SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English 12 Nov Part – 3

SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English 12 Nov Part – 3 

English Language Section is a very essential and scoring section of almost every competitive exam. To help you all score better in the exams, we are providing you with the SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz. In this SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz, candidates will be given a full explanation of each question. This SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz includes questions from SBI Clerk Prelims Exam 12th November 2022. This SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz is available to you at no cost. This SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz will assist aspirants in better understanding the topic and learning how to solve difficult questions. Candidates must try to solve this SBI Clerk Pre Memory based English Language Quiz to enhance their preparation for upcoming exams.

Directions (1-5): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words have been printed in bold to help you locate them, while answering some of the questions.

Over the past few decades, many Asian nations transformed from poverty into global competitors. From 2003 to 2007, Asian economies expanded at an average annual rate of 8.1% triple that of advanced economies. Over the same period, inflation in Asia averaged only about 3.5%. But Asia could be facing turbulent economic times. In May, the average inflation rate throughout the region reached nearly 7% annual rate in June according to the latest government figures the highest in 13 years.

Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control. But these same measures suppress the investment and consumption that generates growth. The combination of slowing growth and soaring inflation makes economic policy making tricky. Inflation stirs up the middle classes because it can quickly erase years of hard-won personal gains. Inflation is cruel to the poor, because families have to spend a larger share of their meager incomes on necessities. In the Philippines farmers, unable to afford fuel for tractors use water buffalos to plow their fields.

But to avoid unrest, leaders cannot blindly adopt rigid anti-inflation measures. Voters won’t hesitate to remove from office any politician who doesn’t deliver the goods. So they cannot overreact to the inflation threat and scale down economic growth in the process. Developing nations need to grow quickly to create jobs and increase incomes for their large populations. With prices soaring, doing nothing is not an option. Most central banks in Asia have started raising interest rates. The Reserve Bank of India increased its benchmark rate twice last month to a six year high of 8.5 %.

The challenge is especially difficult because currently, inflation is not of domestic origin. Prices are being driven higher by a global surge in oil and food prices, which individual governments can do little to control. Of course, inflation is not just a problem in Asia. World Bank president Robert Zoellick called rising food and oil prices a man-made “catastrophe” that could quickly reverse the gains made in overcoming poverty over the past seven years. For now, though there is more talk than action on the international front, so Asian governments are on their own.

Even though inflation throughout the region is likely to continue to rise in coming months, no one is expecting an economic calamity. According to the Asia Development Bank Asian countries have large currency reserves and relatively healthy banks, and so are far better prepared to absorb external shocks than they were during the region’s last recession ten years ago. Asian policymakers have learned their lessons and are more alert.

  1.  Which of the following can be said about Asian economies during the period 2003-2007?
  2. Though inflation was rising at that time, politicians did not pay much attention.
  3. Many of the poor countries were able to compete internationally.
  4. The growth rate of Asian countries was facilitated by growth in advanced countries.

 

(a) All (A), (B) & (C)

(b) Only (A)

(c) Only (B)

(d) Both (A) & (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. c

Exp.  Refer to opening lines of the first paragraph, “From 2003 to 2007, Asian economies expanded at an average annual rate of 8.1% triple that of advanced economies.

 

  1. Which of the following is not an anti- inflation measure being used by Asian countries?
  2. Increase in benchmark interest rate by a central bank.
  3. Checks on lending
  4. Subsidizing fuel for farmers.

(a) Only (C)

(b) Both (A) & (B)

(c) Both (B) & (C)

(d) Only (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Refer to paragraph 2, “Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control.”

 

  1.   What makes it difficult for Asian countries to control inflation?

(a) Restrictions by organizations like the Asian Development Bank

(b) Governments are indecisive and adopt counterproductive measure.

(c) The problem is global in nature not restricted to their individual countries.

(d) Economic growth cannot occur in the absence of inflation.

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Refer to opening lines of paragraph 2, “Policymakers and central bankers are forced to raise interest rates and limit credit to get inflation under control. But these same measures suppress the investment and consumption that generates growth. The combination of slowing growth and soaring inflation makes economic policy making tricky.

 

  1.   Why are experts not very concerned about the impact of inflation on Asian economies?
  2.  Asian countries have not maintained substantial hard currency reserves.
  3.  The condition of Asian banks is currently both stable and strong.
  4.  The Asian Development Bank will bail them out of any trouble.

(a) Only (A)

(b) Both (A) &(C)

(c) Both (A) & (B)

(d) Only (B)

(e)  None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp. Refer to last paragraph, “According to the Asia Development Bank Asian countries have large currency reserves and relatively healthy banks, and so are far better prepared to absorb external shocks than they were during the region’s last recession ten years ago.”

