(d) both(a) and (b)

(e) All of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Refer to paragraph4 of the passage, it is evident that dang’an, or personal file, contains an individual’s grades, employment record, and reports on how they interact with others, their religious affiliations, psychological problems, and potential political liabilities. Further the government is planning to keep track over online shopping and search history of the common people of  China which will definitely kill their privacy.

  1. Which of the following statement is NOT TRUE in the context of the passage?

(a) dang’an  will be a kind of personal file

(b) dang’an will keep track of individual’s grades, employment record, etc

(c) dang’an  will maintain a record of an individual’s religious affiliations, psychological problems, etc

(d) dang’an will help the government to have an access over what purchase an individual has made online or know the search history of an individual’s digital life

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Read paragraph4 of the passage carefully, it can be easily concluded that all the statements are completely true with reference to the passage, hence option (e) will be the correct choice.

  1.  Give a suitable title for the passage.

(a) China- The Superpower

(b) The Dark Side of China’s Tech Boom

(c) The Gloomy world of We-Chat

(d) China’s Technical Advancement

(e) None of these

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Sol In context of the passage, as compared to other options, option(b) seems to be the most appropriate title for the given passage.

Directions (7): Choose the word/group of words which is most OPPOSITE in meaning to the word/group of words printed in bold as used in passage.

  1. meticulously

(a) ordinarily

(b) sloppily

(c) solitarily

(d) statutorily

(e) primarily

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Meticulously means in a way that shows great attention to detail; very thoroughly

Sloppily means in a messy or careless way

Statutorily means of relating to, or of the nature of a statute

Hence, Sloppily will be the exact opposite of meticulously

Directions (8–10) : Which of the words/phrases (a), (b), (c) and (d) given below should replace the words/phrases given in bold in the following sentences to make it meaningful and grammatically correct. If the sentence is correct as it is and ‘No correction is required’, mark (e) as the answer.

  1. In reply to an interferenceon fake currency being deposited in banks in the vigilof demonetisation, Jaitley said the process of sifting real from the fake ones is stopped and the exact figures will be known only after the completion of the ordering process.

(a)Intervention, wake, underway, sorting

(b)Intercession, trail, commenced, riddling

(c)Intrusion, move, undertaken, maintaining

(d)Initiative, zap, initiated, holding

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Intervention means the action or process of intervening.

Underway means having started and in progress; being done or carried out.

Intrusion means the action of intruding.

  1. NABARD announcedto launch a major Water Campaign during the current year, covering around 1,00,000 villages in vulnerable/water stressed areas and more specificallywhere the ground water is over exploited.

(a)Reported, unsafe, minutely, milked

(b)Declared, sensitive, definitely, abused

(c)Revealed, unsusceptible, broadly, oppressed

(d)Expressed, queasy, oddly, used

(e)No correction required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Vulnerable means exposed to the possibility of being attacked or harmed, either physically or emotionally.

Exploited means make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource).

Queasy means inducing a feeling of nausea.

  1. Ambedkar, Patel and Gandhi would say to Prime Minister Modi that the future of India and the world rests on the consequence of a clash between the qualities spelt out by Rama and underlined by Tulsidas, and the opposite pulls of revenge and fraud. A final thought: The liabilityfor defending India’s Constitutional values lies chiefly on the Hindu majority, not on an increasingly assailable, even if numerically large Muslim minority.

(a) effect, artifice, benefit, conquerable

(b) cause, deception, encumbrance, exposed
(c) conclusion, candor, obligation, perilous

(d) Outcome, deceit, onus, vulnerable
(e) No improvement required

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Perilous means full of danger or risk. Onus means someone’s duty or responsibility. Deceit means deceiving someone or fraud.




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