  1. Choose the word combination most similar in meaning to the word “turbulent” as used in the passage.

(A)Tempestuous

(B) Cordial

(C) Secluded

(D)Anarchic

(a) B-D

(b) A-B

(c) C-D

(d) B-C

(e) A-D

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. Turbulent means characterized by conflict, disorder, or confusion; not stable or calm.

Anarchic means with no controlling rules or principles to give order.

Tempestuous means characterized by strong and turbulent or conflicting emotion

Directions (6-8): There are three sentences given in each question. Find the sentence(s) which is/are grammatically correct and mark your answer choosing the best possible alternative among the five options given below each question. If all the sentences are correct, choose (e) as your answer.   

  1. (i) I prefer to think of history as a somewhat erratic and chaotic process rather than as one characterised by cycles, or pendulum swings.

(ii) A question worth to ask is that whether the National Awards represent Pan-Indian cinema or is the focus on mainstream films only.

(iii) The youth did not dare to venture with the sea as it was high tide.

(a) Only (i)

(b) Only (iii)

(c) Only (ii)

(d) Both (ii) and (iii)

(e) All are incorrect

Answer & Explanation
Ans. a

Exp. Both (ii) and (iii) are incorrect.

(ii) ‘Worth’ is followed by present participle form of verb. So, ‘asking’ is suitable.

(iii) ‘Venture in’ should be used here to agree to the use of preposition with a certain word.

  1. (i) The band have been performing at many cause-oriented concerts. to encourage people to come forward and lend their support to the noble cause.

(ii) A young sales manager who is about to resign his job despite his success in the organization.

(iii) After my interview by the selection panel I was waiting for a response but they did not revert back.

(a) Only (i)

(b) Only (iii)

(c) Only (ii)

(d) Both (ii) and (iii)

(e) All are incorrect

Answer & Explanation
Ans. e

Exp. (i) ‘The band’ as a whole considered to be singular. So, ‘has’ should be used in place of ‘have’.

(ii)  ‘Resign from’ should be used as the correct expression.

(iii) ‘Back’ is superfluous when used with ‘revert’.

  1. (i) Further trials have added weight on these findings, and an expert panel concluded there was no evidence to recommend betacarotene supplement for the general  population, and strong evidence to recommend that smokers avoid it.

(ii) Product planners, in the production units work intimately with programme managers to defining new ideas for product or product features.

(iii) In my very rough analogy, we should expect our age’s ideological conflict to last about a tenth of that time.

 

(a) Only (i)

(b) Only (iii)

(c) Only (ii)

(d) Both (ii) and (iii)

(e) All are incorrect

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Only (iii) is grammatically correct.

.(i)‘Weight to’ is the correct expression to be used here.

(ii).‘To + V_1’ is used for ‘purpose’. So, we have to remove ‘defining’ and use ‘define’ here

Directions(9-10): In the questions given below, there is a sentence in which one part is given in bold. The part given in bold, may or may not be grammatically correct. Choose the best alternative among the four given which can replace the part in bold to make the sentence grammatically correct. If the part given in bold is already correct and does not require any replacement, choose option (e), i.e. “No replacement required” as your answer.

  1. After being recovered from coronavirus infection, it is important to follow a healthy lifestyle and also take note of any alarming signals.

(a) being recovered with

(b) having been recovered from

(c) recovering with

(d) having recovered from

(e)None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. d

Exp.  Option (d) is the correct choice.

Note: “Having + V3” is an active perfect participle while “having+been+V3” & “being+V3” are passive perfect participle.

  1. The painless screening test involves takes a swab from your mouth and nose Shutterstock.

(a) involving takes

(b) involves taking

(c) involved in taking

(d) involves with

(e)None of the above

Answer & Explanation
Ans. b

Exp. Option (b) is the correct choice because we use “involve + V4” and not “involve + V5”

Free study material for Bank & Insurance- Download PDF

Recommended PDF’s for 2022:

2022 Preparation Kit PDF

Most important PDF’s for Bank, SSC, Railway and Other Government Exam : Download PDF Now

AATMA-NIRBHAR Series- Static GK/Awareness Practice Ebook PDF Get PDF here
The Banking Awareness 500 MCQs E-book| Bilingual (Hindi + English) Get PDF here
AATMA-NIRBHAR Series- Banking Awareness Practice Ebook PDF Get PDF here
Computer Awareness Capsule 2.O Get PDF here
AATMA-NIRBHAR Series Quantitative Aptitude Topic-Wise PDF 2020 Get PDF here
Memory Based Puzzle E-book | 2016-19 Exams Covered Get PDF here
Caselet Data Interpretation 200 Questions Get PDF here
Puzzle & Seating Arrangement E-Book for BANK PO MAINS (Vol-1) Get PDF here
ARITHMETIC DATA INTERPRETATION 2.O E-book Get PDF here

 

 

 

 

3

Leave a Reply